The United States Of America


Published on

A brief overview of the US political system and how it functions, prepared for an academic assignment for a Comparative Politics course.

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The United States Of America

  1. 1. A Case Study of the Political System of: THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Hudiba Iqbal, Maryam Mehboob & Zainub Presentation delivered by: Razvi
  2. 2. Introduction: The US is the oldest continuous democracy in the world. It was established in 1789, although not all features of the system were as democratic as they are now.
  3. 3. Organiasation of Command: “The constitution has divided the powers of government into three branches, Legislative, Executive and Judiciary, lodging each with Judiciary a distinct magistracy. The Legislative it has given completely to the Senate and House of Representatives. It has declared that the Executive powers shall be vested in the Executive Legislature President, submitting special articles of it to a negative by the Senate, and it has vested the Judiciary power in the courts of justice, with certain exceptions also in favor of the Senate.” ~Thomas Jefferson: Opinion on Executive Appointments, 1790. ME 3:15
  4. 4. Executive Arm: • Head of State • Commander-in-Chief President • Elected by electoral college • First in succession line to President in case of Vice President death, resignation or removal • President of the Senate • Members nominated by President, confirmed by Cabinet Senate • Head 15 major federal departments • 60+ departments and agencies in total Federal Departments • Responsible for day-to-day enforcement & Agencies & administration of federal laws
  5. 5. Judicial Arm:
  6. 6. Legislative Arm: Congress House of Senate Representatives
  7. 7. Separation of powers:
  8. 8. Indirect Elites United States Military Pressure Groups Corporations (many of which are owned by Jews)
  9. 9. Major Political Ideologies in the USA Conservatives Moderates Liberals
  10. 10. Differences between liberals and conservatives Issue Liberals Conservatives Aborting Rights Approve Disapprove Same Sex Marriage Approve Disapprove Patriotic Act Disapprove Approve Free Trade Agreements Divided Disapprove Lower Defense Approve Disapprove Spending Immigration Approve Disapprove Universal Health Care Approve Divided
  11. 11. Major Political Parties in the USA Democrat Republica
  12. 12. How are Democrats and Republicans spread across America? •Voted Republican Last four US elections: all 4 past elections •Voted Republican in 3 out of the past 4 elections •Twice Voted Republican, Twice Democrat •Voted Democrat 3 out of 4 past elections •Voted Democrat in all four past elections
  13. 13. Voting and the electoral process Who can vote?  How many types of elections are held and  when? Presidential Elections 1. House of Rep. Elections 2. Senate Elections 3. Gubernatorial Elections 4. Primary Elections 5. Voter turnout  Campaigning 
  14. 14. Political Culture of the USA “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving States Declaration of ~United their just Independence, July 4, 1776 powers from the consent of
  15. 15. Political Socialization in the USA Work Mass Political Family Schools Religion Race Gender place Media Parties
  16. 16. The American Family Performs latent as well as manifest socialization • Very Important in party identification • Declining power as an agent of socialization •
  17. 17. American Schools Introduce major political values and practices • Schools themselves involved in politics • Difference in socialization performed by private vs. state schools, and • even poor locality state school vs. rich locality state school
  18. 18. Mass Media: Weapons of Mass Deception? quot;. . . to take apart the system of illusions and deception which functions to prevent understanding of contemporary reality [is] not a task that requires extraordinary skill or understanding. It requires the kind of normal skepticism and willingness to apply one's analytical skills that almost all people have and that they can exercise.quot;
  19. 19. Religion Very powerful agent of socialization • Catholics : Liberal economics/social conservatives • Protestant: Conservative economics & social issues • Jewish: Liberal economics & social issues •
  20. 20. Workplace/Professional Influence Certain professions are more like to • inculcate specific types of political attitudes, for instance: In 2004, 72% of full-time faculty • members at four-year colleges identified as liberal. In a 2004, a survey of 1,000 • economists saw registered Democrats outnumber registered Republicans by a 2.5:1 ratio. Among sociologists and • anthropologists, Democrats outnumber Republicans 20:1 Conversely, a December 2006 poll • found that 46% of active military personnel identified as Republican
  21. 21. Race and Ethnicity: In the 2008 Presidential Elections, Obama won an overwhelming majority (95%) of the total votes from black population, whereas majority (55%) of the total white votes went to his rival McCain
  22. 22. Conclusion: I have come to the conclusion that politics is too serious a matter to be left to the politicians. ~Charles de Gaulle