Youth Percpective in Pakistan and comparative analysis with the youth policies of different European, Australian and Asian Countries and How we can convert the youth as the Strength of Pakistan. Please comments how you find this presentation!
•The World population is the total
sum of all humans on the earth.
• It is estimated to number of 7.015
billion by United States Census
•The number of youth between the
ages of 15 and 24 is 1.1 billion. youth
constitute 18 percent of the global
• Youth and children together,
including all those aged 24 years and
younger, account for nearly 40
percent of the world's population.
Approximately 60 percent of youth
live in Asia; 15 percent, in Africa; 10
percent, in Latin America and the
Caribbean; and the remaining 15
percent, in developed countries and
Time of life Between
Childhood & Adulthood.
Integration in Society as
Not a time of life but a
state of Mind, a temper of
will, a quality of
a predominance of
courage over timidity of
the appetite for adventure
over the life of ease.
Richard M. Lerner (2005)
cited Petersen (1988);
Who describes “youth as
biological term and
describes it 2nd phase of
life which involves
biological, cognitive, psy
chological and social
•Period of storm & Stress
•Phase of Mental &
Diversityoccurs in the
features of youth during the
transition of change from
child to adolescent because
not all young people under
goes these transitions in the
same way, with the same
These differences of features
like biological, psychological
and social brought the
Integrated & multilevel
changes arises in this phase
of human life.
Lerner (2005) describes
adolescence as the
product of relations
between individual and
This has to be focused
because the potential the
individuals have for
influenced by the factors
in their homes, schools
This emergence views PYD
as resources to be
developed rather than
problems to be managed.
Lerner et.al. (2005)
introduced 5 C’s of PYD.
Young People whose
lives incorporated with
these 5 C’s would be on
a development path that
demonstrates a 6th ‘C’
Contribution to self,
Family, community and
the institutions of civil
Positive view of one’s actions
in specific areas including;
• Social Competence refers
to interpersonal skills e.g.
• Cognitive Competence
refers to cognitive abilities
e.g. decision making.
• Academic Competence
refers to school performance
by school grades, attendance
and test scores.
involves exercise, using
nutrition and rest to keep
• Vocational Competence
work habits and exploration
of career choice.
Positive bonds with
people & institutes
that reflected in
exchange between the
individual and his or
her peers, family,
school and community
in which both parties
contribute to the
•A sense of right
1. Worldwide population
2. Political and administrative
institutes are dominating
with aged people.
Are two key reasons for the
nations on the globe to
initiate and implement an
effective Youth Policy.
•A National Youth Policy is
an official draft from the
Govt. of any country which
allows the young
countrymen to represent
this proportion of
population on national
•It also gives opportunities
to feel as an important
person from young age.
Now we review the
youth policies of
different countries to
approach adopted by
these countries to
make and manage its
“youth as the driver
of a change”.
•Youth age group is b/w
15 – 19 years.
•The Govt. and Local City
Council identifies the
education as the key
area for transitioning
•That’s why its literacy
rate is ……?
• Consider age group of
12 – 24 years as youth.
Which is 20% of the
• The youth policy has
disabled and indigenous
youth for the attainment
employment and other
social, health and
• Youth of Australia is
well diversified culturally
•Consider Youth as people ranging
from “0 to 29” bearing in mind the
characteristics and issues at each
• It aims to provide excellent health
facilities to pre-school of youth and
support morally, economically and
socially to parents to raise their
• At elementary school stage
physical strength, exercise skills are
basis for future growth.
• Diverse knowledge, experience
and acquire sociability skills like
awareness of one’s role in sense of
solidarity in mutual relations with
family and friends.
• In adolescence period it is
important to acquire self identity
and learn social norms, knowledge
and skills to begin transition towards
• It is important for adolescents to
break away from their parents and
make a family of their own i.e. lead
independent lives as member of the
society and participate in and
contribute to public affairs.
• While in post young adult stage are
continuing their efforts in
universities. e.g. to foster the
qualities and skills necessary to
develop various social fields and the
people who have difficulty in
establishing social independence.
• Consider the age group of 18 to 35
years as its youth which is almost 35%
of its population.
• The aim of youth policy is to make its
youth most strong, self confident,
creative and productive for the nation.
