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Doctrines that divide: The Spirit of Calvinism and Arminianism

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A look at Calvinism and Arminianism. Which of these two teachings best represents the Gospel message.

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Doctrines that divide: The Spirit of Calvinism and Arminianism

  1. 1. Doctrines that divide The spirit of Calvinism and Arminianism By Dean Holderwww.zebachsd.com
  2. 2. 2 Tim 2:15-18 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 16 But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. 17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; 18 Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some. KJV
  3. 3. 1 John 4:1-3 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. 2 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: 3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world. KJV
  4. 4. Jude 3-5 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unt o you of the common salvation, it was needful f or me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which wa s once delivered unto the saints. 4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this conde mnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, thou gh ye once knew this, how that the Lord, havin g saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afte rward destroyed them that believed not. KJV
  5. 5. 2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the p eople, even as there shall be false teachers amo ng you, who privily shall bring in damnable her esies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evi l spoken of. 3 And through covetousness shall they with fei gned words make merchandise of you: whose j udgment now of a long time lingereth not, and t heir damnation slumbereth not. KJV
  6. 6. Studying God’s Word begins with Humility John 7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I spea k of myself. KJV Rom 6:17-18 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. 18 Being then made free from sin, ye became th e servants of righteousness. KJV
  7. 7. Rom 11:33-34 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom an d knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! 34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? KJV
  8. 8. Deut 29:29 The secret things belong unto the Lord our God : but those things which are revealed belong unt o us and to our children for ever, that we may d o all the words of this law. KJV
  9. 9. Influenced by Calvinism John Knox Theodore Beza Jonathan Edwards Charles Hodge Charles Spurgeon John Whitefield R.C.Sproul James White Presbyterian Congregationalist Reformed Baptist Hugenots Pilgrims Puritans Scottish
  10. 10. “The Doctrine of Grace”
  11. 11. "Total depravity," also called "total inability," asserts that as a consequence of the fall of man into sin, every person is enslaved to sin. People are not by nature inclined to lo ve God but rather to serve their own interests and to reject the rule of God. Thus, all pe ople by their own faculties are morally unable to choose to follow God and be saved b ecause they are unwilling to do so out of the necessity of their own natures. (The term "total" in this context refers to sin affecting every part of a person, not that every perso n is as evil as they could be).[27]
  12. 12. "Unconditional election" or “sovereign election” asserts that God has chosen from eternity those whom he will bring to himself not based on foreseen virtue, merit, or faith in those people; rather, his choice is unconditionally grounded in his mercy alone. God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation through Christ alone. Those not chosen receive the just wrath that is warranted for their sins against God
  13. 13. "Limited atonement," also called "particular redemption" or "definite atonement", asserts that Jesus's substitutionary atonement was definite and certain in its purpose and in what it accomplished. This implies that only the sins of the elect were atoned for by Jesus's death. Calvinists do not believe, however, that the atonement is limited in its value or power, but rather that the atonement is limited in the sense that it is intended for some and not all. Hence, Calvinists hold that the atonement is sufficient for all and efficient for the elect.[29] The doctrine is driven by the Calvinistic concept of the sovereignty of God in salvation and their understanding of the nature of the atonement
  14. 14. "Irresistible grace," also called "efficacious grace", asserts that the saving grace of God is effectually applied to those whom he has determined to save (that is, the elect) and overcomes their resistance to obeying the call of the gospel, bringing them to a saving faith. This means that when God sovereignly purposes to save someone, that individual certainly will be saved. The doctrine holds that this purposeful influence of God's Holy Spirit cannot be resisted, but that the Holy Spirit, "graciously causes the elect sinner to cooperate, to believe, to repent, to come freely and willingly to Christ
