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A traveller through a country would stop at a village and he didn\'t have to ask for food or for water. Once he stops, the people give him food, entertain him. That is one aspect of Ubuntu but it will have various aspects. Ubuntu does not mean that people should not address themselves. The question therefore is: Are you going to do so in order to enable the community around you to be able to improve?

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  1. 1. UBUNTU Scientific Capacity-Building & Technology Transfer in the 21 st Century VESALIUS COLLEGE 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>WHAT </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Capacity-Building </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>WHY </li></ul><ul><li>Global Inequalities </li></ul><ul><li>Future Global Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>HOW </li></ul><ul><li>AIMS </li></ul><ul><li>OLPC </li></ul><ul><li>UBUNTU </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scientific Capacity-Building <ul><li>“ Simply transferring knowledge and instrumentation is not enough to help developing countries build their own research base.” </li></ul><ul><li>Parachute Science </li></ul><ul><li>Brain-Drain </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scientific Capacity-Building <ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technology Transfer <ul><li>“ Simply transferring knowledge and instrumentation is not enough to help developing countries build their own research base.” </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Open-Source </li></ul>
  6. 6. Technology Transfer <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul>
  7. 7. Global Inequalities <ul><li>World Wealth Proportions 2002 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Global Inequalities <ul><li>The Health Research 10/90 Gap </li></ul><ul><li>“ The 10/90 Gap refers to the fact that only 5–10% of all global health research funding is directed to research on health problems that affect 90% of the world's population…” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Global Inequalities <ul><li>Scientific Papers Published in 2001 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Scientific Capacity-Building <ul><li>Founded in 2003, Cape Town – South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>High-Quality Campus </li></ul><ul><li>Postgraduate Diploma in Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>UCT, Stellenbosch and UWC </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, Oxford and Paris-Sud-XI </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; This institute will bring Africa to the cutting edge of science .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Stephen Hawking </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, UK. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2005 Yellow : received Orange : enrolled Green : graduated
  12. 12. Course Topics: Bio-informatics Structural and Molecular Biology Ecology and Conservation Science Demographics and Disease Modeling Computation Information and Communication Astronomy and Astrophysics Fundamental Physics Pure Mathematics Environmental and geophysical fluid mechanics aims.ac.za [email_address]
  13. 13. Technology Transfer <ul><li>“ It's an education project, not a laptop project.” </li></ul><ul><li>Child ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Low ages </li></ul><ul><li>Saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Connection </li></ul><ul><li>Free and open source </li></ul>
  14. 14. Technology Transfer <ul><li>1967 : Logo, the first programming language written especially for children </li></ul><ul><li>2005 : OLPC presented at Davos </li></ul><ul><li>2007 : XO-1 starts mass production. </li></ul><ul><li>Give One Get One </li></ul><ul><li>Participating Countries 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Peru </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolia </li></ul>
  15. 15. Technology Transfer <ul><li>XO-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Router </li></ul><ul><li>High-Resolution Display </li></ul><ul><li>Electric/ Solar/ Human power </li></ul>laptop.org laptopgiving.org
  16. 16. Technology Transfer “ We are people because of other people&quot; Linux-Based Operating System Open Source Software Free, Supported, Community-Oriented
  17. 17. First release in 2004 Updated every 6 Months 1 CD + Online Downloads
  18. 18. <ul><li>“ The practice of ubuntu is fundamentally inclusive, involving respect and concern for one's family and one's neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>It also implies respect for one's ancestors, in a deeper spiritual sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Ubuntu defines the individual as a component of a greater (inclusive) collective whole, and it stresses social consciousness and unity. ” </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>VESALIUS COLLEGE 2008 </li></ul>