Watergate powerpoint

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Watergate powerpoint

  1. 1. The Watergate Scandal <ul><li>By: Zaarin B. , Helen Z. , & Shumaila S. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Watergate Complex
  3. 3. IMAGINE TIME :D
  4. 4. The White House Plumbers <ul><li>Secret group to stop government leaks, after the leaking of the Pentagon Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Used Illegal methods to to descredit Democrats </li></ul>CRP: Committee for the Re-Election of the President <ul><li>Destroyed records of burglaries </li></ul><ul><li>Bribed burglars </li></ul><ul><li>Slush Funds </li></ul>
  5. 6. Key People <ul><li>Richard Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>E. Howard Hunt </li></ul><ul><li>John Ehrlichman </li></ul><ul><li>G. Gordon Liddy </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Bernstein </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Woodward </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Ellsberg </li></ul><ul><li>Eugenio Martinez </li></ul><ul><li>Frank Sturgis </li></ul><ul><li>Virgilio Gonzalez </li></ul><ul><li>James McCord </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard Barker </li></ul>
  6. 7. Richard Nixon <ul><li>Won 1968 election against Hubert H. Humphrey </li></ul><ul><li>Attempted to cover up the Watergate Scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Denied having any knowledge of the break-ins </li></ul>
  7. 8. Daniel Ellsberg <ul><li>Published the Pentagon papers in 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Gave them to The Washington Post , New York Times and 17 other newspapers </li></ul>
  8. 9. John Ehrlichman <ul><li>Nixon’s assistant for domestic affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Directed the White House Plumbers </li></ul><ul><li>Ellsberg’s Psychiatrist office Break-in </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged destruction of documents outlining plans to sabotage Democrats </li></ul>
  9. 10. E. Howard Hunt <ul><li>Member of the Plumbers </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Break-Ins </li></ul><ul><li>CIA Agent </li></ul>
  10. 11. G. Gordon Liddy <ul><li>FBI Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Also organized the Break-ins </li></ul>
  11. 12. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein <ul><li>Reporters from The Washington Post </li></ul><ul><li>Reported the Watergate Scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Received info. from ‘Deep Throat’ </li></ul>
  12. 13. Watergate Brings Down Nixon http://www.history.com/videos/watergate-scandal-brings-down-richar-nixon#watergate-scandal-brings-down-richar-nixon
  13. 14. The Five Burglars Bernard Barker Eugenio Martinez Frank Sturgis Virgilio Gonzalez James McCord
  14. 15. The Break-In
  15. 17. The Five Burglars Bernard Barker Eugenio Martinez Frank Sturgis Virgilio Gonzalez James McCord
  16. 19. The Break-In
  17. 20. The Scandal
  18. 21. Connections To The CRP <ul><li>James McCord was the Security Co-ordinator of the CRP </li></ul><ul><li>Both Liddy and Hunt were affiliated with the CRP through the White House Plumbers </li></ul><ul><li>$25 000 was deposited into one of the burglar’s accounts from a CRP fund </li></ul>
  19. 23. Media <ul><li>Woodward and Bernstein followed Watergate Scandal closely </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote articles like “Bugs Suspect Got Campaign Funds” </li></ul><ul><li>Got information from FBI agent Mark Felt a.k.a “Deep Throat” </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon attacks media, accusing it of being biased and unreliable </li></ul>
  20. 24. Cover Up <ul><li>Nixon and his officials paid burglars “hush-money” </li></ul><ul><li>FBI Director L. Patrick Grey destroyed Watergate evidence then resigned </li></ul><ul><li>April 30,1973 four of Nixon’s top official resigned </li></ul><ul><li>John Dean admitted that there was a big cover-up </li></ul>
  21. 25. Continued <ul><li>July 1973, citizens found out about Nixon’s secret tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Archibald Cox and Senator Sam Ervin took legal action to get the tapes </li></ul><ul><li>These tapes proved Nixon was guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday Night Massacre </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon ordered his attorney general to fire Cox, but the Attorney General resigned instead </li></ul>
  22. 27. IMAGINE TIME <ul><li>AGAIN </li></ul>
  23. 28. Nixon’s Resignation & Revealing of The Tapes
  24. 29. <ul><li>Nixon was pressured to reveal the tapes </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Representatives wanted to impeach him for </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obstruction of justice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse of Power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contempt of Congress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Two conversations were missing from the tapes, and one tape had an 18 minute gap. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened the belief that Nixon had destroyed evidence </li></ul>
  25. 30. Smoking Gun Tape <ul><li>Revealed August 5th 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Revealed Nixon’s cover up plan </li></ul><ul><li>Planned to instruct the CIA to impede the FBI’s investigation </li></ul><ul><li>“ All right, fine, I understand it all. You call them in. Good. Good deal. Play it tough. That's the way they play it and that's the way we are going to play it.” </li></ul>
  26. 32. Significance <ul><li>This tape proved Nixon had lied to Congress, and the Nation about not being involved in the break-ins </li></ul><ul><li>Even Nixon’s strongest supporters were for impeachment </li></ul><ul><li>On August 8th Nixon resigned, and became the first ever President of the United States to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>His abuse of power had a negative affect on American political life and created an atmosphere of distrust </li></ul>
  27. 33. Continued <ul><li>Congress decided to curtail presidential power regarding troops, money matters and freedom of speech </li></ul><ul><li>The impeachment proceedings against Nixon showed Americans and the world that nobody was above the law </li></ul><ul><li>Scandal tattered Nixon’s political reputation </li></ul><ul><li>The Freedom of Information Act was strengthened which allowed easier government access to related documents </li></ul><ul><li>Public became more distrustful of politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmy Carter was elected in 1977 </li></ul>

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