Scientific Publishing in South America Chances and Opportunities for Researchers in Brazil
Outline of the presentation• Introducing the Speakers, Visiting Team and Springer• Electronic publishing and new publication types• Open Access• Science in Brazil• What Springer offers to Brazil – Presentation will be made available. – Questions may be asked in Portuguese
Introduction Visiting ForumDr. Daniel McGowan – Edanz Group Science Director – New ZealandMariana Biojone – Senior Business Development Editor – Springer São PauloFiona Pring – Senior Acquisition Editor – BioMed Central Ltd. LondonDr. Nandita Quaderi – Publisher Biological Sciences – BioMed Central Ltd. LondonDr. Mayra Castro – Editor for Engineering Nanotechnology; Materials Science; Bioengineering; Green Energy Technology – Springer HeidelbergAnnie Cimino – Editorial Director for Medical and Life Science Journals – Springer New YorkBeverley Ford – Editorial Director - Computer Science, Computer Vision, Graphics, Animation & Games, HCI / Human Factors, Information Systems, SWE, Programming languages and techniques – Springer LondonPaul Manning – Executive Vice-President Computer Science – Springer New YorkBill Tucker – Editorial Director Behavioral and Social Sciences – Springer New YorkHeloisa Tiberio – Account Specialist – Springer São Paulo
Brief personal Introduction• PhD gamma-ray astronomy, Leiden 1997 Post-doc research at INAOE, Puebla, Mexico in 1998• Twelve years in publishing (Kluwer in Holland then Springer in the USA)• Since 2011, head of astronomy editorial at Springer New York and Brazilian Market Development Springer São Paulo experience working in science and in publishing in an international arena
Introducing Springer • Experience in academic publishing since 1842 • More than 6,000 new books published per year • Leading journals Publisher: ~2000 journals 1/3 in cooperation with societies and other organizations • Global powerful publisher with local personal contacts • Leading in China and Russia • Innovative product development: – SpringerLink: 600 consortia customers and 35,000+ institutions worldwide – Springer Open Choice, BioMed Central, Briefs, Theses, Images – 51,000+ eBooks and MyCopy – 216 eReference Works• Over 1/5th of Nobel prize winners are Springer authors, includes almost all of the recent winners working in science.
Number of English-Language Journals Number of English-Language Book Titles Published in 2011 Published in 2009 Medicine Medicine Science & Technology Science & Technology Social Sciences & Humanities Social Sciences & Humanities Springer 2,039 Springer 3,959 Informa 3,408 Elsevier 1,904 OUP 2,459 Informa 1,707 CUP 1,566 Wiley- Blackwell 1,444 Palgrave 1,274 Macmillan Sage 572 Elsevier 1,260 CUP 268 Wiley- 1,201 Blackwell WK Health 252 Sage 779 OUP 241 WK Health 327(English-language academic/scholarly journals only; Springer including BioMed (Data from www.puballey.com; if a book is published simultaneously in hard-Central, Springer Medicine and Springer Fachmedien) and paperback editions, only the hardback edition was included)
Our ambition for Brazil• Develop a representative program of the very best journals from the region• Lay the foundations for a growing book and reference program based on the work of the region‘s leading scientists – Cooperate with leading institutions – Co-publish and develop Journals – Co-publish Book Series – Provide editorial support • Author Workshops and Guidance (e.g. Edanz) • Publishing infrastructure • Professional publishing experience
Springerlink.com eFirst – rapid online publication • Springerlink content database is the central access point for researchers in Science, Technology and Medicine, containing 5 million journal articles and book chapters • All new Springer books are first published as eBooks and in many countries we offer a ~50 BRL black & white PB version called MyCopy for institutions who buy access to the eBooks • Springer Book Archive project • More than 70 000 titles available for digitisation • eBooks are compatible with the well-known eReaders, iPad, Kindle, Nook. SpringerLink serves 600 consortia and more than 35,000 institutions worldwide
eBook Strategy Moving Forward Springer eBook Strategy: – Quality: you are in good company – Global reach = Global influence – Speed: get your ideas out there quickly – Findability: apply search engine optimization features – Formats: state-of-the-art online e-book platform; PTO print technology; MyCopy; Mobile Devices – Ideal in geographically-challenged locations (the Amazon!) – Ready for next generation integration in content databases with linking
SpringerLink.com – integrated platform for eJournals & eBooks
SpringerBriefs Introduction of New Product Types: SpringerBriefs • Hot topics and comprehensive tutorials • 50-125 pages long • Organized in focused series • Providing a format for publishing ideas somewhere between a research article and a book
SpringerTheses Project Concept „Best of the Best“• Top-ranked institutes from around the world invited to nominate their best Ph.D. theses for a Springer Thesis Prize* Pilot project in Chemistry and Physics and related fields such as Astrophysics, Materials, Nanoscience, Chemical Engineering, Complex Systems, Biotechnology and Biophysics * 1000 BRL award plus publication of the entire thesis in the series
Criteria for NominationTo qualify for nomination the thesis must fulfill all of the following criteria: • The work reported in the thesis must represent a significant scientific advance. • It must be written in good English. • Each thesis should include a foreword by the supervisor outlining the significance of its content. • The thesis should have a clearly defined structure with an introduction accessible to scientists not expert in the field. • If the thesis includes previously published material, permission to reproduce this must be gained from the respective copyright holder. • The thesis must have been examined and passed during the 12 months prior to nomination.
First Reactions “I am a strong supporter of “I very much the idea” welcome this “I am very glad initiative” that quality is at the heart of your programme”
Images with good descriptive captions are separately stored in asearchable database for easy discovery of graphical information.
