Introduction to Philosophy: Lecture 1

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  • Definition 3 expresses philosophy as we are going to understand it in this class. Philosophy in this sense is (like definition 1, but unlike definition 2) an activity: it is something you do. In particular, doing philosophy is using our rationality in trying to figure out the answers to difficult questions (related to any subject matter).


  • Introduction to Philosophy: Lecture 1

    1. 1. Introduction to PHILOSOPHY Lecture 1 Prepared by Raizza P. Corpuz
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY • MEANING • NATURE • SCOPE • GOALS • IMPORTANCE • BRANCHES • EPOCH
    3. 3. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? ? WHERE IT BEGINS
    4. 4. REMEMBER In studying PHILOSOPHY one should KNOW the : 1. Contextualize/ation 2. Basis In this way one can distinguish both VALIDITY and TRUTH, GENUINE and ESSENTIAL ideals. • ANALYTICO-CRITICO-SYNTHETICO Analysis-Criticism-Synthesis
    5. 5. FROM WONDER TO WANDER
    6. 6. WONDER: • To be filled with curiosity or doubt • A feeling of puzzlement or doubt WANDER • Walk or move in a leisurely, casual, or aimless way. • An act or instance of wandering.
    7. 7. WONDER WANDER
    8. 8. “Wasn’t it extraordinary to be in the world right now, wandering around in a wonderful adventure!” ― Jostein Gaarder, Sophie's World
    9. 9. Etymology • Philosophy comes from the Geek Words Philia and Sofia. Sofia-wisdom Philia-love, desire for, interest in Philia and Sofia join by Pythagoras-600 B.C. • Episteme-means knowledge • Wisdom-defining deeply, wise, according to etymology -is an awareness of something which is basic. -knowledge of the basic principle. • Knowledge-is only a million formation -simple data that comes from the outside that pass to our senses.
    10. 10. What is Philosophy as a TERM/WORD? The term “philosophy” comes from the Greek language. It consists of two words : • philos, (love, or philia )– friendship, affection • sophos (learned scholar, sage, or • sophia - wisdom, knowledge, talent) philo” - love “sophia” - wisdom
    11. 11. THERE ARE MANY QUESTIONS but there are SOME BIG QUESTION in studying PHILOSOPHY What Why HOW
    12. 12. THUS: ‘Philosophy’ Philia =“love” sophia = “wisdom.” (Pythagoras.) Love for wisdom Knowledge + Action = Wisdom "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing ." (Socrates)
    13. 13. THUS: 1. Philosophy is the love of wisdom 2. Philosophy attempts to answer life's Big Questions 3. Philosophy is about Questions 4. Philosophers ask Questions about what people Believe 5. Philosophy is about Examining Ourselves & Our Beliefs
    14. 14. THANK YOU 

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