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Super MRT (Memory-Reading-Thinking) Workshop 2


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In this 1-day workshop, you will explore various technology and non-technology techniques to stimulate and empower the brain and senses to be more focused, remember faster, speed read, and think more creatively. In the process, we will discuss how the brain learns, and how we can apply various focus and memorization techniques to improve our ability to remember through visualization, association and imagination. Then, we will learn how to apply the SQ3R method to enhance our reading skills, and various techniques to improve our reading speed. Finally, we will explore our creative minds by adventuring into 2-3 creative thinking tools. It is a fully hands-on workshop with a lot of fun and gamified-activities to inspire participation.

Published in: Education

Super MRT (Memory-Reading-Thinking) Workshop 2

  1. Workshop Zaid Ali Alsagoff Memory Reading Thinking SSuper
  2. Image:
  3. Biggest Challenge Ahead? The Second Machine Age: Anything you can do, I can do BETTER, FASTER & CHEAPER! Disruptively rapid codification and automation of routine and complex processes by computers and robots.
  5. Source (p. 19): Source: World Bank Development Report 2016; based on Frey and Osborne (2013) methodology, Citi Research
  6. Source:
  7. Time Cover:,16641,20061218,00.html
  8. Source (p. 4):
  9. Survival Skills for Careers, College & Citizenship 1. Critical Thinking & Problem-Solving 2. Collaboration Across Networks & Leading by Influence 3. Agility & Adaptability 4. Initiative & Entrepreneurialism 5. Effective Oral & Written Communication 6. Accessing & Analyzing Information 7. Curiosity & Imagination Presentation Slides: Video: 7 Dr. Tony Wagner
  10. Master the , before you can, master HOW-TO-LEARN, you must!
  12. 1 BRAIN
  13. Future Learning Methods? Learn While Sleeping! Massive Open Sleeping Courses! Super Delta Brain Wave Learning!
  14. Learning Uploads/Chips! Future Learning Methods? Learning Pills! Learning Implants, Uploads & Super Learning Neurons!
  15. BRAIN Amazing Facts About the Human Brain (Infographic):
  16. Adapted from: ` Memory Processing Model FORGETTING Attention Encoding Retrieval REMEMBERINGI N P U T Sensory Memory Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory
  17. EXCITE
  18. How does our BRAIN LEARN? ATTENTION - We don't pay attention to boring things. WIRING - Every brain is wired differently. GENDER - Male and female brains are different. MEMORY - Repeat to remember. Remember to repeat. SENSORY INTEGRATION - Stimulate more of the senses. VISION - Vision trumps all other senses. STRESS - Stressed brains don't learn the same way. SLEEP - Sleep well, think well. EXERCISE - Exercise boosts brain power. MUSIC - Study or listen to boost cognition. EXPLORATION - We are powerful and natural explorers. Summary: Dr. John Medina
  19. Research - Best Learning Techniques? Image Source: Full Report:
  20. From Worst to Best… Image Source: Full Report:
  21. Research shows us that each learning style uses different parts of the brain. By involving more of the brain during learning, we remember more of what we learn. Learning Choices: Diagram adapted from: LEARNING STYLES Learning Styles
  23. 2 FOCUS
  24. Human Vs. Goldfish The average attention span for humans in 2000 = 12 seconds! SECONDS Average attention spans in 2013?
  25. Video: Super Brain Yoga (research report: Super Brain Yoga (SlideShare): Instructions:
  26. Image (4 persons): Alternate Nostril Breathing to Activate… Your Whole Brain! Article: 3-5 Minutes a Day!
  27. Five Categories of Brainwaves
  28. Image (Wonder Woman & Superman):
  29. Source: Research published in 2012 by Harvard Professor Amy Cuddy and Columbia Professor Dana Carney established that adopting a “power pose” for as little as two minutes prior to an event makes a person feel more powerful and willing to assume risks. The physiological change lasts for 15 to 20 minutes – or longer.
