Substance abuse

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  • Substance abuse

    1. 1. Substance Abuse by Zak Olive Dan McKenna Matt Michell
    2. 2. Defining Abuse
    3. 3. Defining Abuse• SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE - state when drug-taking becomes compulsive, taking precedence over other needs.
    4. 4. Defining Abuse• SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE - state when drug-taking becomes compulsive, taking precedence over other needs.• SUBSTANCE ADDICTION - is not clearly defined but implies a physical dependence, however, sometimes it is used as a symptom to drug (substance) dependence
    5. 5. Defining Abuse• SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE - state when drug-taking becomes compulsive, taking precedence over other needs.• SUBSTANCE ADDICTION - is not clearly defined but implies a physical dependence, however, sometimes it is used as a symptom to drug (substance) dependence• SUBSTANCE ABUSE - more general term, includes recurrent use of any illegal/harmful substance, i.e In sports.
    6. 6. Defining Abuse• SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE - state when drug-taking becomes compulsive, taking precedence over other needs.• SUBSTANCE ADDICTION - is not clearly defined but implies a physical dependence, however, sometimes it is used as a symptom to drug (substance) dependence• SUBSTANCE ABUSE - more general term, includes recurrent use of any illegal/harmful substance, i.e In sports. Based on these terms, how many people here abuse a substance?
    7. 7. * Nutt, King, Saulsbury, & Blakemore (2007)
    8. 8. The Usual Suspects (in order of addictiveness*)* Nutt, King, Saulsbury, & Blakemore (2007)
    9. 9. The Usual Suspects (in order of addictiveness*)NicotineAlcoholHard DrugsCaffeinePrescriptionsCannabis * Nutt, King, Saulsbury, & Blakemore (2007)
    10. 10. Nicotine
    11. 11. NicotineAddictiveness: Highest
    12. 12. Nicotine Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Highest
    13. 13. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest
    14. 14. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing
    15. 15. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:
    16. 16. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:
    17. 17. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)
    18. 18. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke
    19. 19. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract
    20. 20. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract Treatment & Prevention:
    21. 21. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself
    22. 22. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Nicotine Patches & Gum
    23. 23. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Nicotine Patches & Gum • Prescriptions
    24. 24. Nicotine Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Highest • Chewing Harmful Effects:• Chronic Lung disease (COPD,Emphysema)• Cardiovascular diseases, includingCoronary Artery Disease, PeripheralVascular Disease, and Stroke• Cancers of the head and neck,lung, and GI tract Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Nicotine Patches & Gum • Prescriptions • Support Groups
    25. 25. Alcohol
    26. 26. AlcoholAddictiveness: Higher
    27. 27. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher
    28. 28. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking
    29. 29. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:
    30. 30. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:
    31. 31. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis
    32. 32. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure
    33. 33. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis
    34. 34. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer
    35. 35. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke
    36. 36. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones
    37. 37. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones Treatment & Prevention:
    38. 38. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself
    39. 39. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Group Therapy
    40. 40. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Group Therapy • Counseling
    41. 41. Alcohol Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Higher • Drinking Harmful Effects:• Cirrhosis or Pancreatitis• High blood pressure• Osteoporosis• Certain types of Cancer, includingBreast Cancer• Stroke• Gallstones Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Group Therapy • Counseling • 12 Step Programs
    42. 42. Hard Drugs
    43. 43. Hard DrugsAddictiveness: High
    44. 44. Hard Drugs Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: High
    45. 45. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • InjectionAddictiveness: High
    46. 46. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • InjectionAddictiveness: High • Inhaling
    47. 47. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • InjectionAddictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:
    48. 48. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety
    49. 49. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue
    50. 50. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating
    51. 51. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure
    52. 52. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure• Physical symptoms includingAches, Pains, Tremors, and Chills
    53. 53. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure• Physical symptoms includingAches, Pains, Tremors, and Chills Treatment & Prevention:
    54. 54. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure• Physical symptoms includingAches, Pains, Tremors, and Chills Treatment & Prevention: • Rehab Clinic
    55. 55. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure• Physical symptoms includingAches, Pains, Tremors, and Chills Treatment & Prevention: • Rehab Clinic • Support Groups
    56. 56. Hard Drugs Typical Delivery • Injection Addictiveness: High • Inhaling Harmful Effects:• Depression and Anxiety• Fatigue• Difficulty concentrating• Inability to feel pleasure• Physical symptoms includingAches, Pains, Tremors, and Chills Treatment & Prevention: • Rehab Clinic • Support Groups • Methadone
    57. 57. Caffeine
    58. 58. CaffeineAddictiveness: Low
    59. 59. Typical Delivery CaffeineAddictiveness: Low
    60. 60. Typical Delivery Caffeine • CoffeeAddictiveness: Low
    61. 61. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee • TeaAddictiveness: Low
    62. 62. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee • TeaAddictiveness: Low • Energy Drinks
    63. 63. Typical Delivery Caffeine • CoffeeAddictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks • Soda
    64. 64. Typical Delivery Caffeine • CoffeeAddictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy DrinksHarmful Effects: • Soda
