New revised 3 great greek triumvirate

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New revised 3 great greek triumvirate

  1. 1. THE THREE GREAT GREEK TRIUMVIRATE : SOCRATES , PLATO and ARISTOTLE Prepared by: Raizza Corpuz
  2. 2.  World-renowned philosophers.  The classical Greek trio of Plato, Socrates (his teacher) and Aristotle (his student) laid the fundamental ideas of Western philosophy. RPCorpuz 2013
  3. 3. RPCorpuz 2013
  4. 4. WHO IS SOCRATES based on the given CLIP?  SOCRATIC METHOD Dialectic Method A MAN OF VIRTUE DIALOGUE QUESTION and ANSWER ????? = KNOWLEDGE and VIRTUE 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  5. 5. What’s the significance of this picture? 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  6. 6. • Sophists- professional teachers – Taught students how to win arguments – Rejected the idea of an Absolute Right & Wrong 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  7. 7. “The unexamined life is not worth living. ... Wisdom begins in wonder. ... There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.” (Socrates, 469 - 399 B.C.)
  8. 8. “The philosopher is in love with truth, that is, not with the changing world of sensation, which is the object of opinion, but with the unchanging reality which is the object of knowledge.” (Plato, 429 - 347 B.C.) 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  9. 9. “We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit. ... At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.” (Aristotle, 384 - 322 B.C.) 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  10. 10. Philosopher Ideas Socrates absolute truth exists within everyone; Socratic method Plato government should be divided into three groups, ruled by philosopher-kings; men and women should have equal education and employment Aristotle “golden mean”; use senses to make observations like a scientist; analyzed governments and decided that the best was a mixture of government by a few and democracy 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  11. 11. THREE TRIUMVIRATE IN ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 12/10/13 RPC 2013
  12. 12. SOCRATES  Socrates: Athens' street-corner philosopher  Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens.  Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, his only real crime was embarrassing and irritating a number of important people.  His punishment was death. RPCorpuz 2013
  13. 13. Socrates Socrates didn't write books; he just liked to ask probing and sometimes humiliating questions, which gave rise to the famous Socratic Method of Teaching. A man of VIRTUE Famous quote: "The unexamined life is RPCorpuz 2013 not worth living."
  14. 14. PLATO  Plato: The philosopher who would be king  An aristocratic man with plenty of money  the man's real (and little known) name was Aristocles; Plato was just a nickname given to him by his friends, whose original connotation made reference to his broad shoulders. RPCorpuz 2013
  15. 15. Plato  Plato became an enthusiastic and talented student of Socrates and wrote famous dialogues featuring his teacher verbally grappling with opponents  believed in the pre-existence and immortality of the soul, holding that life is nothing more than the imprisonment of the soul in a body RPCorpuz 2013
  16. 16. Plato  In addition to the physical world, there is a heavenly realm of greater reality consisting in Forms, Ideals, or Ideas (such as Equality, Justice, Humanity,  He wrote a famous treatise (The Republic) on the ideal society, in which he expressed the thought that a philosopher, of all people, who should be king and so on). RPCorpuz 2013
  17. 17. ARISTOTLE  Aristotle: A long walk to the Golden Mean  Aristotle was Plato's best student. He went on to become the very wellpaid tutor of Alexander the Great  probably the highest paid philosopher in history  Aristotle started his own philosophical school when he was 50 years old. RPCorpuz 2013
  18. 18. Aristotle  Although he lived only ten more years, he produced nearly a thousand books and pamphlets, only a few of which have survived.  This great thinker was called a peripatetic philosopher (peripateo = "to walk around") because he liked to lecture to his students while taking a walk RPCorpuz 2013
  19. 19. Aristotle A key theme in Aristotle's thought is that happiness is the goal of life. Aristotle was a good deal less otherworldly than Plato  He voluntarily went into exile from Athens when conditions became a bit politically dangerous for him, in his words, "lest Athens sin twice against philosophy. RPCorpuz 2013
  20. 20. Aristotle  The founder of logical theory, Aristotle believed that the greatest human endeavor is the use of reason in theoretical activity.  One of his best known ideas was his conception of "The Golden Mean" — "avoid extremes," the counsel of moderation in all things. RPCorpuz 2013

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