  30. Source: “Don’t fake it till you make it. Fake it till you become it.” — Amy Cuddy
  31. Pomodoro Your Learning Time… There are 5 basic steps: 1. Choose a TASK to be accomplished. 2. Set the POMODORO (timer) to 25 minutes. 3. STUDY until the timer rings; record with an x 4. Take a SHORT BREAK (3–5 minutes) 5. After 4 pomodori, take a LONGER BREAK (15– 30 minutes) …To be more PRODUCTIVE and FOCUSED! 25
  32. Why Pomodoro? Mind map source (Hans Buskes/Bert Fundter):
  33. More Flexible Approach? Marinara is a Pomodoro-style time management tool that is customizable to fit your needs. You select the length of periods based on what works for you.
  34. Think Positive…. BRAIN REWIRING EXERCISE Purposely record 3-5 things that you are grateful for on a daily basis. Think Like an Engineer (Book): Richard Branson hires people who (are):  SMILE (a lot)  POSITIVE  ENTHUSIASTIC
  35. Exercise Boosts Your Brainpower! "Cardiovascular health is more important than any other single factor in preserving and improving learning and memory." - Thomas Crook OXYGEN STRESS NEUROPLASTICITY
  36. Take Power Naps… Source: “…a 26-MINUTE NAP improved performance 34% and ALERTNESS 54%.” - NASA study (1995)
  37. Take Power Naps…
  38. Eat Healthy & Light to Stay Alert! 10 foods to boost your brainpower:
  39. Find a Stimulating Place to Study… Image Source (adapted):
  40. Diagram: The Mindset to Mastery…
  42. The 10,000 Hour Rule!
  43. "It's not that I'm so smart, it's just that I stay with problems longer." - Albert Einstein In 1905, Albert Einstein published the theory of special relativity, and then spent another 10 years trying to include acceleration in the theory and published his theory of general relativity in 1915.
  44. Optimizing Your Mind & Body for Learning? 1. Define your TARGETS! 2. Breath to RELAX! 3. VISUALIZE that you will succeed! 4. Take POWER NAPS to reenergize the brain! 5. EAT HEALTHY and light to stay alert! 6. EXERCISE 3-5 times a week! 7. Choose brain STIMULATING PLACES to study! 8. Use NATURAL LIGHT whenever possible! 9. MIX WITH PEOPLE who are hungry to learn! 10. You CAN LEARN ANYTHING! Yes, you can!
  46. Cartoon: SHORT-TERM MEMORY!
  47. “…Kim Peek could accurately RECALL the contents of at least 12,000 BOOKS.” Short Video: Documentary: Kim Peek quote:
  48. He is known for his ability to draw from memory a landscape after seeing it just once. The Human Camera Stephen Wiltshire His website: Video:
  49. Dr. Yip Swee Chooi …5 months and 3 weeks to memorise a 1774 page dictionary… 57,000+ Words "Memory has nothing to do with age or profession. The secret lies in how one trains one's brain to remember." Article:
  50. “Some people are GIFTED with exceptional memory (nature), others by ACCIDENT (brain damage), while most have developed it by using memory TOOLS (Mnemonics) with extreme dedication. “ - Zaid Ali Alsagoff MNEMONICS PHOTOGRAPHIC MEMORY EIDETIC MEMORY AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY SAVANT SYNDROME HYPERTHYMESIA
  51. The Secret Principles of…. The Secret Principles Underlying A Super Power Memory: 8 Principles of Super Memory (Adam Khoo): Super Memory! 5/6 SENSESMOVEMENT ASSOCIATION LOCATION IMAGINATION HUMOR RYTHM VISUALIZATION COLOR CHUNKING EXAGGERATION BIG PICTURE PASSION
  52. Image:
  53. “Remember that a person's name is to that person the sweetest and most important sound in any language”. – Dale Carnegie Image source:
  54. 4 Mega Tips to Remembering Names… 1. Commit 2. Concentrate 3. Repeat 4. Associate Source:
  55. Let’s Play a Memory Game?
  57. Use MULTIPLE SENSES to transform information into VIVID IMAGES in your mind. Video (Source): Phosphorus Golden Rule (Frost Forest)
  58. PRACTICE Making ____ Nearly Unforgettable…. 1. Transform ____ into vivid MENTAL IMAGE(S) using multiple senses. 2. Describe what ____ means in your OWN WORDS. 3. Give EXAMPLES of how ____ works, or is applied in context. 4. SHOW how ____ is done (if required). ConceptKeyword SkillProcess
