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Week X (Transitional Period To Romanticism)


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Week X (Transitional Period To Romanticism)

  1. 1. History of English Literature Week X Transitional Period to Romanticism (  1750 – 1800) The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  2. 2. The Early Development <ul><li> James Thomson (1700 – 1748) </li></ul><ul><li>He was inspired by nature  The Seasons . </li></ul><ul><li> Edward Young (1683 – 1765)  Night Thoughts  a melancholic verse </li></ul><ul><li>Nature & villagers were as the source of inspiration. Blank verse was mostly used, not heroic couplet. Neglecting the rules of writing. New materials from within the country and distant countries: China, Persia, Arab etc. New trend, the use of verses as the place for pouring out the thoughts & feelings. </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  3. 3. Poetry  Two powers <ul><li>Thomas Gray, Oliver Goldsmith, William Cowper  succeeded in combining the two powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Burns & William Blake  Romanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Gray </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard (1750)  showing sympathy to villagers, village atmosphere became the key point. 126 lines in 9 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Fatal Sisters, The Descent of Odin  about Scandinavian mythologies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oliver Goldsmith  artist, prosiest, playwright </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Deserted Village (verse). His dominance was in drama & novel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William Cowper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Gilpin, The Task </li></ul></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  4. 4. Other Development <ul><li>Robert Burns </li></ul><ul><li>He was raised in a village in Scotland, amongst farmers. Using Scottish dialect. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (1786) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To a Mountain Daisy, To a Mouse, Winter, Ye banks and braes o’bonie Doon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I Love my Jean, To Mary in Heaven (love verses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auld Lang Syne </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William Blake </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pantheism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmic meaning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Song of Innocence, Song of Experience (compilation of verses) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jerusalem, Milton (it was said, dictated by invisible power) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the aspects of Romanticism is the desire towards the past, especially the own country. It was clearly reflected by James Macpherson, Thomas Chatterton and Thomas Percy. </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  5. 5. Further Development <ul><li>James Machperson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragments of Ancient Poetry collected in the Highlands  written in Gaelic. This work caused great desire amongst the society that enabled him to collect more ancient manuscript. The result was Fingal (1762)  an epic translated from ancient Gaelic manuscript written by Ossian. The next was Temora . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thomas Chatterton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliques of Ancient Poetry , consisting of old ballads from England & Scotland: Chevy Chase, The Nut Brown Mayde, Battle of Otterburn. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thomas Percy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Antiques . A translation from French. </li></ul></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  6. 6. Prose  New genre  novel <ul><li>‘ Chronicle’: report about the happenings and acts related to someone who became the main character of the story. E.g. Gulliver’s Travels. Chronicle has no plot. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Plotted adventure story’, e.g.: Treasure Island by Stevenson </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Romance’(the oldest English prosaic fiction), e.g.: Beau Geste, Ivanhoe by Walter Scott </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Novel’ could be ‘chronicle’ or ‘plotted adventure story’ </li></ul><ul><li>Novel </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Richardson (1689 – 1761) was the first novel writer. E.g.: Pamela, Virtue Rewarded, Clarissa, The History of a Young Lady, Sir Charles Grandison </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Enriched with some comedies created by Goldsmith and Brinsley Sheridan. Goldsmith’s The Good Natured Man, She Stoops to Conquer . Sheridan: The Rivals, The School for Scandal, and The Critic. </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006