Module for principles and application of precision agriculture


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Module for principles and application of precision agriculture

  1. 1. Module for Principles and Application of Precision AgricultureRequirements for each Participant a. Should have own Laptop or Personnel Computers b. Internet accessibility to download Google Earth software And Statistical data verification c. Software GS+ For Windows d. Software MapInfo Professional Version 8.5DAY 1The needs of Precision AgriculturePrecision Agriculture Concept and SystemYield VariabilityComponent of Principle Agriculture a. Spatial Referring b. Crop and Soil Monitoring c. Spatial Prediction and Mapping d. Decision Support e. Differential ActionTechnology in Precision Agriculture a. Remote Sensing (RS) b. Geographic Informations System (GIS) c. Global Positioning System (GPS) d. Variable-rate technology (VRT)Quantify Variability using Geostatistics Sensors a. Concept b. Procedure in Sampling, Variogram and Interpolation
  2. 2. Soil SamplingSampling MethodGeostatistic Steps a. Spatial Modelling (variography) b. Spatial Interpolation (Kriging)Variography using Semivariogram a. Understanding Sill b. Understanding Nuggets c. Understanding RangeAfternoon – Computer Works 1. Installation of Software GS+ (Geostatistic for the Environmental Sciences) and MapInfo Professional Version 8.5 2. Download Software Google Earth 3. Ensure Mapinfo with Projection of Malaysia 4. Data Sampling download from Word/ ExcellDAY 2Understanding Type of Variogram Modelling a. Spherical b. Exponential c. Gaussian d. Hole effect e. Anisotropic f. IsotropicInterpolation Method a. Nearest neighbor
  3. 3. b. Local average c. Inverse distance weighting d. Contouring e. KrigingSensor SystemPositioning Systems (Satelite-based navigation System)GPS Accuracy and factors affecting itDifferential GPSGeographic Information System a. Objectives b. Types c. Sources d. Component Hardware e. Digital mapping f. Process and Data Processing g. GIS Data Format (Raster and Vector)Remote Sensing a. Understanding b. Method Data Collection c. Uses of Data and Advantages d. Basic of RS e. Electromagnetic Spectrum and understanding
  4. 4. f. Active Sensing System g. Passive Sensing System h. Measurement of performance i. RS Data for Site Specific purposeIntroduction to GIS a. What and Why GIS is important b. Practical Application c. GIS as s set of Interrelated Subsystem d. Geospatial Data (Digital and Analogue data) e. Data inputs f. Raster data g. Vector Data h. Database management system i. Vector Overlay processing Algorithms 1. Point-in-Polygon 2. Line-in-Polygon 3. Polygon-on-Polygon j. Raster Spatial Analysis – Specific Theory k. Bilinear Interpolation l. Digital elevation modelRemote Sensing a. Concept of Sampling b. Basic Step of Visual and Digital Image Analysis
  5. 5. Afternoon – Computer Works 1. Transfer and create Table Data into GS+ 2. Understanding X-coordinate and Y-coordinate, Longitude and Latitude, RSO west Malaysia, WGS 84 3. Outlier Data at , understanding significant and not significant data presentations 4. Understanding Modelling 5. Data Summary, Skewness Data and Transformation 6. Semivariance analysis 7. Quantile posting 8. Interpolation 9. Cross validate data 10. Regression coefficient 11. Drawing 2D-Map 12. Overlay Sampling Posting 13. Map Contour Level 14. Save file in JPEG, Save Table and Save WorkspaceDay 3 – Computer Works 1. Understanding Command in MapInfo 2. Create New Browser/ Table MapInfo 3. New Table Structure 4. Projection – MRSO-MRT, RSO West Malaysia 5. Copy Data from GS+ into MapInfo 6. Unselect all Data 7. Create Points for Table 8. Create New Map Window
  6. 6. 9. Understanding Layer Control10. Layer Control for ID11. Layer Control for Z value12. Map Option (change into metric unit)13. Choose projection Latitude/Longitude (WGS 84)14. Understanding point object coordinate15. Overlay Coordinate into Google Earth Live16. Drawing Polygon or Polyline on Map17. Check Region Object18. Save as Table, Save as Workspace19. Create Raster Table and Image Registeration, Error must be zero20. Confirmed control points and Malaysia projections21. Overlay Map onto Sampling Data22. Layer control to clear map outside maintained Digitalized Map layer and alter other layer23. New Table, Add to current Mapper and create24. Save Table and Save Workspace25. Layer control, maintained Digitalized Map layer and unclick cosmetic layer and other layer if required accordingly26. Understanding Polygon and Polyline and Corner27. Commence Digitized28. Create Map - Draw Distance Scale - Draw North Indicator - Draw Legends29. Finalised Map