Theory Theorizing And Practice

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THEORY THEORIZING AND PRACTICE

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Theory Theorizing And Practice

  1. 1. American University of Sharjah School of Architecture and Design Urban Planning Graduate Program Department of Architecture Fall 2006 PLANNING THEORY AND METHODS WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROMEMPIRICAL STUDIES OF PLANNING THEORY A COMPARATIVE CASE ANALYSIS OF EXTANT LITERATURE MICKEY LAURIA & JACOB A. WAGNER A GRADUATE STUDENTS PRESENTATION OF RESEARC STUDY : THEORY.. THEORIZING AND PRACTICE AKRAM A. NHAIR
  2. 2. KNOWLEDGE Personification of knowledge Επιστημη : Episteme Celsus Library in Eephesos, Turkey
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES PLANNING THEORY SCIENCE PHILOSOPHY COMMUNICATION PLANNING THEORY SOCIAL SCIENCE EMPIRICISM
  4. 4. WHAT IS EMPIRICISM? EMPIRICISM EXPERIENCE SENSORY CONTENT OF CONSIOUSNESS DATA OR INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE TACIT EXPLICITE KRAFTSMANSHIP ACADEMIC
  5. 5. TYPES OF EXPERIENCE CASE-STUDIES QUANTIFIED EXPERIENCES REPEATING CERTAIN PHENOMENA IN CASES MODEL ELEMENTS IN FORM OF VARIABLES QUALIFIED THE GENERAL SIMILAR QUALITIES ANONG CASES HYPOTHESIS GENERAL CONCEPTION OF A PHENOMENA
  6. 6. EMPIRICAL STUDIES EMPIRICAL STUDIES IN SOCIAL SCIENCES QUANTATIVE STUDIES STATISCAL DATA ECONOMICS QUALITATIVE STUDIES DATA THAT ARE NOT EASILY ANALYZED NUMERICALLY POLITICS
  7. 7. QUANTATIVE AND QUALITATIVE STUDIES <ul><li>DEEP UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR </li></ul><ul><li>RELIES ON REASON BEHIND BEHAVIOUR </li></ul><ul><li>TRIES TO INVISITIGATE THE WHY AND HOW </li></ul><ul><li>IT NEEDS SMALL NUMBER OF CASES </li></ul><ul><li>THEORIZING, GEBERATE CONCEPTS AND IDEAS, HYPOTHESIS AND PREPARE CICK-OFF FOR THE RESEARCH STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEMATIC INVISTIGATION OF QUANTITIES PROPERTIES OF A PHENOMENA </li></ul><ul><li>EMPLOY MATHEMATICAL THEORIES AND METHODS PERTAINING TO SOCIAL PHENOMENA </li></ul><ul><li>TRIES TO INVISTIGATE THE WHAT AND WHY </li></ul><ul><li>IT NEEDS LARGE NUMBER OF CASES </li></ul><ul><li>IRETATIVE, EVALUATE EVIDENCES, REFINE THEORIES AND MAKE TECHNICAL ADVANCE </li></ul>QUANTATIVE STUDIES QUALITATIVE STUDIES
  8. 8. QUANTATIVE AND QUALITATIVE STUDIES <ul><li>ANLYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITATIVE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>ANLYSIS: </li></ul><ul><li>META ANLYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>USES UNSTRUCTURED DATA COLLECTION </li></ul><ul><li>USES STRUCTURED DATA COLLECTION </li></ul><ul><li>USES COMMUNICATION AND OBSERVATION </li></ul><ul><li>USES INSTRUMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCHER IS EXPLICITLY A PART OF THE DATA GATHERING PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCHER IS FORMALLY AN INDEPENDENT ENTITY </li></ul><ul><li>DESCRIBE MEANING AND DISCOVERY </li></ul><ul><li>ESTABLISH RELATIONSHIPS AND CAUSATION </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPE THEORIES </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPE AND TEST THEORIES </li></ul>QUALITITATIVE RESEARCHSTUDIES QUANTIATIVE RESEARCH STUDIES
  9. 9. QUANTATIVE AND QUALITATIVE STUDIES QUALITATIVE QUANTATIVE <ul><li>THEORIZING </li></ul><ul><li>CONCEPTUAL </li></ul><ul><li>HYPOTHETICAL </li></ul>MODIFICATION IMPLEMENTATION <ul><li>MODEL </li></ul><ul><li>RATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEMATIC </li></ul>
  10. 10. RETRODUCTION RATIONAL ABSTRUCTIONS EMPIRICAL CONCEPTS EVALUATE / MODIFY EVALUATE / MODIFY
  11. 11. THEORY AND PRACTICE THEORY TO PRCTICE THEORY PRACTICE SPECTATOR THEORY PRACTICE SPECTATOR PRACTICE THEORY SPECTATOR THEORY AS AN IDEAL TO EVALUATE PRACTICE THEORY AND PRACTICE EVALUATE EACH OTHER UNMEASURABLE IMPACT OF THE SPECTATOR SPECTATOR IS ISOLATED FROM OBSERVATION THEORY AND PRACTICE EVALUATE EACH OTHER SPECTATOR IS ISOLATED FROM OBSERVATION
  12. 12. OUTCOME A Beautiful Mind
  13. 13. THANK YOU

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