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Academic study skills


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Academic study skills

  1. 1. THIS IS OUR BOOK Lecturer: Dr: Fatma Elzahraa M. Elsayed
  2. 2. QUESTIONS TO FOCUS 1- What are the most important components of your quality world? 2- How can you use academic transformation process to become a successful student? 3- What characteristics of autonomous learners do you share?
  3. 3. My Willingness to Become a Successful Student Self-Assessment
  4. 4. We believe that your ability to choose goals and behaviors is foundational to become a successful student. Your first priority is to determine the life you want to have and the person you want to be. Introduction
  5. 5. 1- Our quality world holds our deepest values and feelings. 2- It is the place where we would feel completely loved and protected. 3- We move back and forth between everyday external world and our quality world numerous times each day. 4- We are shaping and reshaping our quality world. What is Quality World?
  6. 6. College can be an exhilarating experience if it matches your quality world, and can be brutal if it does not. A Quality World
  7. 7. By Reflection, We can use our ability to think deeply and carefully about important issues and relationship to one another. Improving our Quality World Reflection rests on three attitudes: Openness, Observation, and Objectivity
  8. 8. The Four Major Arenas of life Quality World Belief Work Relationship Service
  9. 9. Academic Transformation It is the process by which you become a more successful student with a clear view of your future professions and able to fulfill personal and social lives. The principles and strategies are easily transferable to other areas of experience.
  10. 10. Six Steps for Academic Transformation
  11. 11. Assess your current academic situation Set short – and long- term academic goals based on your values Create list of immediate objectives and action plan to meet them Work to accomplish your objectives Evaluate your progress Make adjustments as needed, and repeat
  12. 12. Becoming An Autonomous Learner The autonomous learner is a person independently competent in a wide variety of academic tasks, able to achieve goals based on values, and skilled in self reflection.
  13. 13. Seven Characteristics of autonomous learner
  14. 14. 1- Autonomous learners have a realistic view of themselves and their academic abilities 2- Autonomous learners are ethical 3- Autonomous learners set realistic and appropriate goals for academic achievement 4- Autonomous learners understand their own learning strengths and weaknesses 5- Autonomous learners manage their behaviors to reach their goals 6- Autonomous learners use effective learning strategies and adopt those strategies to new situations 7- Autonomous learners use appropriate resources in a timely way
  16. 16. The Role of Thinking in Study • Human Learning Is a difference occurs within the learner. • Critical Thinking The disciplined art of ensuring that you use the best thinking you are capable of in any set of circumstances. • Becoming fare-minded is challenging
  17. 17. Three-Stage Model of Critical Thinking Advanced Thinker Novice Thinker Unreflective Thinker
  18. 18. Critical Thinking in the Academic Disciplines 1- Thinking creates content. 2- Thinking expresses, organizes, maintains and expands content. 3- The deeper your level of thinking, the deeper your level of learning. 4- The fastest way to deepen your learning I to ask questions about the content.
  19. 19. Types of knowledge Declarative Knowing specific information about something Procedural Knowing how to do something Conditional Knowing when and why to use a particular strategy based on understanding the task and ourselves
  20. 20. Levels of intellectual Performance
  21. 21. Remember Understand Apply Analyze Evaluate Create 1- The First step is to translate or articulate an abstract idea into specific examples. 2- The Second step is to interpret or explain the difference between the concept and specific example. 3- The Third step is to extrapolate, which is the ability to see connections between two or more identified ideas or to make predictions based on the understanding of the idea.
  23. 23. What are the main complication factors in your life?
  24. 24. Content Difficulty Quality of presentation Intuitive-Formal Continuum
  25. 25. Listening and note taking  Intend  Be ready  Record  Refocus  Connect
  26. 26. TYPES OF CLASSES Lecture classes Problem solving classes Discussion classes Distance classes
  28. 28. 4- Learning outside class To Study is: To apply the mind so as to acquire understanding and knowledge
  29. 29. Essential Learning Methods 1- Textual Sources 2- Solving Problems 3- Writing 4- Individual projects 5- Case Studies 6- Peers 7- Academic networking
  30. 30. 1- Learning From Textual Sources Academic reading is: Reading for understanding rather than reading solely for personal information or entertainment. Critical reading is the foundation of free society. The more active reading, the better understanding it yields.
