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Voter Meets the Ballot

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a presentation by Mr. Niel Lim of the Young Public Servants, as presented on November 24, 2009 at the University of the Philppines - Los Banos

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Voter Meets the Ballot

  1. 1. VOTER MEETS<br />THE BALLOT<br />Automation and Change Management<br />for the May 2010 National Elections<br />
  2. 2. MANUAL<br />ELECTIONS<br />AUTOMATED<br />ELECTIONS<br />One Clustered Precinct, One PCOS<br />Voters shade the circle of candidates’ names on the ballot<br />Automated Counting<br />Automated Canvassing<br />One Precinct,<br />One Ballot Box<br />Voters write candidates’ names<br />on the ballot<br />Manual Counting<br />Manual Canvassing<br />
  3. 3. 320,415<br />Established Precincts<br />80,136<br />Clustered Precincts<br />Established Precincts have up to 200 voters<br />There are 320,415 ballot boxes<br />Clustered Precincts will have up to 1000 voters<br />There will be 80,136 PCOS machines<br />(2,064 PCOS machines will serve as back-up) <br />
  4. 4. ADJUSTMENT<br />Voting period will be increased from 8 hours (7am to 3pm) to 11 hours (7am to 6pm)<br />
  5. 5. CONCERN<br />11 hours may not be enough for 1,000 people to finish voting<br />
  6. 6. WRITING<br />SHADING<br />There will still be a paper ballot<br />
  7. 7. ADJUSTMENT<br />Voters can’t change their votes<br />
  8. 8. CONCERNS<br />Because the new ballot will present all options, some voters may be prone to over voting<br />Old voters may not be able to understand how to use the ballot <br />
  9. 9. AUTOMATED<br />COUNTING<br />MANUAL<br />COUNTING<br />BEIs count the votes by reading them one by one and tallying them on election returns<br />The Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) will automatically scan the ballot, count the votes upon submission of voter<br />
  10. 10. ADJUSTMENT<br />Voters will directly engage the PCOS and must know how to submit the ballot<br />
  11. 11. CONCERNS<br />The PCOS may be rigged; it may contain programmed results even before election begins<br />Machine failure<br />
  12. 12. AUTOMATED<br />CANVASSING<br />MANUAL<br />CANVASSING<br />BEIs sum up the tallied votes before giving to Congress<br />The PCOS will automatically transmit the tallied results per machine to COMELEC<br />
  13. 13. ADJUSTMENT<br />BEIs will not count the votes; Voters will not see a public counting<br />
  14. 14. CONCERNS<br />The PCOS may be rigged; it may contain programmed results even before election begins<br />Machine failure<br />
  15. 15. SECURITY MEASURES<br />PCOS machines require a password, PIN, authorized digital signature and is equipped with a 128-bit encryption<br />
  16. 16. CONTINUITY MEASURES<br />There are available back-up PCOS machines<br />Paper ballots can still be counted<br />
  17. 17. Tanauan, Batangas<br />
  18. 18. San Isidro, Nueva Ecija<br />
  19. 19. 6 to 8 Minutes<br />Average Voting Time<br />By Age: Participants aged 17–21 had the fastest average time at 5 minutes and 26 seconds, while those aged 60–83 had the slowest average time at 7 minutes and 18 seconds<br />By Occupation: Students and teachers had the fastest average time at 5 minutes and 15 seconds, while the retired/elderly participants had the slowest average time at 7 minutes and 49 seconds<br />
  20. 20. GENERAL COMMENTS<br />New method of filling up the ballot (shading) is preferable but some found the ballot too long<br />Many participants were surprised with the number of possible candidate-options<br />Some participants found it confusing to have the list of choices per category broken across two or more columns and/or on two different pages<br />
  21. 21. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Polling areas should have a holding room where voters can be oriented/reviewed on how to fill up the ballot through clear audio-visual presentations or trained volunteers<br />
  22. 22. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Instructions in the ballot should be in Filipino or in the predominant local dialect<br />
  23. 23. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Where possible, candidate-options for each position should be kept in the same column and/or ballot page<br />
  24. 24. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Visual tools, such as color-coding, should be used in the final design of the ballot to distinguish the list of candidate-options for one position from candidate-options for another position<br />
  25. 25. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Voter education should familiarize voters with the ballot<br />
  26. 26. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />There should be ballot orientation activities customized for senior citizens and for voters with special needs (literacy, persons with disabilities, etc..)<br />
  27. 27. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />Large replicas of the ballot and a voting process flowchart in both English and local dialects should be made available in public places<br />
  28. 28. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />At least 24 voting stations should be set up in each clustered precinct<br />
  29. 29. VOTER MEETS<br />THE BALLOT<br />Automation and Change Management<br />for the May 2010 National Elections<br />

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