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A Guide to Zakat


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A Guide to Zakat by The Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (Muis).

Published in: Spiritual

A Guide to Zakat

  1. 1. A Guide to ZakatThe Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (Muis) 1
  2. 2. “ Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and Zakat, 2
  3. 3. “ will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.” (Surah Al-Baqarah: 277) 3
  4. 4. “ (The superstructure of ) Islam is raised on five (pillars): to utter an attestation of faith, performance of prayer, payment of Zakat, fast of Ramadan and pilgrimage (to Makkah).” Narrated by Ibnu Umar R.A. 4
  5. 5. ?What is the difference between Zakat & Sadaqah? 5
  6. 6. Zakat SadaqahWajib SunnatPillar of Islam Not a Pillar of IslamHas specific rates and No specific rates andamount (Nisab) amount 6
  7. 7. Zakat SadaqahSpecific time / period Not time specific(Haul)Given to specified May be given to whoeverrecipients the giver wishesThose who do not give Those who do not giveZakat are punished sadaqah are not punished 7
  8. 8. Meaning of Zakat 8
  9. 9. Meaning of ZakatIn Language Growth, multiplicity, fertile, cleanse and full of berkah 9
  10. 10. Meaning of ZakatIn Context Wealth that is • taken from specific groups • to be given to specific groups • at specific rates • when the stipulated period is met 10
  11. 11. =Obligatory Conditions forZakat on Wealth 11
  12. 12. = Obligatory Conditions for Zakat on Wealth1 Muslim2 Full ownership of assets3 Nisab $ Market value of 86 gram of gold4 Completion of Haul Possession of the assets for one Hijrah year = 355 days 12
  13. 13. ✓Benefits of Zakat 13
  14. 14. ✓ Benefits of Zakat For the Society • Strengthens the bond between Muslims • Improves the society’s standard of living 14
  15. 15. ✓ Benefits of Zakat For the Zakat Payer • Increases awareness and empathy towards those in need • Encourages the spirit of giving and caring • Discourages one from being greedy and miserly • Builds a sense of gratitude towards Allah (S.W.T) 15
  16. 16. ✓ Benefits of Zakat For the Zakat Recipient • Assists in providing work-life support • Discourages ill feelings among the rich • Instills a sense of respect and care towards those blessed with wealth 16
  17. 17. ✓ Benefits of Zakat For the Wealth • Purifies the wealth • Increases the multiplicity of wealth 17
  18. 18. Types of Zakat ZakatZakat on Wealth Zakat Fitrah 18
  19. 19. Types of Zakat Zakat on Savings Zakat on CPF Zakat on BusinessZakat on Wealth Zakat on Gold Zakat on Shares Zakat on Insurance 19
  20. 20. ? What is the difference betweenZakat Fitrah & Zakat on Wealth? 20
  21. 21. Zakat Fitrah Zakat on WealthAlms on every person Alms on wealthPaid within stipulated No stipulated timetimeAmount is low and all Dependent on theMuslims are required to amount of wealth thepay the same amount giver has 21
  22. 22. Zakat Recipients 22
  23. 23. “ Zakah expenditures are only for the poor, the needy, those employed to collect (Zakat), bringing hearts together (for Islam), 23
  24. 24. “ freeing captives (or slaves), those in debt, for the cause of Allah and for the (stranded) traveler. 24
  25. 25. “ An obligation (imposed) by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.” (Surah At-Taubah: 60) 25
  26. 26. 8 Asnaf Zakat Recipients Fakir Ibnussabil Miskin Amil Fisabilillah Muallaf Gharimin Riqab 26
  27. 27. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Fakir One who has neither material possession nor means of livelihood; one who suffers, and has no means to sustain his/her daily needs. 27
  28. 28. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Miskin One with insufficient means of livelihood to meet his/her basic needs. 28
  29. 29. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Amil One who is appointed to collect Zakat and the expenses incurred in the administration of Zakat. 29
  30. 30. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Muallaf One who recently embraced Islam. 30
  31. 31. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Riqab One who wants to free himself from the bondage or shackles of slavery. In Singapore, this category of recipients is spent to those who need help to pursue their education. 31
  32. 32. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Gharimin One who is in debt but needs assistance to meet his/her basic needs. 32
  33. 33. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Fisabilillah Those who strive in the cause of Allah for the betterment of the community. 33
  34. 34. Muis Disburses Your Zakat to All 8 Asnaf Ibnussabil Stranded travellers on a permissible journey. 34
  35. 35. !Issues on Zakat 35
  36. 36. ! Did you know...When the conditions for haul and nisabare met, it is not only the savingsaccount which remains stable that isrequired for Zakat.Other types include 36
  37. 37. ✓ Savings which fluctuate in amount✓ Savings for the Haj Pilgrimage✓ Savings for children’s account✓ Savings for purchase of luxury items like automobiles and houses 37
  38. 38. Meaning of Zakat Fitrah 38
  39. 39. Meaning of Zakat Fitrah Known as Zakat on the Person, Zakat of Ramadan or Zakat Fitri Act as a purification for our fast Payment can be made throughout the month of Ramadan but must be before the start of Eidul Fitri prayers 39
  40. 40. =Obligatory Conditions for Zakat Fitrah 40
  41. 41. = Obligatory Conditions for Zakat Fitrah1 Obligatory for every Muslim (man, woman, child, infant)2 Owns more than 2.3 kilogram of staple food (rice)3 Meets Ramadan and Syawal4 Must be performed before takbiratul ihram solat Eid 41
  42. 42. For more information, visit our websites 42