  60. Let’s Memorize the Periodic Table… Periodic Table: In 3 Minutes! How?
  61. Video:
  62. Video (source): Story Telling…
  63. No Passion? BE CREATIVE ABOUT IT! FAKE PASSION, until it becomes a passion! Yes, hmmm.
  64. REPETITION is the Mother of All Learning! - Old Russian Proverb
  65. Note Taking is a form of Repetition! Note Taking Skills: Cornel Note-Taking Image: Cornell Method Mind Mapping Doodling Outlining Method Charting Method Sentence Method Visual Note-taking Why? 1) Save Time 2) Boost recall 3) Understand
  66. Mind Mapping Mind Map Guidelines (image): Mind maps help you comprehend, see the BIG PICTURE, create new ideas, and build connections. iMindMap: Mind Mapping Tools: MindMeister:
  67. Flash Cards Infographic: Remembering words (Scott Thornbury): 20 Amin Acids example (Quizlet): “…When reading, words stand a good chance of being remembered if they have been met at least SEVEN TIMES OVER SPACED INTERVALS.” - Scott Thornbury
  68. Osmosis
  70. Mnemonics - Acronyms Med Mnemonics SODA: Mnemonics: Mnemonics are learning memory techniques that help learners recall larger pieces of information, especially in the form of lists like characteristics, steps, stages, parts, phases, etc.
  71. Mnemonics – Acrostics Ranking order of the normal differential count for white blood cells:  Neutrophils (60-70%)  Lymphocytes (20-40%)  Monocytes (3-10%)  Eosinophils (1-4%)  Basophils (~1%) Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas! An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or a message.
  72. Peg Systems Source: A Peg system (Mnemonic) is a technique for memorizing lists, or information that must be recalled in a particular order. They work by associating information you already know well with the new facts you want to remember. A "peg" is just a mental hook on which you hang the information. This hook acts as a reminder to help you mentally retrieve information. NUMBER-RHYME NUMBER-SHAPE ALPHABET 1. One-Sun 2. Two-Shoe 3. Three-Tree 4. Four-Door 5. Five-Hive 6. Six-Sticks 7. Seven-Heaven 8. Eight-Gate 9. Nine-Wine 10. Ten-Hen 11. Etc. A - Hay B - Bee C - See D - Deed E - Eve F - Effort G - Goat H - Hat I - Eye J – Jay K - Etc.
  73. The Method of Loci (Memory Palace/Journey Method) is a method of memorizing information by placing each item to be remembered at a point along an imaginary journey. The information can then be recalled in a specific order by retracing the same route through the imaginary journey. Memory Palace: of Loci: MEMORY PALACE Video Tutorial:
  74. WORLD SPEED RECORD for memorizing a deck of cards? Video: 19.40 seconds How to memorize a deck of cards (House image): Deck of cards memory record: Alex Mullen
  75. Military (Dark) Room Method
  77. Talk to Yourself or Teach Someone! Talk to yourself or teach someone else what you have just learned (read). Study in Groups! “Teaching is LEARNING TWICE.” - Joseph Joubert
  78. Feynman Technique  Choose your concept.  Pretend your teaching it to a new student.  Whenever you get stuck, go back to the books/notes (or ask your teacher or colleague).  Simplify wordy bits or create analogies. Feynman Technique Guide: Video Tutorial (Feynman Technique): Adapted from: Richard Feynman Picture:
  79. Primacy & Recency Effect Diagram source: When asked to recall a list of items in any order (free recall), people tend to begin recall with the end of the list, recalling those items best (the recency effect). Among earlier list items, the first few items are recalled more frequently than the middle items (the primacy effect).
  80. Study Smart! Source: Brooke Thio The Learning Power of Spaced Repetition!
  81. “Study without DESIRE spoils the memory, and it retains nothing that it takes in.” — Leonardo da Vinci
  83. How do you read…? 1 52 43 6 7
  84. Image Source:
  85. SQ3R – Survey When surveying (pre-reading) the text, you explore (the):  Titles  Introduction  Summary  Headings  Pictures  Charts  Graphs  Questions  Etc.
  86. SQ3R – Question  Turn the title/headings/subheadings into questions  Read questions from chapters/headings/sub-headings  Ask yourself:  Who?  What?  When?  Where? How? Why? Lego image source: Don’t be afraid to ASK QUESTIONS! • So What? • Now What? • Whatever!
