This presentation available fordownload now from:edanzediting.com/korea_2012
How to Write for and GetPublished in Scientific Journals    세계적 수준의 영문 저널과       도서를 위한 글쓰기     Korea Advanced Institute o...
A little about me…Author                                                                ResearcherVirology, Stem Cell Biol...
Today’s presentation …Section One: Scientific publishingSection Two: Before you start …Section Three: Structuring your man...
Scientific publishing                        Section One         Why publish?         Publishing in English         What d...
Scientific publishing                        Why publish?                          Nature is complex
Scientific publishing                        Why publish?           We use complex technologies and           methods to u...
Scientific publishing                        Why publish?  …and the science is often necessarily complex
Scientific publishing                        Exchange ideas globally자신의 아이디어를 국제적으로 널리 알리기 위해서는무엇보다도 명료한 언어를 사용하는 것이 중요합니다...
Scientific publishing                        Section One     English is the international language of science   과학계에서 국제적으...
Scientific publishing        Peer review improves                             your manuscript        Rejection       Accep...
Scientific publishing   What do editors and                        reviewers want?     Is the manuscript sufficiently nove...
Scientific publishing                        What do editors want?     High quality research     Stands up to peer review ...
Before you start …                     Section Two             Read             Study design             Select an appropr...
Before you start …                     Reading  Both sides of the brain are essential and work  in harmony                ...
Before you start …   Reading improves your                     writing   Read as often as possible   Discuss with your col...
Before you start …                     Strategies for reading               Read Title and Abstract first             Self...
Before you start …                     Experimental design CriticalWhat is your hypothesis or research question?          ...
Before you start …                     Experimental design       Sample sizes (n) large enough?       Which statistical te...
Before you start …                     Journal Selection
Before you start …   Choosing a target journal:                     timing   The target journal should be chosen:     Afte...
Before you start …   Match your manuscript                     with the journal   What is your message?   Who will be inte...
Before you start …                     Factors to consider   Aims and scope        Open access or   Publishing frequency s...
Before you start …   Evaluating significance:                     importance    Specific interest only or of interest to m...
Before you start …   Evaluating significance:                     novelty      How new are my results compared      with t...
Before you start …   Evaluating significance:                     relevance    Are my findings of relevance only to a   sp...
Before you start …   Evaluating significance:                     appeal Is my work in an area of ‘popular appeal’ Example...
Before you start …                     Publication ethics   Multiple submissions   Plagiarism   Improper author contributi...
Any questions?
Structuring your   manuscript      Section ThreeYou are telling a story       Beginning → Middle → EndMust be easy to read...
Structuring your   manuscript       ‘Tell them three times’     Introduction = Beginning         Assertion         ‘tell t...
Structuring your   manuscript        IMRaD               Abstract               Introduction    Assertion               Me...
Structuring your   manuscript      The ‘write’ order    For maximum clarity and consistency:   Methods   Results          ...
Structuring your   manuscript      Abstract초록은 논문에서 가장 중요한 부분입니다.         Concise (100–300 words)   Describe problem(s) ad...
Structuring your   manuscript      Introduction   What problem was studied?  연구에서 다루고 있는 문제가 무엇인가?The answer to this quest...
Structuring your   manuscript      Introduction Beginning       Sufficient background information           Puts your work...
Structuring your   manuscript      Introduction MiddleRationale   The reason(s) for doing this work?   Why is it important...
Structuring your   manuscript      Introduction End     State the methods you plan to use     Clearly and explicitly state...
Structuring your   manuscript      Methods   어떤 방법으로 그 문제를 연구했는가? Subheadings Past tenseNew methods must be described in s...
Structuring your   manuscript      Results 어떤 발견을 했는가?  Use subheadings  Past tense to describe your results  Present tens...
Structuring your   manuscript      Display items Present a large amount of data quickly and efficiently Present most signi...
Structuring your      manuscript         Tables                      Clear concise legend/caption                  )   Dat...
Structuring your     manuscript      Figures                                    Scale bars Clear, ‘standalone’ legend     ...
Structuring your   manuscript      Discussion What do these findings mean?     연구 결과가 갖는 의의가 무엇인가?    The answer to this q...
Structuring your   manuscript      Discussion Beginning  Avoid repeating the results section  Answer the research question...
Structuring your   manuscript        Discussion Middle        Interpret your results            Compare with other studies...
Structuring your      manuscript            Discussion End    Restate major conclusion(s)       In summary …              ...