• Youth Policy has defined its objective
is to engage its youth in National
Service oriented activities like
vaccination, tree plantation,
Preventive campaigns against AIDS &
Drug Abuse, Sports Activities and
Govt. owned IT facilities and utilizing
local resources to provide credit to self
• But the current problem of youth are
the lack of formal education, immoral
activities , unemployment and
backwardness in technology.
• The age group set out is between
13 to 35 years. However the Indian
Govt. has divided this age bracket
into three sub groups.
1. The first group covers 13 – 18
years adolescents whose
needs and areas of concern
are different from upper age
• The right to formal education
Act is until the age of 14.
• And until the age of 18 is
seeking skills training and
vocational or secondary
education is an effort to
improve the quality of this age
2. The second age group is of
19 – 25 years are those
who are completing their
education and getting into
• For this age group the
Govt. promotes the
gender equality & Justice,
Sports and recreational
activities and especially
empowering youth by
3. The third group of 26 – 35
are those young women and
men most of them have
completed their education
including professionals and
more or less are settled in their
jobs or personal life.
• The Govt. persuading this age
group to create awareness in
HIV Aids and making their
active participation in
community services and issues
related to environment
conservation and preservation.
• Consider the age group of 14-
27 as its youth.
• The local youth officers are
obliged to deliver educational
assistance to children and aged
b/w 14 – 17.
•The youngster who are unable
to continue education are
engaged by public authorities
like life savers, fire brigades and
music associates, etc.
• Social Youth relates to connect
young people in specific ways;
2. Transition to Work.
•According to Federal Youth
Policy (2008), population in
the age group of 15 – 29
years is taken as young
population in Pakistan.
• Reference to Population
labor survey (2006) it
represent 27% of the total
population of 155.37 million
which is approximately
about 41.81 million comes
under the definition of
• Approx. 67% of young
population live in rural areas.
•About 63% of young population
is literate (26.27 million).
•Out of 37% illiterate (15.57
million) about 65% (10.13
million) are females.
• About 49% (20.32 million)
constitutes labor force.
•51% (21.51 million)is out of
labor force. Which consists of
6.89 million “Students” and
14.03 million (including 13.82
million females) are household.
• The labor force is engaged in
a. Agriculture about 37%.
b. Manufacturing about
c. Wholesale, retail trade
and Restaurants, etc
d. Community, Social &
Personal Services about
e. Construction about 7%.
f. Transport storage and
communication about 6%.
• Prepared by National
Institute of Population
Studies Islamabad shows that
the population of youth in
2020 would be around 57.9
million, 50% of each male to
female population out of 221
million which remains the
same 27% proportion of the
• There will be a net addition
of 16 million young people in
1. Groom & Guide the youth of
Pakistan to live in peace &
2. Covert the demographic
increase into an economic
3. Provide an environment to
facilitate youth to exploit
their full potential.
4. Address the gender
imbalance and economic
opportunities to male &
5. Provide education to those
who have missed childhood
1. Sense of Pride, Awareness and
2. National Integration.
3. Enabling Employment.
4. Marginalized &Vulnerable Youth.
5. Character Building.
6. Promotion of Sports &
7. Academic & Intellectual
8. Youth Health.
9. Social Volunteerism.
10. Incentives for talented and High
11. Youth Marriage, Family and Life
12. Youth Mentoring.
13. Special Youth.
14. Balancing the Gender Imbalance.
15. Youth in Prison.
• UNDP points out that the
proportion of people under
the age of 30 years is 68% of
the total population.
• The figure shows here
the alarming situation of the
Current youth which is not
identified in the official
document of Pakistan
regarding youth challenges.
37% of youth
Less than 6%
Only 2.5% of
9.5 % of
youth is self
weakness in engaging its
youth has resulted in
• The next generation
stands on weak footing to
deal with the challenges of
the evolving competitive
environment across the
71% of Youth doesn’t
receive career counseling
28% finds curriculum
irrelevant to the job
88% of youth want to
learn occupational skills.
47% don’t have sports
activities in their
23% want to start their
own business but not
• The roots of youth policy are
founded in 1989, then in
1993, 2002 & 2004.
• The draft of NYP 2008 was
approved in February 2009 first
time in Pakistan.