    65. 65. Typical Delivery Caffeine • CoffeeAddictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy DrinksHarmful Effects: • Soda
    66. 66. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations
    67. 67. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress
    68. 68. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women
    69. 69. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women Treatment & Prevention:
    70. 70. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself
    71. 71. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Get More Exercise
    72. 72. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Get More Exercise • Switch to Decaf
    73. 73. Typical Delivery Caffeine • Coffee Addictiveness: Low • Tea • Energy Drinks Harmful Effects: • Soda• Insomnia, tremors, nausea,vomiting, chest pains, and heartpalpitations• Cardiovascular Stress• Lower Bone Density in Women Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Get More Exercise • Switch to Decaf • Limit your amount
    74. 74. Prescriptions
    75. 75. PrescriptionsAddictiveness: Lower
    76. 76. Prescriptions Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Lower
    77. 77. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower
    78. 78. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid
    79. 79. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:
    80. 80. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:
    81. 81. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses
    82. 82. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation
    83. 83. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications
    84. 84. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications Treatment & Prevention:
    85. 85. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications Treatment & Prevention: • Stick to prescribed amount
    86. 86. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications Treatment & Prevention: • Stick to prescribed amount • Never crush or break a pill
    87. 87. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications Treatment & Prevention: • Stick to prescribed amount • Never crush or break a pill • Rehabilitation Clinic
    88. 88. Prescriptions Typical Delivery • PillAddictiveness: Lower • Liquid Harmful Effects:• Accidental overdoses• Ulcer formation• Liver and Kidney Complications Treatment & Prevention: • Stick to prescribed amount • Never crush or break a pill • Rehabilitation Clinic • Support Groups
    89. 89. Cannabis
    90. 90. CannabisAddictiveness: Lowest
    91. 91. Cannabis Typical DeliveryAddictiveness: Lowest
    92. 92. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest
    93. 93. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies
    94. 94. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:
    95. 95. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:
    96. 96. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time
    97. 97. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia
    98. 98. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking
    99. 99. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss
    100. 100. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss• Anxiety and depression
    101. 101. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss• Anxiety and depression Treatment & Prevention:
    102. 102. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss• Anxiety and depression Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself
    103. 103. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss• Anxiety and depression Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Support Groups
    104. 104. Cannabis Typical Delivery • SmokingAddictiveness: Lowest • Brownies Harmful Effects:• Distorted sense of time• Paranoia• Magical or "random" thinking• Short-term memory loss• Anxiety and depression Treatment & Prevention: • Educate Yourself • Support Groups • Counseling
    105. 105. Abuse in U.S. Population *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    106. 106. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeineAlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    107. 107. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeineAlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 43% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    108. 108. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeine 33%AlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 43% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    109. 109. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeine 33%AlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 17% 43% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    110. 110. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeine 33%AlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 17% 43% 5% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009)
    111. 111. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeine 33%AlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 17% 43% 5% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 1% Administration. (2009)
    112. 112. Abuse in U.S. PopulationCaffeine 33%AlcoholNicotineCannabisHard DrugsPrescriptions 17% 43% 5% 1% *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 1% Administration. (2009)
    113. 113. High SchoolSenior Use Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    114. 114. White Black High School Hispanic Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    115. 115. White Black High School Hispanic Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    116. 116. White Black High School Hispanic Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    117. 117. White Black High School Hispanic Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    118. 118. High SchoolSenior Use Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    119. 119. Women Men High School Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    120. 120. Women Men High School Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    121. 121. Women Men High School Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    122. 122. Women Men High School Senior Use60%45%30%15% 0% Illegal Drugs Nicotine Alcohol Department of Health and Human Services, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System: 2005
    123. 123. Deaths
    124. 124. Deaths How many deaths peryear are there from . . .
    125. 125. Deaths How many deaths peryear are there from . . . Nicotine
    126. 126. Deaths How many deaths peryear are there from . . . Alcohol
    127. 127. Deaths How many deaths peryear are there from . . . Caffeine
    128. 128. Deaths How many deaths peryear are there from . . .Medication
    129. 129. Deaths
    130. 130. Deaths
    131. 131. Deaths500375250 125 0 Caffeine Medication Alcohol Nicotine in Thousands
    132. 132. Local Aid860-418-7000 Department of Mental Health & Addiction Services www.ct.gov/dmhas

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