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Zach moore ppt


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Outline of the post war occupation of Japan

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Zach moore ppt

  1. 1.  Zach Moore 9/23/2012Why is this picture soimportant? Importantbecause Hiro Hito wasnever seen by aforeigner or commonerprior to occupation End
  2. 2.  Introduction to the War in the Pacific Events that led to the end of the war with Japan Interesting fact about atomic bombs Four key objectives in post war occupation Crippling of Japan’s military Force Japan to pay war reparations Establish a peaceful and responsible government Re-establish Japan’s economy so that the country could become self sufficient again Conclusion Sources End
  3. 3.  Japanese and American racial tensions peaked. United States opposition against Japanese expansion in Asia. United States cut back on export of oil to Japan with the Export Control Act. Finally, Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. End
  4. 4.  By the end of the war most of Japan’s citizens were starving. Japan was beginning to run out of resources to fuel the war. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki broke the will of the Japanese. End
  5. 5. Tokyo fire bombingskilled more peoplethan Hiroshima andNagasaki combined! End
  6. 6. End
  7. 7.  The United States wanted to cripple the Japanese military to prevent future conflicts. SWNCC 228 outlined the purging of the Japanese government of militaristic leaders. Emperor Hiro Hito was spared of war crime convictions. End
  8. 8.  This did not work out like intended due to the Japanese economy being in shambles. Japan’s food shortages and massive inflation forced United States to pump millions of dollars of aid into economy. Japanese Zaibatsu( large Japanese businesses) were broke up by United States. End
  9. 9.  The United States aimed to remove the authority of the emperor and establish a democratic form of government. Government was based on the following: freedom of speech, the right to assemble, the freedom of religion, the right to education, and most importantly, the new constitution prevented discrimination based on sex, race, creed, social status, or family origin. Emperor Hiro Hito effectively lost all of his authority and became a figure head. End
  10. 10.  NSC – 132 Outlined Japan’s road to economic recovery. NSC- 132 four goals were the following: › No peace treaty would be signed until Japan’s economy became stable. › Cut any obstacles that eliminated Japan’s trade. › Raise and keep high production rates for export. › End inflation through balanced budgets.  Important to know that elimination of Zaibatsu caused much of Japan’s inflation issues. End
  11. 11.  The occupation of Japan is one of the most important events following World War II, because it completely reformed the once feudal nation of Japan into an economic power house that it is today. The occupation of Japan was far from perfect, but it did bring Japan out the shambles it was left in following the war. Today Japan has become one of our greatest allies. End
  12. 12. End
  13. 13.  Bisson, T.A. Prospects for Democracy in Japan. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1949. Bix, Herbert P. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000. Brines, Russell. MacArthurs Japan. Philladelphia and New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1948. Gordon, Andrew. A Modern History of Japan. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. LaFeber, Walter. The Clash: U.S. Japanese Relations Throughout History. New York and London: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997. Nishi, Toshio. Unconditional Democracy:Education and Politics in Occupied Japan 1945-1952. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1964. Schonberger, Howard B. Aftermath of War: Americans and the Remaking of Japan, 1945-1952. Kent and London: The Kent State University Press, 1989. Sebald, William J. With MacArthur in Japan. New York: W.W Norton and Company, 1965. Totman, Conrad. A History of Japan. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2000. Yoshida, Shigeru. The Yoshida Memoirs. Kingswood and Surrey: Windmill Press Ltd, 1961. McLelland, Mark. "Kissing is a symbol of democracy!: Dating, Democracy, and Romance in Occupied." Journal of the History of Sexuality19, no. 3, 2010: 508-535. Today, Veterans. World War II GIs Shacked Up wth Japanese Comfort Women. April 26, 2007. (accessed April 1, 2012).