The OER Workshop at OUM!


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The presentation slides for the 2-day OER workshop at OUM (5-6 March, 2013). It explores OER and how we can find, reuse, remix, create and share them. It provides a lot of excellent resources and tips, too.

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The OER Workshop at OUM!

  1. Zaid Ali Alsagoff
  2. How Do We Educate… OER
  3. OER AGENDA UnderstandingCreating Finding Licensing Reusing & Remixing
  4. 1. Discovering OER A. OER B. MOOC C. Creative Commons D. Finding OER E. MIT Case Study2. Creating OER A. Strategies B. Tools3. Moving Forward
  6. “Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world.” - Nelson Mandela
  7. Open Education" the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide anextraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge."
  8. Why Open Education Matters!
  10. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Open Educational Resources (OER) arematerials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.” - Stephen Downes More OER definitions:
  11. OER? 4Rs: Reuse Revise Remix RedistributeOER Diagram: 4Rs:
  12. Types of OER?Accreditation Open Courseware (OCW) Assessment Learning Repositories Podcasts Music Games Open Textbooks Credits Videos Images Open Journals Libraries
  13. What has enabled OER?• Change in • Affordances philosophy of the Internet SOCIAL TECHNICAL FINANCIAL LEGAL• A range of • Alternative financial copyright models LicensingSource (slide 6):
  14. Benefits of OER?1. Freedom of access.2. Freedom from proprietary systems and corporations.3. Saves time and effort for content development.4. Co-creation empowers more collaboration and creativity.5. Sharing development costs among institutions.6. Contributes to the local and global community.7. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people.8. Lowers costs to students. Adapted from:
  15. Challenges of OER?1. Quality varies.2. Varying degrees of time commitment.3. Teachers sometimes not rewarded by the system for their efforts.4. May not meet accessibility requirements for persons with disabilities.5. Need to check accuracy before use.6. May need a high degree of customization (or localization).7. Technical requirements vary and some require you to use a particular software.8. Requires varying degrees of continual financial support.9. Licensing and obtaining copyright clearance can be difficult.10. Some institutions may be concerned about ‘giving it away’. Adapted from:
  16. OER Funding Models Endowment ConversionInstitutional Government Donations Membership Contributor Sponsorship Source:
  17. OER Commons
  18. Open CourseWare (OCW) “OpenCourseWare, or OCW, is a term applied to course materials created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet.” The movement started in 1999 when the University of Tübingen in Germany published videos of lectures online. The OCW movement only took off, however, with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare at MIT in October 2002. Source:
  19. Difference between OCW and OER? OCW OPEN CONTENT Focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically for a course. OER Includes any educational OCW OER content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course. OCW is a subset of OER. Adapted from (Slide 10):
  20. 260+ Universities and associated organizations worldwide13,000+Courses in 20 languages
  21. MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)
  22. Alfaisal University The purpose of this site is to provide a mirror site for the MIT OCW course materials.
  23. OpenLearn (The Open University)
  24. Open Yale Courses
  25. Saudi Arabia?
  26. Iran?
  27. Pakistan?
  28. Indonesia?
  29. Malaysia?
  30. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  31. Open University Malaysia (OUM)
  32. University of Malaya (UM)
  33. Wawasan Open University (WOU) OER Training Toolkit
  34. Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  35. Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)
  36. Web 2.0 OERGreat resources to gently introduce the concepts and potentials of Social media and Web 2.0 tools for educators and learners. Mobile Module eBooks Prof. Mohamed Amin Embi
  37. More Malaysian OER Diamonds?
  38. All Open CourseWare (OCW)? World OCW KINGS? No. Country OCW 1. Spain 27 Of 2. USA 25Course! 3. Taiwan 19 4. Japan 18 5. South Korea 7 ALL OCW * Updated 09/11/2012
  39. Open Textbooks (e-books) An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s) or through a non-profit or commercial open-licensed publisher.  Minimum baseline rights allow users to:  Use the textbook without compensating the author;  Copy the textbook, with appropriate credit to the author;  Distribute the textbook non-commercially; and  Shift the textbook into another format (such as digital or print).  Many authors also grant rights such as to:  Add, remove or alter content in the textbook, often on the condition that derivative works must have the same license;  Copy and distribute the textbook without giving credit to the author; and  Use the textbook commercially. Source:
