Grammar book


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Grammar book

  1. 1. Grammar Book Zorro Haas
  2. 2. Table of Contents1. Nationalities2. Stem changers3. Para4. IOP5. Pron. Placement6. Gustar7. Reflexives8. Aff. and negative words9. Superlatives10. Aff. tu commands11. Neg. tu commands12. Irr. Aff. Tu commands13. Irr. Neg. Tu commands14. Sequencing events
  3. 3. Nationalities
  4. 4. Stem Changers Words that change stems like:Pensar, Jugar, Dormir, Pido duermo dormimose-ie, u-ue, o-ue, and e-i duermes Dormir duerme duermen
  5. 5. Para Para means for and many other things. It doesn’t change form for yo, tu, ello, ellos, ella, and ellas.
  6. 6. IOP’s IOP’s are indirect object pronouns. Ex: Rosa le compra una olla a su madre. Me Nos accompanies (us) Te You(f) Le Les (him (them) or her)
  7. 7. Pron. Placement When a pronoun accompanies a conjugated verb, the pronoun comes before the verb. When it accompanies an infinitive it can go infront or behind.Ex: Rosa le compra una olla a su madre. beforeEx: Rosa quiere comprarle una olla a su madre. attached
  8. 8. Gustar IOP’s go with gustar. A mi- me A nosotros- Me, te, le, nos, les. gusta nos gustaGusta goes after an infinitive. And 2 or A ti- te more infinitives gusta makes it still gusta.EX: Me gusta hablar A ud.- le A uds.- les espanol. gusta gusta
  9. 9. Reflexives In reflexive form the subject is the object. A person does as well as recieves.Ex:Yo me levanto a las ocho de la manana. Conjugate as always. Ex: me levanto, tu levantas Can be infront of conjugated verb: Me estoy acostando ahora mismo. Attached to gerund: Estoy acostandome ahora mismo. Attached to infinitive: Voy a acostarme ahora mismo. Attached to affirmative command: Cepillate los dientes!
  10. 10. Affirmative and Negative Words When you want to talk Aff. Words Neg. about an indefinite or Words negative situation, algo nada you use an affirmative or a negative word. alguien nadie Alguno(a) and algun/ ningun/ ninguno(a) must alguno(a) ninguno(a) match the gender of the noun they siempre nunca replace. tambien tampoco
  11. 11. Superlatives Suffix> isimos + adj.+ adv. The suffix means extremely or very.Malo> malisimoMuchas> muchisimasEndings in c, g, or z have the adv. Change to qu, gu, or c. Ex: rico> riquisimo, larga> larguisima, feliz> felicimo.Adj. end in n, or, or r change to cisimo. Joven> jovencisimo.
  12. 12. Aff. Tu Commands Give instructions or commands to someone by using the aff. tu commands of regular verbsEx: caminar, Camina! comer, Come! abrir, Abre!For the affirmative commads conjugate to the tu form.
  13. 13. Neg. tu commands When telling someone what not to do use a negative command. They are formed by taking the yo form and dropping the –o and adding the appropriate ending Ex: Hablar> hablo> hables
  14. 14. Irr. Aff. Tu Commands Infinitive Aff.Remember that when you Commanduse a pronoun with an decir diaffirmative command, thepronoun with an hacer hazaffirmative command, the ir vepronoun attaches to thecommand. poner ponPon te otra camisa! salir sal ser se tener ten venir ven
  15. 15. Irr. Neg. Tu Commands A few verbs have Infinitve (yo Neg. Tu irregular negative tu form) command commands. Notice Dar (doy) No le des that none of the yo forms of these end Estar No estes with –o. (estoy) Ir(voy) No vayas Ser (soy) No seas
  16. 16. Sequencing Events You use the words Sequncing Definition events when you aretelling a story or a long Primero first paragraph. entoces second Ex: despues after Por fin end Despues de After the Por la In/ during manana the morning