Published on

Presentation slides for the OER and MOOC workshop facilitated at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) on the 25th March, 2013.

Published in: Education
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. Embracing OER & MOOCs toTRANSFORM EDUCATION...? Zaid Ali Alsagoff
  2. “Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world.” - Nelson Mandela http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Talk:Nelson_Mandela
  3. How Do We Educate… MOOC OER http://edudemic.com/2012/11/the-20-biggest-education-facts-you-should-know/
  4. AGENDAMOOC Understanding OER Creating Finding Licensing Reusing & Remixing
  5. 1. Discovering OER A. Open Educational Resources B. Open Courseware C. Creative Commons D. Finding OER2. Creating OER A. Strategies B. Tools3. MOOC4. Moving Forward OER
  7. Open Education"...is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide anextraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." http://wiki.creativecommons.org/What_is_OER%3F
  8. Why Open Education Matters! http://vimeo.com/43401199
  10. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Open Educational Resources (OER) arematerials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.” - Stephen Downes More OER definitions: http://wikieducator.org/Educators_care/Defining_OER
  11. OER? 4Rs: Reuse Revise Remix RedistributeOER Diagram: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era 4Rs: http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
  12. Types of OER?Accreditation Open Courseware (OCW) Assessment Learning Repositories Podcasts Music Games Open Textbooks Credits Videos Images Open Journals Libraries
  13. What has enabled OER?• Change in • Affordances philosophy of the Internet SOCIAL TECHNICAL FINANCIAL LEGAL• A range of • Alternative financial copyright models LicensingSource (slide 6): http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi/introduction-to-open-educational-resources
  14. Benefits of OER?1. Freedom of access.2. Freedom from proprietary systems and corporations.3. Saves time and effort for content development.4. Co-creation empowers more collaboration and creativity.5. Sharing development costs among institutions.6. Contributes to the local and global community.7. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people.8. Lowers costs to students. Adapted from: http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=1.2
  15. Challenges of OER?1. Quality varies.2. Varying degrees of time commitment.3. Teachers sometimes not rewarded by the system for their efforts.4. May not meet accessibility requirements for persons with disabilities.5. Need to check accuracy before use.6. May need a high degree of customization (or localization).7. Technical requirements vary and some require you to use a particular software.8. Requires varying degrees of continual financial support.9. Licensing and obtaining copyright clearance can be difficult.10. Some institutions may be concerned about ‘giving it away’. Adapted from: http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=1.2
  16. OER Funding Models Endowment ConversionInstitutional Government Donations Membership Contributor Sponsorship Source: www.downes.ca/post/33401
