Lecon04

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Lecon04

  1. 1. Leçon 3<br />Verbs<br />
  2. 2. Recap<br />Translate these French words<br />La femme<br />Des citésuniversitaires<br />Le marqueur<br />Le bureau<br />C’est qui?<br />Les crayons<br />Les professeurs<br />Des automobiles<br />Un homme<br />Qu’est-cequec’est?<br />
  3. 3. Masculinoufeminin?<br />étudiante<br />salle de classe<br />chaise<br />épreuves<br />stylo<br />faculté<br />homme<br />examen<br />bâtiments<br />emploi du temps<br />tableaux blancs<br />devoirs<br />sac<br />
  4. 4. Table<br />Chaise<br />Citéuniversitaire<br />Tableau noir<br />Automobile<br />Tableau blanc<br />Cesont<br />Motocyclette<br />C’est<br />Voiture<br />Ordinateur<br />Vélomoteur<br />Chair<br />Hostel<br />It is<br />They are<br />Computer<br />Motorcycle<br />Car<br />Blackboard<br />Match it!<br />Anglais<br />Français<br />
  5. 5. Infinitive<br />All French verbsstartwith an infinitive, the base verb<br />In English, an infinitive startswith ‘to’, some examples<br />To eat<br />To drink<br />To sing<br />To dance<br />To study<br />To sleep<br />To run, etc.<br />In French, infinitive isrecognizable by itsending<br />-er<br />-re<br />-ir<br />
  6. 6. Conjugation<br />A conjugationisderiving a verbfromits infinitive to match the pronoun (or subject) to make a sentence grammatically correct<br />In English, infinitives are conjugatedtoo, according to the tense, examplehere for presenttense:<br />To eat: I eat, youeat, heeats, weeat, theyeat<br />To drink: I drink, you drink, he drinks, we drink, they drink<br />To sing: I sing, yousing, hesings, wesing, theysing<br />To dance: I dqnce, you dance, hedances, we dance, they dance<br />To study: I study, youstudy, hestudies, westudy, theystudy<br />To sleep: I sleep, yousleep, hesleeps, wesleep, theysleep<br />To run: I run, yourun, heruns, werun, theyrun<br />
  7. 7. Some French Verbs<br />To eat - manger<br />To drink - boire<br />To sing - chanter<br />To dance - danser<br />To study - étudier<br />To sleep - dormir<br />To run – courir<br />LOOK AT THE ENDING OF EACH WORD…. Each one ends in either –er, -re or -ir<br />
  8. 8. Regular and Irregularverbs<br />Most French verbs can either be called ‘regular’ or ‘irregular’<br />Regular verbs are called such that because there is a pattern to conjugate it according to the stem of the infinitive; irregular verbs do not have the patterns<br />Some regular verbs have exception – it has the pattern of regular verbs, but there are certain exception in spelling, mainly to satisfy the pronunciation of the conjugated verb<br />
  9. 9. The 2 Most Common Verbs In French<br />The verb ‘to be’ – être<br />The verb ‘to have’ – avoir<br />Both verbs are irregular verbs<br />The conjugation for être<br />Je suis Nous sommes<br />Tu es Vous êtes<br />Il, elle, on est Ils, elles sont<br />The conjugation for avoir<br />J’ai Nous avons<br />Tu as Vous avez<br />Il, elle, on a Ils, elles ont<br />I amWeare<br />You are You are<br />He, she, one isThey are<br />I have We have<br />You have You have<br />He, she, one has They have<br />
  10. 10. Let’sTryMake A Sentence!!!<br />I have a book<br />You have backpacks<br />I am (a) student<br />We have the tables<br />They are teachers<br />They have computers<br />I have books<br />She has a cellphone<br />You have a chair<br />One has a pencil<br />J’ai un livre<br />Tu as des sacs à dos <br />Vous avez des sacs à dos<br />Je suis étudiant<br />Je suis étudiante<br />Nous avons les tables<br />Ils sont professeurs<br />Ce sont des professeurs<br />Ils ont des ordinateurs<br />J’ai des livres<br />Elle a un portable<br />Tu as une chaise<br />Vous avez une chaise<br />On a un crayon<br />
  11. 11. Questions that you may ask<br />Qui êtes-vous? - Who are you?<br />Je suisprofesseur<br />Je suisétudiant<br />Qui est-il, qui est-elle? - Who is he, who is she?<br />Il estprofesseur<br />Elle estétudiante<br />Qui sont-ils, qui sont-elles? - Who are they?<br />Ilssontprofesseurs<br />Ilssontétudiants<br />But, qu’est-cequec’est? - What is it?<br />C’est un livre<br />Cesont des livres<br />
  12. 12. Stems and Endings<br />Every French verb has a stem and ending, which can be seen as a ‘formula’ to create the conjugation <br />The ending of a French verb is always either in –er, or –re or –ir.<br />The part NOT in the –er or –re or –ir is the stem<br />Examples:<br />Regarder(to watch, to look at)  regard (stem) –er (ending)<br />Finir(to finish)  fin (stem) –ir (ending)<br />Prendre(to take)  prend(stem) –re (ending)<br />
