ommunism is an ideology that

                                       C   drowned the 20th century in blood.
              ...
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
To The Reader
 The reason why a special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the the-
 ory of evolution is that this the...
COMMUNISM
IN AMBUSH
 How the Scourge of the 20th Century

   Is Preparing For Fresh Savagery




      HARUN YAHYA

      ...
About the Author
   The author, who writes under the pen-name HARUN YAHYA, was born
in Ankara in 1956. Having completed hi...
works are characterized by their features of rapid effectiveness, definite re-
sults and irrefutability. It is unlikely th...
All translations from the Qur'an are from The Noble Qur'an: a
 New Rendering of its Meaning in English by Hajj Abdalhaqq
 ...
C O N T E N T S

INTRODUCTION ......................................................................8


CHAPTER I
HOW COMM...
8

                                  INTRODUCTION




                      ommunism has stamped its mark on the 20th cen-...
9




exists. Communism has covered the top of the well to conceal its insidi-
ous activities and camouflaged its surround...
CHAPTER I




Charles Darwin           Leon Trotsky




Friedrich Engels         Karl Marx
HOW COMMUNISM BEGAN




          n order to understand Communism's birth, we must examine




I
          European cultur...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
12

     statue of an allegorical woman called the "Goddess of Reason." In the
     course of the Fren...
How Communism Began
                                                                                   13

dation of reaso...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
14

     and Engels, who believed that only matter existed, and that the whole of
     human history c...
How Communism Began



    In fact, Karl Marx was the first to real-
ize Darwin's important contribution to
materialism. R...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
16

        Darwin's theory of evolution was just that a theory. . . Marx adapted
        Darwin's ide...
How Communism Began
                                                                                       17

the agonies...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
18

        tion and ready to oppose the demands of the bourgeoisie…Natural science
        became a w...
Lenin wrote that Communists and the bourgeoisie are the same, as regards their
hostility towards religion. According to Le...
Clergy are lined up for execution in front of a firing squad of Paris Communards.


   task too falls almost entirely on t...
THE COMMON DELIRIUM OF FASCISM AND COMMUNISM:
                                  DARWINIST CONFLICT
                       ...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
22

        Darwinism's Bloody Dialectic
         So far, we have sketched the spread of Communism thr...
THOSE WHO WISH TO SILENCE OPPOSING IDEAS WITH A
   "CONFLICT OF DIALECTIC" ARE DEFEATED IN EVERY AGE
                     ...
CHAPTER II




Joseph Stalin, the murderer
of 40 million people
THE HISTORY OF BOLSHEVIK SAVAGERY




                 he 20th century was the bloodiest period in human his-




T
      ...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
26

        Lenin's Bloody Revolution
         Karl Marx never led any political party. He was only a ...
27




Above: After Marx's death, Lenin in-
terpreted his ideology, trying to fill
the lacunae and reconcile the contra-
d...
Lenin speaking to a crowd in Red Square, 1919




Bolshevik revo-
lutionaries pos-
  ing with their
 weapons in St.
     P...
The History of Bolshevik Savagery
                                                                                       2...
Above, Lenin with a group of Bolshevik militants in
                                     1918. In telegraphs he sent to Co...
The History of Bolshevik Savagery
                                                                                    31

...
IGNORANT MILITANTS
OF COMMUNISM
The Bolsheviks addressed the
ignorant masses with basic slo-
gans, adding many people to
t...
Leon Trotsky, military leader
of the Bolshevik Revolution
and the second most impor-
tant man after Lenin. As
leader of th...
Comrades! The kulak uprising in your
   five districts must be crushed without
   pity. The interests of the whole revolu-...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
36

        was, not an idealist, but a mass murderer, a man who believed that the best
        way to...
The History of Bolshevik Savagery
                                                                                       3...
TRIGGERING CONDITIONED
                      REFLEXES
    Trotsky gives a propaganda
 speech to a mass crowd in Red
      ...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
40

        ...The notion of creating a new type of man through the enlightenment of the
        masse...
The History of Bolshevik Savagery
                                                                                41

Rich...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
42

     Cheka police agents, and Red Army units forced their way into farms all
     over Russia and,...
43




As a result of his commitment of Darwinism, Lenin regarded human beings as a
herd of animals and he did not hesitat...
CANNIBALS CAUGHT EATING A KIDNAPPED CHILD
In the course of the famine that Lenin regarded as "beneficial," cases of cannib...
In 1921 and 1922, as a result of the
famine deliberately caused by Lenin, 29
million people within the borders of
the Sovi...
WHILE THE PEASANTS

                            WERE DYING OF HUNGER...




    The famine at the beginning of the
    192...
... THE RED ARMY WAS

                        PLUNDERING THEIR GRAIN




Children became just skin and bone and died of st...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
48

        Thirty years later, when the "young lawyer" had become the head of the
        Bolshevik g...
LENIN'S END IS A LESSON FOR ALL
  Before he died, Lenin became mad. This photo-
graph, taken shortly before his death, tea...
Lenin's body was mummified like an
                                         Egyptian pharaoh's and placed in a
           ...
The History of Bolshevik Savagery
                                                                                    51

...
After Stalin had
                                                               joined the
                               ...
Lenin had tried to nationalize all the
agricultural land in Russia, but the
devastation caused by the great
famine of 1920...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
54

        deported with their wives, chil-
        dren and elderly family mem-
        bers. Althou...
pig in September 1929 "with the intention of consuming it themselves and
   thus keeping it from socialist appropriation."...
COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH
56

        Famine Brought About by Stalin
         Like Lenin before him, Stalin intended to wield co...
This Russian child has
lost the use of his legs
 as a result of hunger
caused by Stalin's pol-
      icy of deliberate
   ...
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Harun Yahya Islam   Communism In Ambush
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Harun Yahya Islam Communism In Ambush

2,303 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Hello
    My name is ruth. I was impressed when I saw your
    profile (www.slideshare.net) and I will
    like you to email me back to my inbox so I can
    send you my picture for you know who I believe am.i
    we can establish a lasting relationship with you.
    Also, I like you to reply me through my
    private mailbox and (ruthjohnson120@yahoo.com).
    That's why I do not know the possibilities of
    remaining in forum for a long time.
    Thanks, waiting to hear from you soonest.
    ruth.
    (ruthjohnson120@yahoo.com).
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,303
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
60
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Harun Yahya Islam Communism In Ambush

