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Fundraising
NOT Everything Startups would like to know about the
process of convincing VC to invest
Perspective - Poland
INVESTMENT PROCESS
Knowing The Game
Startup stages of development
Beta
Alfa
Scaling
Idea
Feedback
from customers
MVP
Time
When asking for investment?
• AS LATE AS POSSIBLE BUT…
• FFFF
• Idea
• BA
• Idea
• Prototype
• Seed funds
• Idea
• Prototy...
Sources of capital
FFFF
Business Angels
Seed funds
Crowdfunding
VC
Beta
Alfa
Scaling
Idea
Feedback
from customers
MVP
Time
Investments (PL perspective)
FFFF ~ 100 k PLN *
BAs
~ 100–500 k PLN *
Seed funding
~ 500 k – 2 M PLN *
Crowdfunding
~ 1 M ...
Shares
FFFF ~ 0–10%
BAs
~ 5–20% *
Seed funding
~ 5–30% **
Equity crowdfunding
~ 5–30%
Early Stage
Round A
~ 20–35% **
Time...
VENTURE CAPITAL
Knowing Your Partner
Sources of projects for VC
Referrals /
Hunters
Conferences
/ Meetups
Incubators /
accelerators
Inbound /
www
applications
...
Valuations
• Different industries / business models = different valuations
• Market potential is important, but…
• Valuati...
How a VC works?
• Time limit (5-10 years; usually 7-10 years)
• 2 and 20 rule
– Approx. 2% of management fee (yearly)
– Ap...
How the process works?
Application / Teaser
Project evaluation
Investment
Committee
Term Sheet /
Invest. agreement
SHA
1-2...
OUTSIDE / IMPACT…
OUTSIDE / IMPACTS
O OPPORTUNITY Is this a positive present value opportunity?
I Idea How clear is the id...
For an investor you’d need…
• Teaser
• Business plan
• Presentation (short / long)
• Financial plan / budget
…but do not f...
Presentation for an
Investment Committee
• Pitching:
– 20-30 min. = 10-12 slides
– 3 min = do not bother with this VC
• Co...
Golden Rules (1)
• Prepare yourself - „You’ll never have a second chance to make the
first impression”
• Materials are imp...
Golden Rules (2)
• You can easily find Investors
– „Google is your best friend”
– PSIK
– Lists / Google Docs
– Meetings an...
Golden Rules (3)
• At the meeting
– Show your passion
– Show your knowledge (market, product, competition)
– Be flexible
–...
What can investor ask for?
• Shares
• Vesting terms for founders and employees
• Non-resign for key people
• Places in Sup...
THANK YOU
WWW.HEDGEHOGFUND.PL
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/HEDGEHOGFUND
marcin.zabielski@hedgehogfund.pl
http://about.me/marcinzabielski
http://...
Worth to read…
• Lean Startup
– http://theleanstartup.com/principles
• Business Model Canvas
– https://canvanizer.com/new/...
