Where I took my research. http://answers.yourdictionary.com/answers/history/socie ty/japanese-pop-culture-street-fashion.html http://answers.yourdictionary.com/medical/how-long- does-alcohol-stay-in-your-body.html http://answers.yourdictionary.com/answers/history/socie ty/where-did-makeup-originate.html http://answers.yourdictionary.com/answers/history/socie ty/why-do-people-start-drinking-alcohol.html Wikipedia: Manga, Anime, Japanese Culture, J-Music, Modern Street Fashion.
Most historians agree that makeup originated in the Middle East. In fact, cosmetics were frequently mentioned in the Old Testament and other historical documents from different cultures. Origin of MakeupThe precise origin of makeup isnt entirely clear. However, historystated that Egyptian men and women used makeup in ancient Egypt.Lip ointments were popular and henna was used to colour their nails.Men and women during this time wore eye shadow.These types of cosmetics were made by combining black oxide,carbon, and other substances, sometimes with toxic properties, togive them a dark, almost gothic look.
Evolution of MakeupWomen from Chinese and Japanese, would stain their faces withpowder made from ground rice to make their complexions whiter.Men and women from European aristocratic classes would plasterchalk powder and white lead on their faces for a ghostly look.Greek women would apply red iron and ochre clay on their lips.
Makeup During the Middle AgesDuring the 1400s the women from England’s upper class were stillseeking a pasty white complexionTo achieve this look during the middle ages, they would apply eggwhites onto their faces.Alcohol and perfume bases were also brought over to Europe bythe Crusaders.
Development of Makeup in EuropeMakeup in Europe took place in France and Italy two centuriesafter the middle ages.Their products were made from natural ingredients such asflowers, fruits, roots, and tree bark.During the 1800s, the French started to develop more advancedmethods for creating cosmetic products.French also added life and vitality to the faces of womeneverywhere as they introduced the color red into their facemakeup.Tinted red cheeks and red full lips became a symbol of health andbeauty.
Modern Makeup1900s was the era in which modern makeup was born.Pale skin used to be associated with wealth and leisure, and bronzeskin was associated with the common workers, this all changedthanks to makeup artist, Max Factor.Makeup evolved to being more sensual and refined.Modern technology and advanced formulas, cosmetics now comein many forms, targeting all skin types regardless of race.
People Die from Alcohol Every YearWith 79,000 deaths a year as the answer to how manypeople die from alcohol each year.2.3 million years of potential life lost each year is also dueto excessive alcohol.In 2005, there were 4.6 million hospitalizations and fourmillion emergency room visits because of various conditionsrelated to the consumption of alcohol.
Alcohol UseExcessive drinking is considered to be binge drinking,heavy drinking, or both.Binge drinking for women is four or more drinks in oneoccasion, and for men is five or more drinks.Heavy drinking is more than one drink a day on theaverage for women and two or more drinks a day on theaverage for men.
Hard Core Drunk DriversThese are people who have had more than one DrivingWhile Intoxicated (DWI) and resist changing their behavior.44% of drivers involved in a fatal crash who had a priorDWI had a blood alcohol content level of 0.15 or higher.
Advice on DrinkingModerate use of alcohol would be no more than one drink aday for women and no more than 2 drinks a day for men.People who should not drink include: pregnant women orwomen trying to get pregnant, minors, people takingcertain medications, recovering alcoholics, anyone sufferingfrom a medical condition and anyone who is planning todrive or doing anything else where alertness, coordination,and concentration are required.
Health RisksImmediate risks include unintentional injuries from accidents,drowning, falls, burns, or firearms.Violence is another risk, it includes violence to a partner or child. Infact, two out of three domestic violence incidences are related toalcohol.People who drink to excess often engage in risky sexual behaviors,including unprotected sex, sex with multiple partners, and a chance ofrape.Can lead to an unwanted pregnancy or a sexually transmitted disease.Women who drink in excess and are pregnant may experience amiscarriage or stillbirth and have a higher risk of birth defects in theirchild.The last immediate health risk is alcohol poisoning that can lead tocoma or death.
How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your Body?Your blood alcohol content level depends on a variety of different factors. Forexample, your sex and your weight might affect your blood alcohol content level.Even after you stop drinking, your blood alcohol level can continue to rise. This isbecause the alcohol is still being absorbed into your bloodstream. However, thereare ways to control your blood alcohol levels and the rate at which your bloodalcohol level rises.For example, you shouldn’t drink on an empty stomachYou should sip your drinks instead of gulping them.If you have more than one or two alcoholic drinks in a night, you should alternatewater between them. What Happens When You Drink?Approximately ten percent of the alcohol you consume leaves your body throughyour breath, your urine, or your perspiration.About ninety percent of the alcohol exits the body is the process known asmetabolism.