  1. 1. ommunism is an ideology that C drowned the 20th century in blood. Communist dictators such as Lenin, Stalin, Mao and Pol Pot slaughtered 120 mil- lion people without batting an eye. Most of these were civilians from their own people. Tens of millions of men and women, from the elderly to young people and babies in arms, lost their lives to this cold, hard, savage ideology. This book exposes the scourge of Communism and reveals the materialist philosophy and the Darwinist dogma underlying it. More importantly, it draws attention to a greater danger. The Communist threat has not disap- peared from the face of the earth: Even now it is lying in wait! This source of bloodshed, which has cost the lives of 120 million, still exists. Unless its ideological underpinnings—materialism and Darwinism—are destroyed, it will insidiously flourish under the mistaken belief that “Communism is dead” and reappear for fresh savagery and cruelty when the time is ripe. ABOUT THE AUTHOR he author, who writes under the pen-name Harun T Yahya, was born in Ankara in 1956. He studied arts at Istanbul's Mimar Sinan University, and phi- losophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, the author has published many books on politi- cal, faith-related and scientific issues. His main focus has been the refutation of Darwinism and materialism, two modern myths pre- sented under a scientific guise. Harun Yahya's books appeal to all kinds of readers, Muslims and non- Muslims alike, regardless of their age, race, or nationality, for they focus on one objective: to broaden the readers’ per- spective by encouraging them to think about a number of critical issues, such as the existence of God and His unity, and to display the de- crepit foundations and per- verted works of godless systems.
  2. 2. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
  3. 3. To The Reader The reason why a special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the the- ory of evolution is that this theory constitutes the basis of all anti-spiri- tual philosophies. Since Darwinism rejects the fact of creation, and therefore the existence of God, during the last 140 years it has caused many people to abandon their faith or fall into doubt. Therefore, show- ing that this theory is a deception is a very important duty, which is strongly related to the religion. It is imperative that this important serv- ice be rendered to everyone. Some of our readers may find the chance to read only one of our books. Therefore, we think it appropriate to spare a chapter for a summary of this subject. In all the books by the author, faith-related issues are explained in the light of the Qur'anic verses and people are invited to learn God's words and to live by them. All the subjects that concern God's verses are ex- plained in such a way as to leave no room for doubt or question marks in the reader's mind. The sincere, plain and fluent style employed en- sures that everyone of every age and from every social group can easily understand the books. This effective and lucid narrative makes it possi- ble to read them in a single sitting. Even those who rigorously reject spirituality are influenced by the facts recounted in these books and cannot refute the truthfulness of their contents. This book and all the other works of the author can be read individu- ally or discussed in a group at a time of conversation. Those readers who are willing to profit from the books will find discussion very use- ful in the sense that they will be able to relate their own reflections and experiences to one another. In addition, it will be a great service to the religion to contribute to the presentation and reading of these books, which are written solely for the good pleasure of God. All the books of the author are extremely convincing. For this reason, for those who want to communicate the re- ligion to other people, one of the most effective methods is to encour- age them to read these books. It is hoped that the reader will take time to look through the review of other books on the final pages of the book, and appreciate the rich source of material on faith-related issues, which are very useful and a pleasure to read. In these books, you will not find, as in some other books, the personal views of the author, explanations based on dubious sources, styles that are unobservant of the respect and reverence due to sacred subjects, nor hopeless, doubt-creating, and pessimistic accounts that create devia- tions in the heart.
  4. 4. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH How the Scourge of the 20th Century Is Preparing For Fresh Savagery HARUN YAHYA May, 2003
  5. 5. About the Author The author, who writes under the pen-name HARUN YAHYA, was born in Ankara in 1956. Having completed his primary and secondary education in Ankara, he then studied arts at Istanbul's Mimar Sinan University and philosophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, the author has pub- lished many books on political, faith-related and scientific issues. Harun Yahya is well-known as an author who has written very important works disclosing the imposture of evolutionists, the invalidity of their claims and the dark liaisons between Darwinism and bloody ideologies such as Fascism and Communism. His pen-name is made up of the names "Harun" (Aaron) and "Yahya" (John), in memory of the two esteemed prophets who fought against lack of faith. The Prophet's seal on the cover of the books is symbolic and is linked to the their contents. It represents the Qur'an (the final scripture) and the Prophet Muhammad, the last of the prophets, may God bless him and grant him peace. Under the guidance of the Qur'an and sunnah, the author makes it his purpose to disprove each one of the fundamental tenets of god- less ideologies and to have the "last word", so as to completely silence the objections raised against religion. The seal of the final Prophet, who at- tained ultimate wisdom and moral perfection, is used as a sign of his inten- tion of saying this last word. All author' s works center around one goal: to convey the Qur' an' s mes- sage to people, encourage them to think about basic faith-related issues (such as the existence of God, His unity and the hereafter), and to expose the feeble foundations and perverted ideologies of godless systems. Harun Yahya enjoys a wide readership in many countries, from India to America, England to Indonesia, Poland to Bosnia, and Spain to Brazil. Some of his books are available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Urdu, Arabic, Albanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat (Bosnian), Polish, Malay, Uygur Turkish, and Indonesian, and they are en- joyed by readers worldwide. Greatly appreciated all around the world, these works have been instru- mental in many people recovering their faith in God and in many others gaining a deeper insight into their faith. The wisdom, and the sincere and easy-to-understand style gives these books a distinct touch which directly effects any one who reads or studies them. Immune to objections, these
  6. 6. works are characterized by their features of rapid effectiveness, definite re- sults and irrefutability. It is unlikely that those who read these books and give serious thought to them can any longer sincerely advocate the materi- alistic philosophy, atheism or any other perverted ideology or philosophy. Even if they continue to do so, it will be only a sentimental insistence since these books refuted such ideologies from their very foundations. All con- temporary movements of denial are now ideologically defeated, thanks to the collection of books written by Harun Yahya. There is no doubt that these features result from the wisdom and lucidity of the Qur'an. The author modestly intends to serve as a means in human- ity's search for God's right path. No material gain is sought in the publica- tion of these works. Considering these facts, those who encourage people to read these books, which open the "eyes" of the heart and guide them to become more devoted servants of God, render an invaluable service. Meanwhile, it would just be a waste of time and energy to propagate other books which create confusion in people's minds, lead man into ideo- logical chaos, and which, clearly have no strong and precise effects in re- moving the doubts in people's hearts, as also verified from previous experience. It is apparent that it is impossible for books devised to empha- size the author's literary power rather than the noble goal of saving people from loss of faith, to have such a great effect. Those who doubt this can readily see that the sole aim of Harun Yahya's books is to overcome disbe- lief and to disseminate the moral values of the Qur'an. The success and im- pact of this service are manifest in readers' conviction. One point should be kept in mind: The main reason for the continuing cruelty, conflict, and all the ordeals the majority of people undergo is the ideological prevalence of disbelief. This state can only be ended with the ideological defeat of disbelief and by conveying the wonders of creation and Qur'anic morality so that people can live by it. Considering the state of the world today, which leads people into the downward spiral of violence, corruption and conflict, it is clear that this service has to be provided more speedily and effectively. Otherwise, it may be too late. It is no exaggeration to say that the collection of books by Harun Yahya have assumed this leading role. By the will of God, these books will be a means through which people in the twentyfirst century will at- tain the peace, justice and happiness promised in the Qur'an.
  7. 7. All translations from the Qur'an are from The Noble Qur'an: a New Rendering of its Meaning in English by Hajj Abdalhaqq and Aisha Bewley, published by Bookwork, Norwich, UK. 1420 CE/1999 AH. Translated by: Ron Evans GLOBAL PUBLISHING Gursel Mh. Darulaceze Cd. No: 9 Funya Sk. Eksioglu Is Merkezi B Blok D: 5 Okmeydani-Istanbul/Turkey Tel:+90 212 3208600 PRINTED BY: Seçil Ofset Istanbul/Turkey Tel: +90 212 6290615 www.harunyahya.com
  8. 8. C O N T E N T S INTRODUCTION ......................................................................8 CHAPTER I HOW COMMUNISM BEGAN ...................................................11 CHAPTER II THE HISTORY OF BOLSHEVIK SAVAGERY................................25 CHAPTER III THE DULL WORLD OF COMMUNISM .....................................87 CHAPTER IV RED TERROR IN ASIA................................................................111 CHAPTER V COMMUNISM'S HOSTILITY TO RELIGION ..............................153 CHAPTER VI COMMUNISM LURKS IN HIDING ............................................173 APPENDIX I THE IMPORTANT REALITY THAT INVALIDATES MATERIALISM ...187 APPENDIX II THE EVOLUTION DECEPTION .................................................200
  9. 9. 8 INTRODUCTION ommunism has stamped its mark on the 20th cen- C tury—a mark of aggression and cruelty, bloodshed and tears. Historians have estimated that its ideology has caused the death of 120 million people since the Russian Revolution of 1917. These casualties include not only soldiers killed on battlefields, but citizens murdered by their own governments. The whole world has seen the pitiless slaughter car- ried out by Communist leaders. One hundred million men and women, from the elderly to young people and infants, lost their lives to this cold, hard, savage ideology. Communist regimes have deprived tens of mil- lions of their most basic rights and freedoms, ejecting people from their homes and systematically subjecting them to famines, slavery in labor camps and imprisonment. Millions have been the targets of Communist guerilla groups and terrorist organizations, and still others have lived in the fear of becoming targets for their bullets. What are this ideology's roots? Where was Communism born? How did such a cruel, bloodthirsty worldview find adherents and supporters throughout the world? Why did it come to power and flourish, dragging millions in its wake? How did it come to an end, with the collapse of the Soviet Union? Or has it really ended, or does it still threaten every coun- try on earth? This book answers these questions, and draws our attention to a most important one: Does this serious threat still exist in the world? Regrettably, yes. Communism is waiting in ambush! This well of bloodshed, which has cost the lives of 120 million, still