Any questions?
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Section Four        Clear communication        Language        Cover letters   ...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   ExpectationsInformation is easier tointerpret when placedwhere most readersexpe...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   1. Verb placementReaders expect verbs to closely follow subjects독자들은 문장에서 주어 뒤에...
Coverage and   Hints and tips    Staffing Plan   Avoid reader confusion   Readers become confused if subject and verb   ar...
Coverage and      Hints and tips       Staffing Plan               Avoid reader confusionThe smallest of the URFs is URFA6...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Which voice?Use the active voice unless yourtarget journal states otherwise   B...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan     2. Active voice                    Subject                              Verb ...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan        3. Stress position  Readers focus on information at the end of a sentence....
Coverage and  Hints and tips   Staffing Plan    Stress positionThe dog sat when her mistress offered a treat.The dog sat w...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan       4. Topic positionReaders expect a sentence/phrase to be a storyabout whoeve...
Coverage and   Hints and tips    Staffing Plan           Topic position                              sentence             ...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan    Readability “only 4% of readers understand a 27-word             sentence the ...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Sentence length  We examined numerous peer-reviewed  journals  Easy to read art...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Goals to aim for …Maximum 25–30 words per sentenceNot more than four 30-word se...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Simple is bestSimple language is bestMakes your science more relevantMinimizes ...
Coverage and   Hints and tips    Staffing Plan             Cover letters  Competition for publication space and for editor...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan   Your cover letter  Address to the editor personally  State manuscript title and...
Coverage and           Hints and tips            Staffing Plan                             A good cover letterDear Dr Grae...
Coverage and Hints and tips  Staffing Plan     Peer review                               Rejection     AcceptanceVery few ...
Coverage and Hints and tips  Staffing Plan   Revision심사위원들은 자발적으로 시간을 들여 심사를하는 것이므로, 예의바르게 대응해야 합니다.      Politely respond...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan    How to respond    Conduct the additional experiments    suggested        If th...
Coverage and  Hints and tips   Staffing Plan   Your response letterDear Dr _____________: [address editor by name]Thank yo...
Coverage and    Hints and tips     Staffing Plan        Agreement           Address all reviewer points individuallyReview...
Coverage and    Hints and tips     Staffing Plan       Disagreement       Keep your response polite and professionalReview...
Coverage andHints and tips      Understanding reviewer Staffing Plan                    comments             “The English ...
Coverage and  Hints and tips     Understanding reviewer   Staffing Plan                     comments“The authors hypothesi...
Coverage and   Hints and tips       Help your readers    Staffing Plan                        understand“If you can’t expl...
Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan       Online resources                 Edanz          edanzediting.co.jp/korea_20...
Free resources
Journal Advisor
Journal Selector
1. Enter sample text in English   Author’s abstract, short description, key   phrases or abstract from a similar paper
2. Filter & refine   Revise your   sample text  Impact Factor    FrequencyPublishing model
3. Narrow your optionsMatch AnalysisBasic journalinformation Matched previous publications
4. Visit journal websites
edanzediting.com/journal_advisor
Thank you      Good luck!감사합니다. 좋은 결실을 이루시길      바랍니다.
Any questions?global@edanzediting.com        Contact Edanz
edanzediting.com/korea_2012      Download and further reading     @JournalAdvisor          Follow us on Twitterfacebook.co...
120629 edanz kaist_seminar
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120629 edanz kaist_seminar

  1. 1. This presentation available fordownload now from:edanzediting.com/korea_2012
  2. 2. How to Write for and GetPublished in Scientific Journals 세계적 수준의 영문 저널과 도서를 위한 글쓰기 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Warren Raye, PhD Senior Life Sciences Editor Edanz Group 29 June 2012
  3. 3. A little about me…Author ResearcherVirology, Stem Cell Biology, Arthritis, Immunology & Molecular Biology Lecturer & teacher Senior Life Sciences Editor
  4. 4. Today’s presentation …Section One: Scientific publishingSection Two: Before you start …Section Three: Structuring your manuscriptSection Four: Hints and tips
  5. 5. Scientific publishing Section One Why publish? Publishing in English What do editors and reviewers want? Peer review
  6. 6. Scientific publishing Why publish? Nature is complex
  7. 7. Scientific publishing Why publish? We use complex technologies and methods to understand it…
  8. 8. Scientific publishing Why publish? …and the science is often necessarily complex
  9. 9. Scientific publishing Exchange ideas globally자신의 아이디어를 국제적으로 널리 알리기 위해서는무엇보다도 명료한 언어를 사용하는 것이 중요합니다. 출판이 되기 전까지는 연구가 완료된 것이 아닙니다.
