How does our BRAIN LEARN?
ATTENTION-We don't pay attention to boring things. WIRING-Every brain is wired differently. GENDER-Male and female brains are different. MEMORY -Repeat to remember. SENSORY INTEGRATION -Stimulate more of the senses. VISION-Vision trumps all other senses. STRESS-Stressed brains don't learn the same way. SLEEP-Sleep well, think well. EXERCISE-Exercise boosts brain power. EXPLORATION-We are powerful and natural explorers. Summary: http://sivers.org/book/BrainRules Dr. John Medina http://www.brainrules.net/about-brain-rules
Research shows us that each
learning style uses different parts of the brain. By involving more of the brain during learning, we remember more of what we learn. Learning Choices: http://www.ian-bradbury.com/documents/ Diagram adapted from: http://www.learning-styles-online.com/overview/ LEARNING STYLES Learning Styles
The Learning retention percentages are
fake: http://www.willatworklearning.com/2006/05/people_remember.htmlEngage Students to Learn! Averageretention rate5% 10% 20% 30% 50% 75% LectureReadingAudiovisualDemonstrationDiscussion GroupPractice by DoingTEACHING OTHERS90%
Blended *F2F: Face-to-Face Find the
Right Blend! Online F2F Video: http://bit.ly/1jOCeCg Clayton Christensen Institute (Source): http://www.christenseninstitute.org/blended-learning-definitions-and-models/
Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction
Gain Attention Inform Learning Outcomes Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning Present New Content Provide Guidance Provide Learning Activities Assess Learning Provide Feedback Enhance Retention and Transfer This will help you… Last class we learned how to… Allow me to demonstrate Now you try it… Try it like this… Let’s test your skills now Let’s do it “in the field” LEARNING FLOW? Source (adapted from slide 9): http://www.slideshare.net/FareezaM/designing-engaging-presentation
FOCUS! “People think focus means
saying yes to the thing you've got to focus on. But that's not what it means at all. It means saying no to the hundred other good ideas that there are. You have to pick carefully. I'm actually as proud of the things we haven't done as the things I have done. Innovation is saying no to 1,000 things.” –Steve Jobs "Focusing is about saying NO" Video: http://youtu.be/H8eP99neOVs To Facebook Or NOTto
Video: http://youtu.be/KSwhpF9iJSs Super Brain Yoga
(research report: http://www.pranichealingontario.ca/SUPERBRAIN.pdf Super Brain Yoga (SlideShare): http://www.slideshare.net/solarm_india/superbrain-yoga-7136961 Instructions: http://www.shridesk.com/post/2011/12/20/Thoppukaranam-Super-Brain-Yoga#.UorDXdJmgk0
2.Set a timer for 3minutes
and start to read a book, article, etc. 3.When you experience a distraction: Make a note (tick). 4.Each time you’re distracted, read point 1silently to yourself. 5.Then start readingagain. 6.When the timer goes off, count the number of distractions. Once reached 0 distractions, increase the timer 5,7,9, etc. minutes. Albert Einstein's Distraction Index Drill A method to empower 99.9% FOCUS and CONCENTRATION! Detailed Instruction: http://website-interesting.blogspot.com/2013/01/albert-einsteins-distraction-index-drill.html 1. Write "l won't be distracted by that anymore.“ on a piece of paper. My Record? 42 Minutes
Optimizing Your Mind & Body
for Learning? 1.Define your targets! 2.Breath to relax! 3.Visualizethat you will succeed! 4.Choose brain stimulating places to study! 5.Use natural light whenever possible! 6.Take Power Naps to reenergize the brain! 7.Eat healthy and light to stay alert! 8.Mix with People that are hungry to learn! 9.You can learn anything! Yes, you can!
Speed Reading Mission 1. How
to intensify your focus? 3. How much do you understand? 2. How many words per minute (WPM)?4. How much do you remember? FOCUS 1 SPEED 2 COMPREHENSION 3 RECALL 4 ‘FOCUS’ has already been covered in Topic 2. 'RECALL' is explored in the 'MEMORY' Topic 4.
Your Speed Reading Level? Speed-reading
diagram: http://www.noahlaith.com/tag/speed-reading-test/ *WPM: Words Per Minute WPM Status < 120 Poor,slow 121 –180 Below average 181 –250 Average 251 –350 College Level 351 –450 Post-Graduate 451 –800 Superior 801 –1,500+ SpeedReader >1,500+ Genius
Meaning Occipital Lobe Internal Speech
150 –250 WPMBad Reading Habits? Image (Reading speeds): http://www.noahlaith.com/7-benefits-speed-reading/ 1.Failure to preview 2.Regression(Re-reading) 3.Poor vision span (word-by-word) 4.Vocalization and Internal Speech 5.Poor concentration
Focus on Speed First!1 Your
comprehension level will improve as you PRACTICE! Focus on increasing your reading speedfirst. Don’t worry if your comprehension level becomes lower, as you speed read at this stage. The comprehension level will improve as you practice.