  15. 15. "Perseverance of the saints" (or preservation) of the saints (the word "saints" is used to refer to all who are set apart by God, and not of those who are exceptionally holy, canonized, or in heaven) asserts that since God is sovereign and his will cannot be frustrated by humans or anything else, those whom God has called into communion with himself will continue in faith until the end. Those who apparently fall away either never had true faith to begin with or will return to the faith
  16. 16. Most objections to and attacks on Calvinism focus on the "five points of Calvinism," also called the doctrines of grace, which are a point-by-point response to the five points of the Arminian Remonstrance and which serve as a summation of the judgments rendered by the Synod of Dort in 1619. Calvin himself never used such a model and never combated Arminianism directly, as Calvin died before Arminius's birth. The Articles of Remonstrance were authored by opponents of Reformed doctrine and monergism. They were rejected in 1619 at the Synod of Dort, more than 50 years after the death of Calvin. NOTE
  17. 17. The Synod of Dort (also known as the Synod of Dordt or the Synod of Dordrecht) was a National Synod held in Dordrecht in 1618–1619, by the D utch Reformed Church, to settle a divisive contro versy initiated by the rise of Arminianism. The S ynod concluded with a rejection of the Arminian views, and set forth the Reformed doctrine on eac h point, namely: total depravity, unconditional ele ction, limited atonement (arguing that Christ's ato ning work was intended only for the elect and not for the rest of the world), irresistible (or irrevocab le) grace, and the perseverance of the saints. Thes e are sometimes referred to as the Five points of Calvinism. The Decision of the Synod of Dort on the Five Main Points of Doctrine in Dispute in th e Netherlands, popularly known as the Canons of Dort, is the explanation of the judicial decision of the Synod.[10]
  18. 18. These "preoccupations" often took the form of controversy for John Calvin. One of his most formidable opponents to his doctrine of predestination was a former Carme lite friar, Jerome Bolsec(McNeill 172). Bolsec charged Calvin with making God the author of sin with his doctrine of predestination(McNeill 172). Calvin took Bolsec's charges before the city government in 1551 which led to the eventual banishment of Bolsec(Walker 478). This episode led Calvin to an even greater insistence on the vit al importance of predestination than ever before(Walker 478). Early Opponent to Calvinism
  19. 19. Classical Arminianism Depravity is total: Arminius states "In this [fallen] state, the free will of man towards the true good is not only wounded, infirm, bent, and weakened; but it is also imprisoned, destroyed, a nd lost. And its powers are not only debilitated and useless unless they be assisted by grace, b ut it has no powers whatever except such as are excited by Divine grace."[11] Atonement is intended for all: Jesus's death was for all people, Jesus draws all people to hims elf, and all people have opportunity for salvation through faith.[12] Jesus's death satisfies God's justice: The penalty for the sins of the elect is paid in full through Jesus's work on the cross. Thus Christ's atonement is intended for all, but requires faith to be effected. Arminius states that "Justification, when used for the act of a Judge, is either purely the imputation of righteousness through mercy… or that man is justified before God… accor ding to the rigor of justice without any forgiveness."[13] Stephen Ashby clarifies: "Arminius allowed for only two possible ways in which the sinner might be justified: (1) by our absolute and perfect adherence to the law, or (2) purely by God's imputation of Christ's righteousness." [14] Grace is resistible: God takes initiative in the salvation process and His grace comes to all pe ople. This grace (often called prevenient or pre-regenerating grace) acts on all people to convi nce them of the Gospel, draw them strongly towards salvation, and enable the possibility of si ncere faith. Picirilli states that "indeed this grace is so close to regeneration that it inevitably l eads to regeneration unless finally resisted." [15] The offer of salvation through grace does no t act irresistibly in a purely cause-effect, deterministic method but rather in an influence-and-r esponse fashion that can be both freely accepted and freely denied.[16] Man has free will to respond or resist: Free will is limited by God's sovereignty, but God's so vereignty allows all men the choice to accept the Gospel of Jesus through faith, simultaneousl y allowing all men to resist.
