10. subject verb agreement


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10. subject verb agreement

  1. 1.  Subject-VerbAgreement refers to the relationship between the verb and its subject.  Every clause or sentence must agree in number and person with its subject.  Verb must be singular if its subject is singular; verb must be plural if its subject is plural.
  2. 2.  Examples:  Singular Subject and SingularVerb ▪ Overcrowding causes many of the discipline problems in our school.  Plural Subject and PluralVerb ▪ Fires destroy millions of dollars worth of property each year.
  3. 3. These one creates problem: The pronoun everyone and someone, seem plural but they are singular – so they need singular verb.
  4. 4.  Examples:  Everyone who joined the cheer dance is a winner.  Someone has to answer the phone.
  5. 5.  To choose the correct verb form, identify the subject of the sentence. Example: The first three weeks of basic training is the worst.
  6. 6. The first three weeks of basic training is the worst. [The plural subject weeks takes a plural verb.] Subject are
  7. 7.  Another group of words that can cause confusion is the subordinate clause. The use of mood altering drugs, although they sometimes provide great medical benefits, are generally criticized by the public. [The singular subject use takes a singular verb.] Subject is
  8. 8.  A problem can also arise from the use of along with, as well as, in addition to, and together with. The cost of medication as well as doctors’ fees are a problem for retired Canadians wintering in Florida. [The singular subject cost takes a singular verb.] Subject is
  9. 9.  Block all prepositional phrases, subordinate clauses, and miscellaneous expressions, you will get the subject and the verb by process of elimination. Unless it rains, I plan on leaving as late as possible, along with all the other vacationers.
  10. 10.  Look for inverted word order, in which the subject follows the verb. From his research has come three promising cancer drugs. Subject have
  11. 11.  Use a plural verb with the most compound subjects joined by and. Their television and their camera was stolen. Subject wereSubject
  12. 12.  However, when singular subjects are joined by and are preceded by each, every, no, nothing or many a(n), use a singular verb. Every chair and every couch are on sale this weekend. S isS
  13. 13. No bicycling and no hitchhiking are permitted on Highway 20. isSS
  14. 14.  If the two parts of a compound subject, whether singular or plural, express a single idea or refer to a single person, use singular verb. Ham and eggs are my favorite breakfast. S is
  15. 15.  If subjects joined by either/or or neither/nor differ in number and person, make the verb agree with the subject close to it. Neither the instructor nor the students is satisfied with the room. are
  16. 16.  When a collective noun used as a subject regards a group as a unit, use singular verb. When it refers to the individual members of a group, use plural verb.
  17. 17. The committee gives its report today. The committee give their reports today. The committee as a whole Each member of the committee
  18. 18.  When a relative pronoun (who, which, or that), is the subject, make the verb agree with the pronoun’s antecedent.
  19. 19. A politician who votes pro-labor gets elected. Politicians who vote pro-labor get elected.
  20. 20. She is one of the politicians who always vote pro-labor. She is the only one of the politicians who always votes pro-labor.
  21. 21.  When an indefinite pronoun is the subject, choose a singular or plural verb, depending on the number of the indefinite pronoun.
  22. 22.  Use a singular verb with a singular indefinite pronoun. (another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something).
  23. 23. Somebody has to decide whether to paint the kitchen this year. [One person (one body) will make the decision.]
  24. 24.  Use a plural verb with a plural indefinite pronoun (both, few, many, several). I spent the afternoon shopping for a camera, but few were reasonably priced.
  25. 25.  With indefinite pronouns that can be singular or plural, (all, any, none, some), use a singular or plural verb, depending on the word the indefinite pronoun refers to.
  26. 26. All of the wheat is harvested. All of the fields are ploughed. [Wheat is singular, fields is plural.]
  27. 27.  When the sentence begins with here or there, make the verb agree in number with the subject. There is stone, brick and tile fireplaces in Blenheim Castle. are
  28. 28.  Make linking verbs agree in number with their subjects not their complements.  A subject complement renames or describes the subject and is, therefore sometimes confused with it. His main interest are stamps. S complementis
  29. 29.  When the subject noun is in the form of a plural but is singular in meaning, use a singular verb. Measles were a serious childhood disease until a vaccine was developed. was
  30. 30.  When a word used as a word is the subject, use singular verb.  The number (singular or plural) of the word used as a word is unimportant; the sentence is about a single thing so use a singular verb. Flurries are one of the terms used to describe a light fall of snow. is
  31. 31.  When the subject of a sentence is a noun clause, use a singular verb. That he actually bought a new jeep surprises me. Noun clause
  32. 32.  Noun clauses that begin with what are the exception. If the subject of the sentence is plural, the verb is a linking verb, use a plural verb with a what clause.
  33. 33. What worries him more than anything else is his low grades in his major. Subjectare
  34. 34. -THE END-