  10. 10. 9 exists. Communism has covered the top of the well to conceal its insidi- ous activities and camouflaged its surroundings, setting it as a trap for the unwary. Its outward appearance may have changed, its adherents' names may be different, but it still awaits an opportunity to wreak pain on humanity once again, as it has in the past. This book's vitally impor- tant purpose is to rip the mask off this insidious and growing threat and reveal the true face of the Communist ideology that has caused so much pain and trouble.
  11. 11. CHAPTER I Charles Darwin Leon Trotsky Friedrich Engels Karl Marx
  12. 12. HOW COMMUNISM BEGAN n order to understand Communism's birth, we must examine I European culture in the 18th and 19th centuries. Beginning in the second century A.D. under the Emperor Constantine, Europe gradually accepted Christianity. Christian culture held sway until the Enlightenment of the 18th century, when a number of artists and thinkers began embracing the influence of pagan Greek and Roman culture and consequently, rejecting the dictates of reli- gion. The Enlightenment's most important political result was the French Revolution, which was not only an uprising against the ancient regime, but at the same time, a revolt against religion. The foundation of the French Revolution was established by the influ- ence of such anti-religious thinkers as Voltaire, Diderot and Montesquieu. From 1789 on, the Enlightenment's pagan, anti-religious tendencies of be- came obvious. After an intense propaganda campaign, the Jacobins came to lead the revolution, established a movement against orthodox Catholicism, and even managed to create a new religion. Revolutionary worship, seen first during the national Feast of the Federation on July 14, 1790, spread quickly. Robespierre, one of the leaders of the bloody revolu- tion, explained its rules and principles in a report, wherein he called it "The Worship of Supreme Being."'Paris's famous Nôtre Dame cathedral was changed into what he called the "Temple of Reason." Statues of Christian saints were removed from the cathedral walls, replaced by the
  13. 13. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 12 statue of an allegorical woman called the "Goddess of Reason." In the course of the French Revolution, many priests and nuns were killed; churches and monasteries were plundered and destroyed. At the same time, the philosophy of materialism reawakened and began to spread throughout Europe. Certain ancient Greek philosophers had first proposed this philosophy, which believes that only matter ex- ists, that living things—indeed, human consciousness itself—are only "matter in motion." In the 18th century, two important names in the French Revolution, Denis Diderot and his close friend Baron d'Holbach, adopted this philosophy and imposed it on the people. In his book called Système de la Nature (The System of Nature) published in 1770, Baron d'Holbach used a few so-called "scientific" suppositions to propose that only matter and energy existed. A fanatical atheist, D'Holbach was op- posed to the concept of morality advocating that human beings should take all the pleasure they can and do everything they can to get it. In the 18th century, a few thinkers adopted materialism, but it be- came much more widespread in the 19th, overflowing the borders of France to take root in other European countries. At the beginning of the 20th century, two important Materialist thinkers appeared in Germany: Ludwig Büchner and Karl Vogt. Vogt tried to explain human rationality in terms of a simile: "the brain secretes thought just as the liver secretes bile." Not even the Materialists of his time accepted that nonsensical analogy. Despite the proffering of such idi- otic proposals, materialism was adopted by anti-religious forces, who started to impose it on European societies. Propaganda in- sisted that materialism was the foun- Communism's roots stretch back to the French Revolution, when hostility to religion was embodied by the "goddess of reason." She later appeared on Communist posters, like the one on the left.
  14. 14. How Communism Began 13 dation of reason and science—a deception that quickly spread among the enlightened, moving first from France to Germany and then, gradu- ally, throughout the rest of Europe. In this respect, Freemasonry was an important ally. Masons adopted materialism as a religion and, in the 19th century, many enlightened Europeans became its members. As this ancient dogma spread, there were attempts to adapt material- ism to several branches of science: 1. To natural science, by the English naturalist Charles Darwin. 2. To social science, by the German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Darwin's adaptation is called the theory of evolution, while Marx and Engel's is known as Communism. Marx and Darwin It's possible to say that Darwin's theory includes that of Marx and Engels, because Communism is also a theory of "evolution" adapted to history and sociology. Anton Pannekoek, a renowned Darwinist-Marxist thinker, sums this up in his book Marxism and Darwinism published at the beginning of the 20th century: The scientific importance of Marxism as well as of Darwinism consists in their following out the theory of evolution, the one upon the domain of the organic world, of things animate; the other, upon the domain of society… Thus, both teachings, the teachings of Darwin and of Marx, the one in the do- main of the organic world and the other upon the field of human society, raised the theory of evolution to a positive science. In doing this they made the theory of evolution acceptable to the masses as the basic conception of social and biological development.1 Darwinism and Marxism are fully compatible in two basic argu- ments: 1. Darwinism proposed that all existing things consist of "matter in motion." This alleges that God neither created nor ordered matter and that therefore, all life arose by chance. Human beings are a species of an- imal, evolved from other, lesser animals. But these claims rest on no sci- entific proof and have been proven false be subsequent scientific discoveries. But Darwin's theory harmonizes with the views of Marx
  15. 15. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 14 and Engels, who believed that only matter existed, and that the whole of human history can be explained in material terms. (For more informa- tion, please refer to Darwinism Refuted: How the Theory of Evolution Breaks Down in the Light of Modern Science by Harun Yahya, Goodword Books, 2002 and The Evolution Deceit by Harun Yahya, Ta-Ha Publishers, 2002) 2. Darwinism proposed that "conflict" is the motivating force that brought about development in living creatures. His basic supposition was that the natural world's resources weren't sufficient to support liv- ing things; that therefore, organisms had to fight a constant struggle that drove evolution. The dialectical method adopted by Marx and Engels is the same as Darwin's. According to dialectics, the single motive force underlying development in the universe is the conflict between oppo- sites. Human history has progressed by means of this conflict. Humanity itself has advanced in the same way. When examined closely, the theories of Marx-Engels and Darwin ap- pear to be in total harmony, as if they have arisen from a single source. Darwin applied materialist philosophy to nature, while Marx-Engels ap- plied it to history. Engels (right) saw Darwin and Marx (left) as equals, from the point of view of Communist theory. According to Engels, Marx applied materialism to the social sci- ences, and Darwin applied it to biology.
  16. 16. How Communism Began In fact, Karl Marx was the first to real- ize Darwin's important contribution to materialism. Reading Darwin's The Origin of Species after its publication in 1859, Marx found in it great support for his own theory. A letter he wrote to Engels on December 19, 1860, says that Darwin's book "contains the basis in natural his- tory for our view."2 In a letter to Lassalle in January 16, 1861, he says, "Darwin's book is very important and serves me as a basis in natural science for the class struggle in history."3 Marx's dedication to Darwin of his According to Plekhanov, a leader of Russian Communism, greatest work, Das Kapital, shows the Marxism is "Darwinism in its common mind that they shared. In the application to social sciences". German edition of his book that he sent Darwin, Marx wrote with his own hand, "To Charles Darwin from a true admirer, from Karl Marx." Engels also admired Darwin: "Nature is the test of dialectics, and it must be said . . . that in the last resort, nature works dialectically and not metaphysically . . . In this connection, Darwin must be named before all others."4 Elsewhere, he said that, "Just as Darwin discovered the law of evolution in organic nature, so Marx discovered the law of evolution in human history."5 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, one of the leaders of Russian Communism whom Lenin praised for his command of all international Marxist literature, summed it up succinctly when he said that Marxism is "Darwinism in its application to social sciences."6 Professor Malachi Martin, of the Vatican's Pontifical Bible Institute explains the relation between Marx and Darwin in these words: . . . when Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution, Marx regarded it as far more than theory. He seized upon it as his "scientific" proof that there was no kingdom of Heaven, only the kingdom of Matter. Darwin had vindi- cated Marx in his rejection of Hegel's [idealism]. Ignoring the fact that
  17. 17. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 16 Darwin's theory of evolution was just that a theory. . . Marx adapted Darwin's ideas to the social classes of his day. . . Darwin's theory of evolu- tion being what it was, Marx reasoned that the social classes, like all matter, must always be in struggle with each other for survival and dominance.7 Contemporary evolutionists also note the strong bond between Darwinism and Marxism. One of today's most famous proponents of the theory of evolution is the biologist Douglas Futuyma. In the preface to his Evolutionary Biology, he says, "Together with Marx's materialist the- ory of history and society… Darwin hewed the final planks of the plat- form of mechanism and materialism."8 Another famous evolutionary paleontologist Stephen J. Gould, said that "Darwin applied a consistent philosophy of materialism to his interpretation of nature."9 Leon Trotsky who, together with Lenin, was one of the architects of the Russian Revolution, described the discovery of Darwin as "the highest triumph of the dialectic in the whole field of organic matter ."10 All this shows the great affinity between Darwinism and Marxism, that without Darwin's influence, there would have been no Marxist the- ory. And if Darwinism is invalid, we will understand that Marxism is in- valid too. But the converse is true as well: In any society where Darwinism is widely accepted, the growth of Marxism is inevitable. For this reason, it is very important to understand why Darwinism has no validity in the fields of either science or sociology. This under- standing will prevent the revitalization of Marxism which stems from it, and which is lying in wait today—as well as forestalling any return to In denying creation, Darwin gave Communism a suppos- edly scientific founda- tion. Therefore Trotsky, one of the bloody leaders of the Bolshevik Revolution regarded Darwin as the proponent of di- alectic materialism in the field of the natural sciences.