  20. 20. Election is conditional: Arminius defined election as "the decree of God by whic h, of Himself, from eternity, He decreed to justify in Christ, believers, and to acc ept them unto eternal life."[17] God alone determines who will be saved and his determination is that all who believe Jesus through faith will be justified. Accor ding to Arminius, "God regards no one in Christ unless they are engrafted in hi m by faith."[17] God predestines the elect to a glorious future: Predestination is not the predeter mination of who will believe, but rather the predetermination of the believer's fu ture inheritance. The elect are therefore predestined to sonship through adoption , glorification, and eternal life.[18] Christ's righteousness is imputed to the believer: Justification is sola fide. When individuals repent and believe in Christ (saving faith), they are regenerated and brought into union with Christ, whereby the death and righteousness of Christ ar e imputed to them for their justification before God.[19] Eternal security is also conditional: All believers have full assurance of salvatio n with the condition that they remain in Christ. Salvation is conditioned on faith, therefore perseverance is also conditioned.[20] Apostasy (turning from Christ) i s only committed through a deliberate, willful rejection of Jesus and renunciatio n of saving faith. Such apostasy is irremediable
  21. 21. John Wesley has historically been the most influential advocate for the teachings of Arminian soteri ology. Wesley thoroughly agreed with the vast majority of what Arminius himself taught, maintaini ng strong doctrines of original sin, total depravity, conditional election, prevenient grace, unlimited atonement, and possibly apostasy. Wesley departs from Classical Arminianism primarily on three issues: Atonement – Wesley's atonement is a hybrid of the penal substitution theory and the governmental t heory of Hugo Grotius, a lawyer and one of the Remonstrants. Steven Harper states "Wesley does n ot place the substitionary element primarily within a legal framework...Rather [his doctrine seeks] t o bring into proper relationship the 'justice' between God's love for persons and God's hatred of sin.. .it is not the satisfaction of a legal demand for justice so much as it is an act of mediated recon ciliation." [24] Wesleyan Arminianism Possibility of apostasy – Wesley fully accepted the Arminian view that genuine Christians could ap ostatize and lose their salvation, as his famous sermon "A Call to Backsliders" clearly demonstrates. Harper summarizes as follows: "the act of committing sin is not in itself ground for the loss of salva tion...the loss of salvation is much more related to experiences that are profound and prolonged. We sley sees two primary pathways that could result in a permanent fall from grace: unconfessed sin an d the actual expression of apostasy." [25] Wesley disagrees with Arminius, however, in maintaining that such apostasy was not final. When talking about those who have made "shipwreck" of their fait h (1 Tim 1:19), Wesley claims that "not one, or a hundred only, but I am persuaded, several thousan ds...innumerable are the instances...of those who had fallen but now stand upright."[
  22. 22. Christian perfection – According to Wesley's teaching, Christians could attain a state of practical perfection, meaning a lack of all voluntary sin by the empowerment of th e Holy Spirit, in this life. Christian perfection (or entire sanctification), according to Wesley, is "purity of intention, dedicating all the life to God" and "the mind which w as in Christ, enabling us to walk as Christ walked." It is "loving God with all our hea rt, and our neighbor as ourselves".[27] It is 'a restoration not only to the favour, but li kewise to the image of God," our "being filled with the fullness of God".[28] Wesley was clear that Christian perfection did not imply perfection of bodily health or an inf allibility of judgment. It also does not mean we no longer violate the will of God, for involuntary transgressions remain. Perfected Christians remain subject to temptation, and have continued need to pray for forgiveness and holiness. It is not an absolute pe rfection but a perfection in love. Furthermore, Wesley did not teach a salvation by pe rfection, but rather says that, "Even perfect holiness is acceptable to God only throug h Jesus Christ."
  23. 23. From the horses mouth
  24. 24. “God preordained, for his own glory and the display of His attributes of mercy a nd justice, a part of the human race, without any merit of their own, to eternal sa lvation, and another part, in just punishment of their sin, to eternal damnation.” “By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined w ith himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man. All are not cr eated on equal terms, but some are preordained to eternal life, others to eternal da mnation; and, accordingly, as each has been created for one or other of these ends , we say that he has been predestinated to life or to death.” Book 3 of The Institutes of the Christian Religion in chapter 21
  25. 25. VIDEO: 1 Modern day Calvinist Evangelist John Piper supports this teaching “God preordained, for his own glory and the dis play of His attributes of mercy and justice, a pa rt of the human race, without any merit of their own, to eternal salvation, and another part, in ju st punishment of their sin, to eternal damnation. ”
  26. 26. Question! Did God predestine/ pre-determined Sin as stated by John Piper? If He did, then Satan cannot be the author or Father of Sin, he would be a kind of agent acting on behalf of God and as such is an integral part of the whole plan for God to “magnify his mercy and grace and patience… and justice and wrath ,,, “ as stated by Piper.
