Explorers Written Report


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Explorers Written Report

  1. 1. <ul><li>Francisco Vasquez de Coronado</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Childhood:
  2. 2. Coronado was born in Salamanca, Spain (1510 – 1554). He was a Spanish conquistador and explorer. He was born to a noble family. His family was a very decent family. While he was a child he became friends with Antonio de Mendoza. Coronado had influential friends from both Spain and Mexico. As being the second child he couldn’t inherit, because his parents promised the family fortune to his older brother. At age 25 he left home, he sailed to Mexico and joined the staff of Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza (the colony’s first Admiral). In 1535, Coronado accompanied Mendoza to America as his assistant.</li></ul>Getting Ready<br /><ul><li>Coronado was the first European to explore the Southwest of North America in Arizona and New Mexico. Between 1536 and 1539, Admiral Mendoza heard stories about the Seven Cities of Cibolo, the Seven Cities of Gold where the streets and houses were made of gold and jewels. He sent Coronado on an expedition to find them and claim the wealth for Spain. He searched for the mythical Seven Cities of Gold - El Dorado.
  3. 3. Coronado began his exploration of south-western North America in search of the Seven Cities of Gold, 1540 Feb 23. He leads the expedition, which consists of 340 Spanish, 300 Indians, 1000 horses, 1000 slaves and six swivel guns indicating that the purpose was to colonise as well as explore. He led my army into what would later become Arizona and New Mexico. Coronado has two very good friends that helped him on his expedition. They were Marcos de Ninza, and Cabeza de Vaca.
  4. 4. The Journey
  5. 5. Mendoza thought of an expedition to search for the treasures that had been reported by shipwrecked sailors. Hernando de Alarcon was in command of the two cargo ships. The two ships were about the size of a tugboat and went about five or six knots at times. These treasures were thought to be in present-day Texas. The expedition left in 1540 and headed north to present-day United States.
  6. 6. There Coronado and his 300 men looked in city after city for the treasures they have heard about. Coronado sent men out scouting and all the men found were more Indian tribes, which had no important treasures. For about two full years Coronado and his men felt the heartbreak of finding no gold, which was the only reason they wanted to come on the journey anyway.
  7. 7. The Discovery
  8. 8. He discovered the southwestern part of the United States, including the Grand Canyon. He found and captured a settlement of Zuni Indians, which Coronado considered to be the city of Cibolo. He found no sign of riches.
  9. 9. Some of his army camped in the villages of Cibolo and some made separate trips to find the cities of gold. They visited the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico. They were the first Europeans to travel up the Rio Grande. They found many Indian settlements and discovered the Grand Canyon. His army spent the winter of 1540 in Tiquex, a Pueblo village on the Rio Grande.
  10. 10. In spring Coronado led my army south across what is now Texas. He went to Kansas in search of the Gran Quivera, a land reported to be rich in gold and silver. They were the first Europeans to explore all of the southwestern part of the United States, but they did not find gold.
  11. 11. Discouraged, They returned to Tiguex during the winter of 1541 and later returned to New Galacia. Admiral Mendoza wasn’t happy that they returned without any riches, but he realized that he had worked very hard. He made Coronado governor of part of New Spain.</li></ul>Interesting facts <br /><ul><li>Coronado was later accused of abusing the Indians. All charges were eventually removed, but he lost his place as governor.
  12. 12. Some of the people that went with Coronado left him, because they weren’t having a lot of success, so they went their separate way but they also found nothing.
  13. 13. The country that Coronado was exploring for was Spain.  He explored through five different states. They are, Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Mexico.  His main goal was to find the seven gold cities, with gold in them, but he did not complete it. The reason why he explored was because Spain wanted more land and they sent off over 150 explorers to find land that Spain could claim, and name it after the explorer, but many explorers failed.</li></ul>Map of Coronado’s journey<br />