  87. SQ3R – Read Skip Skim Scan Read Answer (questions) Highlight (don't overdo it!) Source: Yoda image:
  88. SQ3R – Recite  Repeat your question(s) after reading a section  Summarize in your own words  Understand your answer  Use multiple senses to increase the likelihood of remembering what you read FEYNMAN TECHNIQUE Feynman Technique Guide: Video Tutorial (Feynman Technique): Adapted from:  Choose your concept.  Pretend your teaching it to a new student.  Whenever you get stuck, go back to the books.  Simplify wordy bits or create analogies.
  89. SQ3R – Review  Reread your questions  Answer without referring to content  Review highlighted items if stuck Image source:
  90. SQ3R mind map:
  92. Source: Juggling has been shown to increase both GREY and WHITE matter in the brain! Did You Know? Empowers us to: FOCUS BETTER THINK FASTER IMPROVED COORDINATION ENHANCED PERIPHERAL VISION AWAKEN THE KID IN US!
  93. Online Speed Reading Test Alternative 2 (No quiz): Please read at your NORMAL PACE.
  94. Your Speed Reading Level? Speed-reading diagram: *WPM: Words Per Minute WPM Status < 120 Poor, slow 121 – 180 Below average 181 – 250 Average 251 – 350 College Level 351 – 450 Post-Graduate 451 – 800 Superior 801 – 1,500+ Speed Reader > 1,500+ Genius
  95. Meaning Occipital Lobe Internal Speech 150 – 250 WPM Bad Reading Habits? Image (Reading speeds): 1. Failure to preview 2. Regression (Re-reading) 3. Poor vision span (word-by-word) 4. Vocalization and Internal Speech 5. Poor concentration
  96. “…When people read they spend about 80% of the time moving their eyes from word to word but only 20% processing meaning.” Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP)
  97. Let’s Practice Speed Reading! Spreed: SPREED
  98. Recommended Speed Reading Tools? 8 More Speed Reading Tools: Acceleread: QuickReader:
  100. Focus on Speed First!1 Your comprehension level will improve as you PRACTICE! Focus on increasing your reading speed first. Don’t worry if your comprehension level becomes lower, as you speed read at this stage. The comprehension level will improve as you practice.
  101. Use a Guide!2 PenFinger(s) Paper Regression and the duration of fixations can be minimized by using a guide. Keep your eye fixation above the tip of the guide used (dot on a paper). The guide should be used to maintain or increase the reading speed.
  102. Minimize Regression!3 To improve reading speed you must resist regression. When you force yourself to NOT jump back, you will increasingly become more focused. Whatever important that you missed or don’t understand early on is usually repeated again or understood later. So, don’t worry! Image (Reading speeds): Reducing regression tips:
  103. Increase Vision Span!4 Increase your vision span by processing more words in an eye fixation. Start with 2 words, and then increase as you practice (5 words, one line, one paragraph, etc.). Also, reduce the time for each fixation point as you practice (1 to 0.5 to 0.25 seconds). Image (Reading speeds):
  104. Smart Eye Movement!5 Start speed reading with 1 word in from the first and last word of each line, and end 1 word in from the last word. Then try 2,3, 4 words, etc. As your peripheral vision improves, you will accelerate your reading speed significantly by smartly reducing the time for eye movement.