  40. Project Gutenberg
  41. Flat World Knowledge
  42. College Open Textbooks
  43. Wikibooks
  44. More Free E-books?20 Best Websites To Download Free EBooks
  45. Learning RepositoriesInformational Overload! I can take it!
  46. iTunes U
  47. EDU - YouTube
  48. MERLOT
  49. Khan Academy
  50. Tools Used to Create the Videos?Salman Khan uses a PC with:  Camtasia Recorder  SmoothDraw3 (Free)  Wacom Bamboo TabletPrior to that, he used:  ScreenVideoRecorder  Microsoft Paint (Free)*Mac users: In lieu of SmoothDraw, Autodesk Sketchbook Express works (free with a Wacom) Article:
  51. Open.Michigan
  52. GCF
  53. Connexions
  54. Wikiversity
  55. P2PU
  56. University of the People
  57. OER University
  58. Internet Archive
  59. OER Africa
  61. More OER?
  62. Even More OER?
  63. Actually… The WWWItself is (mostly) an Awesome reusable Learning Repository!
  64. 1B MOOC
  65. Educational Delivery Models
  66. Primary Models
  68. What is a MOOC?MassiveOpenOnlineCourseA type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web.
  69. Types of MOOCs?cMOOC xMOOC
  70. Instructional Design Approaches Approaches Examples 1. Crowd-sourced Peer-review, group collaboration, blogs interaction & (assignments), wikis , Twitter, feedback Facebook, RSS feeds (aggregation) & other Social Media/Web 2.0 tools. 2. Automated Online assessments: quizzes, auto- feedback corrected simulations, exams, etc.cMOOCs rely on approach 1, while xMOOCs rely more on approach 2 to empower large participation and open access learning. Adapted from:
  71. cMOOC? Based on CONNECTIVISM 1. Aggregation Newsletter/RSS feeds 2. Remixing Social knowledge creation & sensemaking 3. Re-purposing (1 + 2) For personal learning 4. Feeding forward (3) To participants and the rest of the world. PARTICIPATION & EXPLORATION is more important than answering correctly!MOOC Image: Connectivist design principles:
  72. xMOOC? Next Class? February 20th 2012“Founded by three roboticists who believed much of the educational value of their university classes could be offered online for very low cost. A few weeks later, over 160,000students in more than 190 countries enrolled in their first class, "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence."
  73. More Importantly…23,000 students passed (253 got perfect scores) 410 online students outperformed the top Stanford student! Students were teaching students (Q&A voting system). Students themselves translated the class for free from English into 44 languages.More: More:
  74. edX
  76. MIT + Harvard = edX 2012 MIT and Harvard have invested $60 million ($30 million each) to launch the collaboration.Anant AgarwalPresident, edX
  77. But, Please REMEMBER…“The campus environment offers opportunities and experiences that cannot be replicated online…EdX is designed to improve, NOT REPLACE, the campus experience.” - Susan Hockfield (MIT President)
  78. Coursera* Updated 01/03/2013
  79. Futurelearn
  80. UdemyJoin thousands of passionate instructors who are building their brand, and making money, by teaching on Udemy.
  83. Infographic:
  84. Infographic:
  85. Infographic:
  86. MOOCs Completion Rates?
  87. Grade for MOOC’s = “F”“…MOOC’s are a failure, both asan educational product and as a business model.” - Carol Edwards
  88. Four Barriers That MOOCs MustOvercome To Build a Sustainable Model - Phil Hill
  89. More About MOOC?195 posts about MOOCs
  90. My CCK11 (MOOC) Talk!
  91. BIG Challenges Ahead! Finding your NICHE among multiple educational delivery models. The NEW LEGITIMACY of Online Education will lead to new pressures. Online Education SHOULD LOWER, not raise, student costs. Online Education will INCREASE COMPETITION. Adapted from:
  93. Image:
  94. Arabic & English Versions:
  95. Video:
  96. Creative Commons A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work. Easy-to-use, standardized licenses and public domain tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright. “Some rights reserved” Image: OER image:
  98. Creative Commons (CC) source:
  99. Creative Commons in a Nutshell!Most FreeLeast Free CC Comparison Table:
  100. Which CC licenses = OER?
  101. Open Educational Resources Licensing Continuum Image:
  102. CC License Selection Tool
  103. Simplify Correct Attribution? Addon
  104. If license used incorrectly will I be sued? “Short answer: possibly! Long answer: You should do your best to understand the terms of the license under which you use an OER. Most common ways to VIOLATE:  Making commercial or for-profit use of an OER whose license includes the Non-commerical (NC) clause  Making derivative works from an OER whose license includes the No- Derivatives (ND) clause  Failing to share derivatives of an OER, whose license includes the Share-Alike (SA) clause, under the same license. “
  105. OER Risk Management Calculator
  107. OER World Map
  108. 2 Great Starting Points! x
  109. Other Good OER Search Engines?
  110. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  112. CC Search CC Search empowers you to search acrossdifferent repositories and platforms for OER.
