Stress Management

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Stress Management

  1. 1. Stress Management Dolores Cambambia Zachary Carte Judith Farmer Debra Kelbaugh Terry Knuchel OU-PMBA Cohort 4 Athens, Ohio April 26, 2008
  2. 2. DO YOU SOMETIMES FEEL LIKE THIS?
  3. 3. Stressed At Work
  4. 4. …… .OR MAYBE LIKE THIS?
  5. 6. Stress <ul><li>The body’s reaction to change: </li></ul><ul><li>physical, emotional, social, psychological </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE = STRESSOR </li></ul><ul><li>STRESSOR: </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE = Distress </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVE = Eustress </li></ul>
  6. 7. Perceptions vs Reality <ul><li>Perceptions or Realities: </li></ul><ul><li>Moral values and personal beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Culture / family background </li></ul><ul><li>Past experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Life style </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sources of Stress <ul><li>Environmental factors - such as excessive noise, bad weather or natural disasters, busy traffic, pollution, problems with roommates or neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Factors - deadlines, financial problems, group projects, disagreements, demands on time and attention, dating, balancing work and school, loss of a loved one, conflicts with family </li></ul>
  8. 9. Sources of Stress (cont) <ul><li>Physiological factors – adolescence, illness, accidents, lack of exercise, poor nutrition, alcohol or drug use/abuse, sleep disturbances, muscle tension, headaches, upset stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts – perception of events, expecting too much from others, making decisions, having a pessimistic attitude, expecting problem-free living, worrying, being perfectionist, being competitive, being self-critical, making assumptions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Counseling and Career Devlop. Cntr., 2006) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Activity 6: Vulnerability to Stress http://students.georgiasouthern.edu/counseling/workshop/stress/stress10.html Eat healthy, exercise, have friends Caffeine, drugs, alcohol abuse
  10. 11. What Can Managers Do to Reduce Stress? <ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress Management Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee Assistance Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizational Changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consult Employees </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Tips for Reducing Stress <ul><li>Find a support system </li></ul><ul><li>Change your attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Get organized </li></ul><ul><li>Take breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to say “no” </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Be realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Find a hobby </li></ul><ul><li>Slow down </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh, use humor </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to relax </li></ul>
  12. 13. Coping with Stress Strategies <ul><li>Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Massage </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga </li></ul>
  13. 14. Closing Remarks and Questions

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