  27. 27. In a Mystical book written around 1894 by Eliphas Levi called “The Book of Splendours” which is a co mmentary on the Jewish Kabalah st ates openly what would be the logi cal outcome of following the prede stination doctrine of Calvinism as s tated by John Pipers assertion that God’s plan included Sin.
  28. 28. Calvin’s Scriptural support He begins with Abraham, showing how the Lord chose this man to be His special repres entative out of all the people of the world Israel, who descended from Abraham, was also then chosen by God. Calvin quotes verse s such as Deuteronomy 7:7-8 which says, “The Lord did not set his love upon you, nor cho ose you, because you were more in number than any people: for ye were the fewest of all people: but because the Lord loved you.” “the grace of God was displayed in a more special form, when of the same family of Abra ham God rejected some,” and then he refers to Malachi 1:2-3 which explicitly states, “Wa s not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the Lord: yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau.” (21:6) Calvin quotes this very text from Malachi in Romans to substantiate predestination. He th en quotes from Romans 9:15, itself another quote from the Old Testament: “For he (the Lo rd) saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compass ion on whom I will have compassion.” Calvin then later asks, “And what pray, does this mean? It is just a clear declaration by the Lord that he finds nothing in men themselves to i nduce him to show kindness, that it is owing entirely to his own mercy, and, accordingly, t hat their salvation is his own work. Since God places your salvation in himself alone, why should you descend to yourself?” (22:6)
  29. 29. “We shall never feel persuaded as we ought that our salvation flows from the free mercy of God as its fountain, until we are made acquainted with his eternal election .” (21:1)
  30. 30. In Volume 4 of John Calvin’s Tracts and Letters, a letter written by Calvin in April of 1541 can be f ound. It is a fairly lengthy letter written to Monsieur de Richebourg because his son Louis, a young man, had recently died. Louis had been a student of Calvin at the Academy in Geneva, and the imp act of his young friend’s death can be heard at the beginning of this letter to the deceased’s father: “When I first received the intelligence of the death…of your son Louis, I was so utterly overpowere d that for many days I was fit for nothing but to grieve…I was somehow upheld before the Lord by those aids wherewith he sustains our souls in affliction, …however, I was almost a nonentity.” Then listen to how Calvin uses the doctrine of predestination to minister to this grieving father: There is nothing which is more dispiriting to us than while we vex and annoy ourselves with this so rt of question – Why is it not otherwise with us? Why has it so happened that we came to this place ? [In other words, why has God allowed this to happen to us?] …It is God, therefore, who has soug ht back from you your son, whom he committed to you to be educated, on the condition, that he mig ht always be his own. And therefore, he took him away, because it was both of an advantage to him to leave this world, and by this bereavement to humble you, or to make trial of your patience. If yo u do not understand the advantage of this, without delay, first of all, set aside every other object of c onsideration, and ask of God that he may show you. Should it be his will to exercise you still furthe r, by concealing it from you, submit to that will, that you may become the wiser than the weakness of your own understanding can ever attain to.”
  31. 31. Westminister Confession The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith. Drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards to be a confession of t he Church of England, it became and remains the 'subordinate standard' of doctrine in th e Church of Scotland, and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. In 1643, the English Parliament called upon "learned, godly and judicious Divines", to m eet at Westminster Abbey in order to provide advice on issues of worship, doctrine, gove rnment and discipline of the Church of England. Their meetings, over a period of five ye ars, produced the confession of faith, as well as a Larger Catechism and a Shorter Catech ism. For more than three centuries, various churches around the world have adopted the confession and the catechisms as their standards of doctrine, subordinate to the Bible.
  32. 32. Unconditional Election
  33. 33. Irresistible Grace
  34. 34. VIDEO: 2 Modern day Calvinist Evangelist John Piper supports this teaching of Irresistible Grace
  35. 35. VIDEO: 3 Modern day Calvinist Evangelist John Piper speaks on Perseverance of the saints
  36. 36. Summary and Comparison
  37. 37. 1. Are we Free moral agents? 2. What is the quality of our Freedom?