  113. Did You Know?
  114. Compfight = Super Fast Flickr Search Tool!An image search engine tailored to efficiently locate images for blogs, comps, inspiration, and research.
  115. Einztein
  116. iBerry
  117. Use Social Bookmarking Tools… To Find or Curate OER! Social Curation Tools:
  118. Create Your Own Customized OER Search! With Google Custom Search, you can harness the power of Google to create a customized OER search experience. Article:
  119. Ultimate Tip! Get your students to do it! “Some Gurus’ out there have probably searched, compiled (vetted), andpublished discipline/topic specific resource lists online, which you are looking for…Find the GOLD MINES!” -Zaid Ali AlsagoffWhere?  Blog posts  Wiki sites  Web 2.0 sites  OCW/OER resource pages  Online course sites  Personal sites  Institutional sites  Etc.
  122. Video About MIT OCW (2007)
  123. What is MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)?MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT coursematerials that reflects almost all the undergraduate and graduatesubjects taught at MIT.IMPORTANTLY OCW is NOT an MIT education. OCW DOES NOT grant degrees or certificates. OCW DOES NOT provide access to MIT faculty. Materials MAY NOT reflect entire content of the course. Source:
  124. MIT OCW Stats  2000+ courses published.  146 million visits by 104 million visitors.  1 million visits each month (Translations: 500,000 more).  Translations receive 500,000 more.* Updated 09/11/2012
  125. MIT OCW AudienceMIT OCW audience is divided among: Source (accessed 19/04/2012):
  126. MIT OCW Uses MIT OpenCourseWare is being used for a wide range of purposes. 80% rate OCWs impact as extremely positive or positive. 91% expect that level of future impact. 96% of educators say the site has/will help improve courses. 96% of visitors would recommend the site.Source (accessed 19/04/2012):
  127. MIT OCW Development An average of 100 hours effort to produce one course. MIT faculty devote 5-10 hours for each course. 12 publication staff work directly with the faculty. 2 intellectual property staff. 4 production staff support the publication team. 5 outreach and administrative staff manage communications, media relations, outreach, program evaluation, and OCWs sustainability.
  128. MIT OCW Cost  The total annual cost is about $3.5 million.  Cost per Non-video-based course: $10,000–$15,000  Cost per Video-based course: $30,000  For each course MIT OCW publish, they must:  Compile course materials from faculty;  Ensure proper licensing for open sharing;  Format materials for global distribution;  Sustain technical infrastructure (software/hardware network); and  Provide and support local mirror sites in bandwidth constrained regions.Article: MIT site:
  129. Revenue Cost
  130. MIT OCW Future Projected that OCW reserves will run out in FY2014 without significant changes in their current funding model. Challenge is to offset the loss of grant funds with substantial increases in revenues such as:  Donations  Endowments  Corporate sponsorships, and;  Alternative sources of revenue. Sorry, Just invested $1.5 Million in Khan Academy!
  131. More Case Studies? source:
  133. Image:
  135. Infographic:
  136. Infographic:
  138. When Creating OER We Need to Consider… Usability Durability Accessibility Effectiveness
  139. Do you have an OER (Development) Policy? OER Guidelines: Collection of institutions with OER policy:
  140. OER Policy Development Toolkit Designed to help you review your own institutional policy environment and where necessary institute policy changes that will facilitate collaboration and the development and sharing of OER.