  18. 18. How Communism Began 17 the agonies that humanity has suffered over the previous century. History shows that without Darwinism, there can be no Marxism. Darwinism's Spread and The Relationship Between Communism and Capitalism When we investigate Darwinism's political influence, keep in mind that this theory is related not to one single ideology, but to many seem- ingly different ones. Apart from Communism, the wide spectrum of ide- ologies relying on Darwinism includes racism, imperialism, capitalism, and fascism. The common point that all these apparently independent, even contrary, ideologies share is their opposition to monotheistic reli- gions and whatever moral values that these religions inculcate. These ideologies' leaders see religious beliefs and values as impedi- ments, and use Darwinism as a weapon to destroy them. Ironically, by opening a "breathing room" for their own ideologies in this way, they only strengthen competing ideologies. For example, capitalists claim that a Darwinist outlook is needed to legitimate the ruthless "struggle to survive" evident in the free market. In this way, they support the very Communism that they oppose. Anton Pannekoek's book Marxism and Darwinism refers to this inter- esting paradox. He describes the support given to Darwinism by the bourgeoisie (Europe's wealthy capitalist class) in these words: That Marxism owes its importance and position only to the role it takes in the proletarian class struggle, is known to all…Yet it is not hard to see that in reality Darwinism had to undergo the same experiences as Marxism. Darwinism is not a mere abstract theory which was adopted by the scientific world after discussing and testing it in a mere objective manner. No, imme- diately after Darwinism made its appearance, it had its enthusiastic advo- cates and passionate opponents… Darwinism, too, played a role in the class-struggle, and it is owing to this role that it spread so rapidly and had enthusiastic advocates and venomous opponents. Darwinism served as a tool to the bourgeoisie in their struggle against the feudal class, against the nobility, clergy-rights and feudal lords. …What the bourgeoisie wanted was to get rid of the old ruling powers standing in their way… With the aid of religion the priests held the great mass in subjec-
  19. 19. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 18 tion and ready to oppose the demands of the bourgeoisie…Natural science became a weapon in the opposition to belief and tradition; science and the newly discovered natural laws were put forward; it was with these weapons that the bourgeoisie fought… Darwinism came at the desired time; Darwin's theory that man is the de- scendant of a lower animal destroyed the entire foundation of Christian dogma. It is for this reason that as soon as Darwinism made its appearance, the bourgeoisie grasped it with great zeal…Under these circumstances, even the scientific discussions were carried on with the zeal and passion of a class struggle. The writings that appeared pro and con on Darwin have therefore the character of social polemics, despite the fact that they bear the names of scientific authors.11 The spread of Darwinism actually happened this way. The forces that held sway in Europe saw Darwinism as a rare opportunity to legitimate the capitalist order they had established in their own countries, and their imperialist colonial systems throughout the world. (For details, refer to Disasters Darwinism Brought to Humanity, Harun Yahya, Attique Publishers, 2000.) Darwinism's scientific inconsistency, its imaginary suppositions and nonsensical claims have totally been ignored. Those who regard it as a weapon against religion and morality have dissemi- nated it for ideological purposes. But the bourgeoisie—that is, the capitalist class responsible for Darwinism's dissemination—have supported both this theory and its rival. Why? Because Darwinism's spread and the concomitant destruction of religious belief have benefited Marxism as much they have capitalism. Religion teaches such values as moderation, modesty, brotherhood, self- sacrifice and compassion. With these removed, society becomes a savage arena in which the "struggle for survival" among capitalists goes on, much as does the class struggle between capitalists and Communists. In the fall of 1871, European naturalists gathered at an international congress. One of the speakers, the German statesman and naturalist Rudolf Virchow, said, "Be careful of this theory, for this theory is very nearly related to the theory that caused so much dread in our neighboring country."12 The country he meant was France, and the theory was French Communism, which created the bloody Paris Commune of that year. (The Commune was a citywide revolt led by the Communists, at a time when
  20. 20. Lenin wrote that Communists and the bourgeoisie are the same, as regards their hostility towards religion. According to Lenin's interpretation, the conflict between Communism and capitalism is really just an "internal quarrel," and these two mate- rialist ideologies' common enemy is religion. France was weakened after losing the Franco-Prussian War. For months, directors of the Commune administered the city. Widespread assaults were organized against religious centers and the clergy.) Finally, despite their differences, both capitalists and Communists found common ground in their opposition to religion, and for that op- position, they found great support in Darwinism. For this reason, Communists believe that before the revolution can occur, a society must first become capitalist.. According to this idea, along with the general adoption of capitalist morality (where Darwinist propaganda plays a vital role), a society must first discard religion before Communism can grow. In Vladimir Lenin's 1909 article titled "The Attitude of the Workers' Party to Religion," the Communist leader describes the role played by the capitalist bourgeoisie in opposing religion: . . . the task of combating religion is historically the task of the revolutionary bourgeoisie. In the West, this task was to a large extent performed by bourgeois democracy, in the epoch of its revolutions against feudalism and medieval- ism… Both France and Germany have a tradition of bourgeois war on religion, which began long before socialism (the Encyclopaedists and Feuerbach). In Russia, because of the conditions of our bourgeois-democratic revolution, this
  21. 21. Clergy are lined up for execution in front of a firing squad of Paris Communards. task too falls almost entirely on the shoulders of the working class.13 Lenin is saying that capitalists have the obligation to wage war against religion, as they have in Europe; that because the capitalist class does not exist in Russia, he and his party will undertake this war against religion. His words show that in essence, the opposition between capi- talism and Communism is an "inner conflict" only. Actually, these two forces' common enemy is religion. Communists are clearly attempting to erode societies, alienate people from the truth, and weaken their moral values and humanity, so as to make them accept their own irreligious system. But none of their attacks against religion can succeed at all. Don't forget, many have tried to de- stroy true religion in the past, disobeying God's apostles and turning away from His holy Books. But their fate is the same: God afflicts some of those who fight against His religion with troubles in this world, while others must wait for the Last Day to receive their painful torment. As the Qur'an (40:4-6) announces, No one disputes God's Signs except those who disbelieve. Do not let their free movement about the earth deceive you. The people of Noah denied the truth before them, and the Confederates after them. Every nation planned to seize its Messenger and used false arguments to rebut the truth. So I seized them, and how [awful] was My punishment! So your Lord's Words about those who disbelieve proved true, that they are indeed the Companions of the Fire.
  22. 22. THE COMMON DELIRIUM OF FASCISM AND COMMUNISM: DARWINIST CONFLICT ated to emphasize beauty and to bring into being M arx, the founder of Communism, stated that the only way to achieve historical moral values like tolerance, forgiveness, and peace. development is through conflict. He The same situation applies to the realm of ideas. The thought that society and ideas could advance only by fact that people think differently is no reason for them means of war and revolution; and maintained that to kill and massacre one another. God commands peo- everything would stay as it was, if not for struggle and ple to behave well towards their enemies and speak opposition. By saying "Force is the midwife of every good words to people: 1 old society pregnant with a new one," Karl Marx sum- A good action and a bad action are not the same. moned millions to war, bloodshed, and slaughter. Repel the bad with something better and, if there is These ideas of Marx won many supporters over the enmity between you and someone else, he will be years. The Communist leader Lenin who presided over like a bosom friend. (Qur'an, 41:34) the cruelest slaughters, believed that "development is As the Qur'an says, people of conscience and intelli- the 'struggle' of opposites."2 He thought that this gence solve every contention in an atmosphere of struggle must be formed through bloodshed. peace, trust and tolerance. Those who cannot under- Like the Communist leaders, Fascist leaders too believe stand this and believe in the deceit of dialectical materi- that violence, revolution and war are the only means to alism have fought with one another for years, grappled advancement.'Heinrich von Treitschke, the racist histo- with one another like wild animals and finally have lost rian who was the most important influence in forming their power as a nation. God reveals the truth in the fol- Hitler's ideas, said, "nations could not prosper without lowing verse from the Qur'an (8:46): intense competition, like the struggle for survival of Obey God and His Messenger and do not quarrel Darwin…"3 Mussolini was another Fascist leader who among yourselves, lest you lose heart and your mo- believed that violence was the motive force in history and mentum disappear. And be steadfast. God is with that struggle would bring revolution. For him, "the reluc- the steadfast. tance of England to engage in war only proved the evo- As this verse says, people have departed from the lutionary decadence of the British Empire."4 way of God that His prophets revealed. Instead of es- Each of these ideologies' basic support is the struggle tablishing peace, they have turned the Earth into a for life that, Darwin claimed, exists in nature. The con- breeding ground for cruelty. For this reason, they have flict that forms the basis of Marx's dialectical material- lost all their power and have led themselves to destruc- ism, and fascism's claim that conflict is a motive force, tion. It must not be forgotten that the moral virtues are nothing more that Darwin's theory of evolution ap- commanded in the Qur'an—compassion, mercy, self- plied to the social sciences. sacrifice, tolerance, justice—are the only sources of These ideologies gave birth to two results: claims that strength for people and nations alike. Nonsense like di- continuous conflict is necessary, and steps to eradicate alectical materialism, the product of irreligious foolish- humanity completely, leading to endless bloodshed. ness, brings only pain and disaster. The only way for Anyone adopting these ideologies can't avoid being in people to find salvation, well-being, and security in this constant conflict with others, subjecting them to cruelty world is to live according to the moral teaching that and bloodshed in the name of progress. They destroy God has commanded in the Qur'an. peace and well being, as well as the love, respect, self- sacrifice and sharing that God has commanded among people. Because of these ideologies, the last century was 1- Das Capital, Vol. I, 1955, p. 603 an era of pain and misery. 2- V. I. Lenin, "On the Question of Dialectics," Collected Works, On the contrary, violence and slaughter are not nec- Volume 38, p. 359 essary. Polarities are everywhere: night and day, light 3- L. Poliakov, Le Mythe Aryen, Editions Complexe, Calmann- Lévy, Bruxelles, 1987, p. 343 and darkness, negative and positive, hot and cold, 4- Robert E. D. Clark, Darwin: Before and After, London, good and bad. But these oppositions have been cre- Paternoster Press, 1948, p. 115