  17. OER Commons http://www.oercommons.org/
  18. OER Africa http://www.oerafrica.org/
  19. OER Asia http://www.oerasia.org/
  20. OER University http://wikieducator.org/OER_university
  21. iTunes Uhttp://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
  22. EDU - YouTube http://www.youtube.com/education
  23. MERLOT http://www.merlot.org/
  24. Open.Michigan http://open.umich.edu/
  25. GCF LearnFree.org http://www.gcflearnfree.org/
  26. Connexions http://cnx.org/
  27. Wikiversity http://en.wikiversity.org/
  28. Internet Archive http://archive.org/
  29. More OER?http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/101-open-educational-resources-presentation
  30. Even More OER?http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/06/university-learning-ocw-oer-free.html
  31. Actually… The WWWItself is (mostly) an Awesome reusable Learning Repository!
  33. Open CourseWare (OCW) “OpenCourseWare, or OCW, is a term applied to course materials created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet.” The movement started in 1999 when the University of Tübingen in Germany published videos of lectures online. The OCW movement only took off, however, with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare at MIT in October 2002. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenCourseWare
  34. Difference between OCW and OER? OCW OPEN CONTENT Focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically for a course. OER Includes any educational OCW OER content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course. OCW is a subset of OER. Adapted from (Slide 10): http://www.slideshare.net/epuckettrodgers/openmichigan-at-um-flint
  35. 260+ Universities and associated organizations worldwide13,000+Courses in 20 languages http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  36. MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) http://ocw.mit.edu/
  37. MIT OCW Stats  2000+ courses published.  146 million visits by 104 million visitors.  1 million visits each month (Translations: 500,000 more).  Translations receive 500,000 more. http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/* Updated 09/11/2012
  38. What is MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)?MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT coursematerials that reflects almost all the undergraduate and graduatesubjects taught at MIT.IMPORTANTLY OCW is NOT an MIT education. OCW DOES NOT grant degrees or certificates. OCW DOES NOT provide access to MIT faculty. Materials MAY NOT reflect entire content of the course. Source: http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  39. MIT OCW AudienceMIT OCW audience is divided among: Source (accessed 19/04/2012): http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/
  40. MIT OCW Uses MIT OpenCourseWare is being used for a wide range of purposes. 80% rate OCWs impact as extremely positive or positive. 91% expect that level of future impact. 96% of educators say the site has/will help improve courses. 96% of visitors would recommend the site.Source (accessed 19/04/2012): http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/
  41. MIT OCW Development An average of 100 hours effort to produce one course. MIT faculty devote 5-10 hours for each course. 12 publication staff work directly with the faculty. 2 intellectual property staff. 4 production staff support the publication team. 5 outreach and administrative staff manage communications, media relations, outreach, program evaluation, and OCWs sustainability. http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  42. MIT OCW Cost  The total annual cost is about $3.5 million.  Cost per Non-video-based course: $10,000–$15,000  Cost per Video-based course: $30,000  For each course MIT OCW publish, they must:  Compile course materials from faculty;  Ensure proper licensing for open sharing;  Format materials for global distribution;  Sustain technical infrastructure (software/hardware network); and  Provide and support local mirror sites in bandwidth constrained regions.Article: http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/IR/id/1021 MIT site: http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  43. Alfaisal University The purpose of this site is to provide a mirror site for the MIT OCW course materials. http://ocw.alfaisal.edu/
  44. Open Yale Courses http://oyc.yale.edu/
  45. OpenLearn (The Open University) http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
  46. Open Learning Initiative http://oli.cmu.edu/
  47. University of the People http://www.uopeople.org/
  48. Malaysia?
  49. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) http://ocw.utm.my/
  50. Open University Malaysia (OUM) http://oer.oum.edu.my/ http://www.youtube.com/user/OUMportal
  51. University of Malaya (UM) https://ocw.um.edu.my/
  52. Wawasan Open University (WOU) OER Training Toolkit http://www.oerasia.org/oer-workshop http://eprint.wou.edu.my/
  53. Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) http://cdae.usm.my/index.php/resources/publication/bulletin/49-oer-launch-usm
  54. Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) http://oerthinking.upsi.edu.my/
  55. Web 2.0 OERGreat resources to gently introduce the concepts and potentials of Social media and Web 2.0 tools for educators and learners. Mobile Module eBooks Prof. Mohamed Amin Embi http://www.scoop.it/t/web-2-0-learning-teaching
  56. More Malaysian OER Diamonds? https://pinterest.com/zaidlearn/oer-malaysia/
  57. All Open CourseWare (OCW)? World OCW KINGS? No. Country OCW 1. Spain 27 Of 2. USA 25Course! 3. Taiwan 19 4. Japan 18 5. South Korea 7 ALL OCW http://ocwconsortium.org/en/courses/ocwsites/ocwsites/country * Updated 09/11/2012
  59. Image: http://tinyurl.com/8y3p8nm
  60. Arabic & English Versions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1j0OA9N4hs&feature=share&list=PL376F87A2B2F79BE8
  61. Creative Commons A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work. Easy-to-use, standardized licenses and public domain tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright. “Some rights reserved” Image: http://wikieducator.org/File:Oer_educators_handbook_license_title.jpg OER image: http://wikieducator.org/File:Oer_educators_diagram_.jpg
  62. Creative Commons (CC) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/Image source: http://www.masternewmedia.org/
  63. Creative Commons in a Nutshell!Most FreeLeast Free CC Comparison Table: http://scottfisk.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/creative-commons-license-types-pros-cons1.gif