  141. LOCAL EXAMPLE? Source (Slide 13):
  142. 4 Main Policy Issues! Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and Copyright Human Resource (HR) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Materials Development and Quality Assurance Source (Page 4):
  143. Assemble an OER TeamSource (Slide 23):
  144. Creating OER and Combining Licenses
  145. When IP isn’t clear…Source (Slide 20):
  146. Framework Guiding Selection and Use of OERs and Non- OERs Prof. Dr. John Arul PhillipsSource (Page 178):
  147. Sharing, Remixing & Repurposing OERSource:
  148. OER Development Life CycleThe OER LIFE CYCLE begins with a desire or need to learn or teach something. The following sequence ofsteps illustrates a typical development process: No Steps Description 1. Find Search and find OERs using variety of OER search engines and look for existing resource lists made available online by experts. 2. Create With a collection of resources at your disposal, start fusing them together to form a learning resource. When creating OERs take into account usability, durability, accessibility and effectiveness, especially regarding format (output). 3. Localize Making a resource more useful to a particular situation (contextualizing). This may involve minor corrections and improvements, remixing components, localization and even complete rework for use in diverse contexts. 4. Remix Remixing is the act of taking two (or more) OER materials and merging them to form a new OER. 5. License Select the appropriate Creative Commons license for your OER project. 6. Use This covers the actual use of OER for your context. 7. Share Once an OER is finished, make it available for the open education community to re-use and begin the life cycle again. Before finding and remixing OERs, set the course/module/topic aims and objectives (and course outline if possible). It might change as you develop, but it is good to have a starting destination (or map). Adapted from : &
  149. OER Evaluation Tool?To help you determine the aspects of quality of OERs, Achieve has developedeight rubrics in collaboration with leaders from the OER community:1. Degree of Alignment to Standards2. Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter3. Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching Simplify4. Quality of Assessment your OWN!5. Quality of Technological Interactivity6. Quality of Instructional Tasks and Practice Exercises7. Opportunities for Deeper Learning8. Assurance of Accessibility
  150. 2B TOOLS
  151. DON’T Limit Yourself… to just Your LMS andMicrosoft office for OER development!
  152. Open Tapestry Open Tapestry is all about discovering, adapting, and sharing learning resources, whetheryoure a teacher, an instructor, a professor, a corporate trainer, a learner, or just a curious mind.
  153. TED-EdUse engaging videos on TED-Ed to create customized lessons. You can use, tweak, or completely redo any lesson featured on TED-Ed, or create lessons from scratch based on any video from YouTube.
  154. WikiEducator
  155. Explore Alternatives!Edmodo: Schoology:
  156. Explore Wikis!
  157. Use Blogs to Create OER!
  158. Upload PowerPoint Slides & Create Slidecasts! Offers users the ability to upload and share publicly or privately PowerPoint presentations, Word documents and Adobe PDF Portfolios.
  159. Use Prezi to Zoomify!
  160. Create Your Own E-books!
  161. Create Online Crossword Puzzles!
  162. Create Screencasts!
  163. Record Webinars/Online Talks!
  164. Create Cartoons, Movies & Animations!
  165. Use Content Authoring Tools!
  166. Use iPad to Create OER On-The-Fly! ShowMe Educreations ScreenChompExplain Everything Teach Doodlecast Pro RECORDABLE WHITEBOARDS! Slide (51):
  167. Use Social Media to Amplify Learning! “Social media is not something you talk about it’s something you do!” - Jane Hart Source:
  168. URL:
  169. Commonly used Commercial e-Learning Tools for OER development? Scenario/Role-Based Simulation e-Lectures/Interactive Courseware Screen Recording/e-Lectures Simulation
  171. Why not Become an Open Scholar? Stian Håklev
  172. Emphasize on the ‘E’ and ‘O’ in OEROpen (Learning & Teaching) Qualities of Open Practices (Learning) Content
  173. Individual Strategy? Choose your License Be clear about your license choice and about what it covers. Use Open Content! Promote open content by using open content and remixing others’ work. Cite your sources! Include license info and link to license on website. Make it adaptable!  Make your content available in multiple file formats (pdf, .ppt, .odt, .doc, etc).  Ensure that users can download your content, not simply access. Source (slide 39):
  174. University Strategy?
  175. National Strategy?1. Foster awareness and use of OER.2. Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICT.3. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.4. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.5. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.6. Foster strategic alliances for OER.7. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts.8. Encourage research on OER.9. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.10. Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. 2012 Paris OER Declaration:
  176. Learn More From Great OER Resources! OER Collection:
  177. And More… OER Collection:
  178. Fantastic 5
  179. LEARN from the Fantastic 5 Gurus?Stephen DownesHome: SiemensHome: WileyHome: HåklevHome: BonkHome:
  180. You Are Not Alone, Please Join Us!
  181. Finally, You Might Want To… Have a ZaidLearn!
  182. Zaid Ali Alsagoff E-Learning ManagerE-mail : zaid.alsagoff@gmail.comBlog : : : +603-2731 7327Ext. : 3115