  105. Stop/Reduce/Distract…6 Stop reading aloud and reduce internal speech, as it usually limits your reading speed to 150 – 250 WPM. You can distract your internal speech by repeating a particular phrase, word or number(s). Example: Saying ‘1,2,1,2’ while speed reading to distract the internal voice. Vocalization Internal Speech Meaning Occipital Lobe Internal Speech 150 – 250 WPM X Bla, bla bla, bla… Reading aloud Lipping Tongue Warbling Jawing Adam’s appling Diaphragming
  106. BEYOND X
  107. Photo Reading VIdeo: Beyond Speed Reading? Quick Overview:
  108. Anyone with average intelligence can learn to read at astounding speeds up to 2,000,000 WPM with increased comprehension. A 16 year old dyslexic boy Mentally photographed at 606,000WPM (in 1976). Mental Photography Quick Overview: Beyond Photo Reading? Demo: *WPM - Words per minute. Richard Welch
  109. Quantum Reading Beyond Mental Photography? Video:
  111. 6 THINKING
  112. Thinking Tools empower us to use our minds more systematically and effectively to generate new ideas, solve problems, make decisions and be more innovative. Hexagon Modelling Fishbone Diagram Five Ws and H DISNEY METHODF-R-E-E-Writing Gap Analysis SIX THINKING HATS Snowball Technique SuperHeroes Systematic Inventive Thinking Think Tank Why Why Why SWOT Analysis TRIZ Visual Brainstorming Lateral Thinking NLP Delphi Force-Field Analysis Blue Ocean Strategy DESIGN THINKING SCAMPER
  114. "If you can dream it, you can do it." - Walt Disney
  115. THE DREAMER  What are you trying to make or achieve?  What excites and inspires you about it?  If you could wave a magic wand and do anything you like – what would you create? How would it look? What could you do with it? How would that make you feel? THE REALIST  What resources do you need to make this happen – people, money, materials and technology?  What’s your plan?  What obstacles will you face? How will you get round them? THE CRITIC/SPOILER At critical stages of the project, step back from your work and ask yourself:  How does this look? What about the big picture? And the fine detail? How do I feel when I examine it?  How would it look to a customer? A user? A member of the audience? The client? An expert in this field?  Is this the best I/we can do? What would make it better? The Disney Method Article:
  116. Use Different Spaces for Different Thinking… Source: …Moving from one room to another using spaces specifically for each stage. Rooms Focus Dreamer We develop ideas. Realist We make a plan to make the idea happen. Spoiler/ Critic We think about what can go wrong.
  117. “Even the SILLIEST IDEAS are taken seriously at Disney.” Source: Disney's Blizzard Beach Water Park
  119. “The six thinking hats is a method for doing one sort of thinking at a time.” - Edward de Bono
  120. Creative Positive Objective Feelings Negative Process
  121. Benefits of Using 6 Thinking Hats  Role-playing (Put the hat on, take the hat off, switch hats, and signal your thinking)  Encourage creative, parallel and lateral thinking  Improve communication  Speed up decision making  Avoid debate  Detaching the Ego  Occasional Use (Single Hat)  Sequence Use
  122. White Hat - Objective Facts, Figures, Data and Information Questions:  What information do we have here?  What information is missing?  What information would we like to have?  How are we going to get the information?
  123. Yellow Hat - Positive Benefits, Feasibility and Optimism Questions:  Why is this worth doing?  What are the benefits?  Why can it be done?  Why will it work?
  124. Black Hat - Negative Caution, Difficulty, Judgment and Assessment Questions:  Is this true?  Will it work?  What are the weaknesses?  What is wrong with it? Critical Thinking Hat!
  125. Green Hat - Creative Creative Ideas, Alternatives, Suggestions, and Proposals Questions:  Are there any additional alternatives?  Could we do this in a different way?  Could there be another explanation?  What are some possible solutions and courses of action? Creative Thinking Hat!
  126. Red Hat – Feelings Feelings, Intuition, Emotions and Hunches No need to justify the feelings. How do I feel about this right now? Examples:  My gut-feeling is that this will not work.  I don't like the way this is being done.  This proposal is terrible.  My intuition tells me that prices will fall soon.
  127. Blue Hat - Process Sums up what is learned. Organization of thinking. Thinking about the thinking process (Reflection). Examples:  Set the agenda.  Suggest the next steps.  Ask for other hats.  Ask for summaries, conclusions, and decisions. Meta-Cognition Hat!
  128. Sequence Use – Seeking an Idea White Gather available information. Green Explore and generate alternatives. Yellow Assess the benefits and feasibility of each alternative. Black Assess the weaknesses of each alternative. Green Further develop the most promising alternatives and make a choice. Blue Summarize and assess what has been achieved so far. Black Make the final judgment on the chosen alternative. Red Find out the feelings on the outcome.
  129. Sequence Use – Reacting to a Presented Idea Red Find out the existing feelings about the idea. Yellow Find out the benefits in the idea. Black Point out the weaknesses, problems and dangers in the idea. Green See if the idea can be modified to strengthen the yellow- hat benefits and to overcome the black-hat problems. White See if available information can help in modifying the idea to make it more acceptable. Green Develop the final suggestion. Black Judge the final suggestion. Red Find out the feeling on the outcome.