  64. Which CC licenses = OER?
  65. Open Educational Resources Licensing Continuum Image: http://paulgstacey.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/openlicensingcontinuum.jpgArticle: http://edtechfrontier.com/tag/connexions/
  66. CC License Selection Tool http://creativecommons.org/choose/
  67. If license used incorrectly will I be sued? “Short answer: possibly! Long answer: You should do your best to understand the terms of the license under which you use an OER. Most common ways to VIOLATE:  Making commercial or for-profit use of an OER whose license includes the Non-commerical (NC) clause  Making derivative works from an OER whose license includes the No- Derivatives (ND) clause  Failing to share derivatives of an OER, whose license includes the Share-Alike (SA) clause, under the same license. “ http://wikieducator.org/OER_Handbook/educator_version_one/License/License_compatibility
  68. Creating OER and Combining Licenses http://youtu.be/Hkz4q2yuQU8
  69. OER Risk Management Calculator http://www.web2rights.com/OERIPRSupport/risk-management-calculator/
  71. OER World Map http://oerworldmap.oerknowledgecloud.org/
  72. 2 Great Starting Points!http://www.oercommons.org/advanced-search x http://ocwconsortium.org/en/courses/search
  73. Other Good OER Search Engines? http://ocwfinder.com/ http://xpert.nottingham.ac.uk/ http://www.oerrecommender.org/ http://www.temoa.info/ http://tinyurl.com/oj65tl http://tinyurl.com/cu69cnu http://tinyurl.com/d5f87oz http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ http://tinyurl.com/4onfsehttp://wiki.creativecommons.org/DiscoverEd http://www.folksemantic.com/ http://www.free.ed.gov/index.cfm
  74. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) http://www.doaj.org/
  75. http://visual.ly/how-search-openly-licensed-educational-resources
  76. CC Search CC Search empowers you to search acrossdifferent repositories and platforms for OER. http://search.creativecommons.org/
  77. Did You Know? http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
  78. Wikimedia Commons16+ Million freely usable media files! http://commons.wikimedia.org/
  79. iBerryhttp://iberry.com/
  80. Use Social Bookmarking Tools… To Find or Curate OER! Social Curation Tools: http://tiny.cc/5245h
  81. Create Your Own Customized OER Search! With Google Custom Search, you can harness the power of Google to create a customized OER search experience. http://www.google.com/cse/ Article: http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/01/google-custom-search-for-openfree.html
  82. Ultimate Tip! Get your students to do it! “Some Gurus’ out there have probably searched, compiled (vetted), andpublished discipline/topic specific resource lists online, which you are looking for…Find the GOLD MINES!” -Zaid Ali AlsagoffWhere?  Blog posts  Wiki sites  Web 2.0 sites  OCW/OER resource pages  Online course sites  Personal sites  Institutional sites  Etc. http://www.slideshare.net/zaid
  84. Sharing, Remixing & Repurposing OERSource: https://openeducationalresources.pbworks.com/w/page/25228307/OER%20Myths
  85. When Creating OER We Need to Consider… Usability Durability Accessibility Effectiveness http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era
  86. When IP isn’t clear…Source (Slide 20): http://www.ocwconsortium.org/en/community/documents/doc_download/36-making-the-case-to-the-information-technology-team
  87. Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
  88. Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
  90. Collaborate with STUDENTS to remix and create OER! https://open.umich.edu/wiki/DScribe
  91. Framework Guiding Selection and Use of OERs and Non- OERs Prof. Dr. John Arul PhillipsSource (Page 178): http://www.col.org/PublicationDocuments/pub_PS_OER_web.pdf
  92. OER Development Life CycleThe OER LIFE CYCLE begins with a desire or need to learn or teach something. The following sequence ofsteps illustrates a typical development process: No Steps Description 1. Find Search and find OERs using variety of OER search engines and look for existing resource lists made available online by experts. 2. Create With a collection of resources at your disposal, start fusing them together to form a learning resource. When creating OERs take into account usability, durability, accessibility and effectiveness, especially regarding format (output). 3. Localize Making a resource more useful to a particular situation (contextualizing). This may involve minor corrections and improvements, remixing components, localization and even complete rework for use in diverse contexts. 4. Remix Remixing is the act of taking two (or more) OER materials and merging them to form a new OER. 5. License Select the appropriate Creative Commons license for your OER project. 6. Use This covers the actual use of OER for your context. 7. Share Once an OER is finished, make it available for the open education community to re-use and begin the life cycle again. Before finding and remixing OERs, set the course/module/topic aims and objectives (and course outline if possible). It might change as you develop, but it is good to have a starting destination (or map). Adapted from : http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=3.2 & http://wikieducator.org/OER_Handbook/educator/OER_Lifecycle