  10. 10. Scientific publishing Section One English is the international language of science 과학계에서 국제적으로 통용되는 언어는 영어입니다. Other scientists want to hear from Korean researchers! Become an effective science communicator International reputation
  11. 11. Scientific publishing Peer review improves your manuscript Rejection Acceptance 심사과정을 통해 논문의 Minor revision 질을 향상시킬 수 Major 있습니다. revision Few papers are accepted without revision Rejection and revision are integral to the peer review process Peer review is a positive process
  12. 12. Scientific publishing What do editors and reviewers want? Is the manuscript sufficiently novel? Is the manuscript of broad enough interest? Novelty Aims and Scope Significance Impact Factor
  13. 13. Scientific publishing What do editors want? High quality research Stands up to peer review Original & novel  advances a field Interesting to the journal’s readership Active research areas Clear and concise English 저널 편집자들은 양질의 논문을 원합니다.
  14. 14. Before you start … Section Two Read Study design Select an appropriate journal Evaluate significance Ethics
  15. 15. Before you start … Reading Both sides of the brain are essential and work in harmony Logic Creativity Reading Writing Similarly, reading and writing are connected
  16. 16. Before you start … Reading improves your writing Read as often as possible Discuss with your colleagues Assists you with journal selection Provides ideas for your next manuscript좋은 독자가 되는 것은 좋은 글을 쓰는 데에도 도움이 됩니다.
  17. 17. Before you start … Strategies for reading Read Title and Abstract first Self-assess knowledge of topic Read Results or the relevant parts of the Results (Figures and Tables) Read Discussion for interpretation Refer to Introduction and Methods only if necessary
  18. 18. Before you start … Experimental design CriticalWhat is your hypothesis or research question? The aim(s) of your study What methods are appropriate? Do you have the relevant resources? Identify your controls
  19. 19. Before you start … Experimental design Sample sizes (n) large enough? Which statistical test(s)? When in doubt – talk to a statistician! Does your study comply with all ethics requirements?
  20. 20. Before you start … Journal Selection
  21. 21. Before you start … Choosing a target journal: timing The target journal should be chosen: After the results to be published have been obtained (with no new ones coming) After a decision has been made on how high to aim—high, medium or low impact Before writing Title, Abstract, Introduction and Discussion
  22. 22. Before you start … Match your manuscript with the journal What is your message? Who will be interested? How significant are your results? Where have similar articles been published?
  23. 23. Before you start … Factors to consider Aims and scope Open access or Publishing frequency subscriber Impact factor Prestige Target audience Cost Indexing status Publication type Which factor is most important to you?
  24. 24. Before you start … Evaluating significance: importance Specific interest only or of interest to many Affect many (e.g. new tool) Support for (or contradiction of) an existing theory Substantially improve our understanding of a phenomenon or provide a new technology or disease treatment?
  25. 25. Before you start … Evaluating significance: novelty How new are my results compared with those already published? New findings Incremental Conceptual advances advances Low to medium Medium to high impact factor impact factor
  26. 26. Before you start … Evaluating significance: relevance Are my findings of relevance only to a specific geographical region or ethnic population, or do they have implications for other regions and populations? High impact factor journals may consider specific findings if they are the first of their kind or of international significance.
  27. 27. Before you start … Evaluating significance: appeal Is my work in an area of ‘popular appeal’ Examples: Optogenetics Higgs boson Epigenetics Global warming Stem cells Clean tech
  28. 28. Before you start … Publication ethics Multiple submissions Plagiarism Improper author contribution Data fabrication and falsification Improper use of human subjects and animals Conflicts of interest연구에 관한 윤리 규정을 지키지 않으면 결국 발각되게 됩니다.
  29. 29. Any questions?
  30. 30. Structuring your manuscript Section ThreeYou are telling a story Beginning → Middle → EndMust be easy to read and easy to understand 독자들이 읽기 쉬운 문장을 써야 합니다.
  31. 31. Structuring your manuscript ‘Tell them three times’ Introduction = Beginning Assertion ‘tell them what you are going to tell them,’ Body = Middle Evidence ‘tell them,’ Conclusion = End Affirmation ‘tell them again what you told them’.
