SSUSH11 The student will describe the growth of big business and technological innovations after Reconstruction.
Bell Ringer <ul><li>Based on the following pictures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some negative effects of the Industria...
Essential Questions 1 & 2 <ul><li>What impact did the railroad industry have on other industries such as:  steel, and the ...
Railroads
Railroads <ul><li>Railroads increased the amount of steel being used in two ways- </li></ul><ul><li>1 st:  The railroads u...
Railroads <ul><li>Railroads also reshaped the steel industry (and many others) by developing vertical integration </li></u...
Railroads <ul><li>In 1862 Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act which helped create the transcontinental railroad </li></...
Transcontinental Railroad <ul><li>Transcontinental railroad helped spur growth by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing the nu...
John D. Rockefeller <ul><li>Founded Standard Oil Company in 1870 </li></ul><ul><li>To remove competition, Standard Oil bou...
John D. Rockefeller <ul><li>Horizontal Integration is when many competing companies are bought up and turned into one larg...
Thomas Edison <ul><li>Invented the phonograph, light bulb, and the motion picture all in the late 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>...
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Gilded age railroads inventions ssush11

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Gilded age railroads inventions ssush11

  1. 1. SSUSH11 The student will describe the growth of big business and technological innovations after Reconstruction.
  2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>Based on the following pictures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some negative effects of the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some positive effects? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Essential Questions 1 & 2 <ul><li>What impact did the railroad industry have on other industries such as: steel, and the organization of big business? </li></ul><ul><li>What impact did railroads have on the development of the Western U.S.? Also, what was the transcontinental railroad and how was Chinese labor utilized? </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Worksheets provided to take notes on the following Notes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Railroads
  5. 5. Railroads <ul><li>Railroads increased the amount of steel being used in two ways- </li></ul><ul><li>1 st: The railroads used steel for their rails </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd : Railroads made it much easier to transport large quantities of the natural resources needed to produce steel (iron, coal), which increased the demand for those products </li></ul>
  6. 6. Railroads <ul><li>Railroads also reshaped the steel industry (and many others) by developing vertical integration </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad owners bought iron mills, coal mines, and factories which produced railroad cars </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads helped to spur the “Gilded Age” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Railroads <ul><li>In 1862 Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act which helped create the transcontinental railroad </li></ul><ul><li>The railroad connected the east coast to the west coast, opening up settlement in the west </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the western portions of the railroad was built by Chinese laborers, specifically brought to the US to work on the railroad </li></ul>
  8. 8. Transcontinental Railroad <ul><li>Transcontinental railroad helped spur growth by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing the number of markets (places to sell products) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>requiring enormous amount raw and finished materials to build and supply the railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing land for settlement </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. John D. Rockefeller <ul><li>Founded Standard Oil Company in 1870 </li></ul><ul><li>To remove competition, Standard Oil bought up oil refineries, so that by 1880 they owned 90% of the refineries in the US, forming a monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid violating state laws against horizontal integration, Standard Oil formed a trust, a way of merging and controlling other companies </li></ul>
  10. 10. John D. Rockefeller <ul><li>Horizontal Integration is when many competing companies are bought up and turned into one large company </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil was broken up by the government in 1911 for being a monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>Rockefeller was also a philanthropist, supporting colleges such as Spelman </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thomas Edison <ul><li>Invented the phonograph, light bulb, and the motion picture all in the late 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Created a research lab to develop and perfect his inventions </li></ul><ul><li>How would these inventions have an impact on society? </li></ul>

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