  93. Do you have an OER (Development) Policy? OER Guidelines: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605E.pdf Collection of institutions with OER policy: http://wikieducator.org/Exemplary_Collection_of_institutions_with_OER_policy
  94. OER Policy Development Toolkit Designed to help you review your own institutional policy environment and where necessary institute policy changes that will facilitate collaboration and the development and sharing of OER. http://www.oerafrica.org/understandingoer/ResourcesonOER/ResourceDetails/tabid/1424/mctl/Details/id/39083/Default.aspx
  95. LOCAL EXAMPLE? Source (Slide 13): http://bit.ly/WjKsXQ
  96. OER Evaluation Tool?To help you determine the aspects of quality of OERs, Achieve has developedeight rubrics in collaboration with leaders from the OER community:1. Degree of Alignment to Standards Simplify2. Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter your OWN!3. Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching4. Quality of Assessment5. Quality of Technological Interactivity6. Quality of Instructional Tasks and Practice Exercises7. Opportunities for Deeper Learning8. Assurance of Accessibility http://www.achieve.org/oer-rubrics
  97. 2B TOOLS
  98. DON’T Limit Yourself… to just Your LMS andMicrosoft office for OER development!
  99. Edmodo & Moodle!Edmodo: http://www.edmodo.com/ Moodle: https://moodle.org/
  100. Why MOODLE, When you can CANVAS? LMS: http://www.instructure.com/ Canvas Network: https://www.canvas.net/
  101. Open Tapestry Open Tapestry is all about discovering, adapting, and sharing learning resources, whetheryoure a teacher, an instructor, a professor, a corporate trainer, a learner, or just a curious mind. http://www.opentapestry.com/
  102. Edcanvas http://www.edcanvas.com/
  103. Build OER Together Using Wikis! http://www.wetpaint.com/ http://www.wikispaces.com/ http://pbwiki.com/ http://sites.google.com/ http://docs.google.com/
  104. Use Blogs to Create OER!https://www.blogger.com/ http://wordpress.com/ https://www.tumblr.com/ https://posterous.com/
  105. Upload Slides & Create Slidecasts! Offers users the ability to upload and share publicly or privately PowerPoint presentations, Word documents and Adobe PDF Portfolios. Slidecast: http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/10-secrets-to-great-teaching http://www.slideshare.net/
  106. http://slidespeech.com/
  107. Use Prezi to Zoomify! http://prezi.com/
  108. Create Your Own E-books! https://sites.google.com/site/richardbyrnepdsite/ebooks-and-audiobooks/create-your-own-ebooks
  109. Create Screencasts! http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/10/8-free-screencasting-tools-for-tony.html
  110. Record Webinars/Online Talks! http://www.skype.com/ http://www.wiziq.com/
  111. Create Cartoons, Movies & Animations! http://www.xtranormal.com/ http://goanimate.com/ http://www.toondoo.com/
  112. Use iPad to Create OER On-The-Fly! ShowMe Educreations ScreenChompExplain Everything Teach Doodlecast Pro RECORDABLE WHITEBOARDS! Slide (51): http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-ipad-for-learning-teaching-workshop.html
  113. Use Content Authoring Tools! http://courselab.com/ http://www.exelearning.org/
  114. Commercial Content Authoring Tools? Scenario/Role-Based Simulation e-Lectures/Interactive Coursewarehttp://www.articulate.com/products/storyline-overview.php http://www.articulate.com/products/studio.php Screen Recording/e-Lectures Simulation http://www.techsmith.com/camtasia.html http://www.adobe.com/products/captivate.html
  115. http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/04/free-learning-tool-for-every-learning.html
  116. 3 MOOC
  117. Educational Delivery Models http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  118. Primary Modelshttp://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  119. MOOOOOOC!http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/259953/
  120. What is a MOOC?Massive - EnrolmentOpen - AnyoneOnline - FullyCourse – TemporalA type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web.
