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Anti-Breed Specific Legislation

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  1. 1. Breed Specific Legislation: A Legislation of DEATH A Report by Kellee Counts
  2. 2. What is Breed Specific Legislation, why is it wrong, and what are some alternatives?
  3. 3. Breed Specific Legislation - any law, ordinance or policy which pertains to a specific dog breed or breeds, but does not affect any others
  4. 4. Media's Role... Confused yet?
  5. 5. <ul><li>August 18, 2007—A Labrador mix attacked a 70-year-old man, sending him to the hospital in critical condition. Police officers arrived at the scene and the dog was shot after charging the officers. This incident was reported in one article in the local paper. </li></ul><ul><li>August 19, 2007—A 16-month-old child received fatal head and neck injuries after being attacked by a mixed-breed dog. This attack was reported on twice by the local paper. </li></ul><ul><li>August 20, 2007—A six-year-old boy was hospitalized after having his ear torn off and receiving a severe bite to the head by a medium-sized, mixed-breed dog. This incident was reported in one article in the local paper. </li></ul><ul><li>August 21, 2007—A 59-year-old woman was attacked in her home by two pit bulls and was hospitalized with severe, but not fatal, injuries.  This attack was reported in over 230 articles in national and international newspapers, as well as major television news networks including CNN, MSNBC and FOX. </li></ul>Media's Role...
  6. 6. <ul><li>The best, most effective breed-neutral dangerous dog laws include the following elements: </li></ul><ul><li>Spay/neuter programs </li></ul><ul><li>License law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>At-large/leash laws </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-tethering measures </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-cruelty and animal fighting law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive/tiered levels of violations and enforcement of laws </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible ownership programs & dog bite prevention training </li></ul><ul><li>Owners held civilly/criminally liable </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory microchipping </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibit known reckless owners from having dogs </li></ul>The Alternatives
  7. 7. <ul><li>Early socialization, or lack thereof, of the dog to people. </li></ul><ul><li>Sound obedience training for recognition of where he or she &quot;fits&quot; with regard to dominance and people, or mistraining for fighting or increased aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of care and supervision by the owner (is the dog part of the family or is she kept chained outside?). </li></ul><ul><li>Current levels of socialization of the dog with his or her human family. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior of the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Whether the dog has been spayed or neutered. </li></ul>Some reasons why dogs may bite...
  8. 8. <ul><li>More than 70 percent of all dog bite cases involve unneutered male dogs. </li></ul><ul><li>An unneutered male dog is 2.6 times more likely to bite than is a neutered dog. </li></ul><ul><li>A chained or tethered dog is 2.8 times more likely to bite than a dog who is not chained or tethered. </li></ul><ul><li>97 percent of dogs involved in fatal dog attacks in 2006 were not spayed/neutered. </li></ul><ul><li>78 percent were maintained not as pets, but rather for guarding, image enhancement, fighting or breeding. </li></ul><ul><li>84 percent were maintained by reckless owners—these dogs were abused or neglected, not humanely controlled or contained, or allowed to interact with children unsupervised. </li></ul>Some reasons why dogs may bite...
  9. 9. There are over 4.5 million dog bites each year About 10-20 are fatal each year It represents a very small number statistically and should not be considered as a basis for sweeping legislative action . -- --
  10. 10. In the United Kingdom, the Pit Bull Terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino, and Fila Braziliero are banned dog breeds. However, a study by the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Department of Accident and Emergency has revealed dog bites have not gone down since the initiation of the ban (Australian Social Monitor, Vol.2, No.2, May 1999.) The Real Statistics...
  11. 11. In 2003, Prince George's County, Maryland, formed a task force to “evaluate the effectiveness” of its vicious animal legislation, including its pit bull ban, and make recommendations for improvements and amendments. The task force recommended repealing the ban and strengthening the city's dangerous-dog law. The recommendation was based on numerous cost concerns: (1) The cost of maintaining a single pit bull throughout the entire determination and appeals process was approximately $68,000; (2) fees from pit bull registrations over a two year period generated only $35,000 while the cost to the Animal Management Division for maintenance of pit bulls over the same period was about $560,000; and (3) the costs did not include expenditures such as payroll, cross-agency costs, and utilities. Baltimore, MD estimated in 2001 that it was costing over $750,000.00 a year for their BSL and they were still unable to enforce the law effectively. They chose to repeal the law as did Saginaw, Michigan and other locations based on ineffectiveness and cost. The Real Statistics...
