Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
By  Yusuf Kurniawan,SS,MA The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
The Ancient English Period ( ± 50-±1100) The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
<ul><li>Celts inhabited England </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic as the language </li></ul><ul><li>In 50 AC Rome invaded to Englan...
<ul><ul><li>The spreading of Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monasteries built    centres of knowledge </li></ul>...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into two: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those carried by Germanic tribes (Europe) </li><...
<ul><li>Cadmon from Whitby monastery:  Paraphrase  containing  Genesis, Exodus  stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Cynewulf from A...
<ul><li>Northumbria destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>All cultural heritages & literary works destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Only s...
<ul><ul><ul><li>In the 9th century, England was one step ahead </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s because of King Al...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Week Ii (Ancient Period)

1,281 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Week Ii (Ancient Period)

  1. 1. By Yusuf Kurniawan,SS,MA The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  2. 2. The Ancient English Period ( ± 50-±1100) The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  3. 3. <ul><li>Celts inhabited England </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic as the language </li></ul><ul><li>In 50 AC Rome invaded to England  made it a province  civilization </li></ul><ul><li>In 410 Roman soldiers withdrawn for good </li></ul><ul><li>Celts turned weak towards Germanic’s invasion (Jutes, Angles & Saxon) from Northern Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Language turned to ancient English (Anglo Saxon)  Middle English (  1100 -  1500)  Modern English (  1500 – present). </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>The spreading of Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monasteries built  centres of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big change, from spoken to written culture  brought great impact to the society </li></ul></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  5. 5. <ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into two: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those carried by Germanic tribes (Europe) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The old ones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The two were recorded for the sake of Christian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monks’ roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beowulf (3000 lines epic  heroic story  unknown author) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beowulf as the reflection of the social condition at the time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Anglo Saxon’s poems: sea war, town’s ruins, living as an expatriate, living as a minstrel. E.g.: The Battle of Brunanburgh, The Battle of Maldon, The Seafarer (monologue), The Ruin, Deor (minstrel). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally, poems reflect serious & gloomy feelings. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other characteristics: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensitive to nature </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The belief to destiny </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prominence of manhood and loyalty </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most poems are religious </li></ul></ul></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  6. 6. <ul><li>Cadmon from Whitby monastery: Paraphrase containing Genesis, Exodus stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Cynewulf from Anglia: The Christ, Juliana, The Fates of the Apostles and Elene. The only English poet mentioned his name. </li></ul><ul><li>English is no longer Germanic. Part of the Northern Europe </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  7. 7. <ul><li>Northumbria destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>All cultural heritages & literary works destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Only small fragments remained (written in West Saxon) </li></ul><ul><li>The end of Anglo-Saxon’s literature period </li></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
  8. 8. <ul><ul><ul><li>In the 9th century, England was one step ahead </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s because of King Alfred from Wessex (871-901) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alfred managed to return England as it had ever been </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education was needed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many books were translated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pastoral Care by Paus Gregorius first translated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ecclesiastical History the English People by Bede </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Historical events were recorded  for two centuries  Anglo-Saxon Chronicle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universal History and Geography by Orosius </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consolations of Philosophy by Boethius </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Alfred became the first pioneer for English Prose </li></ul></ul></ul>The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006

×