• But after the approval of 18th
amendment to constitution in
2010 the ministry of youth
affairs abolished and thus the
• Now its responsibility of
provinces to look after the
• Punjab is the only province to
introduce its first ever youth
policy of Punjab.
• The work on PYP started in
August 2010 and was approved
and forced by the provincial
cabinet in December 2011.
•05 months ago.
•Next are the three main pillars
of the PYP 2011.
• The guidelines set out here
are the foundation of the
action points and priorities
of the PYP.
1. Social Empowerment of
2. Economic Empowerment
3. Political Empowerment
•Classification of youth social
empowerment is as follows;
1. Youth Engagement & Participation
to make better decision and
2. Youth Volunteerism need volunteer
services programs as compulsory
part of education like NCC (National
3. Ownership of state and institutions
to refresh the sense of ownership
and trust on the state.
4. Youth health & sports strategies
would be facilitate to develop their
5. Promotion of pluralism and peace
to tackle the youth extremism in
• While promoting self-
employment to youth it would
be to ensure that youth can get
placed apt position according to
their qualification and
• Other domain of economic
1. Education for youth
development to initiate
comprehensive programs of
skills and vocational training.
2. Ensuring declining fertility rates
in Punjab for higher investment
in manageable population of
• Encouraging youth
legislative process at
District and provincial
level to ensure an
• We have reviewed the youth policies of
different countries. Most of the youth
policies we reviewed are from the well
• The youth of each country is playing
vital role in the revolutionary
developments of the country with
economics, technology, politics and
• We have also reviewed the policies of
some developing countries like India
• The policies of these developing nations
are also much similar to those of the
developed countries. We can say that
they are following the good examples
set by the developed countries for
managing the youth.
• Is Pakistan also on the right way to
managing its youth? This is what we are
going to elaborate in the coming section
In the start of this report we have
shortly viewed youth policies of
different countries. Every country
has single youth policy developed
at national level because the youth
is considered as a national asset.
But in Pakistan the government
has put the hands up from this
critical national interest under the
banner of provincial autonomy.
Pakistan now consists of five
provinces i.e. Punjab, Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Baluchistan,
Gilgit Baltistan and one state Azad
Jammu & Kashmir but
unfortunately only Punjab Province
has considered it as an issue of
interest and introduced the Punjab
• Again with reference to
the youth policies of other
countries our youth policy
is only focusing the
support to the youth after
they have finished with
• For example, all the pillars
of the policy are relevant
to the upper age group
according to the definition
of youth in Punjab.
• we are trying to realize the fact
that our current youth policy is
only garnishing the cake to
make it look attractive. What
about the taste and quality?
• The society, economy and
education system who nurtured
this youth is being
supplemented by our youth
policies, whereas, in alliance to
these efforts, there should
policies to bring up the lower
bottom age group of the youth
from gross root.
• The youth policy is
developed in cooperation
departments of Punjab
• But there is no separate
authority to implement
this policy in the province
and thus the policy is
limited to the papers.
• Change is a process which
doesn’t occur at once. It is the
result of consistent efforts in
finding the solution of different
problems which may take
• The youth of any country are
the resources of that nation to
bring change for the new
generations to come.
• For this we have to mange the
current youth and nurture the
new generation to follow the
• The ideal age group for youth is
between 12 to 29 years of age
because at the age of 12 children
complete their primary education
standards i.e. 5th grade.
•Although the primary education
plays vital role for the coming
years in grooming of children
• But at this early stage we cannot
understand the aptitude of any
•However, a comprehensive and
uniform education standard till 5th
grade is highly recommended.
• The involvement of health
department (ministry) is inevitable to
ensure the excellent care of infants in
•The role of mothers as nursing
mothers is equally important to the
health conditions of infants in
•The efforts of govt. to eradicate
polio and vaccination of infants
against common child diseases are
encouraging but it requires more
dedicated efforts to vanish these
diseases from our country.
•The health department should not
leave any stone unturned to gift
Pakistan with healthy generations.
• Education is vital to change in any
aspect. Either it is organizational
change, political change, or an
employee is switching to another
organization. Before implementing
the organizational change people are
educated, before technological
change people are provided training
and similarly before political
change, the campaigns of political
parties are also the process of
educating the people.