  23. 23. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 22 Darwinism's Bloody Dialectic So far, we have sketched the spread of Communism throughout the world. In nearly every country, it developed as an alternative to capitalism or Fascism. Communism may seem to be the direct opposite of capitalism and Fascism, but Darwinism is their common inspiration. Capitalism and Fascism are Darwinism's right wing and Communism, its left wing. In every country, the spread of Darwinism gives rise to the sudden growth of both wings. Therefore, those who use Darwinism to support Fascism and capitalism will inevitably have supported Communism too! According to Darwinism's atheist worldview, right and left give birth to, and even nourish each other. Each side engages with the other in con- tinuous conflict. Darwinism regards this clashing as appropriate, even necessary for human societies. Viewing this general outline, we can say that Darwinism has estab- lished a dialectic on the political level. Dialectic, a theory proposed by the German philosopher Hegel and adopted later by Marx and Engels, supposes that every development in the universe occurs as the result of conflict. Every state, condition, or idea is a "thesis," followed by an "an- tithesis." Thesis and antithesis engage in a conflict that's eventually re- solved in a "synthesis." After a while, this synthesis itself becomes another thesis; and another antithesis comes into conflict with it. According to dialetic theory, conflict must continue in this way indefi- nitely. Darwinism has made the world a battleground for dialectic by reject- ing the fact that God created humanity and promoting the idea that human beings are another species of animal. In many countries, espe- cially in Europe, right-wing Darwinists once held sway. Having de- stroyed religious belief or destroying moral values, they introduced heartless capitalism that led to Fascism. Against this group, the left-wing Darwinists—Communists—organized themselves; both sides entered into a continual state of conflict with each other. The synthesis of this Darwinist dialectics is always the same: torture, pain, blood, war, tears… Our other books have examined the terror and savagery perpetrated by Fascists, the representatives of right-wing Darwinist dialectics. In this book, we'll examine Communist terror and savagery.
  24. 24. THOSE WHO WISH TO SILENCE OPPOSING IDEAS WITH A "CONFLICT OF DIALECTIC" ARE DEFEATED IN EVERY AGE intellectual argument, Pharaoh wasn't able to D ialectical materialism took its in- spiration from Darwinism, re- see the truth and kept on with his oppression. garding history as a merciless But he was drowned in the sea, and Moses struggle between opposing ideas. In the 20th and his people were saved. This example is a century, Communists have clashed with synopsis of human history: No one wins by Fascists and set citizens of one country fighting and bloodshed. Even those who rose against one another, turning the world into a to power by means of conflict could not lead lake of blood. Each has believed that its own their lives in peace and comfort. On the con- ideology would emerge the victor. But trary, they live every moment under material Communism did not come out of this struggle and spiritual stress. Those who prevail are be- victorious, and dialectical materialism's idea lievers who always invite people to discuss of historical dialectics has also collapsed. their ideas in an atmosphere of peace and Throughout history, there has always been trust, and who incite them to think. an opposition between good and evil, even in the realm of ideas. Good has always won out, because the methods of struggle that God has revealed to people in the Qur'an are designed to bring peace, trust and friendship, destroy- ing contention and enmity. For example, God commanded Moses to call Pharaoh into the right way. Moses and Pharaoh had completely different aims, but when God brought these two opposing sides together, He said to Moses and his brother Aaron, "Go to Pharaoh; he has overstepped the bounds. But speak to him with gentle words so that hopefully he will pay heed or show some fear." (Qur'an, 20:43-44) As God had commanded, Moses and Aaron Above is a relief depicting the Egyptian went to Pharaoh, patiently using various Pharaoh breaking the skulls of his oppo- methods to show him, the good and righteous nents. Pharaoh was proud of his cruel, op- pressive methods. But he had a sad end. path of God's commands. At the end of this
  25. 25. CHAPTER II Joseph Stalin, the murderer of 40 million people
  26. 26. THE HISTORY OF BOLSHEVIK SAVAGERY he 20th century was the bloodiest period in human his- T tory, with world wars, genocide, concentration camps, the development of chemical and nuclear weapons, bombings, guerilla wars, and terrorist activities unheard before. As a result of this savagery, the number of dead is estimated in the hundreds of millions. Why was the last century so bloody? First, advancing technology led to the development of weapons much more lethal than earlier ones. But the second and most important reason was that ideologies caused these weapons to be employed with terrible cruelty. The 20th century saw the violent harvest of the various "isms" that were founded in the 19th. Communism, the bloodiest of these "isms," is by far the cruelest and also the most widespread. The number murdered by Communist regimes or organizations in the past hundred years stands at roughly 120 million. Just for the sake of this ideology, these people were removed from their homes, worked to death in concentration camps, exiled to perish on the Siberian steppes, subjected to the horrible tortures in the most horrible prisons, executed by brainwashed Communist militants, strangled, had their throats cut, or starved to death in deliberately-created famines. The savagery of this red terror began first in Russia during the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. It spread throughout the newly formed Soviet Union and from there, to eastern Europe, China, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, some Latin American countries, Cuba and Africa.
  27. 27. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 26 Lenin's Bloody Revolution Karl Marx never led any political party. He was only a theoretician who tried to cram all of human history into the context of the rules of di- alectical materialism. From his point of view, he interpreted the past and made predictions about the future, of which the greatest prediction was global revolution. He promised that the workers would destroy the capi- talist system, after which a classless society would result. In decades that passed since Marx's death in 1883, the revolution he'd announced so confidently never took place. In the capitalist countries of Europe, workers' living and working conditions improved, however slightly, abating the tension between the workers and the bourgeoisie. The revolution wasn't happening, and it wasn't going to happen. In the early 1900s, another important name appeared in Russia. Vladimir Ilich Lenin was gradually rising to prominence in Russia's Social Democratic Party, which Marxists had founded. Lenin gave Marxism a whole new interpretation. In his view, the revolution couldn't happen spontaneously, because the European working class had been se- dated by what the bourgeoisie had offered them and in any other coun- tries was no working class worth mentioning. To this problem, Lenin offered a militant solution: Marx's predicted revolution wouldn't be car- ried out by the workers (the proletariat, in Marxist literature), but by sur- rogates—a Communist Party of professional revolutionaries with military training, acting on the workers' behalf. By using armed interven- tion and propaganda, "the Communist Party" would bring about a polit- ical revolution. From the moment their authoritarian regime seized power, it would establish what Lenin called the "dictatorship of the prole- tariat." It would clear away opposition, abolish private property, and en- sure society's advancement towards a Communist order. With Lenin's theory, Communism would become the ideology of a group of armed terrorists. After him, hundreds of Communist Parties (or workers' parties devoted to bloody revolution) sprouted throughout the world. What methods did the Communist Party intend for its revolution? Lenin answered this in both his writings and his actions: The Party would shed as much blood as possible. In 1906, eleven years before the Bolshevik Revolution, he wrote in Proletary magazine:
  28. 28. 27 Above: After Marx's death, Lenin in- terpreted his ideology, trying to fill the lacunae and reconcile the contra- dictions Marx had left. In so doing, Lenin produced the formula for bring- ing Communism to power by force of arms. The photograph above, taken in 1897 in St. Petersburg, shows Lenin (middle) with other Communist mili- tants. Below: A Russian edition of Marx's Das Kapital.
  29. 29. Lenin speaking to a crowd in Red Square, 1919 Bolshevik revo- lutionaries pos- ing with their weapons in St. Petersburg, November 1917
  30. 30. The History of Bolshevik Savagery 29 The phenomenon in which we are interested is the armed struggle. It is con- ducted by individuals and by small groups. Some belong to revolutionary or- ganizations, while others (the majority in certain parts of Russia) do not belong to any revolutionary organization. Armed struggle pursues two different aims, which must be strictly distinguished: in the first place, this struggle aims at assassinating individuals, chiefs and subordinates in the Army and police; in the second place, it aims at the confiscation of monetary funds both from the government and from private persons. The confiscated funds go partly into the treasury of the party, partly for the special purpose of arming and preparing for an uprising, and partly for the maintenance of persons engaged in the struggle we are describing. The big expropriations (such as the Caucasian, involving over 200,000 rubles, and the Moscow, involving 875,000 rubles) went in fact first and foremost to revolutionary parties — small expropriations go mostly, and sometimes entirely, to the maintenance of the "expropriators".14 At the beginning of the 1900's, an important divergence of ideas oc- curred in the Russian Social Democratic Party. The group led by Lenin supported revolution by violence; while another group wanted to bring Marxism to Russia by more democratic means. The Leninists, though small in numbers, used various methods of pressure to gain the majority and became known as the Bolsheviks, the Russian word for majority. The other group was called the Mensheviks, which means minority. The Bolsheviks began to organize following the way Lenin had out- lined, through such methods as assassinations, confiscation of govern- ment money, and robbing official institutions. After many years of banishment, the Bolsheviks began their Russian Revolution of 1917. Actually, that year saw two separate revolutions. The first came in February; when Tsar Nicholas II was removed from the throne and im- prisoned with his family, and a democratic government was established. But the Bolsheviks didn't want democracy; they were determined to es- tablish a dictatorship of the proletariat. In October 1917, their awaited revolution took place. Communist mil- itants led by Lenin and Trotsky, his chief assistant, seized first the former capital, Petrograd ("Peter City," named for Peter the Great), and then Moscow. Battles in these two cities established the world's first Communist regime. After the October Revolution, Russia was swept by a three-year civil
  31. 31. Above, Lenin with a group of Bolshevik militants in 1918. In telegraphs he sent to Communist militants in all parts of the country, Lenin gave constant or- ders for executions, to be carried out in a way as to spread fear among the people. war war between the so-called White Army, assembled by Tsarist generals, and the Red Army led by Trotsky. In July of 1918, Lenin ordered Bolshevik militants to execute Tsar Nicholas II and his family, including his three chil- dren. In the course of the civil war, the Bolsheviks did not hesitate to com- mit the bloodiest crimes, murders, and tortures against their opponents. Both the Red Army and the Cheka, a secret police organization founded by Lenin, inflicted terror on all parts of society opposed to the revolution. A book entitled The Black Book of Communism written by a group of scholars and published by the Harvard University Press, de- scribing Communist atrocities throughout the world, has this to say about Bolshevik terror: The Bolsheviks had decided to eliminate, by legal and physical means, any challenge or resistance, even if passive, to their absolute power. This strategy applied not only to groups with opposing political views, but also to such so- cial groups as the nobility, the middle class, the intelligentsia, and the clergy,