  13. 13. Conjugating regular –er verbs<br />Most French verbs are –er verbs<br />Regular –er verbs are conjugated this way<br />Je stem + e Nous stem + ons<br />Tu stem + esVous stem + ez<br />Il, Elle, On stem + e Ils, Elle stem + ent<br />Example<br />Aimer (to love, to like)– stem: aim Détester (to detest, to hate) – stem: détest<br />J’aime Nous aimonsJe détesteNous détestons<br />TuaimesVousaimezTudétestesVousdétestez<br />Il, Elle, On aimeIls, EllesaimentIl, Elle, On détesteIls, Ellesdétestent<br />
  14. 14. What does conjugation do?<br />Basically it gives you the TENSE of the verb (for this class, I will stick to present tense)<br />The examples given previously meant:<br />J’aime: I love, I like, I am loving, I am liking<br />Tuaimes: You love, You like, You are loving, You are liking<br />Il, Elle, On aime: He/She/One loves, He/She/One likes, He/She/One is loving, <br /> He/She/One is liking<br />Nous aimons: We love, We like, We are loving, We are liking<br />Vousaimez: You love, You like, You are loving, You are liking<br />Ils, Ellesaiment: They love, They like, They are loving, They are liking<br />
  15. 15. … continué<br />Je déteste: I detest, I hate, I am detesting, I am hating<br />Tudétestes: You detest, You hate, You are detesting, You are hating<br />Il, Elle, On déteste: He detests, He hates, He is detesting, He is hating<br />Nous détestons: We detest, We hate, We are detesting, We are hating<br />Vousdétestez: You detest, You hate, You are detesting, You are hating<br />Ils, Ellesdétestent: They detest, They hate, They are detesting, They are hating <br />
  16. 16. Some regular –er verbs you can use<br />
  17. 17. Let’s make some simple sentences<br />Je change le livre, je n’aime pas le livre.<br />Il aimel’ordinateur<br />Nous ne fumonspas<br />Ellesréparent les portables, les portables ne marchentpas.<br />Rashid et toiétudiez les devoirs. – here, Rashid et toi can be replaced by ‘vous’.<br />On parlefrançais.<br />Les étudiantesdansentbien. - here, les étudiantes can be replaced by ‘elles’.<br />Elle cherche le bâtiment, elleestperdue.<br />Ilscherchentl’université, ilssontperdus.<br />Ilsvolent les automobiles.<br />Je déteste le professeur!<br />Ne casse pas moncoeur, s’ilteplaît…<br />
  18. 18. Some more nouns to study on<br />
  19. 19. QUESTIONS!!!<br />What is a regular verb?<br />How many endings do French verbs have? What are they?<br />What is the ‘formula’ for regular –er verbs conjugation?<br />Conjugate these –er verbs according to the pronoun or subject:<br />Nous (arriver) bientôt<br />Ils (fumer) beaucoup<br />On ne (étudier) pas<br />Vous (travailler) bien<br />Tu (fermer) la porte<br />
  20. 20. Vocabs you’ve learnt today<br />Le tableau noir, les tableaux noirs<br />La motocyclette, les motocylettes<br />Le vélomoteur, les vélomoteurs<br />La voiture, les voitures<br />Manger<br />Boire<br />Chanter<br />Danser<br />Étudier<br />Dormir <br />
  21. 21. … continué …<br />Courir <br />Être<br />Avoir<br />Je suis<br />Tu es<br />Il est<br />Elle est<br />On est<br />Nous sommes<br />Vous êtes<br />
  22. 22. … continué …<br />Ils sont<br />Elles sont<br />J’ai<br />Tu as<br />Il a<br />Elle a<br />On a<br />Nous avons<br />Vous avez<br />Ils ont<br />
  23. 23. … continué …<br />Elles ont<br />Qui êtes-vous?<br />Qui es-tu?<br />Qui est-il?<br />Qui est-elle?<br />Qui sont-ils?<br />Qui sont-elles?<br />Regarder<br />Finir<br />Prendre <br />
  24. 24. … continué …<br />Aimer<br />Détester<br />J’aime<br />Tu aimes<br />Il aime<br />Elle aime<br />On aime<br />Nous aimons<br />Vous aimez<br />Ils aiment<br />
  25. 25. … continué …<br />Elles aiment<br />Je déteste<br />Tu détestes<br />Il déteste<br />Elle déteste<br />On déteste<br />Nous détestons<br />Vous détestez<br />Ils détestent<br />Elles détestent <br />
  26. 26. … continué …<br />Bavarder<br />Chercher<br />Désirer<br />Fermer<br />Penser<br />Fumer<br />Téléphoner à<br />Voler<br />Marcher<br />Parler <br />
  27. 27. … continué …<br />Arriver<br />Donner<br />Habiter<br />Laver<br />Réparer<br />Utiliser<br />Adorer<br />Écouter<br />Casser<br />La cigarette, les cigarettes<br />
  28. 28. … continué<br />Le caméra, les caméras<br />L’appareil-photo, les appareils-photos<br />La radio, les radios<br />La photos, les photos<br />La photographie, les photographies<br />La porte, les portes<br />La fenêtre, les fenêtres<br />Le clavier, les claviers<br />Le souris, les souris <br />
  29. 29. Je vousvois la semaineprochaine<br />La Fin<br />Bordeaux, France<br />

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