1
The Critical Point of
the Commons and
DigitalProchronism
                             + Graduate School of Interdisciplina...
Background

■ NTT ICC HIVE                  Open Source initiative on a Media Art Archive
    →       Open AudioVisual Arc...
Participation as transparent, natural process:

   Plasticity / Portability             [Creative Commons]

   Prochronism...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
10
11
12
photo:   Joi Ito


               13
14
15
16
stormstill
photo:
            (Flickr)




                       17
18
19
20
PRO   AMA




            21
22
23
24
25
26
■2007
    Exposure of ’Excessive Inertia’
       Birth of Meta-platform
       Critical Point of classical UGC

■2008
    ...
Massiveness of Tools
        production and publishing united
        proliferation of open contents

   Recursive stratifi...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
BY: AZUMA
                                                            sm1085336
                                          ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
‘Comments’ becoming constituents of the original work.
      + affecting both authorship and spectatorship
        + coupl...
“Autonomie et Connaissance – Essai sur le Vivant”,
Eds. du Seuil, Paris, 1988. (Varela, F., Principles of Biological Auton...
production
définissent             des molécules
la frontière          constitutives de la

               1. stepped



 ...
production
define the            of responses
boarder of         constitutive of the




                                 ...
M.C.Escher, “Drawing Hands”, 1948, Lithograph
Justin Foote, The Magic of M. C. Escher. (Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-...
Hypercycle structure. Ii = RNA matrices, Ei = replication enzymes (i = 1,2,...,n)
  in Eigen M. and P. Schuster. The Hyper...
Hypercyclic Operational Closure of Digital Contents.
            Vi = “Works”, Di = Derivative Works (i = 1,2,...,n)

    ...
We will call an autonomous system ‘operationally closed’ when its
                    organization is caraterized by proce...
Heteronomous                  Autonomous
                                                   system (von Neumann)          ...
45
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
47
TypeTrace ver. 1.0                   Process-oriented Word Processor
     StandAlonePlayer/Editor [OSX]


                ...
‣       ■ Current problem in designing Digital Commons
                  a) separation between function (FLOSS) and expres...
•   Process-based data


                      •   CVS/SVN (software dev.) [function]


                          •    Wik...
Playback
            Pause Rec
                            Speed     Time Difference Effect
         Record
          /Sto...
Name            Title                   Time Length

       Search           Recorded Date




                           ...
Chaillot 2007.01



                   53
54
Exhibition in Prague: CIANTI Media Art Center



                                                55
Creating access to the Micro-creativity

   Recording Lifelog of the Work

   Database that evolves synchronously to the h...
Wiki
      &
      TT




2008.01.12.....              | Dominick Chen


The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Pro...
•   Wiki’s revision

                         •      transparency

                         •      historicity

          ...
TypeTrace



              miniblog
                                                 Nike+iPod




                     Fa...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
Thesis on Prochronism




                                                                  #47 |
                        ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

                                ...
What is the Umwelt of Digital Contents
              Meta         POV of Lessig
              Architecture Code           ...
67
“...produce arguments which will convince me that
this objects is the remains of a living thing. “




                   ...
“...produce arguments which will convince me that
this objects is the remains of a living thing. “




    serial (ontogen...
“...produce arguments which will convince me that
this objects is the remains of a living thing. “




      phylogenetic ...
71
72
Elements constitutive of Data Prochronism


           [ontogenetic homology]: vertical tracking of embryological process
...
some contemporary connections




                                76
some contemporary connections




                                77
- <toptracks user=quot;zastava81quot; type=quot;overallquot;>
   - <track>
   <artist mbid=quot;7002bf88-1269-4965-a772-
 ...
- <environment age=quot;4546quot;>
   - <datastream datastreamid=quot;0quot; value=quot;19.0quot;>
   <tag>heat</tag>
   <...
- <environment age=quot;4546quot;>
   - <datastream datastreamid=quot;1quot; value=quot;1364.0quot;>
   <tag>sound</tag>
 ...
This plasticity of the world ... calls your attention simultaneously to the
nature of the process as to the fundamental li...
Plasticity / Portability             [Creative Commons]

   Prochronism [Type Trace]




2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen

Th...
Perspective

           Open Ecology of Digital Contents
           Deployment of prochronistic interface
           Ferme...
dominick@dividual.jp
dividual.jp                                 2008.01.19.....              | Dominick Chen

dominick@cr...
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VideoVortex: Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

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VideoVortex 2008.01.19 15:15~17:15, Post CS, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