•All these elements of educating and
training the people are included to
facilitate the change.
•Thus for a revolution in any country
the education is the key catalyst.
• By concerning the
education ministry, the
curriculum defined on
integrated bases without any
discrimination of the pre
schools as defined by the
government at all levels till
the 5th grade age group
involves from 5 years to 12
•Special education is a good
initiative for disable children.
• Role of education department
is to highlight the fields of
interest in the education system
from 6th grade to onward 8th
grade age group involves from
13 years to 15 years.
•In which there must be a
strategy to develop an aptitude
of the children towards the
Islamic, social, ethical norms
with addition to develop
interest in the cultural heritage
and respecting the other
cultures to understand the
• In coordination with the
manpower department, industries
department and various
professional bodies (like Medical
Associations, etc.) the guidance
and selection of the specialized
field of interest is assisted at this
level of education which comprises
• the technical education (for those
who are dropouts for higher
•professional education age group
involves from 16 years to 20 years.
• Education department involves to
generate the masters of the field of
interest focusing the age group
from 21 years to 24 years by giving
the service learning (involves
practical aspects of the education).
• Different approaches are to be
used by the teachers to enhance
and build the leadership qualities
in the young people at this level so
that they can address the
problems in their own perspective
to find the constructive solutions
to the problems faced.
• After the above discussed seven
steps from infants to the higher
education we have the youth with
skills, abilities, knowledge and
•The planning of the manpower
regarding demand and supply of
labor force in every profession is
almost according to the plans.
•Thus the every person of youth is
ready to be fitted in its role which
he adopted for himself. There will
be minimum unemployment in our
country which will also be
manageable by our government.
•Now it is the turn of government
to get return from the youth for its
investment in their development.
•Every person of youth which is on
job will be assigned additional
responsibilities of society with
• For example the community parks
and sports grounds under the
supervision of government with
proper deployment of staff are
governed by the youth of that
•Once we engaged the youth in the
specific manner discussed
above, government will find itself
in the phase of implementing the
Out of an electoral list of 83
million, 47 per cent of the
registered voters are under 35
years of age. Will this youth
bracket be the most important
factor in the elections? And
around 20 percent are even in the
younger age bracket of 18 to 25
“It is the youth who want change
and have chosen to rebel against
the status quo.”
It will happen if the youth is
educated and be a decision maker
for itself and pave a roadmap for
the future generation and only the
educated youth can be a driver of
this change in Pakistan.
• 67% of young population lives in
• What we have to do to make it as a
driver of change. It is necessary to
compel them to generate the
livelihood from the cultivation of
crops by using different mechanical &
Scientific approaches to reduce the
manpower and maximizes the
•We have to convert this rural youth
including women as a leading youth
in their communities by giving
technical and professional education
in different fields of interest which
can bring the change to be a
responsible citizen of the nation.
• The youth can discharge their
•They can help their country by not
involving in college politics and
studying hard to get knowledge and
not just degree. That knowledge will
automatically broaden their outlook
and will help their country.
•They can watch TV programs
highlighting the problems facing their
country and try to avoid those
•They can stop giving bribe for unfair
•Lastly, they need to be careful about
joining a political party as ironically
many political parties in third world
countries don't even give a damn to
• It has been said that the pace of
change in today’s youth culture is
quickening. Yesterday’s cultural icons
are on the ash heap today and what’s
“in” today will be “out” tomorrow.
•It is wise for parents to be students
of youth culture, but practically
speaking, how does one find time to
keep up with all of the trends and
changes that take place?
•The realistic answer is, you won’t
find the time. And I would add, don’t
waste all of your energies trying!
For instance, as a general
rule, adolescents in rural towns often
do not deal with some issues to the
same extent that urban kids do – and
1. Establish, Maintain and Grow a
Relationship with Your Kids;
Take time to get to know them. Be
involved in their lives. Learn their
likes and their dislikes, their hopes
and their dreams, their joys and their
fears. This takes communication –
and don’t forget – perhaps the most
important communication skill is
2. Know Your Kids Friends
The rule of friendship among
adolescents operates in such a way
that your kids will conform to the
interests, behaviors and values of
their closest friends.