  32. 32. The History of Bolshevik Savagery 31 as well as professional groups such as military officers and the police. Sometimes the Bolsheviks subjected these people to genocide. The policy of "de-Cossackization" begun in 1920 corresponds largely to our definition of genocide: a population group firmly established in a particular territory, the Cossacks as such were exterminated, the men shot, the women, chil- dren and the elderly deported, and the villages razed or handed over to new, non-Cossack occupants. Lenin commpared the Cossacks to the Vendée during the French Revolution and gladly subjected them to a program of what Gracchus Babeuf, the "inventor" of modern Communism, character- ized in 1795 as "populicide."15 In every city they entered, the Bolsheviks killed those not open to their ideology and committed acts of excessive savagery intended to instill fear. The Black Book of Communism describes the Bolshevik atrocities in Crimea: Similar acts of violence occurred in most of the cities of the Crimea occupied by the Bolsheviks, including Sevastopol, Yalta, Alushta, and Simferopol. Similar atrocities are recorded from April and May 1918 in the big Cossack cities then in revolt. The extremely precise file of the Denikin commission record "corpses with hands cut off, broken bones, heads ripped off, broken jaws, and genital removed."16 The Russian historian and socialist S.P. Melgunov, in his book The Red Terror in Russia, says that Sevastopol was turned into a "city of the hanged" because of the extermination campaign against surviving witnesses: From Nakhimovksky, all one could see was the hanging bodies of officers, soldiers, and civilians arrested in the streets. The town was dead, and the only people left alive were hiding in lofts or basements. All the walls, shop fronts, and telegraph poles were covered with posters calling for "Death to the traitors." They were hanging people for fun.17 The Bolsheviks sorted the people they wanted to eliminate into certain categories. For example, the bourgeoisie (or the "Mensheviks," who un- derstood socialism differently from the Bolsheviks) were the new regime's chief enemies. The "kulak," the most numerous category, was specially targeted. In Russian, a kulak is the name given to a rich landowner. During the revolution and the civil war, Lenin issued hundreds of orders that rained pitiless terror on the kulaks. For example, in one telegram to the Central Executive Committee of Penza soviet, he said:
  33. 33. IGNORANT MILITANTS OF COMMUNISM The Bolsheviks addressed the ignorant masses with basic slo- gans, adding many people to their ranks in a short time through intense propaganda. The poor and uneducated were easily persuaded to believe the lies of Communists who prom- ised them bread and a comfort- able life. The atheism fostered by Darwinism hardened Communist propaganda. This picture shows a group of Russian workers and peasants who became Communists within a few days, as a result of this propaganda.
  34. 34. Leon Trotsky, military leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and the second most impor- tant man after Lenin. As leader of the Red Army, he led all of Russia into a bloody civil war. At the top, we see a view of the tens of thousands of innocents killed in the civil war. A propaganda poster show- ing Trotsky as a war hero. Russian soldiers supporting an uprising instigated by Trotsky against the Tsar in St. Petersburg, 1917.
  35. 35. Comrades! The kulak uprising in your five districts must be crushed without pity. The interests of the whole revolu- tion demand such actions, for the final struggle with the kulaks has now begun. You must make an exam- ple of these people. Hang (I mean hang publicly, so that people see it) Maxim Gorky at least 100 kulaks, rich bastards, and known blood-suckers. Publish their names. Seize all their grain…Do all this so that for miles around people see it all, understand it, tremble…Reply saying you have received and carried out these instructions. Yours, Lenin.18 Lenin gave many orders like this one. Bolshevik militants gladly car- ried out his instructions, even inventing their own styles of savagery. The famous author Maxim Gorky witnessed some of these methods and later wrote: In Tambov province Communists were nailed with railway spikes by their left hand and left foot to trees a metre above the soil, and they watched the torments of these deliberately oddly-crucified people. They would open a prisoner's belly, take out the small intestine and nailing it to a tree or tele- graph pole they drove the man around the tree with blows, watching the in- testine unwind through the wound. Stripping a captured officer naked, they tore strips of skin from his shoulders in the form of shoulder straps...19 The Bolsheviks undertook to exterminate those who did not want to adopt Communism. Tens of thousands were executed without a trial. Many opponents of the regime were sent to concentration camps, collec- tively called the "Gulag," where prisoners were worked almost to death under very harsh conditions. Many never left these camps alive. In the period from 1918 to 1922, they murdered hundreds of thousands of workers and villagers who had opposed the regime. The Harvard historian Richard Pipes investigated secret Soviet archives to research his book, The Unknown Lenin. Revealing that Lenin gave countless orders to have people tortured and murdered, he ends his book with this evaluation: With the evidence currently available it becomes difficult to deny that Lenin
  36. 36. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 36 was, not an idealist, but a mass murderer, a man who believed that the best way to solve problems—no matter whether real or imaginary—was to kill off the people who caused them. It is he who originated the practice of po- litical and social extermination that in the twentieth century would claim tens of millions of lives.20 Pavlov's Dogs and Lenin's Plans for Human Evolution It's important to understand the reason behind Lenin's violence and that underlay further examples of Communist tragedies. Why did Lenin and other Communist leaders we'll examine later—Stalin, Mao, and Pol Pot—become crazed murderers? The reason is the materialist philosophy they held, and its view of human beings. As we saw at the beginning, Communism is basically materialist philosophy applied to history, in total harmony with Darwin's theory of evolution—which, in turn, is the adaptation of mate- rialist philosophy to the natural world. Some basic elements of this per- verse philosophy can be outlined as follows: 1. A human being is composed only of matter, with no spirit or soul. 2. A human is a highly evolved species of animal. Essentially, there is no difference between human beings and animals. The only difference between a human being and other animals is that his environment has tamed him. 3. In nature and in human society, the only unchanging law is the one of conflict. Conflicting interests result in struggle. At the end of any strug- gle, it is natural—even necessary—that one side lose, suffer and die. 4. Therefore, from the Communist point of view, for any develop- ment to take place—for example, for the "revolution" to succeed—it's in- evitable, even necessary, that many people will suffer, be subjected to torture, and die. 5. To legitimize these convictions, Communism—and every other ideology that adopts a materialist philosophy—resorts to destroying a society's faith in God. Actually, the aim of materialism is to alienate soci- ety from its belief in God and in religious and moral values, and bring into being a mass of human beings who consider themselves an assort- ment of soulless animals. In this way, these ideologues believe that they
  37. 37. The History of Bolshevik Savagery 37 can control the masses, establish their own power, and prepare a legiti- mate foundation for any immorality or cruelty they wish to commit. Given that Communism regards human being in this way, it follows that its major efforts have been towards "bestializing" them—beating them like wild animals, "training" them by instilling fear and inflicting pain and, when necessary, cutting their throats. Very clearly, Lenin accepted this materialist-Darwinist philosophy that regards human beings as animals. After speaking privately with Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, the Russian scientist famous for his experiments on the conditioned reflexes of animals, Lenin tried applying Pavlov's methods to Russian society. In his book, A People's Tragedy: A History of the Russian Revolution, Orlando Figes writes about Lenin's desire to "edu- cate" the Russian people as an animal trainer would, and how the roots of this ambition lie in Darwinism: In October 1919, according to legend, Lenin paid a secret visit to the labora- tory of the great physiologist I. P. Pavlov to find out if his work on the condi- tional reflexes of the brain might help the Bolsheviks control human behaviour. 'I want the masses of Russia to follow a Communistic pattern of thinking and reacting,' Lenin explained… Pavlov was astounded. It seemed that Lenin wanted him to do for humans what he had already done for dogs. 'Do you mean that you would like to standardize the population of Russia? Make them all behave in the same way?' he asked. 'Exactly' replied Lenin. 'Man can be corrected. Man can be made what we want him to be.'… [T]he ultimate aim of the Communist system was the transformation of human nature. It was an aim shared by the other so-called totalitarian regimes of the inter-war pe- riod…As one of the pioneers of the eugenics movement in Nazi Germany put in 1920, 'it could almost seem as if we have witnessed a change in the concept of humanity…We were forced by the terrible exigencies of war to ascribe a different Ivan Pavlov, known for his value to the life of the individual than was the case conditioned before.' reflex experi- ments per- formed on animals.
  38. 38. TRIGGERING CONDITIONED REFLEXES Trotsky gives a propaganda speech to a mass crowd in Red Square in 1918. Lenin and Trotsky believed they could train human beings like animals, using methods to evoking a conditioned re- sponse. The Soviet Union or- ganized the Communist Party according to this logic.
  39. 39. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 40 ...The notion of creating a new type of man through the enlightenment of the masses had always been the messianic mission of the nineteenth-century Russian intelligentsia, from whom the Bolsheviks emerged. Marxist philoso- phy likewise taught that human nature was a product of historical develop- ment and could thus be transformed by a revolution. The scientific materialism of Darwin and Huxley, which had the status of a religion among the Russian intelligentsia during Lenin's youth, equally lent itself to the view that man was determined by the world in which he lived. Thus the Bolsheviks were led to conclude that their revolution, with the help of science, could create a new type of man... ...Although Pavlov was an outspoken critic of the revolution and had often threatened to emigrate, he was patronized by the Bolsheviks. After two years of growing his own carrots, Pavlov was awarded a handsome ration and a spacious Moscow apartment... Lenin spoke of Pavlov's work as 'hugely sig- nificant' for the revolution. Bukharin called it 'a weapon from the iron arse- nal of materialism.'21 Trotsky, an important theoretician of Communist ideology and Lenin's most important associate, agreed with Lenin's views about "the transformation of human nature" that had their origin in Darwinism. As Trotsky wrote: What is man? He is by no means a finished or harmonious being. No, he is still a highly awkward creature. Man, as an animal, has not evolved by plan but spontaneously, and has accumulated many contradictions. The question of how to educate and regulate, of how to improve and complete the physical and spiritual construction of man, is a colossal problem which can only be conceived on the basis of Socialism. We can construct a railway across the Sahara, we can build the Eiffel Tower and talk directly with New York, but we surely cannot improve man. No, we can! To produce a new, 'improved ver- sion' of man — that is the future task of Communism…Man must look at himself and see himself as a raw material, or at best as a semi-manufac- tured product, and say: 'At last, my dear homo sapiens, I will work on you.'22 Along with Lenin and Trotsky, other Bolsheviks believed that human beings were an animal species, nothing more than an agglomeration of matter. Because they saw no value in human life, millions of persons could easily be sacrificed for the sake of the revolution. According to
