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オープンソースソフトウェア入門

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オープンソースソフトウェア入門

  1. 1. 
 Yusuke Miyazaki 2016/10/22 @CAMPHOR- HOUSE
  2. 2. ⚠⚠⚠ ⚠⚠⚠
  3. 3.
  4. 4. | | Open-Source Software | | OSS
  5. 5. OSS ? 🙋 #
  6. 6.
  7. 7. : iOS OSS !!
  8. 8. 
 OSS 
 🙏 🙏 🙏
  9. 9. OSS ? 🤔 🤔 🤔
  10. 10. • OSS ? • OSS • OSS
  11. 11. OSS ? 🤔
  12. 12. : Open-source software, : OSS ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/
  13. 13. The Open Source Definition 1. Free Redistribution 2. Source Code 3. Derived Work 4. Integrity of The Author’s Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral opensource.org/osd-annotated
  14. 14. …? • • • cf.
  15. 15. OSS • OS: BSD Darwin Linux • :
 Clang GCC LLVM Python Ruby… • :
 Chromium Emacs Firefox LibreOffice Vim… • …
  16. 16. OSS • • • • • •
  17. 17. OSS • • OSS • •
  18. 18. OSS • OSS • OSS 
 ? • 

  19. 19. OSS • OSS •
  20. 20. OSS 📃
  21. 21. OSS • OSS • •
  22. 22. • : • : Copyright (c) 2016, Yusuke Miyazaki. • •
  23. 23. BSD 3-Clause License
  24. 24. Copyright (c) <YEAR>, <OWNER> All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * Neither the name of the <organization> nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL <COPYRIGHT HOLDER> BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
  25. 25. BSD • • : 3 • : • ( ) •
  26. 26. The MIT License
  27. 27. Copyright (c) <year> <copyright holders> Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
  28. 28. MIT License • BSD • : • ( ) •
  29. 29. Apache License
  30. 30. Apache License Version 2.0, January 2004 http://www.apache.org/licenses/ TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE, REPRODUCTION, AND DISTRIBUTION 1. Definitions. "License" shall mean the terms and conditions for use, reproduction, and distribution as defined by Sections 1 through 9 of this document. "Licensor" shall mean the copyright owner or entity authorized by the copyright owner that is granting the License. "Legal Entity" shall mean the union of the acting entity and all other entities that control, are controlled by, or are under common control with that entity. For the purposes of this definition, "control" means (i) the power, direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by contract or otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership of such entity.
  31. 31. Apache License • BSD MIT • •
  32. 32. GNU General Public License
  33. 33. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 29 June 2007 Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/> Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
  34. 34. GPL 1 • ( v3) • " " ( ) 
 ( ) • : LGPL AGPL
  35. 35. GPL 2 • • GPL • GPL GPL
  36. 36. • BSD: FreeBSD NetBSD Nginx • MIT: jQuery Ruby on Rails • Apache: Android Apache Swift • GPL: Emacs GCC Linux
  37. 37. • GitHub !
  38. 38. • • • OSS
  39. 39. choosealicense.com
  40. 40. cf. Creative Commons • 
 • • creativecommons.org
  41. 41. OSS 😤
  42. 42. OSS • OSS • OSS ( ) • • •
  43. 43. OSS • : • : • : …?
  44. 44. OSS 🌏
  45. 45. GitHub OSS • Git • : Issue tracker / Pull request / Wiki • GitHub • • (folk ) :
 https://help.github.com/articles/open-source-licensing/
  46. 46. Demo
  47. 47. OSS • README • •
  48. 48. OSS 💪
  49. 49. OSS ? • • • OSS
  50. 50. ? • • • ( )
  51. 51. OSS • • • • •
  52. 52. OSS 

  53. 53. OSS • OSS GitHub Bitbucket • • GitHub PR
  54. 54. : XCGLogger • Swift • GitHub • : 1,900 • watchOS App 
 PR
  55. 55. : XCGLogger
  56. 56. OSS 

  57. 57. OSS • OSS • •
  58. 58. : Python • docs.python.jp • Python : github.com/python-doc-ja/python-doc-ja • Transifex Web
  59. 59. : Python
  60. 60. : Python
  61. 61. : Django • Web • Trac GitHub • : docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.10/internals/ contributing/ •
  62. 62. : Django ( )
  63. 63. : Django (Trac)
  64. 64. : Django (GitHub)
  65. 65. • OSS • OSS 
 • OSS
  66. 66. Let’s Contribute! • : choosealicense.com • OSS : github.com • : github.com/explore Thank you for listening!!

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