  38. 38. Does a person have free will? What do you mean by “free will”? Do you mean: 1. That a person is not forced from the outside to make a choice? 2. That a person is responsible for his or her choices? 3. That a person is the active agent in a choice made? 4. That a person is free to do whatever they desire? 5. That a person has the ability to choose contrary to their nature ( who they are)?
  39. 39. Libertarian Freedom: “The power of contrary choice.” If you ask whether a person can choose against their nature (i.e. libertarian fre edom) the answer, I believe, must be “no.” A person’s nature makes up who th ey are. Who they are determines their choice. If there choice is determined, th en the freedom is self-limited. Therefore, there is no “power” of contrary choi ce for we cannot identify what or who this “power” might be. Calvinist quote
  40. 40. St. Augustine was the first to deal with this issue in a comprehensive manne r. Until the forth century, it was simply assumed that people were free and re sponsible, but they had yet to flesh out what this meant. Augustine further el aborated on the Christian understanding of freedom. He argued that people c hoose according to who they are. If they are good, they make good choices. If they are bad, they make bad choices. These choices are free, they just lack liberty. In other words, a person does not become a sinner because they sin, t hey sin because they are a sinner. It is an issue of nature first. If people are i dentified with the fallen nature of Adam, then they will make choices simila r to that of Adam because it is who they are. Yes, they are making a free cho ice, but this choice does not include the liberty or freedom of contrary choic e.
  41. 41. If we are Free in the sense that we can choose between two things Without coercion. then we are responsible for rejecting The Grace of God or accepting it. God’s judgement then on the wicked is seen to be Just and the Glorification of the Righteous to an eternal home in Heaven is the reward of their faithfulness in continuing in the TRUTH unto the end
  42. 42. Deuteronomy 30:19 I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: Joshua 24:15 And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.
  43. 43. 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. Genesis 3 King James Version (KJV) 3 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of ever y tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, a nd did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God am ongst the trees of the garden. 9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. 11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. 13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. 16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. 17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of i t: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; 18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. The Genesis Account
  44. 44. The choice made by Eve and then Adam is as a result of their personal choice to disobey God and follow the lie of Satan, which brought death and sin into the world. A simple reading of these Scriptures without any Calvinist imposition would present the simple fact that the responsibility for their transgression rests squarely upon them and so brought the Condemnation of a Holy God. Nothing in this Biblical account suggest or implies that God had orchestrated and determined their fall into sin, any attempt to do so is purely reading into the scriptures what is not there and will surely bring down the curse and promise of God written in the book of Revelation 22:18,19 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. In Proverbs 30:4,6 it sates 5Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. 6Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. All liers against the Holiness of God shall find themselves cut off from the promise of eternity 12And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be… 14Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. 15For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.
  45. 45. There is no true Freedom to choose in Calvinism, all things flow from God and are determined by Him . What then are the implications?
  46. 46. Arthur Pink begins his book “The Sovereignty of God” with three chapters on “God’s Sovereignty.” After citing the following key verses such as Eph. 1:11, which says that God worketh all things after the counsel of his own will, he concludes with these words: “The Lord God omnipotent reigneth. ... No revolving world, no shining of star, no storm, no creature moves, no actions of men, no errands can come to pass otherwise than God has eternally purposed” (p. 46).
  47. 47. Arthur Pink was born in Nottingham, England on 1 April 1886 and became a Christian in 1908, at the age of 22. Though born to Christian parents, prior to conversion he migrated into a Theosophical society (the occult gnostic group which became precursor of the New Age movement, popular in England during that time), and quickly rose in prominence within their ranks. His conversion came from his father's patient admonitions from Scripture. It was the verse, Proverbs 14:12, 'there is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death,' which particularly struck his heart and compelled him to renounce Theosophy and follow Jesus.
  48. 48. The foundational error of Calvinism is to assign a definition to divine “sovereignty” (a word that nowhere appears in Scripture but that is used in reference to God’s Kingly omnipotence) that makes it impossible for man to have a choice in salvation, even though the Bible says that he does, and then building upon that faulty foundation. VERSES USED TO SUPPORT CALVINIST DEFINITION OF GOD’S SOVEREIGNTY
  49. 49. Ephesians 1:11 -- “In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.”
  50. 50. Daniel 4:35 -- “And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?”
