SPSS is a great tool for statistical analysis and data modeling. This presentation was put together for the beginner who wants to know how to get started. Topics covered include the history of SPSS, the different types of editors, setting up data variables, and entering data.
SLIDES TO INTRODUCE
SPSSFOR THE BEGINNER IN
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND
and Service Solutions.
The SPSS acronym used to stand for:
SPSS has a long heritage
• Introduced in 1968.
• Was originally developed to facilitate
statistical analysis in the social sciences.
• Early versions designed to run on
• Purchased by IBM® in 2009 for more than
$1 billion dollars!
SPSS: An IBM® Company
Now the company is known as:
SPSS has a lot of great features
• Can import data from many different
sources, such as Microsoft® Excel and
• Provides analysis tools to generate
reports, charts, plots, descriptive statistics,
and run advanced statistical analyses.
• In addition to user interface, provides a
command syntax that can simplify certain
things, such as running repetitive tasks.
Getting familiar with the SPSS user interface
• There are different windows that the user
uses to interact with SPSS.
• These are called “Editors”.
• Some of the common Editor windows are:
– Data Editor (enter and view your data)
– Syntax Editor (edit your data manipulation
– Viewer Editor (view results from your analysis)
– Chart Editor (edit and save charts in the chart
Manually Entering Data
SPSS makes it easy.
• Start with the Data Editor.
• There are two tabs at the bottom:
– Data View
– Variable View
• Gives you two ways to enter data:
– Start with Data View and just start typing!
– Start with Variable View and define your
• Think of variables as labels that describe your
Let’s try it out with some hypothetical
the address, price, year
built, and square footage
to describe each home
entering data with data view
Data is entered by row. So, just start typing the
data starting with row 1. Notice that SPSS gives
each column an arbitrary (e.g. VAR00003)
variable (or label) name.
defined our variables
If we take a look at the Variable View, SPSS
our variables look like…
SPSS noticed that the first column is text data
(the home address). Notice also, that SPSS gives
this variable a specific width of 21 characters
based on the first entry. That means every
subsequent address entry can not be more than
21 characters, unless we change the width here.
we can edit our variables
To edit a variable, just click on it and change the
value. In this case, we changed the name to
“Address” and the width to “30”.
Variable View first
Now let’s enter data again, but we’ll start