  32. 32. Structuring your manuscript IMRaD Abstract Introduction Assertion Methods Results Evidence and Discussion Affirmation
  33. 33. Structuring your manuscript The ‘write’ order For maximum clarity and consistency: Methods Results During your research Introduction Discussion After selecting target journal Title Abstract Write last 논문의 목차에 나타난 순서대로 글을 써야 하는 것은 아닙니다.
  34. 34. Structuring your manuscript Abstract초록은 논문에서 가장 중요한 부분입니다. Concise (100–300 words) Describe problem(s) addressed초록은 그 자체로 완결성을 가져야 합니다. Objectives/hypotheses Techniques; avoid details Most important results Concluding statement
  35. 35. Structuring your manuscript Introduction What problem was studied? 연구에서 다루고 있는 문제가 무엇인가?The answer to this question is contained within your Introduction Beginning → Middle → End
  36. 36. Structuring your manuscript Introduction Beginning Sufficient background information Puts your work into context General Specific Comprehensive literature review Cite reviews
  37. 37. Structuring your manuscript Introduction MiddleRationale The reason(s) for doing this work? Why is it important? Justify your workExplain how you tried to address the problem(1–2 sentences)Do not state results from your work
  38. 38. Structuring your manuscript Introduction End State the methods you plan to use Clearly and explicitly state specific hypotheses or objectives of your study
  39. 39. Structuring your manuscript Methods 어떤 방법으로 그 문제를 연구했는가? Subheadings Past tenseNew methods must be described in sufficientdetail that they can be reproduced Established methods can be referenced
  40. 40. Structuring your manuscript Results 어떤 발견을 했는가? Use subheadings Past tense to describe your results Present tense when referring to figures and tables Do not explain the results Do not duplicate data among figures, tables and text
  41. 41. Structuring your manuscript Display items Present a large amount of data quickly and efficiently Present most significant result as a figure or table Keep it simple — use separate panels if necessary Avoid duplication with the text Label all parts of your figures Legends must be able to ‘stand alone’ 표나 그림은 의사소통의 효율성을 높여 줍니다.
  42. 42. Structuring your manuscript Tables Clear concise legend/caption ) Dataformattedfor clarity Abbreviations defined
  43. 43. Structuring your manuscript Figures Scale bars Clear, ‘standalone’ legend Axes labeled
  44. 44. Structuring your manuscript Discussion What do these findings mean? 연구 결과가 갖는 의의가 무엇인가? The answer to this question is in the Discussion Beginning → Middle → End
  45. 45. Structuring your manuscript Discussion Beginning Avoid repeating the results section Answer the research question(s) posed Emphasize the major finding(s) first What is your major conclusion, based on the results you have presented?
  46. 46. Structuring your manuscript Discussion Middle Interpret your results Compare with other studies Same or different? Unexpected results Briefly describe limitations How could experiments be improved?
  47. 47. Structuring your manuscript Discussion End Restate major conclusion(s) In summary … or In conclusion … Possible applications and implications Suggest future work“Clinical and research priorities include furthering our understanding of thepathogenesis of M. pneumoniae-associated CNS disease, development of morereliable serologic assays, and defining the role of quantitative PCR indistinguishing acute infection from asymptomatic carriage and prolonged post-infection shedding” – Bitun & Richardson Curr Infect Dis Rep 2010, 12:282-290
  48. 48. Any questions?
  49. 49. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Section Four Clear communication Language Cover letters Responding to reviewer comments
  50. 50. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan ExpectationsInformation is easier tointerpret when placedwhere most readersexpect to find itGood writers are aware ofthese expectationsReadability
  51. 51. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan 1. Verb placementReaders expect verbs to closely follow subjects독자들은 문장에서 주어 뒤에 바로 동사가 나타날 것이라고 기대합니다. Subject Sentence Verb Verb . Subject and verb far apart = poor readability
  52. 52. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Avoid reader confusion Readers become confused if subject and verb are separated by too much contentThe smallest of the URFs (URFA6L), a 207-nucleotide (nt)reading frame overlapping out of phase the [NH2]-terminalportion of the adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) subunit 6gene, has been identified as the animal equivalent of therecently discovered yeast H-ATPase subunit 8 gene. 독자들이 읽기 쉬운 문장을 써야 합니다.
