Immigration Slideshow


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Immigration Slideshow

  1. 1. BY Joanna, Kaitlin, and Zach
  2. 2. What is immigration? Immigration means to move into from one environment into a foreign country. Your bloodlines are native to this environment. While movement of people has existed throughout human history and at various levels, modern immigration implies long term permanent residence. Short term visitors or tourists are considered non-immigrants. This action is used mostly to strength the number in people to make the colonies stronger and to increase the land use to take up more of the country.
  3. 3. What are refugees? Refugees are people who leave their country because of terrorism, war, natural disasters or famine. Some of them leave on their own in fear and some people are forced to leave their country. Today there about 42 million people around the world that have fled their own country and are living in refugee camps.
  4. 4. Early History of Canadian Immigration In 1880, Andrew Onderdonk, an American who was the Canadian Pacific Railway construction contractor in British Columbia, originally enlisted Chinese labourers from California. When most of these deserted the railway workings for the goldfields, Andrew signed several agreements with Chinese contractors in China's Guangdong province, Taiwan and also via Chinese companies in Victoria. Through those contracts more than 5000 labourers were sent from China by ship. Onderdonk also recruited over 7000 Chinese railway workers from California. These two groups of workers were the main force for the building of the railway. Once the railroads were done, Chinese immigrants were not needed or wanted. . In 1923, a Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by the parliament. The Act helped to stop Chinese immigration to Canada. The Chinese Exclusion Act remained in effect up to 1947. • The beginning of the Second World War introduced a period of severe immigration restriction. Most of the immigrants from 1938 to 1945 were British or American. People who attempted to enter Canada at that time were refugees, and a few were wives and children of Canadian people. During the Battle of Britain in the 1940s, Luftwaffe - the German air force - started bombing British cities, including London. This bombing campaign was one of the major causes of British immigration to Canada.
  5. 5. What Criteria does Canada use when accepting immigrants and Refugees into Canada? Canada admits between more than 200,000 immigrants every year. National policy emphasizes rigorous selection to ensure that Canada admits healthy immigrants. However, remarkably little policy is directed to ensuring that they stay healthy. Also Canada is quick to look at the reasoning of their coming and making sure they are going to be a benefit to our society and not to bring it down. The Canadian government also assures that the immigrant does not have a criminal record. Although the Canadian government is pretty laid back on letting people into our country, it has it’s standards to ensure growth and increasing strength for the country, but nothing out of the ordinary.
  6. 6. What is the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act? The Canadian immigration and refugee act concerns the area of law related to the admission of foreign nationals into Canada. It also concerns their rights and responsibilities once admitted, and the conditions of their removal. The primary goal of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, include economic growth, family reunification, and compliance with humanitarian treaties. It also cancels the safe third country agreement. The IRPA basically helps refugees and immigrants to get into Canada safely and fairly.
  7. 7. How does immigration aim to meet Canada’s workforce needs? Immigration has been and will continue to be an important addition to the Canadian workforce. In 2001 over ten percent of the Canadian workforce consisted of people who had been born out of Canada. This percentage has been growing every year and is needed to keep Canada growing. Immigrants will continue to play a large role in our economy. Canadian population growth is slowing down. Without more workers Canada’s economy will cease to grow. This is why immigration is becoming very important and desired. In the late 1930’s immigrants weren’t wanted and the Canadian Government stopped them from coming. Today businesses are doing everything they can to get skilled immigrants. According to statistics, sometime between 2011 and 2016 the amount of Canadians entering the workforce will equal the number of those retiring. Immigration will be what keeps the Canadian workforce filled up with workers.
  8. 8. What is a Law vs. A policy? The definition of Law is a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society. Whereas the definition of policy is a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group; quot;it was a policy of retributionquot;; a politician keeps changing his policies. So overall my opinion would be that law is essential to all humans in an organization while policy is small groups inside of that organization, making by laws and notions that they believe to be right for their certain place.