  40. 40. The History of Bolshevik Savagery 41 Richard Pipes's The Unknown Lenin, "For humankind at large Lenin had nothing but scorn: the documents confirm Gorky's assertion that indi- vidual human beings held for Lenin 'almost no interest,' and that he treated the working class much as a metalworker treated iron ore." 23 Lenin's Policy of Deliberate Starvation Nearly all Communist regimes of the 20th century have subjected their peoples to starvation. In Lenin's time, famine brought death to five million. From 1932 to 1933, in Stalin's time, the same disaster happened again but with a much wider scope; more than 6 million people died as a result of it.As we will see in the following pages, millions died as a result of famine in Mao's Red China and Pol Pot's Cambodia. Today, with supermarkets, bakeries, pastry shops, and restaurants all around us; famine seems an alien concept. When we do hear about famine, most often we think of it as a period of temporary hunger. But the famines in Russia, China and Cambodia was a prolonged condition that lasted for months, even years. Apart from grain and rice that villagers could grow to feed themselves, all produce was snatched from their hands, leaving them nothing else to eat. People ate all the vegetables and fruit that they used to collect for sale, and all the animals they could slaughter. When this supply quickly ran out, they would resort to boiling leaves, grass and tree bark. After several weeks of continual hunger, their bodies would grow weak and become emaciated. Some would eat stray cats and dogs and other wild creatures, including insects. Soon, wracked with pain, people would start to die, one after another, with no one to bury them. Finally would appear famine's worst aspect of all: cannibalism. People would start to eat corpses first, then attack each other, snatching children to slaughter and devour. In line with Communist philosophy, they would become bestialized indeed, and human no longer. This was the goal of the Communist regime. Unbelievable as it might seem, it happened first in the 20th century, in Bolshevik Russia under Lenin's leadership. In 1918, shortly after the Bolsheviks came to power, Lenin decided to abolish private property. His decision's most important result was the nationalization of land once owned by villagers. Bolshevik militants,
  41. 41. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 42 Cheka police agents, and Red Army units forced their way into farms all over Russia and, under threat of arms, confiscated the produce that was the only source of food for villagers already living in harsh conditions. A quota was established that every farmer had to give to the Bolsheviks, but in order to fill it, most farmers had to surrender all the produce they had. Villagers who resisted were silenced by the most brutal methods. In order to have not all their wheat seized, some farmers hid a portion in storage. The Bolsheviks regarded this kind of behavior as a "betrayal of the revolution" and punished it with incredible savagery. On February 14, 1922, an inspector went to the region of Omsk and described what happened there: Abuses of position by the requisitioning detachments, frankly speaking, have now reached unbelievable levels. Systematically, the peasants who are arrested are all locked up in big unheated barns; they are then whipped and threatened with execution. Those who have not filled the whole of their quota are bound and forced to run naked all along the main street of the vil- lage and then locked up in another unheated hangar. A great number of women have been beaten until they are unconscious and then thrown naked into holes dug in the snow…24 Lenin became enraged when he saw that quotas set for the villagers were not being met. Finally in 1920, he imposed a terrible punishment on the villagers in some areas who were resisting the confiscations: These villagers would have not only their produce taken, but their seeds as well. This meant they couldn't plant new crops and would certainly die of hunger. From 1921 to 1922, famine caught 29 million Russian indi- viduals in its grip; and five million of them died. When news of the famine reached Western countries, they organized an aid campaign to help ease the disaster. It almost succeeded, but it came too late. The Bolsheviks, wanting to conceal the utter disaster of their agricultural policy, forbade the publication of any news about the famine, consistently denying that it was happening. In his book, A Concise History of the Russian Revolution, Richard Pipes writes: In the spring of 1921, peasants in the areas struck by the famine resorted to eating grass, tree bark, and rodents... There were confirmed cases of canni- balism. Soon millions of wretched human beings abondoned their villages and headed for the nearest railroad station hoping to make their way to re-
  42. 42. 43 As a result of his commitment of Darwinism, Lenin regarded human beings as a herd of animals and he did not hesitate to use the cruelest methods against them. gions where, rumor had it, there was food. They clogged the railway depots, for they were refused transportation, because until July 1921 Moscow per- sisted in denying that a catastrophe had occurred. Here, in the words of a contemporary, they waited "for trains which never came, or for death, which was inevitable." Visitors to the stricken areas passed village after village with no sign of life, the inhabitants having either departed or lying prostrate in their cottages, too weak to move. In the cities, corpses littered the streets...25 What was the aim of this policy? Lenin wanted to strengthen the Bolshevik regime's economy by seizing villagers' produce and realize the Communist dream of abolishing private property. But in deliberately subjecting his fellow Russians to famine, Lenin also had another pur-
  43. 43. CANNIBALS CAUGHT EATING A KIDNAPPED CHILD In the course of the famine that Lenin regarded as "beneficial," cases of cannibalism were discovered. This photograph, taken in a Russian village in the Volga region in 1921, shows two adults eating children they had kidnapped and butchered. This scene of savagery is evidence of the model Communism seeks to establish.
  44. 44. In 1921 and 1922, as a result of the famine deliberately caused by Lenin, 29 million people within the borders of the Soviet Union were caught in the grips of starvation. Five million of them starved to death. pose: Hunger, he knew, would have a devastating effect on their morale and psychology. He wanted to use famine as a tool to destroy people's faith in God and instigate a movement against the church. The Black Book of Communism describes Lenin's state of mind: A young lawyer called Vladimir Ilych Ulyanov was then living in Samara, the regional capital of one of the areas worst affected by the famine. He was the only member of the local intelligentsia who not only refused to partici- pate in the aid for the hungry, but publicly opposed it. As one of his friends later recalled, "Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov had the courage to come out and say openly that famine would have numerous positive results, particularly in the appearance of a new industrial proletariat, which would take over from the bourgeoisie…Famine, he explained, in destroying the outdated peasant economy, would bring about the next stage more rapidly, and usher in so- cialism, the stage that necessarily followed capitalism. Famine would also destroy faith not only in the tsar, but in God too."
  45. 45. WHILE THE PEASANTS WERE DYING OF HUNGER... The famine at the beginning of the 1920's resulted from the Bolsheviks confiscating the peasants' crops. Millions of people, including hundreds of thousands of children, died in the famine. Lenin told his comrades this famine was very beneficial, because "it would destroy faith in God".
  46. 46. ... THE RED ARMY WAS PLUNDERING THEIR GRAIN Children became just skin and bone and died of starvation, but the Bolsheviks contin- ued to confiscate the peasants' grain. Sacks that peasants hid underground were found and dragged out of their holes by Communist militants. Villagers who had hidden the sacks were tortured to death. In the Kurgan re- gion in 1918, bags of wheat were forcibly col- lected from the people to feed the Red Army.
  47. 47. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 48 Thirty years later, when the "young lawyer" had become the head of the Bolshevik government, his ideas remained unchanged: Famine could and should "strike a mortal blow against the enemy." The enemy in question was the Orthodox Church.26 A letter Lenin sent to members of the Politburo on March 19, 1922, shows he wanted to use hunger as a method to break the bond between religion and the masses, to numb their reactions and thus facilitate his planned assault against religious institutions: In fact the present moment favors us far more than it does them. We are al- most 99 percent sure that we can strike a mortal blow against them [our ene- mies] and consolidate the central position that we are going to need to occupy for several decades to come. With the help of all those starving people who are starting to eat each other, who are dying by the millions, and whose bodies litter the roadside all over the country, it is now and only now that we can—and therefore must—confiscate all church property with all the ruthless energy we can still muster… All evidence suggests that we could not do this at any other moment, because our only hope is the despair engendered in the masses by the famine, which will cause them to look at us in a favorable light or, at the very least, with indifference.27 Lenin's cruel methods are the first instance of Communist savagery. Stalin and Mao, the dictators who came after him, only increased the scope of the horror. Lenin's own death is quite telling. He suffered his first stroke in May 1922. On December 16, 1922, he suf- fered another major attack. Half para- lyzed, he was confined to bed. In March of 1923, his illness worsened sig- nificantly and he lost the ability to speak. Afflicted by terrible headaches, he spent most of 1923 in a wheelchair. A photograph of Lenin, shortly before his death.
  48. 48. LENIN'S END IS A LESSON FOR ALL Before he died, Lenin became mad. This photo- graph, taken shortly before his death, teaches an example of the torment God sends in this world upon leaders of irreligion. This end is announced in Verse 30:10 of the Qur'an: "Then the final fate of those who did evil will be the Worst because they denied God's Signs and mocked at them."
  49. 49. Lenin's body was mummified like an Egyptian pharaoh's and placed in a tomb reminiscent of a Greek temple. In the final months of his life, those who saw him were horrified at the frightful, half-mad expression on his face. He died of a brain hemor- rhage on January 21, 1924. The Bolsheviks mummified Lenin's body and specially preserved his brain, which they considered to have great value. They placed his body in a tomb, built in the style of a Greek temple, in Moscow's Red Square, where it was visited by crowds of people. Lines of visitors would look at the corpse in dread. Their dread was to increase in years to come. Joseph Stalin, Lenin's successor, was even more cruel and sadistic. In a short time, he estab- lished the greatest "reign of terror" in modern history. How Did Stalin Become a Communist? Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born in 1879, in a poor family in Gori, a small town near Tbilisi in Georgia. He began to use the name of Stalin, which means "man of steel" in Russian, after 1913. His mother was a religious woman. She she used all her strength to rear her son to be a priest, so she enrolled him in a church school in Gori. He graduated after five years there, and entered the seminary in Tblisi to begin his studies to become a priest of the Georgian Orthodox Church. During this period, however, Stalin read a few books that changed his world view. Up to then, he had been the devout son of a religious