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Fundraising for startups

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(NOT) Everything a startup founder would like to know about fundraising. Perspective - Poland

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Fundraising for startups

  1. 1. Fundraising NOT Everything Startups would like to know about the process of convincing VC to invest Perspective - Poland
  2. 2. INVESTMENT PROCESS Knowing The Game
  3. 3. Startup stages of development Beta Alfa Scaling Idea Feedback from customers MVP Time
  4. 4. When asking for investment? • AS LATE AS POSSIBLE BUT… • FFFF • Idea • BA • Idea • Prototype • Seed funds • Idea • Prototype / MVP • First Client(s)
  5. 5. Sources of capital FFFF Business Angels Seed funds Crowdfunding VC Beta Alfa Scaling Idea Feedback from customers MVP Time
  6. 6. Investments (PL perspective) FFFF ~ 100 k PLN * BAs ~ 100–500 k PLN * Seed funding ~ 500 k – 2 M PLN * Crowdfunding ~ 1 M PLN Early Stage Round A ~ 3–8 M PLN * Time Later Stage Round B, C+… ~ >15 M PLN * VCs * Flexible
  7. 7. Shares FFFF ~ 0–10% BAs ~ 5–20% * Seed funding ~ 5–30% ** Equity crowdfunding ~ 5–30% Early Stage Round A ~ 20–35% ** Time Later Stage Round B, C+… ~ 30–70% * Flexible ** The higher initial % of shares taken by BA/VC the bigger issue for later rounds VCs
  8. 8. VENTURE CAPITAL Knowing Your Partner
  9. 9. Sources of projects for VC Referrals / Hunters Conferences / Meetups Incubators / accelerators Inbound / www applications Open Hours
  10. 10. Valuations • Different industries / business models = different valuations • Market potential is important, but… • Valuations based on i.e.: – Current value of the team / technology / IP – To recreate the project from scratch – Benchmarking to other transactions („apple to apple”) – Financial indicators (i.e. Net Rev., EBITA) – Metrics Multiples (i.e. MRR, TTM) – DCF – Demand of the crowd • IMHO Valuation is a metrics driven game. More you know about your (and your competitors) metrics - the better.
  11. 11. How a VC works? • Time limit (5-10 years; usually 7-10 years) • 2 and 20 rule – Approx. 2% of management fee (yearly) – Approx. 20% of management carry (success fee) • In Poland the financial efficiency of funds starts from approx. min. 30 mln PLN • Usually investors expect 3x CoC (Cash on Cash) return from the fund (all portfolio) – IRR approx. 25% • Example of fund’s portfolio return: – 15 projects: • 9 projects = 0 return • 3 projects = 2-3x CoC • 2 projects = 5-7x CoC • 1 project = 10-50x CoC
  12. 12. How the process works? Application / Teaser Project evaluation Investment Committee Term Sheet / Invest. agreement SHA 1-2w.2-8w.1-2w.4-8w.
  13. 13. OUTSIDE / IMPACT… OUTSIDE / IMPACTS O OPPORTUNITY Is this a positive present value opportunity? I Idea How clear is the idea? How unique is the idea? How easy to reproduce is the idea? M Market Is the target market large enough to support substantial growth / valuation? Are there adittional growth opportunities? P Present Value What "special sauce" gives this present value? A Acceptance from customer Will customers in that market accept / buy this product / service? C Competition Why won't the value be competed away? T Time to enter Why is this a good time to enter? S Speed What speed is required? U UNCERTAINTY What are major uncertainties? How strong is the uncertainity regarding market size? How strong is the uncertainity regarding customer acceptance? How strong is the uncertainity regarding overall strategy of the project? How strong is the uncertainity regarding the management team? How do the answers affect opportunity? T TEAM Is management team reliable (base on past record / reputation)? Can management team implement opportunity? Can you find / hire team with skills you need? How replaceable individual members are? Is it hard to retain them longterm? S STRATEGY Does the strategy help manage the uncertainties? Is the current strategy consistent with the product development? Is the current strategy consistent with the strenghts of the team? Is the current strategy consistent with the financing needs? Is the current strategy consistent with the possible exit strategy? I INVESTMENT What are the working capital needs of the business? What are the CAPEX needs of the business? How much money can be recovered in case of liquidation? What is the current, monthly burning rate? Could investor has the control rights to stop / reduce burning rate? Is the investment stageable? D DEA L Is the deal priced attractively? How much money was raised externally(co- investment)? Do key individuals have incentives to make deal work? Does the deal structure ensure appropriate governance? E EXI T How do we exit from the deal? Can we reach the size of IPO in next 5 years? How does the segment / market look like for IPO? Is there possibility of sell or merge within private sale / private merger? Who are potential buyers / mergers? Is there possibility of management / leverage buyout (can the business support the debt)?