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VideoVortex: Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. The Critical Point of the Commons and DigitalProchronism + Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, the Chen Han Long Dominique University of Tokyo [Japan Science Promotion Society, Fellow] + NPO Creative Commons Japan, Director + Dividual.jp, co-CEO 2
  3. 3. Background ■ NTT ICC HIVE Open Source initiative on a Media Art Archive → Open AudioVisual Archive: Design Implementation Deployment ■ NPO Creative Commons Japan → Promotion of Open Contents in the Net society ■ Research on extending the notion of Openness Designing data plasticity and prochronism → Theory into practice: TypeTrace (dividual) 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 3
  4. 4. Participation as transparent, natural process: Plasticity / Portability [Creative Commons] Prochronism [Type Trace] → Autonomy of work | Structural Coupling of Author - Spectator (participant) → redefinition of authorship / commons 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 4
  5. 5. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 5
  6. 6. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 6
  7. 7. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 7
  8. 8. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 8
  9. 9. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. photo: Joi Ito 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. stormstill photo: (Flickr) 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. PRO AMA 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. ■2007 Exposure of ’Excessive Inertia’ Birth of Meta-platform Critical Point of classical UGC ■2008 Explosion of Open Contents Ubiquitous platform of data creation [iPhone/DS] Evaluation of Process-driven data 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 27
  28. 28. Massiveness of Tools production and publishing united proliferation of open contents Recursive stratification of Web API meta-platform (FB/HI5-->Slide/RockYou) War over Openness Facebook/OpenSocial 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 28
  29. 29. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 29
  30. 30. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 30
  31. 31. BY: AZUMA sm1085336 http://creazuma.14.dtiblog.com/ | First major CC’d content on Nicovideo: +20,000 play | +90,000 comments | Algorithm (VOCALOID)+ Library (Voice) UGC Song +UGM Nicovideo | MassiveMultiuserOnline Creativity 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 31
  32. 32. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 32
  33. 33. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 33
  34. 34. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 34
  35. 35. ‘Comments’ becoming constituents of the original work. + affecting both authorship and spectatorship + coupling the two parties as a ‘communal author’ + from ‘Dialogue’ to ‘Symlogue’ + narrative control shared + time-process nurtures the content (fermentative) 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 35
  36. 36. “Autonomie et Connaissance – Essai sur le Vivant”, Eds. du Seuil, Paris, 1988. (Varela, F., Principles of Biological Autonomy, Elsevier/North-Holland, New York, 1979, 306 pp.) 36
  37. 37. production définissent des molécules la frontière constitutives de la 1. stepped dynamique membranes cellulaire 2. gradual 37
  38. 38. production define the of responses boarder of constitutive of the discourse authorship (social dynamics) 2. gradual 39
  39. 39. M.C.Escher, “Drawing Hands”, 1948, Lithograph Justin Foote, The Magic of M. C. Escher. (Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-6720-0) [Wikimedia Commons] 40
  40. 40. Hypercycle structure. Ii = RNA matrices, Ei = replication enzymes (i = 1,2,...,n) in Eigen M. and P. Schuster. The Hypercycle: A principle of natural self-organization, Springer, Berlin, 1979 41
  41. 41. Hypercyclic Operational Closure of Digital Contents. Vi = “Works”, Di = Derivative Works (i = 1,2,...,n) D1 V1 Dn D2 Vn V2 Operational Closure (Extended Authorship) V4 V3 D3 D4 42
  42. 42. We will call an autonomous system ‘operationally closed’ when its organization is caraterized by processes that: a) are recursively dependent one to another for the generation and realization of the processes themselves, and, b) are constitutive of the system as a recognizable unity in a space (domain) where the processes exist 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 43
  43. 43. Heteronomous Autonomous system (von Neumann) system (Wiener) Fundamental logics of operation correspondence coherence Type of organization input/output, operational closure, transfer function own behaviour Mode of interaction world given by instructions an emerging world and of reprensetations of significations 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 44
  44. 44. 45
  45. 45. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 46
  46. 46. 47
  47. 47. TypeTrace ver. 1.0 Process-oriented Word Processor StandAlonePlayer/Editor [OSX] 48
  48. 48. ‣ ■ Current problem in designing Digital Commons a) separation between function (FLOSS) and expression (FreeCulture OSS model production scheme of expressive works that are autonomous, self-referential and stochastic process-driven. b) absence of evaluation criteria for dynamic time-based process of data: we are still assuming at a ‘end product’ level. end product evaluation tends to be biased. more transparent and just evaluation based on the historicity of generation 2008.01.12..... | Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 49
  49. 49. • Process-based data • CVS/SVN (software dev.) [function] • Wiki / GDocs (content dev.) [function] • TT (personal writing) [expression] 2008.01.12..... | Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 50