  53. 53. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Avoid reader confusionThe smallest of the URFs is URFA6L, a 207-nucleotide (nt) reading frame overlapping out of phasethe [NH2]-terminal portion of the adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) subunit 6 gene, has beenidentified as the animal equivalent of the recently discovered yeast H-ATPase subunit 8 gene.The smallest of the URFs (URFA6L) has been identified as theanimal equivalent of the recently discovered yeast H-ATPasesubunit 8 gene; URFA6L is a 207-nucleotide (nt) reading frameoverlapping out of phase the [NH2]-terminal portion of theadenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) subunit 6 gene.We identified the smallest of the URFs (URFA6L) as the animalequivalent of the recently discovered yeast H-ATPase subunit 8gene. URFA6L is a … .
  54. 54. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Which voice?Use the active voice unless yourtarget journal states otherwise Blood samples were collected from 256 patients. We collected blood from 256 patients. 가능한 한 능동태를 사용합니다.
  55. 55. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan 2. Active voice Subject Verb Active Sentences written in the active voice are: Simple Direct Clear Easy to read
  56. 56. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan 3. Stress position Readers focus on information at the end of a sentence.무의식적으로 독자들은 문장의 끝에 있는 정보를 중요하게 받아들이곤 합니다. Subject Verb take-home information .
  57. 57. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Stress positionThe dog sat when her mistress offered a treat.The dog sat when a treat was offered by her mistress.When the mistress offered her a treat, the dog sat. Readers, without thinking, concentrate on the end of a sentence. 무의식적으로 독자들은 문장의 끝에 있는 정보를 중요하게 받아들이곤 합니다.
  58. 58. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan 4. Topic positionReaders expect a sentence/phrase to be a storyabout whoever shows up first Subject Topic position Verb Stress position .
  59. 59. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Topic position sentence idea idea idea idea Topic link Linkage and contextThe family went into the courtyard to see the newpuppy. The dog sat when her owner offered a treat.Everyone was so excited they broke into applause.However, as the courtyard was situated right next to mybedroom, the sound woke me from my sleep.
  60. 60. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Readability “only 4% of readers understand a 27-word sentence the first time” Consider the reader Only need to read once Do not have to read slowly Can understand author logic immediately
  61. 61. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Sentence length We examined numerous peer-reviewed journals Easy to read articles had an average sentence length of around 17 words Sentences that are 15–20 words One sentence: one idea독자들이 읽기 쉬운 문장을 써야 합니다.
  62. 62. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Goals to aim for …Maximum 25–30 words per sentenceNot more than four 30-word sentences in thewhole manuscriptThink about ‘reader expectation’ and matchthe expectation with the contents독자들이 읽기 쉬운 문장을 써야 합니다.
  63. 63. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Simple is bestSimple language is bestMakes your science more relevantMinimizes confusion – maximizes understandingScience is often complex Use simple language to help more people understand your work
  64. 64. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Cover letters Competition for publication space and for editors’ attention is very high Do not send a cover letter like this:Dear Editor-in-Chief,I am sending you our manuscript entitled “Techniques to detect circoviruses inKorean bird species” by Raye et al. We would like to have the manuscript consideredfor publication in Virology Methods Online.Please let me know of your decision at your earliest convenience.Sincerely yours,Warren Raye, PhD
  65. 65. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Your cover letter Address to the editor personally State manuscript title and publication type Provide brief background, rationale and description of your results Explain the importance of your findings and why they would be of interest to the journal’s target audience Provide corresponding author details
  66. 66. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan A good cover letterDear Dr Graeber,Please find enclosed our manuscript entitled “Amyloid-like inclusions in the brains of Huntington’s disease patients”, byMcGowan et al., which we would like to submit for publication as a Research Paper in Neurogenetics.Recent immunohistochemical studies have revealed the presence of neuronal inclusions containing an N-terminal portion of Give thethe mutant huntingtin protein and ubiquitin in the brain tissues of Huntington’s disease (HD) patients; however, the role ofthese inclusions in the disease process has remained unclear. One suspected disease-causing mechanism in Huntington’s background todisease and other polyglutamine disorders is the potential for the mutant protein to undergo a conformational change to a the researchmore stable anti-parallel β-sheet structure…To confirm if the immunohistochemically observed huntingtin- and ubiquitin-containing inclusions display amyloid features, weperformed Congo red staining and both polarizing and confocal microscopy on post-mortem human brain tissues obtained What wasfrom five HD patients, two AD patients, and two normal controls. Congo red staining revealed a small number of amyloid-like done and whatinclusions showing green birefringence by polarized microscopy, in a variety of cortical regions.... ….detected inclusions was foundobserved in parallel sections, suggesting that only a relatively small proportion of inclusions in HD adopt an amyloid-likestructure.We believe our findings would appeal to a broad audience, such as the readership of Neurogenetics. As a wide-reaching journal Interest topublishing original research on all aspects of neuroscience… journal’s readersPlease address all correspondence to….