  31. 31. A Structured reading Method Use a forethought Phase Complete a performance Phase End with review and reflection phase When students read academic texts, they do the following:
  32. 32. Plan and prepare Read Strategically Review and reflect This planning sets your intent, which increases your reading concentration
  33. 33. The pacer technique Sectioning Marking the text Comprehension Monitoring Plan and prepare Read Strategically Review and reflect
  34. 34. Plan and prepare Read Strategically Review and reflect The more you practice remembering the material, the more you explain it to yourself or someone else, the more you use the material in application or analysis , the more your performance will improve.
  35. 35. Other Textual Sources Problem- centred text Selected readings Literature Research articles Reference texts
  36. 36. Vocabulary Concentration Two Blocks to Good Reading
  37. 37. 2- Learning From Solving Problems You have to learn the process so well that you are able to use it in other situations. (Math, accounting, economics, statistics)
  38. 38. 3- Learning From Writing Writing is one of the most important methods in learning how to think critically. A common form of performing anxiety is called “A writer's block” when a person is afraid to start the writing process.
  39. 39. 4- Learning From Individual Projects Such experiential learning can be quite powerful if your involvement is high. Individual projects often involve public presentations using some form of media.
  40. 40. 5- Learning From Case Studies Cases are narratives, situations, select data samplings, or statements that present unresolved and provocative issues, situations, or questions.
  41. 41. 6- Learning From Peers Many cultures use it as a primary form of learning. The opportunities to practice group projects: Peer tutoring, Structured learning groups, Study groups, Test review group.
  42. 42. 7- Learning From Academic Networking Is using the benefits of social networking to interact with peers, faculty, and support services toward the purpose of improving academic performance.
  45. 45. Willpower I know I can, I kow I can.
  46. 46.  Self-control is a vital strength and key to success in life.  Self-regulation failure is the major social pathology of our time.  People with good self-control seemed exceptionally good in many ways regarding other people.  Self-control is the only trait that predicts a college student's grade-point averages.  Self-control lets you relax as you conserve willpower for important challenges. The Importance of Willpower
  47. 47. Prefrontal cortex Your brain divided to two sections: First one houses the primal drives you have for desires that demand immediate gratification. Second involves willpower that has the ability to plan long- term goals and control your behaviour by delaying gratification.
  48. 48. Scientific Research Results 1- you receive a limited amount of willpower each day when you awake. 2- Habit are a mixed blessing. 3- Your daily supply of willpower can increase through a specific set of habits:
  49. 49. Stages of self-regulatory ability Stage 1 Chaos Stage 2 Stability Stage 3 Flexibility Stage 4 Mastery
  50. 50. Possible Regression
  51. 51. Academic Willpower Academic self-regulated learning: Is your ability to monitor and control your own behaviour, thinking, and emotions as you acquire knowledge and skills during learning.
  52. 52. Strengthening Academic Willpower Ownership Self- Esteem Intent Initiation Self-Talk Mindset
  53. 53. Strengthening Academic Willpower Self- efficacy Self- respect Self- esteem
  54. 54. The Power Project (Self- Change) Self-Change is the most powerful method of self-regulation, It reflects your belief that you can make positive changes in your life.
  55. 55. FLOW
  56. 56. FLOW Flow is an almost magical state in which your efforts are so engrossing and enjoyable that later you realize you were in as “positive a state as it is possible to feel”
  57. 57. 1- You have clear goals every step of the way. 2- You receive immediate feedback to your actions. 3- Your skills and the challenges you face are in good balance. 4- Your action and awareness are merged. 5- You are totally focused on the task without distractions. 6- You are too involved to be concerned with failure. 7- You are too involved to be self-conscious. 8- Your sense of the quantity of time passing distorted.