Reasons People Start Drinking Alcohol:Peer Pressure: Peer pressure can play a role in that first sipof alcohol at any age; however, we generally find that peerpressure comes into play in younger people, such as college,high school, and even middle school aged students.Party Vibe: Peers do not always have to be applying pressure,it might just be the environment which the individual is in.Curiosity: One of the reasons as to why people do anything isout of simple curiosity.As An Escape: Some individuals see alcohol or any other mindaltering substances as an escape from their daily lives.
MangaJapanese word for "comics" and consists of comics and printcartoons.Manga is a term for comics and graphic novels of Japan thatbegan in the 18th century and has just recently spread all overthe world.Manga is written from top to bottom but is read from right to leftas is the Japanese language.Manga is written for every age group; but, most target olderteens and adults.In the US, people refer to what they perceive as manga "styled"comics as ―Original English-language manga‖ (OEL manga). Still,the original term "manga" is primarily used in English-speakingcountries solely to describe comics of Japanese origin.
History and characteristics:In 1969 a group of female (Year 24 Group) manga artists madetheir shōjo (female) manga debut, they marked the first majorentry of female artists into manga.The super heroines, shōjo manga saw releases such as MermaidMelody Pichi Pichi Pitch,Tokyo Mew Mew, And, Pretty SoldierSailor Moon, which became internationally popular in both mangaand anime formats. Sailor Tokyo Moon mew mew Mermaid Melody
History and characteristics:Groups (or sentais) of girls working together have also beenpopular within this genre.Boys and young men became some of the earliest readers ofmanga after World War II. Shōnen (male) manga focused ontopics thought to interest the typical boy, including subjects likerobots, space-travel, and heroic action-adventure.The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readershas evolved to include those featuring single pretty girls(bishōjo)such as Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls andwomen surround the hero, as in Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groupsof heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo).The gekiga style of drawing—emotionally dark, often starklyrealistic, sometimes very violent—focuses on the grim realities oflife, often drawn in gritty and unpretty fashions.[ Oh My Gekiga Hanaukyo Goddess! style Maid Team
International marketsManga, or Japanese comics, have appeared in translation in manydifferent languages in different countries, including Brazil, Korea, China,Hong Kong, Taiwan, France, Germany, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Italy,and many more. In the United States, manga comprises a small (but growing) industry,especially when compared to the inroads that Japanese animation hasmade in the USA. Influence on world cultureA number of artists in the United States have drawn comics andcartoons influenced by manga. As an early example, Vernon Grant drewmanga-influenced comics while living in Japan in the late 1960s andearly 1970s.Manga as a term used outside Japan refers specifically to comicsoriginally published in Japan. However, manga-influenced, amongoriginal works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in Taiwan,South Korea and China, notably Hong Kong.
AnimeAnime is an abbreviation for ―animated‖ and came from manga.You can find anime in television programs, movies, and videogames. History of Anime:Anime began at the start of the 20th century, when Japanesefilmmakers experimented with the animation techniques alsopioneered in France, Germany, the United States, and Russia.The oldest known anime in existence first screened in 1917 – a two-minute clip of a samurai trying to test a new sword on his target,only to suffer defeat.By the 1930s animation became an alternative format of storytellingto the live-action (real actors) industry in Japan.The success of The Walt Disney Companys 1937 feature film SnowWhite and the Seven Dwarfs influenced Japanese animators.
History of Anime:The 1970s saw a surge of growth in the popularity of manga – manyof them later animated.Robot anime like the Gundam and The Super Dimension FortressMacross series became instant classics in the 1980s, and the robotgenre of anime is still one of the most common in Japan andworldwide today.In the 1980s, anime became more accepted in the mainstream inJapanAnime gained increased acceptance in those markets in the 1990sand even more at the turn of the 21st century.