  67. 67. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Peer review Rejection AcceptanceVery few papers are Minor revision Majorimmediately accepted revisionwithout need for anyrevisions Complete rejection Journal editor Major revisions decision Minor revisions Acceptance
  68. 68. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Revision심사위원들은 자발적으로 시간을 들여 심사를하는 것이므로, 예의바르게 대응해야 합니다. Politely respond to all the reviewers’ comments in a response letter Make it easy to see the changes Refer to line and page numbers Different color font Highlight the text
  69. 69. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan How to respond Conduct the additional experiments suggested If this is impossible, you must explain why You can disagree with reviewers but provide evidence (cite references) Comply with deadlines
  70. 70. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Your response letterDear Dr _____________: [address editor by name]Thank you for your consideration of our manuscriptentitled _____________ [insert manuscript title]. Wehave reviewed the comments of the reviewers and havethoroughly revised the manuscript. We found thecomments helpful, and believe our revised manuscriptrepresents a significant improvement over our initialsubmission.In response to the reviewers’ suggestions we have[summarize the key changes]
  71. 71. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Agreement Address all reviewer points individuallyReviewer Comment: In your analysis of the data you have chosen touse a somewhat obscure fitting function (regression). In my opinion,a simple Gaussian function would have sufficed. Moreover, theresults would be more instructive and easier to compare to previousresults.Response: We agree with the reviewer’s assessment of the analysis.Our tailored function makes it impossible to fully interpret the datain terms of the prevailing theories. In addition, in its current form itwould be difficult to tell that this measurement constitutes asignificant improvement over previously reported values. We haveredone the analysis using a Gaussian fitting function.
  72. 72. Coverage and Hints and tips Staffing Plan Disagreement Keep your response polite and professionalReviewer Comment: In your analysis of the data you have chosento use a somewhat obscure fitting function (regression). In myopinion, a simple Gaussian function would have sufficed. Moreover,the results would be more instructive and easier to compare toprevious results.Response: We agree with the reviewer that a simple Gaussian fitwould facilitate comparison with the results of other studies.However, our tailored function allows for the analysis of the data interms of the Smith model [Smith et al, 1998]. We have added twosentences to the paper (page 3 paragraph 2) to explain the use ofthis function and Smith’s model.
  73. 73. Coverage andHints and tips Understanding reviewer Staffing Plan comments “The English needs to be improved” “Your writing is difficult to understand” Grammar Long, complex sentences and paragraphs Non-native expressions Gaps in the logic Poor manuscript organization Too much information
  74. 74. Coverage and Hints and tips Understanding reviewer Staffing Plan comments“The authors hypothesized to look for the pharmacokinetics ofthe insulin using this 4 mm needle; however they didnt dobioequivalence analyses for glucose pharmacodynamics. Thatis one of my concerns about this methodology.” Questions from reviewers may not always be apparent Cosmetic changes
  75. 75. Coverage and Hints and tips Help your readers Staffing Plan understand“If you can’t explain something simply,you don’t understand it well.” – Albert Einstein Write to express not impress Consider your audience – their native language may not be English
  76. 76. Coverage andHints and tips Staffing Plan Online resources Edanz edanzediting.co.jp/korea_2012 Springer Exemplar www.springerexemplar.com/ Google Scholar scholar.google.com/ Purdue Online Writing Lab owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
  77. 77. Free resources
  78. 78. Journal Advisor
  79. 79. Journal Selector
  80. 80. 1. Enter sample text in English Author’s abstract, short description, key phrases or abstract from a similar paper
  81. 81. 2. Filter & refine Revise your sample text Impact Factor FrequencyPublishing model
  82. 82. 3. Narrow your optionsMatch AnalysisBasic journalinformation Matched previous publications
  83. 83. 4. Visit journal websites
  84. 84. edanzediting.com/journal_advisor
  85. 85. Thank you Good luck!감사합니다. 좋은 결실을 이루시길 바랍니다.
  86. 86. Any questions?global@edanzediting.com Contact Edanz
  87. 87. edanzediting.com/korea_2012 Download and further reading @JournalAdvisor Follow us on Twitterfacebook.com/JournalAdvisor Like us on Facebook

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