  9. 9. Factors of how Canada accepts immigrants When accepting immigrants Canada goes through a few factors about the person. One of these factors is health. If the person may cause Canadian citizens to become diseased or unhealthy they will not be accepted. Also they must not have a disease that could be passed on to others such as HIV/Aids. The person must also be non-violent or dangerous to others. Criminal records and other personal information are checked before the person may become a citizen. Also if the person isn’t a family member to a Canadian citizen or they are a refugee, they must be a good worker or be useful to the country. Also the person must be at least respectful of the Canadian religions and beliefs and laws. Once they pass these factors they would be accepted as a citizen.
  10. 10. How do political, health, security, and economic issues affect immigration? How do political, health, security, and economic issues affect immigration? When immigrants try to move to Canada they are inspected in terms of health, security, political, and economic factors. Health is an important factor because the health of Canadians has to be in mind as well. If the immigrant has a disease that could be dangerous to the health of Canadian citizens, the immigrant might be turned down. Conditions that could be dangerous to the public physically also have to be thought about. For example a mental disorder could be a danger and reason for a person to be turned down for immigration. Immigrants also are checked if they have a criminal record in their home country. Immigration is meant to improve Canada. Therefore any dangerous people will not be accepted. Lastly they must face the factor of if they will do Canada any good economically. Skilled workers are much desired and very useful. One of the main reason Canada needs immigrants is to fulfill job needs. Many factors are put into perspective when it comes to immigration.
  11. 11. What is the point system for accepting immigrants? A point system a evaluation based on awarding points according to rules. In the Canadian point system you are awarded with a variety of points depending on your level of experience. For example, upon completing secondary school ( high school) you would earn the total of 5 points whereas in the completion of PhD, or a masters degree, AND at least 17 years of full time study you have proceeded 25 points. Depending on how much points you achieve, you can qualify for a higher achieving career. In other words be paid more. The meaning of this immigrant point system is to see how you benefit Canada and what jobs you are eligible for.
  12. 12. How Canada’s immigration laws are different today then they were in the past? What is Canada's policy towards refugees? Canada’s Immigration laws are different today then in the past because in the past they had a points system where if you didn’t meet the right amount of points you could not come into Canada. Where as today they just look at if you would be useful to Canada. Canada's policy towards refugees is that they cannot bring weapons onto Canada.
  13. 13. How do Provinces, Cities, and Regions affect and influence Immigration? Provinces, cities, and regions all have different influences on immigration. Because they all have different work needs they want certain immigrants. They cannot force immigrants to move to certain areas but they can make chances of certain immigrants moving to their area. Regions are aloud to make their own immigration offices in foreign countries. By doing this they can hook immigrants up with jobs and places to stay in certain places. This is good for both the immigrants and the cities because the immigrants get jobs and the businesses get the workers they need. Under the Provincial Nomination Program, provinces can nominate a percentage of the immigrants Canada selects each year. This way a majority of the workers needed get sent to each province. Immigrants cannot be forced to move to certain areas but they can be convinced to.
  14. 14. What is the Canada-Quebec Accord? The Canada-Quebec Accord is a legal agreement concerning immigration issues between the federal government of Canada and the provincial government of Quebec. The broad accord signed in 1991 preceded similar agreements with other provinces including British Columbia and Manitoba. The arrangement gives Quebec the exclusive responsibility of choosing immigrants and refugees still living in their foreign countries but wishing to relocate to the province. Selected applicants are issued “certificat de sélection du Québec”. Citizenship and Immigration Canada issues the actual visa after background and health verifications. New immigrants are entitled to settlement assistance such as free language training under provincial government administered programs usually called Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC), for which the federal government has budgeted about $350 million to give to the provinces for the fiscal year 2006-2007.The majority of the $350 million is allocated to Quebec under the Canada-Quebec Accord, at $196 million per year, even though immigration to Quebec represented only 16.5% of all immigration to Canada in 2005. The $350 million is budgeted to increase by an additional $90 million by 2009.