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D A T A I N I N T E R N A T I O N A L
D E V E L O P M E N T
Z A R A R A H M A N
@ Z A R A R A H
Inspired by this talk I ga...
•ICT4D
•#commisaid (communication is aid)
•open development
•D4D (data for development)
•data revolution / post-2015
•deve...
M O B I L I Z I N G T H E
D ATA R E V O L U T I O N
F O R S U S TA I N A B L E
D E V E L O P M E N T
U N D A TA R E V O L ...
D ATA R E V O L U T I O N : K E Y A R E A S
• accessible data
• sustainable development goals
• data innovation
• data lan...
A C C E S S I B L E D ATA
• open data
• data portals
• data literacy trainings
• transparency/accountability
S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T G O A L S
• post-2015 goals: measuring progress
• involving poor + marginalised...
D ATA I N N O VAT I O N
• new insights with big data
• developing new technologies
• innovation → quick, iterative, new id...
D ATA L A N D S C A P E
• building better data infrastructure
• “challenge of invisibility”
• communications - internal/ex...
… W H AT D O E S T H I S
M E A N ?
A I D T R A N S PA R E N C Y
H T T P : / / D E V T R A C K E R . D F I D . G O V. U K
C I T I Z E N G E N E R AT E D D ATA
C R I S I S M A P P I N G
– J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D
humanitarian open street map
http://hotosm.org/
B A L L O O N M A P P I N G
H T T P : / / M A P K N I T T E R . O R G
D ATA P O R TA L S
http://ifweweresyrian.org/
D ATA
V I S U A L I S AT I O N
D ATA V I Z : M I G R AT I O N
The Global Flow of People: http://www.global-migration.info/
– J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D
I D E N T I F I C AT I O N
A A D H A R , I N D I A
Read more on the privacy concerns: India's Big Brother Project,
by Malavika Jayaram
P R I VAT E S E C T O R I N V O LV E M E N T
Read more: on Tech Companies' responses to Nepal Earthquake
• “drones for good”
• access to internet
• mobile money
• satellites → disaster preparedness
• education (eg. one laptop p...
C O N C E R N S
U S E F U L N E S S
– J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D
Google Trends (captured June 4, 2015)
" D I S I N F O R M AT I O N V I S U A L I S AT I O N "
Read more: Disinformation Visualization: How to lie with datavis, ...
- T I M E T O L I S T E N , H E A R I N G P E O P L E O N T H E E N D O F
I N T E R N AT I O N A L A I D - 2 0 1 2
"Everyw...
I D E N T I T Y
- A N K A R A , T U R K E Y - J A N 2 0 1 5 , R E U T E R S
“Since December, Syrians must be registered in
order to get ac...
- J A N 2 2 N D , 2 0 1 4 D I R E C TO R O F U N H C R ’ S D I V I S I O N
O F P R O G R A M M E S U P P O RT, M A L AW I ...
– A L - A R A B I YA A R T I C L E , J A N 1 2 2 0 1 5
“Turkey has provided some 1.5 million
Syrian refugees with biometri...
“Prominent dev economist calling for
US govt intelligence systems to be
made available to countries for
Sustainable Develo...
- D I A L I N G D O W N R I S K S , B Y H I B A H H U S S A I N F O R
T H E N E W A M E R I C A F O U N D AT I O N ( A U G...
● Subjectivisation: beneficiaries = passive data subjects
● Consent: different meanings and importance
● Privacy rights: g...
WAY S F O R WA R D
Appropriate use of technology- sometimes, tech
isn't the answer…
(sometimes, maybe WE should say no…)
Data minimisation as standard - known purposes only
Agreement on and
implementation of
responsible data
practices [read more]
http://responsibledata.io
Education and
awareness raising
everyone works with data!
Increasing data literacy
among practitioners +
affected communities
http://schoolofdata.org
support the free and open internet
in conclusion…
N O is neutral
data
app
technology
– J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D
Dystopian theories of change
http://techtohuman.com, by Lucy Chambers
thoughtful innovation
(just because we can do something, doesn't mean we should)
thank you for listening!
mail@zararah.net
@zararah
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Data in international development (extended)

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This is a longer version of a talk on 'data in international development' that I gave on June 4, at the University of Malmö in Sweden.

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Data in international development (extended)