  50. 50. Playback Pause Rec Speed Time Difference Effect Record /Stop Play/Pause Font Fullscreen Time Slider 51
  51. 51. Name Title Time Length Search Recorded Date 52
  52. 52. Chaillot 2007.01 53
  53. 53. 54
  54. 54. Exhibition in Prague: CIANTI Media Art Center 55
  55. 55. Creating access to the Micro-creativity Recording Lifelog of the Work Database that evolves synchronously to the human existence Evaluation of process as a culture Digital materialism 2008.01.12..... | Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 56
  56. 56. Wiki & TT 2008.01.12..... | Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 57
  57. 57. • Wiki’s revision • transparency • historicity • attributability 2008.01.12..... | Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 59
  58. 58. TypeTrace miniblog Nike+iPod Facebook Vlog blog last.fm Wiki 60
  59. 59. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 61
  60. 60. Thesis on Prochronism #47 | On Prochronism and its Urban Application #48 ……1 Series: Netgerechtigkeit: Rache der Daten 1 Prochronist Manifestation #49 ……2 Series: Netgerechtigkeit: Rache der Daten 2 Territoriality of Expression, Its Complementarity of Life and Death #40-41-42-43 | Architecture Archive 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 62
  61. 61. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 63
  62. 62. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 64
  63. 63. 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 65
  64. 64. What is the Umwelt of Digital Contents Meta POV of Lessig Architecture Code Law Market Norm What is the vital information of data micro metadata level plasticity (license / interface) prochronism (embryology) derivative chain 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 66
  65. 65. 67
  66. 66. “...produce arguments which will convince me that this objects is the remains of a living thing. “ symmetry? 68
  67. 67. “...produce arguments which will convince me that this objects is the remains of a living thing. “ serial (ontogenetic) homology / 69
  68. 68. “...produce arguments which will convince me that this objects is the remains of a living thing. “ phylogenetic homology / 70
  69. 69. 71
  70. 70. 72
  71. 71. Elements constitutive of Data Prochronism [ontogenetic homology]: vertical tracking of embryological process reenatability of immanent recursive patterns [phylogenetic homology]: horizontal tracking of derivative works linking different versions with common set of metadata 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 75
  72. 72. some contemporary connections 76
  73. 73. some contemporary connections 77
  74. 74. - <toptracks user=quot;zastava81quot; type=quot;overallquot;> - <track> <artist mbid=quot;7002bf88-1269-4965-a772- 4ba1e7a91eaaquot;>Glenn Gould</artist> <name>Bach (JS): Two Part Invention #1 In C, BWV 772</name><mbid/> <playcount>444</playcount> <rank>1</rank> - <url>http://www.last.fm/music/Glenn+Gould/_/ Bach%2B%2528JS%2529%253A%2BTwo%2BPart%2BI nvention%2B%25231%2BIn%2BC%252C%2BBWV%2B772</url> </track> - <track>...</track> - </toptracks> 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 78
  75. 75. - <environment age=quot;4546quot;> - <datastream datastreamid=quot;0quot; value=quot;19.0quot;> <tag>heat</tag> <tag>temperature</tag> </datastream> - <datastream datastreamid=quot;1quot; value=quot;1364.0quot;> <tag>sound</tag> </datastream> - <datastream datastreamid=quot;2quot; value=quot;194.0quot;> <tag>pollution</tag> </datastream> ... </environment> 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 79
  76. 76. - <environment age=quot;4546quot;> - <datastream datastreamid=quot;1quot; value=quot;1364.0quot;> <tag>sound</tag> <track> <artist mbid=quot;3dfc0a11-0122-4bc4-8474-b67c88c5a4eaquot;>Glenn Gould</artist> <name>Bach (JS): Two Part Invention #1 In C, BWV 772</name><mbid/> <album mbid=quot;quot;>G.Gould:remastered</album> <url>http://www.last.fm/music/Glenn+Gould/</url> <date uts=quot;1179943861quot;>23 May 2007, 6:11pm</date> </datastream> ... </environment> 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 80
  77. 77. This plasticity of the world ... calls your attention simultaneously to the nature of the process as to the fundamental limits of our apprehension of the world and of ourselves... ...our existence cannot rely on any foundation, but also that our interpretations emanate from our common history of living things and social individuals... The world of the living beings, the logic of self-reference and the whole natural history of circularity must tell us that tolerance and pluralism, a detachment of our own perceptions and values that yield its place to the other, is the true foundation of knowledge and its ending point. Here, actions are better than words. “Autonomie et Connaissance – Essai sur le Vivant”, Eds. du Seuil, Paris, 1988. (Varela, F., Principles of Biological Autonomy, Elsevier/North-Holland, New York, 1979, 306 pp.) 81
  78. 78. Plasticity / Portability [Creative Commons] Prochronism [Type Trace] 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 82
  79. 79. Perspective Open Ecology of Digital Contents Deployment of prochronistic interface Fermentative Media 2008.01.19..... Dominick Chen The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism 83
  80. 80. dominick@dividual.jp dividual.jp 2008.01.19..... | Dominick Chen dominick@creativecommons.jp The Critical Point of the Commons and Digital Prochronism creativecommons.jp + Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, the Chen Han Long Dominique University of Tokyo [Japan Science Promotion Society, Fellow] + NPO Creative Commons Japan, Director + Dividual.jp, co-CEO 84

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