Use a Guide!2 Pen Finger(s)
Paper Regressionand the duration of fixations can be minimized by using a guide. Keep your eye fixation above the tip of the guide used (dot on a paper).The guide should be used to maintain or increase the reading speed.
Minimize Regression!3 To improve reading
speed you must resist regression. When you force yourself to NOTjump back, you will increasingly become more focused. Whatever important that you missed, or don’t understand early on is usually repeated again or understood later. So, don’t worry! Image (Reading speeds): http://www.noahlaith.com/7-benefits-speed-reading/ Reducing regression tips: http://bit.ly/1qbyHPD
Increase Vision Span!4 Increase your
vision span by processing more words in an eye fixation. Start with 2 words, and then increase as you practice (5 words, one line, one paragraph, etc.). Also, reduce the time for each fixation point as you practice (1 to 0.5 to 0.25 seconds). Image (Reading speeds): http://www.noahlaith.com/7-benefits-speed-reading/
Stop/Reduce/Distract…6 Stop reading aloud and
reduce internal speech, as it usually limits your reading speed to 150 – 250 WPM. You can distract your internal speech by repeating a particular phrase, word or number(s). Example: Saying ‘1,2,1,2’ while speed reading to distract the internal voice. Vocalization Internal Speech Meaning Occipital Lobe Internal Speech 150 –250 WPM X Bla, blabla, bla… Reading aloud Lipping Tongue Warbling Jawing Adam’s appling Diaphragming
Anyone with average intelligence can
learn to read at astounding speeds up to 2,000,000 WPM with increased comprehension. A 16 year old dyslexic boy Mentally photographed at 606,000WPM (in 1976). Mental Photography Quick Overview: http://zoxpro.com/ Beyond Photo Reading? Demo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbeUDFu01-Y ZOXPro: http://www.zoxpro.com/ *WPM -Words per minute. Richard Welch
“…Kim Peek could accurately RECALLthe
contents of at least 12,000 BOOKS.” Short Video: http://youtu.be/AfDEAIszuQI Documentary: http://youtu.be/4wjgMtNF3Ms Kim Peek quote: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Peek
He is known for his
ability to draw from memory a landscape after seeing it just once. The Human Camera Stephen Wiltshire His website: http://www.stephenwiltshire.co.uk/ Video: http://youtu.be/3fF-ZksUZ0Y
Talk to Yourself or Teach
Someone! Talk to yourself or teach someone else what you have just learned (read). “Teaching is LEARNING TWICE.” - Joseph Joubert
Mind Maps Mind Map Guidelines:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map Mind Maps in Medicine: http://www.mindmaptutor.com/2011/04/mind-maps-in-medicine/ Mind maps help you comprehend, see the big picture, create new ideas, and build connections. iMindMap: http://thinkbuzan.com/ Mind Mapping Tools: http://mashable.com/2013/09/25/mind-mapping-tools/ MindMeister: http://www.mindmeister.com/
The Method of Loci (Memory
Palace) is a method of memorizing information by placing each item to be remembered at a point along an imaginary journey. The information can then be recalled in a specific order by retracing the same route through the imaginary journey. Memory Palace: http://bourbakisme.blogspot.com/2011/05/mp-memory-palace-giulio-camillo-lidea.html Method of Loci: http://mnemotechnics.org/wiki/Method_of_LociMEMORY PALACE
World speed record for memorizing
a deck of cards? Video (Showing how he did it for his older record: 21.90): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sbinQ6GdOVk Simon Reinhard(Germany) 21.19 seconds How to memorize a deck of cards (House image): http://www.artofmanliness.com/2012/06/01/how-to-memorize-a-deck-of-cards/ Deck of cards memory record: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory_sport
Peg Systems Source: http://www.memory-improvement-tips.com/remembering-lists.html A
Peg system (Mnemonic) is a technique for memorizing lists, or information that must be recalled in a particular order. They work by associating information you already know well with the new facts you want to remember. A "peg" is just a mental hook on which you hang the information. This hook acts as a reminder to help you mentally retrieve information. NUMBER-RHYME NUMBER-SHAPE ALPHABET 1. One-Sun 2. Two-Shoe 3. Three-Tree 4. Four-Door 5. Five-Hive 6. Six-Sticks 7. Seven-Heaven 8. Eight-Gate 9. Nine-Wine 10. Ten-Hen 11. Etc. A - Hay B - Bee C - See D - Deed E - Eve F - Effort G - Jeep H - Age I - Eye J – Jay K - Etc.
Primacy & RecencyEffect Diagram source:
http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_wade_psychology_7_mru/21/5605/1435121.cw/-/1435123/index.html When asked to recall a list of items in any order (free recall), people tend to begin recall with the end of the list, recalling those items best (the recencyeffect). Among earlier list items, the first few items are recalled more frequently than the middle items (the primacy effect).