  1. 1. D A T A I N I N T E R N A T I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T Z A R A R A H M A N @ Z A R A R A H Inspired by this talk I gave at re:publica 2014 with Becky Kazansky, and adapted from this talk for the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung.
  2. 2. •ICT4D •#commisaid (communication is aid) •open development •D4D (data for development) •data revolution / post-2015 •development 2.0 also known as…
  3. 3. M O B I L I Z I N G T H E D ATA R E V O L U T I O N F O R S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T U N D A TA R E V O L U T I O N
  4. 4. D ATA R E V O L U T I O N : K E Y A R E A S • accessible data • sustainable development goals • data innovation • data landscape
  5. 5. A C C E S S I B L E D ATA • open data • data portals • data literacy trainings • transparency/accountability
  6. 6. S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T G O A L S • post-2015 goals: measuring progress • involving poor + marginalised people • openness on SDG process • better service delivery • demonstrating impact
  7. 7. D ATA I N N O VAT I O N • new insights with big data • developing new technologies • innovation → quick, iterative, new ideas • understanding needs
  8. 8. D ATA L A N D S C A P E • building better data infrastructure • “challenge of invisibility” • communications - internal/external • better decision making
  9. 9. … W H AT D O E S T H I S M E A N ?
  10. 10. A I D T R A N S PA R E N C Y H T T P : / / D E V T R A C K E R . D F I D . G O V. U K
  11. 11. C I T I Z E N G E N E R AT E D D ATA
  12. 12. C R I S I S M A P P I N G
  13. 13. – J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D humanitarian open street map http://hotosm.org/
  14. 14. B A L L O O N M A P P I N G H T T P : / / M A P K N I T T E R . O R G
  15. 15. D ATA P O R TA L S
  16. 16. http://ifweweresyrian.org/ D ATA V I S U A L I S AT I O N
  17. 17. D ATA V I Z : M I G R AT I O N The Global Flow of People: http://www.global-migration.info/
  18. 18. – J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D I D E N T I F I C AT I O N
  19. 19. A A D H A R , I N D I A Read more on the privacy concerns: India's Big Brother Project, by Malavika Jayaram
  20. 20. P R I VAT E S E C T O R I N V O LV E M E N T Read more: on Tech Companies' responses to Nepal Earthquake
  21. 21. • “drones for good” • access to internet • mobile money • satellites → disaster preparedness • education (eg. one laptop per child) • access to information • …ETC. …AND MANY MORE
  22. 22. C O N C E R N S
  23. 23. U S E F U L N E S S
  24. 24. – J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D Google Trends (captured June 4, 2015)
  25. 25. " D I S I N F O R M AT I O N V I S U A L I S AT I O N " Read more: Disinformation Visualization: How to lie with datavis, by Mushon Zer-Aviv
  26. 26. - T I M E T O L I S T E N , H E A R I N G P E O P L E O N T H E E N D O F I N T E R N AT I O N A L A I D - 2 0 1 2 "Everywhere, people tell stories about aid agencies that came to their area, asked lots of questions...and then disappeared." D O U B L E S TA N D A R D S
  27. 27. I D E N T I T Y
  28. 28. - A N K A R A , T U R K E Y - J A N 2 0 1 5 , R E U T E R S “Since December, Syrians must be registered in order to get access to free healthcare and schooling outside of camps.” C O N S E N T
  29. 29. - J A N 2 2 N D , 2 0 1 4 D I R E C TO R O F U N H C R ’ S D I V I S I O N O F P R O G R A M M E S U P P O RT, M A L AW I . "Improving the accuracy of registration data is a priority for UNHCR in our efforts to make a positive impact… it is also of significant importance to host governments." R E P U R P O S I N G T H E D ATA
  30. 30. – A L - A R A B I YA A R T I C L E , J A N 1 2 2 0 1 5 “Turkey has provided some 1.5 million Syrian refugees with biometrics IDs...the IDs will be used in the provision of aid, job offers, education + social opportunities. The database will also be used to identify those who have been involved in criminal activity” M A L I C I O U S U S E S ( M AY B E )
  31. 31. “Prominent dev economist calling for US govt intelligence systems to be made available to countries for Sustainable Development Goals delivery. #datarevolution” - F R O M T W I T T E R R I C H - P O O R D O U B L E S TA N D A R D S
  32. 32. - D I A L I N G D O W N R I S K S , B Y H I B A H H U S S A I N F O R T H E N E W A M E R I C A F O U N D AT I O N ( A U G U S T 2 0 1 3 ) “a fifth (18%) of participants reported that someone else had inadvertently received their IVR or SMS containing AIDS and HIV information” T E C H N I C A L E R R O R S
  33. 33. ● Subjectivisation: beneficiaries = passive data subjects ● Consent: different meanings and importance ● Privacy rights: geographic locations ● Technical literacy: practitioners + beneficiaries ● Power disparities: strengthened with use of technology ● Technical design problems: verification/audit? I S S U E S
  34. 34. WAY S F O R WA R D
  35. 35. Appropriate use of technology- sometimes, tech isn't the answer… (sometimes, maybe WE should say no…)
  36. 36. Data minimisation as standard - known purposes only
  37. 37. Agreement on and implementation of responsible data practices [read more] http://responsibledata.io
  38. 38. Education and awareness raising everyone works with data!
  39. 39. Increasing data literacy among practitioners + affected communities http://schoolofdata.org
  40. 40. support the free and open internet
  41. 41. in conclusion…
  42. 42. N O is neutral data app technology
  43. 43. – J O H N N Y A P P L E S E E D Dystopian theories of change http://techtohuman.com, by Lucy Chambers
  44. 44. thoughtful innovation (just because we can do something, doesn't mean we should)
  45. 45. thank you for listening! mail@zararah.net @zararah

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