Future Learning Landscape Introduction


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Introductory presentation given at Future Learning Landscape Workshop held at EC-TEL 2009. Presents some introductory elements about the state of research in pervasive learning, Web 2.0/Social Software and Semantic Web/Linked Data before discussing convergence

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  • Pervasive = smart room ubiquitous = info everywhere
  • Future Learning Landscape Introduction

    1. 1. Future Learning Landscapes Towards the Convergence of Pervasive and Contextual computing, Global Social Media and Semantic Web in Technology Enhanced Learning Yvan Peter – Université Lille 1 Serge Garlatti – Telecom Bretagne
    2. 2. Multiple innovations <ul><li>A number of technologies and uses are emerging and developing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile & pervasive learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What about convergence ? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Setting the stage
    4. 4. Mobile learning <ul><li>Developing theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversation theory, use of activity theory… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emerging frameworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For software architecture & design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Context management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To drive adaptation and the learning situation </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Challenge Level of embeddedness Level of mobility Pervasive computing Traditional computing Ubiquitous computing Mobile computing High Low Low High
    6. 6. Challenge <ul><li>From mobile to pervasive/ubiquitous learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A seamless environment to keep learning across context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An easy and meaningful interaction with the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A localised accumulation of knowledge and efficient retrieval according to the learner’s needs </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Web 2.0
    8. 8. Web 2.0
    9. 9. Web 2.0 - features <ul><li>Switching from a traditional publishing model to individual contributions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy publishing (AJAX, blogs, wiki) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple media : text, photo, video </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leveraging collective intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking, tags & folksonomies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The web as a platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything through your browser </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Web 2.0 - features <ul><li>The “long tail” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On any topic you could find a critical mass of people to contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Composability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open APIs, open formats, REST style communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable mashups: data, services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Push model for information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more need to check every web site for changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS & ATOM feeds </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Types of applications <ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal publication + comments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking facilities at the level of information & people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection, diary, assignment publishing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course information & follow up (answering questions…) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Types of applications <ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing & content organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting group and project work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annotated reading list </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practicing writing skills </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Types of applications <ul><li>Social bookmarking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep reference of interesting material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organising information with tags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking benefit from worthy resources found by the others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organisation of a corpus of useful references (reading list) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting group gathering of information on a subject </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Types of applications <ul><li>Media-sharing facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing photos, videos, presentations, recordings… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>images & videos can be provided </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annotation on the images or video can support specific explanations </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Types of applications <ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping in touch with relations, forming and supporting communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course animation outside the class </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Types of applications <ul><li>Syndication & notifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy notification of updates, automatic media distribution (podcast episodes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A way to keep an eye on learners’ progress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A way to distribute course content automatically </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Emerging paradigm <ul><li>Personal Learning Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner led learning environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built by the learner for a specific & personal learning goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mashing up the services that will support best the goal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No institutional lead or control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is not technology but Web 2.0 technology enabled this and supports it. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Challenge <ul><li>How to combine the management of the learning and freedom of support services? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher needs to be able to “deploy” his/her learning design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners may choose their personal environments & services and must be directed in their activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher has to keep an eye on what is going on and to provide directions </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Semantic Web
    20. 20. Semantic Web <ul><ul><li>The Semantic Web isn't just about putting data on the web. It is about making links, so that a person or machine can explore the web of data.   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With linked data, when you have some of it, you can find other, related, data through a network of RDF triples. </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Semantic Web <ul><li>Linked Data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Published data according to standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RDF / RDFS / OWL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SPARQL Access Point </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Query language + Access protocol </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Web </li></ul><ul><li>will be a Tremendous Global Database </li></ul>page
    22. 22. Challenge <ul><li>A global, distributed and open architecture perspective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of social web environments, institutional learning environments and personal learning environments exposing, sharing, and connecting data on the Web. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Challenge <ul><li>It will be possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To reuse, analyze and manage content across web application sources, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To monitor and analyze user activities and content production, to get user traces and to provide guidance and advices according to user activities and needs. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Challenge <ul><li>Combination of all these resources and techniques allow getting contextual data from web environments and sensors </li></ul>
    25. 25. Convergence at last…
    26. 26. Imagine <ul><li>A natural interaction with knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Related to the environment & across all environments (class, home…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixing personal choice of environment & institutional view on the learning objectives & process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling the learners & teachers to follow up the activities across services & environments </li></ul></ul>