  121. “In 25 years of observing higher education, Ive never seen anything move this fast.” - Mitchell Stevens Source: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=massive-open-online-courses-transform-higher-education-and-science
  122. Types of MOOCs?cMOOC xMOOC http://www.aiqus.com/questions/41231/making-sense-of-moocs-20-page-report-by-distinguished-he-distance-learning-educator
  123. cMOOC? Based on CONNECTIVISM 1. Aggregation Newsletter/RSS feeds 2. Remixing Social knowledge creation & sensemaking 3. Re-purposing (1 + 2) For personal learning 4. Feeding forward (3) To participants and the rest of the world. PARTICIPATION & EXPLORATION is more important than answering correctly!MOOC Image: http://gbl55.wordpress.com/2011/03/08/cck11-man-this-mooc-is-something-else/ Connectivist design principles: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course
  124. cMOOC Example?http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2010/09/plenk-2010-most-awesome-course-on.html
  125. My CCK11 (MOOC) Talk!http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2011/01/cck11-connectivism-connective-knowledge.html http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2011/03/my-cck11-talk-sharing-to-connect.html
  126. xMOOC? “xMOOC is based on a model around a more traditional‘teacher-student’ knowledge transfer and are offered by the large scale organisations like Udacity, Coursera, and edX.” - David Hopkins “cMOOCs focus on knowledge creation and generation whereas xMOOCs focus on knowledge duplication” - George Siemens http://www.dontwasteyourtime.co.uk/elearning/mooc-whats-in-a-name/
  127. xMOOC Example? Next Class? February 20th 2012“Founded by three roboticists who believed much of the educational value of their university classes could be offered online for very low cost. A few weeks later, over 160,000students in more than 190 countries enrolled in their first class, "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence." http://www.udacity.com/
  128. More Importantly…23,000 students passed (253 got perfect scores) 410 online students outperformed the top Stanford student! Students were teaching students (Q&A voting system). Students themselves translated the class for free from English into 44 languages.More: http://www.masternewmedia.org/future-education-breaking-connection-learning-assessment/ More: http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/05/opinion/bennett-udacity-education/
  129. Instructional Design Approaches Approaches Examples 1. Crowd-sourced Peer-review, group collaboration, blogs interaction & (assignments), wikis , Twitter, feedback Facebook, RSS feeds (aggregation) & other Social Media/Web 2.0 tools. 2. Automated Online assessments: quizzes, auto- feedback corrected simulations, exams, etc.cMOOCs rely on approach 1, while xMOOCs rely more on approach 2 to empower large participation and open access learning. Adapted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course
  130. edXhttps://www.edx.org/
  131. http://youtu.be/IlNU60ZKj3I
  132. MIT + Harvard = edX 2012 MIT and Harvard have invested $60 million ($30 million each) to launch the collaboration.Anant AgarwalPresident, edX http://www.edxonline.org/
  133. But, Please REMEMBER…“The campus environment offers opportunities and experiences that cannot be replicated online…EdX is designed to improve, NOT REPLACE, the campus experience.” - Susan Hockfield (MIT President)
  134. Coursera https://www.coursera.org/* Updated 01/03/2013
  135. Futurelearn http://futurelearn.com/
  136. P2PUhttp://p2pu.org/
  137. Khan Academy http://www.khanacademy.org/
  138. UdemyJoin thousands of passionate instructors who are building their brand, and making money, by teaching on Udemy. http://www.udemy.com/
  139. http://www.hybridpedagogy.com/Journal/files/MOOC_MOOC.html
  140. http://mfeldstein.com/emerging-student-patterns-in-moocs-a-revised-graphical-view/
  141. MOOCs Completion Rates? http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324339204578173421673664106.html
