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Week Ix (Augustan Period)


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Week Ix (Augustan Period)

  1. 1. History of English Literature Week IX Augustan Period (  1700 – 1750)
  2. 2.  Classic Period or Pope period <ul><li>System & orderliness in writing </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a clear but simple language style, omitting formalism & artificiality </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed on intelligence, not on imagination & feeling </li></ul><ul><li>It’s in the age of intellect revolution. Rationalism became the main “ism” amongst philosophers and artists. Satire became the major output. </li></ul>
  3. 3.  Glorious Revolution <ul><li>It signified the winning of Parliament over the King. Public played important role.  Approaches to the public  the birth of newspapers and magazines. It was greatly helped by the spread out of education amongst the public.  The emergence of toleration amongst societies  the emergence of clubs and coffee stands.  Gave aid to the dissemination of newspaper. </li></ul>
  4. 4.  Poetry <ul><li>Alexander Pope (1688 – 1741) </li></ul><ul><li>Continued his predecessor: John Dryden </li></ul><ul><li>He used smoother words  many of his works used as common language, e.g.: To err is human, to forgive is divine , A little learning is a dangerous thing, For fools rush in where angels fear to tread. </li></ul><ul><li>He got well-known for his work Essay on Criticism  The conclusions of the Aristoteles, Horatius & Boileau (Greek, Roman & French) </li></ul><ul><li>The Rape of the Lock  burlesque  stories, show or review which was presented with jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Iliad and Odyssey by Homerus (translated by Pope) </li></ul><ul><li>Essay on Man, The Dunciad </li></ul>
  5. 5.  Early Newspapers & magazines <ul><ul><li>Daily Courant in 1702, The Tatler (1709) and The Spectator (1711) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily Courant  also gossips  2 years only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Spectator  literature magazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The editors: Joseph Addison & Richard Steele  light essay was considered as a literary work </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6.  Famous writers <ul><ul><li>Daniel Defoe (correspondent)  contribution to contemporary newspaper: editorial & interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defoe’s prominence: he could tell a story as though he himself had experienced it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robinson Crusoe was the most famous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robinson Crusoe  a sailorman who was deserted at an uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jonathan Swift (1667 – 1745)  Gulliver’s Travels  satire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gulliver’s Travels : the experience of dr Lemuel Gulliver, a ship doctor, in the countries of Liliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa and Houyhnhnm.  written in fluent, clean & simple language  enforced the realism. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Samuel Johnson or Dr Johnson (1709 – 1784)  known as the ‘literature dictator’  known from The Life of Johnson (biography), written by one of his followers James Boswell. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Besides his eccentric characteristics, he was also known as the first compiler of the most complete English dictionary: A Dictionary of the English Language (1755) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other works of Johnson: The Vanity of Human Wishes, Rasselas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He founded periodicals: ‘The Rambler’ and ‘The Idler’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His language style: full of rhetoric, borrowed words from Latin, long & complicated sentences, hence known as Johnsonese. </li></ul></ul> Famous writers continuous…….
  8. 8.  Drama <ul><ul><ul><li>It was infertile period for drama </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Gay (1685 – 1731): The Beggar’s Opera (1728): satire towards Italian opera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Lillo (1693 – 1739): The London Merchant or The History of George Barnwell (1731): realistic social drama. </li></ul></ul></ul>