  14. 14. For an investor you’d need… • Teaser • Business plan • Presentation (short / long) • Financial plan / budget …but do not forget about i.e.: • Team members’ more detailed CVs • References from existing customers („investors love testimonials”) • Results of market research • Benchmarks • More detailed competitive analysis • Product / site documentation • Access to statistics • Legal docs (shareholders agreement, GIODO, other IP docs, patents)
  15. 15. Presentation for an Investment Committee • Pitching: – 20-30 min. = 10-12 slides – 3 min = do not bother with this VC • Content (examples of slides) 1. What we do? (1 sentence; problem we solve) 2. Who we are? (team and experiences) 3. How we would like to make money? 4. Demo 5. What is our „Secret Sauce” / unfair advantage? 6. What is market potential? 7. What is our competition / does such a business works anywhere? („think widely”) 8. Go To Market Strategy / KPIs to be achieved 9. What we need and what we offer? (money, know-how, contacts, shares, valuation)
  16. 16. Golden Rules (1) • Prepare yourself - „You’ll never have a second chance to make the first impression” • Materials are important – Teaser – Presentation – Budget • Make your research - chose right investor – What is the funds size? – How much do they invest? – What kind of projects do they invest in / specialization – Know VC Partners and their experiences (prior investments, portfolio) – Ask for opinions – Decide on what kind of investor you need (money only, money+specific knowledge, money+contacts)?
  17. 17. Golden Rules (2) • You can easily find Investors – „Google is your best friend” – PSIK – Lists / Google Docs – Meetings and conferences – LI / FB • Chose 10 investors and prioritize them (i.e. money, know-how, „chemistry”, bureaucracy), and: – Chose 5 investors from the bottom and talk to them • The best way is to be presented / referred by someone • Send your materials… and monitor if it was read – Get feedback and correct your materials – Present corrected pitch to 5 most desired investors • Investors are busy! There are approx. 30 projects per VC Partner per month which is more than 1 daily to be evaluated. To be successful you have to be determined. Call, write and ask about current status. If you cannot do this at this stage, what can investor expect from you later on?
  18. 18. Golden Rules (3) • At the meeting – Show your passion – Show your knowledge (market, product, competition) – Be flexible – Talk and Listen – Ask the investor Qs !!! • What the % has already been spent? How many projects are in current portfolio? What are the av. Rounds (money, % shares)? • Do they co-invest? With whom? Are they taking a role of lead investor? How often? • What are the rules for follow-ons (next round investments)? Do they have budget reserved for it? • The only goal from the Initial Meeting is to set up next one • After getting positive, initial decision try to fix legal issues – Ask for an example of term sheet with all clauses – Do not fight for not important paragraphs – Take good lawyer • Listen to investors / mentors… – …but act independently
  19. 19. What can investor ask for? • Shares • Vesting terms for founders and employees • Non-resign for key people • Places in Supervisory Board / Management Board • Fines • Clauses – Tag-Along (Przyłączenie) – Drag-Along (Pociągnięcie) – Liquidation Preference – Participation Preference – Anti-dilution Protection – Clawback • Full control of the Shareholder’s Agreement’s changes
  20. 20. THANK YOU
  21. 21. WWW.HEDGEHOGFUND.PL WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/HEDGEHOGFUND marcin.zabielski@hedgehogfund.pl http://about.me/marcinzabielski http://www.linkedin.com/in/marcinzabielski http://twitter.com/marcinzabielski
  22. 22. Worth to read… • Lean Startup – http://theleanstartup.com/principles • Business Model Canvas – https://canvanizer.com/new/business-model-canvas • Teaser – http://www.slideshare.net/zabiel/startup-teaser-v1example • OUTSIDE / IMPACTS – http://faculty.chicagobooth.edu/steven.kaplan/research/kss%20ppt.pdf • Investment Committee presentation – http://www.slideshare.net/QuintinAdamis/pitch-deck-template-by-guy- kawasaki • Term Sheet – http://www.slideshare.net/zabiel/term-sheet-hedgehog-fund-wzr

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