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Possessive case - special rules

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Special rules on possessive case (genitive)

Published in: Education

Possessive case - special rules

  1. 1. POSSESSIVE CASE
  2. 2. Personal names ending in “s” can make the possessive with an apostrophe without an extra ”s” . We can say either Charles ’s wife was at the party with him. (more common) or Charles ’ wife was at the party with him. (less common)
  3. 3. Commonly the possessive is made with apostrophe without an extra “s”. Socrates ’ speeches Hercules ’ labors Venus ’ beauty
  4. 4. The possessive is formed with ‘s (singular ) or es’ (plural): The boss ’ s office is full of work to do. The boss es ’ offices are on the third floor.
  5. 5. When there are more than one possessor that own the same belonging , we add ‘s after the last possessor: John, Lucas and Carol ’s mother is here to talk to you. (The woman has 3 children: John, Lucas and Carol and is their mother.)
  6. 6. If there are more than one possessor , but each one owns a different belonging , we add ‘s after each possessor: Robert ’s and Luca ’s cars are parked over there. (Robert has one car and Lucas has another)
  7. 7. Which is more common? <ul><li>a) Hans’s mother </li></ul><ul><li>b) Hans’ mother </li></ul>
  8. 8. Which is more common? <ul><li>Hans ’s mother </li></ul><ul><li>More common with ‘s </li></ul>
  9. 9. Which is more common? <ul><li>a) Venus’s life </li></ul><ul><li>b) Venus’ life </li></ul>
  10. 10. Which is more common? <ul><li>b) Venus ’ life </li></ul><ul><li>( classical name) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Who do they belong to? <ul><li>Carol and Alice ’s brothers are here. </li></ul><ul><li>Carol ’s and Alice’ s brothers are here. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Who do they belong to? <ul><li>Carol and Alice ’s brothers are here. </li></ul><ul><li>(They are probably sisters and have 2 or more brothers, who are here.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Carol ’s and Alice ’s brothers are here. (Carol has a brother and Alice has a brother as well. Both of them are here.)

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