  142. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  143. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  144. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  145. Grade for MOOC’s = “F”“…MOOC’s are a failure, both asan educational product and as a business model.” - Carol Edwards https://landing.athabascau.ca/file/view/148565/moocs-learning-points
  146. Four Barriers That MOOCs MustOvercome To Build a Sustainable Model - Phil Hill http://mfeldstein.com/four-barriers-that-moocs-must-overcome-to-become-sustainable-model/
  147. Comparison of Key Aspects… Source (page 8): http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2013/667
  148. Potential Business Models? Source (page 10): http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2013/667
  149. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/06/15/earning-college-credit-moocs-through-prior-learning-assessment
  150. MOOCify http://www.moocify.com/
  152. Emphasize on the ‘E’ and ‘O’ in OEROpen (Learning & Teaching) Qualities of Open Practices (Learning) Content http://bit.ly/LXQx55
  153. OER: Individual Strategy? Choose your License Be clear about your license choice and about what it covers. Use Open Content! Promote open content by using open content and remixing others’ work. Cite your sources! Include license info and link to license on website. Make it adaptable!  Make your content available in multiple file formats (pdf, .ppt, .odt, .doc, etc).  Ensure that users can download your content, not simply access. Source (slide 39): http://www.slideshare.net/epuckettrodgers/openmichigan-at-um-flint
  154. OER: University Strategy? http://edtechfrontier.com/tag/connexions/
  155. OER: National Strategy?1. Foster awareness and use of OER.2. Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICT.3. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.4. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.5. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.6. Foster strategic alliances for OER.7. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts.8. Encourage research on OER.9. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.10. Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. 2012 Paris OER Declaration: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/Events/Paris%20OER%20Declaration_01.pdf
  156. MOOC Strategy? TRY NOW! Only accepts World-class STYLE! JOIN NOW!
  157. BIG Challenges Ahead! Finding your NICHE among multiple educational delivery models. The NEW LEGITIMACY of Online Education will lead to new pressures. Online Education SHOULD LOWER, not raise, student costs. Online Education will INCREASE COMPETITION. Adapted from: http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  158. Learn More From Great OER Resources! http://bit.ly/8IIjZ http://tinyurl.com/3rlzdc7 http://bit.ly/MwJil6 http://bit.ly/atJDd3My OER Collection: http://delicious.com/zaidlearn/OER
  159. MORE OER Stuff… http://bit.ly/YP4w2I http://tinyurl.com/3w4x83y http://bit.ly/nZYglb http://bit.ly/u9HultMy OER Collection: http://delicious.com/zaidlearn/OER
  160. Learn More About MOOCs? http://mooc.ca/ MOOC Guidehttp://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2013/667 https://sites.google.com/site/themoocguide/
  161. MOOC ListA complete list of MOOCs offered by the best universities and entities. http://www.mooc-list.com/
  162. Fantastic 5
  163. LEARN from the Fantastic 5 Gurus?Stephen DownesHome: http://www.downes.ca/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/presentationsGeorge SiemensHome: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/gsiemensDavid WileyHome: http://davidwiley.org/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/presentationsStian HåklevHome: http://reganmian.net/blog/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/houshuang/presentationsCurt BonkHome: http://php.indiana.edu/~cjbonk/Presentations: http://www.trainingshare.com/workshop.php
  164. Finally, You Might Want To… Have a ZaidLearn! http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/
  165. Zaid Ali Alsagoff E-Learning ManagerE-mail : zaid.alsagoff@gmail.comBlog : http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/Twitter: http://twitter.com/zaidlearnIMU : http://imu.edu.myDID : +603-2731 7327Ext. : 3115