  50. 50. The History of Bolshevik Savagery 51 mother, but he lost his faith in God and religion and became an atheist after reading Darwin's The Origin of Species. In his book, Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union, the Oxford University historian Alex de Jonge shows Darwin's vital role in shaping Stalin's youthful outlook. According to Jonge, he was "a theological stu- dent who had lost his faith; Stalin would always maintain that it was Darwin who was responsible for that loss."28 Stalin's adoption of Marxism happened not long afterward. Jonge states that Stalin often em- phasized this point in his private conversations. In his book Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives, the English historian Alan Bullock compares these two men, saying that, in his youth, Stalin was very influenced by the works of Karl Marx and Auguste Comte, which he read in Russian translations.29 Actually, this deception happened not only to Stalin, but to the major- ity of a generation of Russian students and other young people. The myths in scientific garb proposed by Darwin, Huxley, and Lamarck led many young Russians to become atheists. In A People's Tragedy, A history of the Russian Revolution, historian Orlando Figes says, "The scientific mate- rialism of Darwin and Huxley . . . had the status of a religion among the Russian intelligentsia during Lenin's youth."30 Figes relates how Semen Kanatchikov, a young worker who later joined the Bolsheviks, abandoned his religion as the result of evolutionist propaganda: One young worker "proved" to him that God had not created man by showing that, if one filled a box with earth and kept it warm, worms and insects would eventu- ally appear in it. This sort of vulgarized Stalin was brought up to be a pre-Darwinian science, which was widely priest, but at a young age was found in the left-wing pamphlets of that drawn into atheism by some time, had a tremendous impact on young books he read, the most influen- tial of which was Darwin's workers like Kanatchikov… "Now my Origin of Species. emancipation from my old prejudices
  51. 51. After Stalin had joined the ranks of the Communists, he was arrested several times under the Tsar's regime. At left, a series of pho- tographs of one of those ar- rests. moved forward at an accelerated tempo," later he wrote. "I stopped going to the priest for confession, no longer attended church, and began to eat 'for- bidden' food."31 Such examples as the one quoted above, used to support the claim that God did not create life and that everything came to be by chance, were sheer bogus. Worms and insects did not arise by happenstance— out of nothing, as the medieval belief in spontaneous generation had it— but from eggs laid in the ground. But because the scientific world was not yet aware that living creatures could never be generated from lifeless matter, such myths as these arose like a flood, drowning the half-igno- rant Russian youth in atheism. Members of the atheist generation that grew up in Russia in the 19th century, emerged in the 20th century as passionate Communists. One of them was Stalin. In 1898 he joined a secret Communist organization and began to write for a Communist magazine, Brdzola (The Struggle), in 1901. By 1917, he was an active militant of the Communist movement led by Lenin. After the October Revolution of 1917, he became one of the five members of the Politburo, the highest degree of membership in the Communist Party. While Lenin lay ill in 1923, Stalin's power continued in the party to grow and upon Lenin's death, he became the supreme au- thority. In the five years between 1924 and 1929, he cleared the party of all his opponents by assassination, execution, or exile. Even Trotsky, one of the architects of the October Revolution, became the object of his rage and was driven out of the Soviet Union. After consolidating his power, Stalin turned his iron fist on society.
  52. 52. Lenin had tried to nationalize all the agricultural land in Russia, but the devastation caused by the great famine of 1920-1921 forced him to postpone this undertaking. Stalin, determined to put his plan into ef- fect, began to apply a policy called "collectivization." Its aim was to na- tionalize all of the villagers' property, seize and export their crops, and use the revenue to bolster Soviet indus- try and strengthen the military. Stalin carried out his collectiviza- Stalin became close to Lenin in his lat- tion policy by torture, murder and ter days and tried to advance within starvation. Six million people died of the party. Upon Lenin's death, Stalin overcame his rivals and became the famine, while he exported hundreds Soviet Union's sole ruler. of thousands of tons of grain. Once again, Stalin documented the savagery of Materialist-Darwinist ideas, which regarded humanity as an animal species that had to be trained by inflicting pain as corrective punishment. The Savagery of Collectivization This policy of Stalin's began in 1929. According to his plan, all private property was to be abolished. Every villager would have to give to the state a certain quota of his production and was prohibited from selling his own produce. The villagers' quotas were very high and to meet it, most had to surrender everything they had. The tyranny Lenin had begun in the 1920's resumed once more. To implement collectivization, Stalin employed the cruelest methods. Those who resisted were killed, exiled to Siberia (essentially, murder over the long term) or left to starve (slow murder). Throughout the whole country, kulaks (rich landowners) who resisted collectivization— and, therefore, Communism in general—were hunted down. The Black Book of Communism describes this policy: The kulaks who resisted collectivization were shot, and the others were
  53. 53. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 54 deported with their wives, chil- dren and elderly family mem- bers. Although not all kulaks were exterminated directly, sen- tences of forced labor in wilder- ness areas of Siberia or the far north left them with scant chance of survival. Several tens of thousands perished there; the exact number of victims remains unknown. As for the great famine in Ukraine in 1932-33, Peasants in Ukraine in 1929 listening to collectivization propaganda. which resulted from the rural Collectivization was presented as a way population's resistance to forced to increase agricultural yield, but its im- collectivization, 6 million died in plementation caused a terrible famine. a period of several months.32 The savagery inflicted on the kulaks included the most horrendous tortures. In a letter to Stalin in April 1933, the writer Mikhail Sholokhov wrote: In the Napolovski kolkhoz [a collective farm in the Soviet Union] a certain Plotkin, plenipotentiary for the district committee, forced the collective workers to stretch out on stoves heated till they were white hot; then he cooled them off by leaving them naked in a hangar. 33 Stalin's regime, like Lenin's before it, created imaginary enemies they called "kulaks." They targeted anyone they wanted to eliminate by stamping them with this name. It was easy for the Communists to cate- gorize those they didn't like as "kulaks" and to send orders to every city, commanding that a certain number of these "kulaks" be rounded and ex- ecuted. This is described in The Black Book of Communism: In such conditions, it is not surprising that in certain districts between 80 and 90 percent of those victimized by the dekulakization process were serednyaki, or middle-income peasants. The brigades had to meet the required quotas and, if possible, surpass them. Peasants were arrested and deported for hav- ing sold grain on the market or for having had an employee to help with the harvest back in 1925 or 1926, for possessing two samovars, for having killed a
  54. 54. pig in September 1929 "with the intention of consuming it themselves and thus keeping it from socialist appropriation." Peasants were arrested on the pretext that they had "taken part in commerce," when all they had done was sell something of their own making. One peasant was deported on the pretext that his uncle had been a tsarist officer; another was labeled a kulak on ac- count of his "excessive visits to the church." But most often, people were classed as kulaks simply on the grounds that they had resisted collectiviza- tion. At times confusion reigned in the dekulakization brigades to an almost comic extreme: in one city in Ukraine, for example, a serednyak who was a member of a dekulakization brigade was himself arrested by a member of an- other brigade that was operating on the other side of the town. 34 At the top of the list of those branded as kulaks were the clergy. In 1930, more than 13,000 priests were "dekulakized." In many villages and towns, collectivization began symbolically with the closing of the church and the the removal of local religious leaders.35 Collectivization had two major results: famine and exile.
  55. 55. COMMUNISM IN AMBUSH 56 Famine Brought About by Stalin Like Lenin before him, Stalin intended to wield collectivization as a weapon against society. By collecting as much grain as he wanted from any section of the country, he subjected any people in those areas to star- vation. Because Ukraine resisted Communism, it became the target of collectivization. This region suffered the greatest man-made famine in history, with a total of four million dying of starvation. How this occurred is significant. First, according to the state's general collectivization policy in 1931, a total of 7.7 million tons of grain was de- manded from a Ukrainian harvest which collectivisation had brought down to 18 million tons. This brought the already overburdened villagers almost to the point of starvation and the villagers of Ukraine began to re- sist Stalin's troops—which made Stalin even more pitiless. In July of 1932, he issued a virtual death order against the whole of the Ukraine by in- creasing the previous quota demanding another 7.7 million tons of grain to be delivered to the State. Millions of people were condemned to die of starvation. This policy is described in Brian Moynahan's book, The Russian Century: A History of the Last Hundred Years: Requisitioning gangs of Communist activists, armed with steel rods up to ten feet long, swarmed over the Ukraine. 'They searched in the house, in the attic, shed and cellar,' a victim recalled. 'Then they went outside and searched in the barn, pig pen, granary, and straw pile...' Crude watchtowers were put up in the fields, posts with a hut of wood and straw atop them. Here guards armed with shotguns would look out for snippers; those who were driven by hunger to cut off ears of corn with scissors. Those who were caught got a min- imum of ten years under the Law of Seven-eighths; some were shot. One Kharkov court issued fifteen hundred death sentences in a month; a woman was given a ten-year sentence for cutting 100 ears of corn from her own plot, two weeks after her husband had died of starvation. The remaining chickens and pigs were eaten in the early winter of 1932. Then the dogs and cats went. 'It was hard to catch them,' wrote Vasily Grossman. 'The animals had become afraid of people and their eyes were wild. People boiled them...' … Only 4.7 million tons of grain had been delivered by the end of 1932. A new levy was announced. ...Meteorologists were arrested for issuing false weather forecasts to damage the harvest. Veterinarians were shot for sabotaging live- stock. Agronomists were accused of being kulaks and deported to Siberia...
  56. 56. This Russian child has lost the use of his legs as a result of hunger caused by Stalin's pol- icy of deliberate famine.

×