  12. 12. Banned pit bulls Confirmed (12/08) KY Webster County banned pit bulls Confirmed (07/08) KY Maysville pit bulls Unconfirmed KY Mayfield Courts ruled it unconstitutional NONE KY Louisville Pits, Rotts, Presa's, Neos, Canes, chow chows.  Restrictions in place Confirmed KY Fort Knox Army Base Being Discussed KY Henderson Banned Pit Bulls - No grandfather clause Confirmed KY Falmouth pit bulls Unconfirmed KY Dayton   Being Discussed KY Davis County Pit bulls Being Discussed KY Crestview Hills Pit Bulls and Wolf Hybrids delcared Vicious.  Heavy Restrictions [Registered with 2 photos, Microchipped, spayed/nuetered, muzzled, etc Confirmed KY Covington   Being Discussed KY Corinth dogs deemed vicious based on breed need to be registered Dobermans, Rotties, Pit bulls, Chows and anything looking like them. Confirmed (03/08) KY Auburn BSL Status State City
  13. 13. Myths about Pit Bulls <ul><li>Pit Bulls have locking jaws. </li></ul><ul><li>NO! The pit bull’s jaws are the same as any other breed of dog! Any Veterinarian can verify this is simply a myth. Actually, pit bulls do less damage because they bite and hold, where other dogs bite/release/bite that causes more bleeding and damage. </li></ul><ul><li>The following quote was from Dr. Howard Evans, Professor Emeritus, College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University, Ithaca New York. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I have spoken with [Dr.] Sandy deLahunta (the foremost dog neurologist in the country) and [DR.] Katherine Houpt (a leading dog behaviorist) about a jaw locking mechanism in pit bulls or any other dog and they both say, as do I, that THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS JAW LOCKING IN ANY BREED. We all agree that the power of the bite is proportional to the size of the jaws and the jaw muscles. There is no anatomical structure that could be a locking mechanism in any dog.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pit Bulls are born to be mean. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT TRUE! Pit Bulls like all other breeds, are not born inherently mean or bad! They can, like any other breed, become mean through lack of training, abuse, neglect and irresponsible ownership and breeding. </li></ul><ul><li>Pit Bulls have a 1600 PSI Jaw Pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>WRONG AGAIN! There is currently no device available for measuring dog bites for pressure for pit bulls or any other animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Will a pit bull that shows aggression towards a dog, go after people next? </li></ul><ul><li>NO! Animal aggression and human aggression are 2 completely different things! There are many types of aggression in the canine world and they are all very different. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pit Bulls attack more than any other breed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NO. The statistical data on dog bites and attacks are inaccurate. Many dog bites are never reported. There is nothing in place to track dog bites in the US accurately. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>There are 25+ breeds that are commonly wrongly identified as pit bulls. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>What’s Wrong with Breed-Specific Laws? </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs go into hiding - They will always be out there </li></ul><ul><li>Owners love their dogs to much to give them up </li></ul><ul><li>Owners limit outside exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Often times the dogs go without vet care </li></ul><ul><li>This adds to the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Good owners and dogs are punished - What about well socialized dogs? </li></ul><ul><li>Family pets are taken </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs who will never bite and are properly supervised are being killed </li></ul><ul><li>They give a false sense of security - People will assume there are no more dangerous dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Other laws to protect the public will be ignored </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is shifted from effective laws to laws restricting these dogs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Am I Banned? NO! Boxer Mix Boxer Mix Greyhound Mix
  16. 16. Can you tell the difference? One of these dogs is not a Pit Bull...
  17. 17. Animal control officers where these breeds are banned are not required to take any courses or to learn the difference between these breeds and any breeds not banned that may resemble these breeds. If you can't tell the difference, how can they?
  18. 18. If you can't tell the difference, how can they?