Exploring Andragogy

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Presentation on andragogy that I delivered for a graduate instructional technology course.

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Exploring Andragogy

  1. 1. Exploring Andragogy Strategy and Theory Seminar By Jeff Geronimo ETT 571 – Northern Illinois University
  2. 2. Defining AndragogyMany definitions, but commonly known as thescholarly approach to the learning of adults.Theory is an attempt to develop a set oflearning strategies specifically for adults.Andr- meaning ‘man’; agogos meaning‘leading’
  3. 3. Malcolm KnowlesTerm originally coined by AlexanderKapp in 1833, but developed into atheory of adult education by MalcolmKnowles in 1960’s (Knowles, Holton,and Swanson 1998, 59).Collected ideas about adult educationuntil introduced to the term“andragogy.”Knowles known as principle expert onandragogy, but there are others whohave addressed the concept:Brookfield (1986), Mezirow (1991),Lawler (1991), and Merriam (1999).
  4. 4. Pedagogy & AndragogyPedagogy Andragogy Dependent: teacher Moves towards directs what, when, independence; self- how a subject is directed. Teacher learned and tests that encourages and is has been learned nurtures learning
  5. 5. Principles of Andragogy Experience Instruction for adult focuses more on process Need to Self- and less on content Know concept Case studies, role-playing, Andragogy simulations most usefulMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Instructors adopt a role of facilitator or resource Orientation to Learning
  6. 6. Principles of Andragogy Experience Need to Know: Adults need to know the reason for learning Need to Self- Know concept something AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  7. 7. Principles of Andragogy Experience Experience: Experience (including mistakes) provides the Need to Self- Know concept basis for learning activities AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  8. 8. Principles of Andragogy Experience Self-Concept: Adults need to be involved in the planning and Need to Self- Know concept evaluation of their learning AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  9. 9. Principles of Andragogy Experience Readiness to Learn: Topics should have immediate relevance to Need to Self- Know concept work and/or personal lives AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  10. 10. Principles of Andragogy Experience Orientation to Learning: Adult learning is problem- centered rather than Need to Self- Know concept content-oriented AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  11. 11. Principles of Andragogy Experience Motivation to Learn: Adults respond better to internal versus external Need to Self- Know concept motivators AndragogyMotivation Readiness to Learn to Learn Orientation to Learning
  12. 12. Application of Andragogy Learning materialsExplain why things Instruction should and activities Task-oriented are being taught allow learners to account for instead of(commands, proce discover things on different memorization sses, menus, etc.) their own levels/experience with computers
  13. 13. ReferencesFidishun, Dolores. (2000). Andragogy and Technology.Knowles, M. (1975). Self-Directed Learning. Chicago:Follet.Knowles, M. (1984). Andragogy in Action. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.Knowles, Malcolm S., Elwood F. Holton III, andRichard A. Swanson. (1998). The Adult Learner.Houston: Gulf Publishing.
  14. 14. Conclusion

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