  51. 51. What does it mean that God does according to his will? Does it mean that he can and will do evil as part of his divine will as Calvinism purports he does? First we need to ask what is the Will of God according to what is stated in the Bible? In Romans 12:1,2 it states 1I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. Gal 1:4 4Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, acc ording to the will of God and our Father: Col 4:12 12Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring ferve ntly for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God Heb 8:10 10This is the covenant I will establish with the people of Israel after that time, declares t he Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God Rev 3:12 12Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, wh ich is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.
  52. 52. Isaiah 14:27 -- “For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?”
  53. 53. The context of this verse is simple and clear and speaks of God’s determination to judge the nations. In verse 26 it states This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations. The condemnations upon the Nations is due to sin and rebellion as stated in Psalms 2:1-5 1Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? 2The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against t he LORD, and against his anointed, saying, 3Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. 4He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. 5Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Nothing stated in these verses suggest or supports any idea of Sovereign reprobation, election, limited atonement or any other part of Calvin's five points of Grace. It simply states the fact that, when God purposes something His will cannot be thwarted.
  54. 54. Proverbs 21:30 -- “There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.”
  55. 55. VERSES THAT ARE USED TO SUPPORT THE CALVINIST DOCTRINE OF TOTAL DEPRAVITY (THE BONDAGE OF THE WILL) According to the Calvinist doctrine of Total Depravity, man is not only unrighteous and dead in trespasses and sins, he is like this in such a sense that he cannot even believe on Christ, he cannot make any choice in regard to his salvation. Ever since the fall, man’s will has been in bondage so that he cannot respond to God’s offer of grace, contrary to the many scripture verses of invitation by God to receive his free gift of salvation: Joh 7:37 37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. Isi 45:22 22Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else. (See also Rev 3:20-22; Matt 11:27-29; Joh 4:14; Rev 22:17; Joh 4:7-14 ) In the words of the Westminster Confession, Total Depravity is defined as follows: “Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.”
  56. 56. “Man’s freedom of choice has been forfeited since the Fall. ... The Bible teaches human inability and total depravity” (Arminianism Examined, p. 4). Dr. Jeffrey Khoo, a Presbyterian who heads up the Far Eastern Bible College in Singapore QUOTE: When Dr. Khoo speaks of “human inability,” he means not only that the sinner is unable to save himself by his own works but also that the sinner is unable, incapable of responding to God’s free offer of salvation.
  57. 57. 1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling t he desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are save d;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness towar d us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. 11 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircum cision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; 12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and st rangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: 13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ Ep2:1-13
  58. 58. 1 Corinthians 2:14 -- “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.”
  59. 59. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 – “But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.” Arthur Pink uses this verse as proof for the Cal vinist doctrine that the new birth precedes faith.
  60. 60. Scriptures that proves that Salvation involves our cooperation with God in a definite way through obedience, and so, it is man who finally determines his Fate through the exercise of his Free choice to the provisions made by God in Christ. Joh 3:16 16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should n ot perish, but have everlasting life. 17For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be s aved. 18He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he ha th not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 20For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reprove d. 21But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God. Nothing in the above scriptures suggest or states that the choices made by men are determined, but tha t it is they who bring their own condemnation or salvation to bare upon them through the acceptance or rejection of the Grace of God found in Christ Jesus. Responsibility for being saved or lost therefore is deter mined by the human agent exercising his free choice, while the plan of redemption is a free Gift provide d by God so that none can boast. Eph 2:8-10 8For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
  61. 61. 2 Tim 2:19-26 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having th is seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. 20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold an d of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to hono ur, and some to dishonour. 21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's u se, and prepared unto every good work. 22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart. 23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes. 24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentl e unto all men, apt to teach, patient, 25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowl edging of the truth; 26 And that they may recover themselves out of the snare o f the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will. KJV
  62. 62. Titus 3:4-8 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of th e Holy Ghost; 6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. 8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain go od works. These things are good and profitable u nto men. KJV
  63. 63. 1 John 2:28-3:5-12 28 And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming. 29 If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him. 3 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. 2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know t hat, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. 4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 5 And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin 6 Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. 7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is rig hteous. 8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose t he Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. 10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not right eousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother. 11 For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another. 12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Be cause his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. KJV
  64. 64. End of part 1

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