A parent who, for example, knows
their child hangs out with friends
who use drugs, but believes their
child doesn’t use drugs – is most
likely a parent in denial. Learning
about kids’ closest friends means
learning much about them.
3. Ask Local School
Officials, Teachers and youth
Workers About Local Culture
Ask about what new youth culture
trends they see emerging as well as
those that are disappearing.
4. Use your Influence With Your
Don’t waste this tremendous
influence. Use it! Set the tone for
your kids by establishing and
providing consistency in
boundaries. Build morals and values
into their lives.
• Creating a sense of leadership in
youth is essential to derive change.
For this purpose Youth Parliament is
a project that is initiated by FES –
(Friedrich Ebert Foundation). Only
the leadership can bring change via
youth of the country.
e.g. Leadership of Quaid - e - Azam
Muhammad Ali Jinnah. (1876 –
• Leadership of Mao Zedong for
Republic of China. (1893 – 1976)
Youth Parliament Pakistan
The specific objectives of this
project are to educate Pakistani
youth about politics and democracy
and to demonstrate to them how
Parliaments are able to:
•Debate matters of national and
•Demand accountability from those
•Discuss legislation in committees,
•Change government without
recourse to civil disorder and
•Make and enforce their own rules
Youth Parliament Pakistan
•It is expected that the Youth
Parliament Pakistan will become a
useful forum to voice views of youth
about a range of national and
•Sixty Pakistani youth aged between 18-
29 years were selected for membership
from all across the country.
•The seats have been divided among
provinces of the country on the basis of
population criteria used by the National
Assembly of Pakistan.
•The time period for each term of the
Youth Parliament is ‘one year’. It meets
for 30 days in the year.
•The first 'Youth Parliament Pakistan'
shall complete its tenure in December
Youth Parliament Pakistan
1. Plenary sessions which have
debated important issues such as
the state of youth, youth
policy, federalism and provincial
autonomy, state of education and
the new education policy, state of
democracy and the way
forward, law and order situation in
2. Visits and meetings with
influential figures like the Prime
Minister of Pakistan have been
arranged for the members of Youth
Parliament focusing on enhancing
youth’s leadership development
and understanding of crucial policy
Youth Parliament Pakistan
Areas of Improvement:
This project is not known to
majority of the youth. There
must be well demonstrative
campaigns for the youth
parliament in the universities
and college levels to enhance
the abilities of the selected
youth and their interaction
with the youth across the
A term generally related to starting
a company, entrepreneurship
encompasses a lot more than the
act of business creation.
• Entrepreneurship is a set of
attitudes and skills, as well as a
need to take charge of one’s own
future by creating meaning through
a sustained effort that brings
change to the world and meets a
given need in society.
•Even when working for someone
else, individuals who put their
creativity and devotion to use help
the company to grow and give
themselves a chance to fulfill their
1. Getting Motivated
• To managing the Youth
Entrepreneurship Challenge, the
provincial government must lead a
strategy to promote
entrepreneurship and support
• For this local centers are need to
be build to promote and counsel
the youth to take an initiative and
build their entrepreneurial skills by
testing their aptitude and ideas to
motivate them as a youth
2. Getting Support
If you’re excited about
entrepreneurship, you’re three-
quarters of the way there! Where
can you find
financing, mentorship, workspace
and other supports to turn your
idea into a business? Incubators are
the one stop shop needed for
supporting the premature
entrepreneurships. Incubators help
entrepreneurs with things like
plans, accounting, marketing, busin
ess training and legal services until
they have the revenue and
organizational structure to run on
3. Getting Entrepreneurial
• Given that youth do show an
interest in starting a business and
that support is available, there is a
need to rethink and rebuild
Pakistan’s entrepreneurial base and
youth have a role to play.
• Government, colleges and
universities, education boards and
the private sector can all help to
shape and encourage Pakistan’s
next generation of entrepreneurs.
• Even at the elementary and high
school levels, we have to create
more practice-based learning
environments so that youth can
explore their skills and build their
• We find that Youth is a very
effective tool which can bring
changes in the country by
utilizing their enthusiasm,
initiatives only if we gave
them opportunity to rise and
provide them platform to
bring out their healthy skills
and hidden abilities to play
their vital role for the
•But in Pakistan we are not
managing our youth. We take
it as a problem rather than a
resource to be developed.