UTX, a simple glossary format
UTX Team Leader, AAMT
(Originally delivered on June 25, 2015. Modified in July 9, 2015)
Less is more
Simplification is a sophisticated process
(Asia-Pacific Association for MT)
MT researchersMT manufacturers
IAMT: International Association for MT
UTX team leader
SDL Trados official
instructor (fully SDL
What is UTX?
UTX stands for Universal Terminological eXchange
Developed by AAMT (Asia-Pacific Association for MT)
Simple glossary format for terminology tools and MT
For creating, sharing, and reusing glossary data
• Easy to create and manage on
• Quality control via term statusReliable
• MT and termbase tools
• Manage bilingual glossaries for
4 merits of the UTX glossary format
UTX is non-expert friendly
• Systematic approach to translation is
not yet fully developed in Japan.
–No translation major in universities.
• There are many individuals and small
LSPs who could benefit from
standardized glossary formats.
• UTX is especially easy to use when you
start creating a glossary.
UTX as a step towards a more
complicated format (TBX)
No glossary TBX
This is the hard part!
Edit UTX glossaries on Excel
sharing and reusing of glossaries
UTX is Rule-based MT friendly
• Statistical MT is less accurate with Japanese.
– difference of language structures.
• In Japan, RbMT packages (Toshiba, Fujitsu,
Cross Language, Kodensha, and more) are
• Some SMT (and hybrid MT) can also use UTX.
UTX can handle conversions to
• Some information might be lost, but
• Some users/tools don’t need the
awesome power of TBX.
UTX glossary sample
#UTX 1.11; en-US/zh-CN; 2014-09-25; copyright: AAMT (2012); license: CC-by 3.0
#src tgt src:pos term status
Asia-Pacific Association for
亚洲太平洋机器翻译协会 properNoun approved
dictionary administrator 字典管理员 noun approved
contributor 用语提交者 noun provisional
domain 领域 noun
glossary 词汇表 noun
bidirectional 双向 adjective approved
merge 合并 verb approved
Term statusTarget term
Manage essential glossary data in a standardized format
Information about the glossary (creation date, license, etc.)
Term status provides reliability
Use case examples
• 2.2 million entries (as of 2015) are created by
the Japan Patent Office.
– Chinese-Japanese glossary
• Glossary data for MT/interpretation for
1. UTX can help non-experts.
2. A UTX glossary serves as a basis for
a TBX glossary.
3. UTX addresses the need of MT for
non-European languages (Japanese,
• Visit http://www.aamt.info/english/utx/
for the specification and samples (free)
• Or search for “UTX glossary”
• We welcome your feedback!