  130. Sequence Use – Short Sequences  Yellow/Black/Red: Quick assessment (idea)  White/Green: Generate ideas  Black/Green: Improve an existing idea  Blue/Green: Summarize & suggest alternatives  Blue/Yellow: Any benefits? (e.g. the idea)  Etc… “...Be open-minded and creative about the sequence use, too!”
  133. Design Thinking is a practical tool for integrating 21st century skills and an innovator’s mindset into the classroom, school and workplace.
  134. Source: Design Thinking Process…
  135. Empathize  Generally the starting point  Encourages students to ask questions  Learn about the audience for whom you are designing  Collect examples of other attempts to solve the same issue  Identify existing obstacles Source: EMPATHIZE Developing a deeper understanding…
  136. Define  Redefine the deeper roots of the issue based on new knowledge from empathy  Determine what will make this project successful  Identify the needs and motivations of end-users Source: DEFINE Clearly articulating The problem…
  137. Ideate  Generate as many ideas as possible to serve these identified needs  Log your brainstorming session  Do not judge or debate ideas as this limits creativity Source: IDEATE Brainstorming potential solutions…
  138. Prototype  Build a representation of one or more of your ideas to show others  Combine, expand, and refine ideas  Create multiple drafts Source: PROTOTYPE Designing prototype(s) to test…
  139. Test/Feedback  Seek feedback from a diverse group of people including end- users  Review the objective and determine if the solution met its goals  Avoid consensus thinking and ownership of ideas  Discuss what could be improved Source: TEST Continuously test and improve…
  140. Why Use?  Teachers cultivate a creative mindset to develop rigorous and relevant programs for their students.  Allows students to fail fast and learn by doing rather than avoiding failure by striving for initial perfection.  Fosters the need to ask relevant questions versus giving correct answers.  It requires teachers to guide and show pupils instead of telling and lecturing. Source:
  141. Findings…  Increased student engagement and achievement.  Students take ownership over their learning and are better able to see the relevance of it.  Projects are actually implemented for an authentic purpose and audience, making learning more realistic and practical.  Students are more inspired to learn.  It instills' confidence in one’s ability to creatively solve problems. Source: Today’s disruptive jobmarket, we no longer know what we are preparing students for; design thinking teaches an approach and a process that they can apply to whatever pursuits they may choose.
  142. SlideShare: BASICS
  143. SlideShare: ADVANCED
  144. Video: IN ACTION Design Thinking workshop with Justin Ferrell of Stanford d. School at The Irish Times
  145. Source: Recapping - Design Thinking Process…
  146. SCAMPER
  147. Image:
  148. SCAMPERA BRAINSTORMING TECHNIQUE that helps spark creativity. Bob EberleWhat could you rearrange or reverse? Substitute Combine Adapt Modify/agnify Put to other uses Eliminate Reverse/earrange What can you substitute? What or who could you use instead? What can you combine or bring together? How can you adapt it to serve another use or purpose? Can you modify or magnify the item in some way? What other or new ways could this be useful? What can you get rid of? How? 1) Isolate the challenge/problem/issue you want to think about? 2) Ask SCAMPER questions about each step and see what new ideas emerge.
  149. SCAMPER A BRAINSTORMING TECHNIQUE that helps spark creativity. Image:
  150. SCAMPER video: Application Of SCAMPER?
  151. Image:
  152. 7 SUMMARY
  153. Summary  Explore how the BRAIN learns.  Intensify your FOCUS before Learning.  Use MEMORY techniques to remember more.  Apply the SQ3R Study method to improve UNDERSTANDING.  Learn how to SPEED READ with comprehension and retention.  Use tools to empower critical, creative and innovative THINKING.  PRACTICE like an expert.
  154. …Discover the essentials needed to significantly enhance your ability to remember (encode), store and recall whatever you want to learn. By improving your memory, you will have more time to reflect, apply what you have learned and innovate new things, which is what today’s innovation economy demands from us. JOIN
  156. Have a ZaidLea rn! Finally, You Might Want To…
  157. Zaid Ali Alsagoff Learning Innovation Specialist AQL Learning Innovation Consultancy