“Ice cream Industry”
BY: KOMAL ASLAM
". The name came from the phrase "iced cream" that was
similar to "iced tea". The name was later abbreviated to
"ice cream" the name we know today.
History of ice cream
For centuries, iced desserts were a luxury. Roman
Emperor Nero is said to have sent his slaves into the
mountains to fetch snow to mix with nectar, fruit pulp,
and honey, although this widely told tale may be a myth.
The origin of ice cream
The origins of ice cream date back to China's T'ang
period, probably as a dish for the country's rulers. The
founder of the dynasty, King T'ang of Shang, kept 94 "ice
men" on hand to lug ice to the palace to make a dish made
of koumiss (heated, fermented milk), flour, and camphor.
On May 19, 1744, a group of VIP's dined at the home of
Maryland Governor Thomas Bladen. Present was a
Scottish colonist who described "a Dessert...Among the
Rarities of which is was Composed, was some fine Ice
Cream which, with the Strawberries and Milk, eat most
Ice cream machine:
In 1782, George Washington did have, described
in his ledger, "a cream machine for ice."
Artificial freezer method:
In 1846, Nancy Johnson patented a handcranked freezer that established the basic
method of making ice cream still used today.
William Young patented the similar "Johnson
Patent Ice-Cream Freezer" in 1848.
Father of wholesale industry:
In 1850, Baltimore dairyman Jacob Fussell opened the
first commercial ice cream factory. and Fussell became
the father of the wholesale ice cream industry.
The treat became both distributable and profitable
with the introduction of mechanical refrigeration.
Continuous Process Freezer:
Around 1926, the first commercially
successful continuous process freezer for
ice cream was invented by Clarence Vogt.
Ice Cream Sundae
In 1880, It was invented because ice cream sodas weren't
allowed to be sold on Sundays; the ice cream sundae was
a way to circumvent that restriction.
On September 22, 1903, there is a recorded application
for a patent for the ice cream cone by Italo Marchiony.
Soft Ice Cream
British chemists discovered a method of doubling the
amount of air in ice cream creating soft ice cream.
Nelson created a chocolate covered ice cream bar. The
first Eskimo Pie chocolate covered ice cream bar on a
stick was created in 1934.
Originally Eskimo Pie was called the "I-Scream-Bar".
Between 1988 and 1991, Eskimo Pie introduced an
aspartame sweetened, chocolate covered, frozen dairy
dessert bar called the Eskimo Pie No Sugar Added
Reduced Fat Ice Cream Bar.
Reuben Mattus invented Haagen-Dazs in
1960 he choose the name because it sounded
The Dove Bar was invented by Leo
Good Humor Ice Cream Bar:
In 1920, Harry Burt invented the Good
Humor Ice Cream Bar and patented it
One method of hardening of ice cream is called a
roller bed process. The ice cream packages are placed
on a roller type conveyor in a very cold room of
temperature 30 F (-34 C), where cold air is circulated
by blowers create wind chill of -60 F (-51 C).
Second method is Tri-Tray system. It provides moving
trays upon which the ice cream is disposed. The trays
move within the cold room and cold air is blown
around the ice cream. This movement results in
decreased hardening time.
The ice cream is placed into a -20 degree Fahrenheit freezer to harden.
The cartons are then filled with premeasured amounts
of ice cream at the rate of 70-90 cartons per hour.
The machine then places a lid on each carton
A ink jet that spray-paints an
expiration date and production
code onto each carton
Then cartons move through the
bundler, a heat tunnel that
covers each cup with plastic
Storage and distribution:
The finished product if kept at around -20c to-25c will
have a shelf life of 12-18 months. A distribution
temperature of -25c to-30c is recommended as
fluctuations around this area cause less danger.
Ice cream Industry in Pakistan
Wall’s Ice Cream industry In 1995 Unilever started
manufacturing of ice cream in Pakistan with brand
Igloo ice cream Igloo Ice Cream, is the pioneer ice
cream manufacturer in Pakistan & operating since 1974.
Yummy ice cream Its production capacity is 10
million litres per annum. t is situated in Kot Lkhpat,
Hico ice cream It is situated In Lahore.
Rocoo ice cream It is Situated In Islamabad.
Omore It is manufactured by Engro Foods Limited.
Economic Importance of Ice cream
The Ice Cream Industry across the European Union
comprises some 100 companies operating in the various
Member States. The vast majority of these companies are
small and medium-sized enterprises employing around
The market volume for industrial produced ice cream is
estimated at 2, 2 billion liter and valued at 9 billion euro.
The annual average per capita consumption is 6,8 liters.
Benefits of Ice cream:
Ice cream is rich in carbohydrate, with about 15gm in a
one-half-cup serving. A serving also contains about 7
grams of fat and 2 grams of protein, making it an
energy-dense food. One-half cup of vanilla ice cream
provides 137 kilocalories of energy, about twice the
amount in one-half cup of whole milk.
It is rich in calcium and phosphorus, with about 10
percent of RDA, of these minerals in a single, one-halfcup serving. Ice cream also contains many vitamins,
including vitamin A,C,D and E, as well as thiamin,
riboflavin, niacin, folate and vitamins B-6 and B-12.
Harmful effects of Ice cream:
Fat and Sugar Content