Environmental Managment in Dubai


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Environmental Managment in Dubai

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  • Population of Dubai is exploding (approximately 1.3 million in 2007, expected to reach 5 million by 2020) Increase in demography puts stresses on the environment
  • Environmental Managment in Dubai

    1. 1. Environmental Management Challenges in Dubai
    2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Present-day Environment Department </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Dubai’s Environmental Management Origins <ul><li>1986: explosion at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station </li></ul><ul><li>1988: Leaders of Dubai formed environmental section in Health Department </li></ul><ul><li>1991: Dubai Municipality (with help of United Nations Environment Programme) create the Environment Department </li></ul>
    4. 4. Environment Dept
    5. 5. Environmental Planning Unit <ul><li>The Unit is responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the preparation and review of relevant Policies and Technical Guidelines on environmental protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluating the environmental soundness of all proposed developmental projects … </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Environmental Environmental Regulations <ul><li>Federal Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Regulations for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Pollution Law 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations for Radioactive Waste Management 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations for Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Orders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Order 61 of 1991 - Environment Protection Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Order 11 of 2003 - Public Health and Community Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Order 07 of 2002 - Waste Disposal Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Bulletins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approved Hazardous Waste Transporters March 2006; Environmental Standards And Allowable Limits of Pollutants May 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Codes of Practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of Legionella; Management of Dangerous Goods; Management of Medical Wastes; Good Environmental Practice for Hotels and Tourism Operators </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Environment Department Responsibilities <ul><li>Waste collection, delivery & disposal to landfill / treatment sites </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Marine water monitoring </li></ul>
    8. 8. Environment Department Responsibilities <ul><li>Public areas cleaning (streets, souqs, beaches) </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai Creek cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections of residential, public, and commercial premises </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection of industrial facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Product & services licensing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Chinese origin Toys containing high levels of Lead. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Some Environmental Challenges
    10. 10. Environmental Challenges: Excessive coastal developments <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High impact on the local marine ecology. The typically crystalline waters have become severely clouded with silt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction activity is damaging the marine habitat, Concerns about the long-term viability of the projects. Rising sea levels from global climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 stakeholders to act responsibly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate sector: Due diligence; EIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remediation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Environmental Challenges: Lack of Recycling & Conservation <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling and conservation principles are totally absent (U.A.E. found to have largest ecological footprint) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children identified as the primary target for environmental awareness programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversifying awareness tools to suit the mix of cultures and background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the number of conservation site and protected areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading by the example </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Environmental Challenges: Waste Disposal Sites <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapidly running out of landfill space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore successful practices and technologies such as waste to energy systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish centralized facilities for general waste sorting, construction and demolition debris waste recycling, and tires utilization </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Environmental Challenges: Ozone <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High ozone levels at g round-level (becomes an air pollutant with harmful effects on the respiratory system) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ample emissions (industries and mobile sources) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favorable weather (sunlight, land/sea breeze) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize LNG/LPG in Power Plants and large transport fleets (taxis, busses) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Environmental Challenges: Noise levels in urban areas <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High noise levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Road Traffic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations (Zoning, Speed limit, Aircraft engine, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluters pay </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Environmental Challenges: Air Quality <ul><li>Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High concentration of fine particles in the air due to sand storms, burning of fossil fuels, power plants and extensive construction activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stink in most luxurious housing estates caused by poor water quality, septic tanks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor air quality, establish standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce legislation / regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluters pays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase green cover and public & community parks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase sewerage processing capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use means to neutralise the odours and the smell </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Lack of institutional capacity, civic engagement, corporate responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector: Inadequate organisation structure </li></ul><ul><li>Some good Initiatives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Dubai International Award for Best Practices US$ 360,000 (= Database) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PC recycling program: partnership between Dubai Municipality, NGOs and corporate sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The environmental and health awareness office: disseminates environmental and health awareness in order to improve the health status of all community members. </li></ul></ul>