Visual characteristicsWhile different titles and different artists have their own artisticstyles, many stylistic elements have become so common thatdescribe them as definitive of anime in general.Body Proportions: Body proportions emulated in anime come fromproportions of the human body.Most anime characters are about seven to eight heads tall, andextreme heights are set around nine heads tall.Sometimes specific body parts, like legs, are shortened or elongatedfor added emphasis.Most super deformed characters are two to four heads tall, likeCrayon Shin-chan. Crayon Shin-chan
Visual characteristicsEyes: Many anime and manga characters feature large eyes.Osamu Tezuka, who is believed to have been the first to use thistechnique, was inspired by the exaggerated features of Americancartoon characters such as Betty Boop, Mickey Mouse, and Bambi.However, not all anime have large eyes. For example, some of thework of Hayao Miyazaki and Toshiro Kawamoto are known for havingrealistically proportioned eyes, as well as realistic hair colors on theircharacters.[ Hayao Miyazaki’s work Princess Mononoke – not using big large eyes
Visual characteristicsFacial expressions: Anime characters may employ a variety offixed facial expressions to signify moods and thoughts.There are a number of other stylistic elements that are common toconventional anime as well but more often used in comedies.Characters that are shocked or surprised will perform a "face fault",in which they display an extremely exaggerated expression.Angry characters may exhibit a "vein" or "stress mark" effect, wherelines representing bulging veins will appear on their forehead.
Visual characteristicsFacial expressions: Male characters will develop a bloody nosearound their female love interestsEmbarrassed or stressed characters either produce a massive sweat-drop.Characters who want to childishly taunt someone may pull an akanbeface akanbe face
DistributionThe anime market for the United States alone is "worthapproximately $4.35 billion, according to the Japan External TradeOrganization―Anime had commercial success in Asia, Europe and Latin America,where anime has become more mainstream than in the UnitedStates.For example, the Saint Seiya video game was released in Europe dueto the popularity of the show even years after the series has beenoff-air. Saint Seiya
Traditional and folk music Types of traditional Japanese music The oldest forms of traditional Japanese music are Buddhist chant (shoumyou), Japanese classic music(gagaku) Minyō folk music: Japanese folk songs (minyō) can be grouped and classified in many ways but it is often convenient to think of four main categories: used for gatherings such as weddings, funerals, and festivals, and childrens songs . Taiko: The taiko is a Japanese drum that comes in various sizes and is used to play a variety of musical genres. Japanese folkswoman with her shamisen, 1904 Taiko
Arrival of Western music Traditional pop music: Two major forms of music that, which was composed to bring western music to schools, and gunka (military marches) with some Japanese elements. Western classical music: Western classical music has a strong presence in Japan and the country is one of the most. Jazz : From the 1930s on jazz has had a strong presence in Japan.
Popular music J-pop: an abbreviation for Japanese pop, is a loosely- defined musical genre that entered the musical mainstream of Japan in the 1990s. Rock music: In the 1960s, Japanese bands imitated The Beatles, Bob Dylan and the Rolling Stones. Heavy metal: Japan is known for being a successful area for metal bands touring around the world and many live albums are recorded in Japan. Electropop and club music: Electronic pop music in Japan became a successful craze of the late 70s and 80s.
Popular music Hip-Hop: Hip-hop is a newer form of music on the Japanese music scene. Theme music: Theme music composed for films, anime, and Japanese television dramas are considered a separate music genre. Game music: When the first electronic games were sold, they only had rudimentary sound chips with which to produce music. As the technology advanced, the quality of sound and music these game machines could produce increased dramatically. Modern Music: Today, the japanese uses synthetic materials to make musics , e.g. Vocaloid.
Lolita:Containing many different themes within its boundaries, Lolita has become one of the larger, more recognizable styles in Japanese street fashion. Now gaining interest worldwide, Lolita is seen as one of the many different styles that brings the "cute" in Japan.Gothic Lolita - is Lolita with a heavy influence from the Easternand Victorian Goth style.Sweet Lolita - is the most childlike style, mostly characterizedby baby animals, fairy tale themes and innocent, childlikeattire.Punk Lolita - An experimental style, mixing the influences ofPunk with Lolita.Classic Lolita - is very traditional. It is very mature, andbusiness-like and focuses on light colors such as, blue, green,and red.
Gyaru (Gal) Gyaru, sometimes known as ganguro, is a type of Japanese street fashion that originated in the 1970s. Ganguro falls into the larger subculture of gyaru. Ganguro typically includes brightly colored outfits, mini-skirts. The kogal (kogyaru) look is based on a high school uniform, but with a shorter skirt, loose socks, and often dyed hair and a scarf as well.
Visual Kei: The style of Visual Kei consists of strikingmakeup, unusual hair styles and flamboyant costuming.International influence: The immediate influence ofJapanese street fashion is said to be China, Korea andTaiwan.Japanese street fashion is also said to influence the WestCoast of the United States.
Episodes- Make up1: Origin of Make up2: Evolution and Development of Make up3: Use of Make up today. Alcohol Use1: How/Why do people die in alcohol2: Reasons for Alcohol3: Japanese Culture1:Manga/Anime2:Japanese Music3:Modern Fashion