There’s something for everyone Written by world-renowned scientists from across the globe Textbooks Atlases Encyclopedias Handbooks Monographs Conference Proceedings SpringerBriefs SpringerTheses SpringerProtocols SpringerReferences Society-branded Books SerieseBook • eReader • Traditional Print • MyCopy
What is Open Access? The article is universally and publicly accessible via the Internet, in an easily readable format and deposited immediately upon publication, without embargo. Copyright remains with the author Creative Commons “The author or copyright owner irrevocably grants to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part.” The publication fees are covered by the author or by research funds. No subscription fees are paid by the libraries.
Fully open access journalsSource: http://www.doaj.org/
Open access to research output is becoming mandatoryOpen access mandatesSource: http://www.openscholarship.org/jcms/c_6226/open-access-policies-for-universities-and-research-institutions?hlText=policies
Open Access options with Springer• Definitions – Free Access: authors, universities, societies are not paying for public access (SciELO). • Includes temporary public access of subscription materials for promotion reasons – Open Access: authors, universities, societies pay for public access. • Green Open Access: author versions in public repositories (for example arXiv). • Gold Open Access: final versions are publicly accessible on publishers Web site.• Springer (Green by default) – Articles in subscription journals = Open Choice (Gold) • Article fee = ~5000 BRL, author is given choice after acceptance of article – Articles in full open access journals = SpringerOpen or BioMed Central (Life Sciences) • Article fee = between 1100 -1500 BRL, paid in many different ways. • Signing up institutional (university, society) members who pay for the authors.
What is ?• New suite of open access journals which will cover all disciplines – BioMed Central for the biomedical topics• All articles are fully and immediately open access (copyright authors, CreativeCommons Attribution license)• No subscriptions, article processing fees instead – Paid by the author (via research grant, library, institutional OA fund, …) – Paid by a member institution – Waivers (economic hardship; Invitation waivers for EICs)
In Brazil, the numbers go up fast• R&D spending 8% growth annually since 2005• Fast growing scientific production (17% per year vs. 3% globally)• Close to 200 universities• # of students > Germany & UK combined (about 4 million)• Strong government policy and investments to grow the country’s scientific impact• 55% of the research output of Latin-America comes from Brazil• The 7th economy in the world with: GDP ~2 trillion USD ~1.5% of this is spent on Science & Technology (= ~30 billion USD).
Emerging Knowledge Economies Source: Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge SM
Size of the market and Focus Fields• Brazil top 5 fields of the 43 000 citable articles published in 2010 – 27% = Medicine, Tropical Medicine, & Public Health – 20% = Agricultural & Biological Sciences – 10% = Biochemistry, Genetics, and Molecular Biology Springer Author – 6% = Physics and Astronomy Mapper – 6% = Chemistry 2008: 2268 2009: 2731 2010: 3545 2011: 4898 BMC submitting authors 2008: 162 2009: 219 2010: 302
SciELO• Scientific Electronic Library Online, has more than 850 free access journals from all of Latin America, Spain, Portugal and South Africa (233 from Brazil)• About 50 journals in English language, most others are hybrid (PT, ES, EN) and gradually switching to English only.• Springer offers to work with SciELO and introduce APCs – Means income for the societies and funds for investment• With Open Access we can have articles on SpringerLink and SciELO, – Means more international visibility• Requested partnership to start new OA journals• Springer editors add a journal development strategy• Societies receive an annual report
Our office in São Paulo, the heart of a metropolitan area with 20 million people Avenida Paulista
Springer distributes Journals from Brazil, increasing collaboration Since 2009 Since the early 1990s Since 2010 Since 2011 As of 2012
Focus areas to develop journalsFactors for Success – International Diversity: authors, editors, editorial advisory board members. – Positioning: does the journal offer a unique perspective or focus. – Local strengths: which expertise is local, but triggers a global interest? – If a regional journal, how does it compare with other journals from the same area? Will it enrich coverage in a subject or provide a regional perspective? – Peer review system and international editorial conventions – Proper English language, suggesting services such as Edanz is providing – Citation Data Analysis – Timeliness of publication – Market Share and Growth – Financial sustainability
Library Advisory Board Activities in BrazilDiscuss and share our strategies and future activities with the directors of main Brazilianuniversity, academic, and scientific institutional libraries by increasing the dialog among ourinstitutions to become, more and more, partners.• vision of editorial activities in Brazil with the new office• increase the knowledge of the existence (and possible partnerships) of scientific journals owned by universities• support the university efforts on training authors on how to write scientific articles and manuscripts
How to Publish a Book with Springer?Get in touch with us!• 1) Author fills out book proposal form – Topic and Title – Level: research, graduate or undergraduate – Uniqueness: new results, better explanation, competing books outdated• 2) Springer subject expert evaluates proposal, may ask changes• 3) Review by fellow scientists• 4) Discussing publishing agreement: date of delivery, financial rewards• 5) Manuscript delivery• 6) Book production• 7) Announced to the market, promotion• 8) Publication• 9) Distribution and Sales• 10) New edition
Where do we Publish?Measuring QualityImpact Factor Calculation 2011 Impact Factor: Cites in 2011 to items published in 2010 + 2009 Total 2010 + 2009 Articles ISI Impact Factors calculated from the monitoring of ~8000 journals SCOPUS Impact Factors calculated from the monitoring of ~16000 journals
Where do we Publish? Caution!!! Impact Factors Measure: – the Popularity of a Science/topic – the amount scientists in those disciplines write Example: Biomedical journals usually have much higher Impact Factors than Engineering journals The science in both is good but the nature of the science dictates a different rate of publication