Memorize on an Empty Stomach…
Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4723162.stm *Yale University study (2006) “…We are more alert and keyed up to both remember and recall more readily when stressed by hunger.” -Stephen Bloom Wise to revise for and sit exams on an empty stomach as hunger can help with the creation and retrieval of memories.
To Collect, Organize, Cite, and
Share your Research Sources! Social Citations/Referencing Tools... Zotero: http://www.zotero.org/ Citeulike: http://www.citeulike.org/ Mendeley: http://www.mendeley.com/ RefWorks: http://www.refworks.com/ End Note: http://endnote.com/ OneNote: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/onenote/ Evernote: https://evernote.com/
Is This You? OPEN MINDEDabout
other people’s views? HONESTto yourself (or others) when you are wrong? COURAGEand PASSIONto take initiative and confront challenges? AWAREof your own biases and preconceptions? WELCOME CRITICISMfrom other people? INDEPENDENTopinions and not afraid to disagree?
Thinking Tools empower us to
use our minds more systematically and effectively to generate new ideas, solve problems, make decisions and be more innovative. http://www.mycoted.com/Category:Creativity_Techniques Hexagon Modelling Fishbone Diagram Five Wsand H Disney Creativity Strategy F-R-E-E-Writing Gap Analysis Six Thinking Hats Snowball Technique SuperHeroes Systematic Inventive Thinking Think Tank Why WhyWhy SWOT Analysis TRIZ Visual Brainstorming Lateral Thinking NLP Delphi Force-Field Analysis Blue Ocean Strategy
THE DREAMER What are you
trying to make or achieve? What excites and inspires you about it? If you could wave a magic wand and do anything you like – what would you create? How would it look? What could you do with it? How would that make you feel? THE REALIST What resources do you need to make this happen – people, money, materials and technology? What’s your plan? What obstacles will you face? How will you get round them? THE CRITIC At critical stages of the project, step back from your work and ask yourself: How does this look? What about the big picture? And the fine detail? How do I feel when I examine it? How would it look to a customer? A user? A member of the audience? The client? An expert in this field? Is this the best I/we can do? What would make it better? Disney's Creative Thinking Strategy Article: http://lateralaction.com/articles/walt-disney/ Diagram: http://fairlanguages.com/why-we-need-strategies-for-creativity/
Benefits of Using6 Thinking Hats
Role-playing (Put the hat on, take the hat off, switch hats, and signal your thinking) Encourage creative, parallel and lateral thinking Improve communication Speed up decision making Avoid debate Detaching the Ego Occasional Use (Single Hat) Sequence Use
White Hat -ObjectiveFacts, Figures, Data
and Information Questions: What information do we have here? What information is missing? What information would we like to have? How are we going to get the information?
Red Hat –FeelingsFeelings, Intuition, Emotions
and Hunches No need to justify the feelings. How do I feel about this right now? Examples: My gut-feeling is that this will not work. I don't like the way this is being done. This proposal is terrible. My intuition tells me that prices will fall soon.
Green Hat -CreativeCreative Ideas, Alternatives,
Suggestions, and Proposals Questions: Are there any additional alternatives? Could we do this in a different way? Could there be another explanation? What are some possible solutions and courses of action? Creative Thinking Hat!
Blue Hat -ProcessSums up what
is learned. Organization of thinking. Thinking about the thinking process (Reflection). Examples: Set the agenda. Suggest the next steps. Ask for other hats. Ask for summaries, conclusions, and decisions. Meta-Cognition Hat!
Sequence Use –Seeking an Idea
White Gather available information. Green Explore and generate alternatives. Yellow Assess the benefits and feasibility of each alternative. Black Assess the weaknesses of each alternative. Green Further develop the most promising alternatives and make a choice. Blue Summarize and assess what has been achieved so far. Black Make the final judgment on the chosen alternative. Red Find out the feelings on the outcome.
Sequence Use –Reacting to a
Presented Idea Red Find out the existing feelings about the idea. Yellow Find out the benefits in the idea. Black Point out the weaknesses, problems and dangers in the idea. Green See if the idea can be modified to strengthen the yellow- hat benefits and to overcome the black-hat problems. White See if available information can help in modifying the idea to make it more acceptable. Green Develop the final suggestion. Black Judge the final suggestion. Red Find out the feeling on the outcome.
Sequence Use –Short Sequences Yellow/Black/Red:
Quick assessment (idea) White/Green: Generate ideas Black/Green: Improve an existing idea Blue/Green: Summarize & suggest alternatives Blue/Yellow: Any benefits? (e.g. the idea) Etc… “...Be open-minded and creative about the sequence use, too!”
Start Rewiring Your Brain NOW!
Explore how the BRAINlearns. Optimize your MINDand senses for super learning. Learn how to speed READwith comprehension and retention. Apply various remembering techniques to awaken and empower your super MEMORY. Use social CURATIONtools to make sense of information overload. Use tools to empower critical, creative and innovative THINKING. DESIGNlearning experiences that are contextual, engaging, relevant and fun.