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Roots 01

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Roots 01

  1. 1. Roots of Language: Foundations of English Pre-AP English II
  2. 2. Roots of Language  What? You will learn word-parts  How? Bi-weekly lessons on roots, prefixes, or suffixes  Why? These word-parts are the essential parts of words. Knowing them helps you to understand new words.
  3. 3. Word-Parts  Roots  Prefix  Suffix  Could be anywhere in the word  Manage,  emancipate  hand  Beginning of the word  Rewind, return, respond  again  End of word  Bigger, smaller, smarter  more
  4. 4. You need…  Roots of language packet  Pencil  Paper
  5. 5. Directions  Find the root in your packet  Write the definition of the root  Write an additional example word and its definition
  6. 6. Auto (Greek)  Definition: Self  Example Word: Autocrat – one person with complete authority  Other examples?  Automobile, automatic
  7. 7. Biblio (Greek)  Definition: Book  Example Words: Bibliography – a list of written works used as sources  Other examples?  bibliophile
  8. 8. Dic, dict (Latin)  Definition: Speak  Example Words: Dictate - to speak or read for a person to translate  Other examples?  Dictionary, diction, edict, predict, contradict
  9. 9. Graph (Greek)  Definition: Write  Example Words: Autograph - a signature written with one’s own hand  Other examples?  Graphic, photograph, graphite
  10. 10. Lang, ling (Latin)  Definition: tongue  Example words: linguist - a person skilled in languages  Other words?  language, bilingual
  11. 11. Leg, lec, lex (Latin – Legere, Greek – Lexis)  Definition: Read, speak  Example Words:  Legible = Readable  Lecture = A speech delivered for instruction  Other examples?  lexicon
  12. 12. Lit (Latin)  Definition: letter  Example Words: literature - writings in which expression and form are essential features  Other examples?  Literate, literacy
  13. 13. Man (Latin)  Definition: Hand  Example Word: manuscript - the original text of an author’s work (handwritten or typed)  Other examples?  Emancipate, manacles, manager
  14. 14. Mem (Latin)  Definition: Remember  Example Word: Memento = Something that serves as a reminder; souvenir  Other examples?  Memory, memorize, memorial
  15. 15. Sci (Latin)  Definition: know  Example Word: omniscient = having complete or unlimited knowledge  Other examples?  Conscious, conscience
  16. 16. Scrib, scrip (Latin)  Definition: Write  Example Word: Inscribe = To write, engrave, or print as a lasting record  Other examples?  Transcribe, prescribe, prescription, scribble
  17. 17. Read (Germanic – raed)  Definition: counsel, advise, interpret  Example Word: readability = the ease with which a text can be read  Other examples?  Reader, read
  18. 18. ETYMOLOGY of the word READ  Etymo = true meaning  logos = word  The root “read” doesn’t actually appear in that many English words, but the history (or etymology) of the word is interesting to consider.
  19. 19. ETYMOLOGY of the word READ  In many languages, the word for reading comes from the Latin word legere, which originally had to do with “gathering up” or “collecting” meaning. Consider these words in other languages:  Leer = “to read” in Spanish  Lire = “to read” in French  Leggere = “to read” in Italian  Lesen = “to read” in German
  20. 20. ETYMOLOGY of the word READ  In English, we use words like “legible” and “lexicon,” but when it comes to the act of READING, our word is rooted in the idea of counsel – almost a conversation between the author and the reader.  In addition to “gathering up” details to make sense of letters and words, your job in this class is to INTERPRET meaning.
  21. 21. Done!  Study these words.  You will have a quiz on 9/5.  Want five bonus points? Make flash cards and bring them on quiz day. They must be completed before class.
  22. 22. What will the quiz be like?  You will need to…  Know the roots and their definitions  Determine the correct definition for a word using your knowledge of the root  Write words that contain the roots and write definitions for those words

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