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Infectious and non infectious diseases - olivia tan


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Infectious and non infectious diseases - olivia tan

  2. 2. Infectious Disease – Case Study CHICKEN POX
  3. 3. Cause and Transmission • Chicken pox is caused by the varicellazoster (VZV). • The chickenpox is a very contagious virus that spreads through the air (by coughing and sneezing) and by direct contact with mucus, saliva or fluid from blisters. Symptoms • Fever, headache, sore throat or stomach ache • Red, itchy skin rash appears all over the body • Small, red bumps appear on the rash • The blister walls of the bumps break which crust over and become scabs
  4. 4. TREATMENT • An antiviral medicine may be prescribed in some cases • Anti-itch lotion and oatmeal baths are used to aid the discomfort of the rash • In most chickenpox infections special medical treatment is not required PREVENTION • The chickenpox vaccine is 99% effective at preventing the VZV infection • To keep the virus from spreading from those who already infected, washing hands before eating and after going to the bathroom are hygiene regimes to prevent the spread of the disease.
  5. 5. INCIDENCE Time Age Place The largest number of cases occur in winter and early Spring. Chicken pox is one of the most common viral infections in children. Chicken pox is a worldwide disease but is fairly common in the US, with 150,000 to 200,000 cases reported every year Most children become infected between the ages of 6 and 10.
  6. 6. Non Infectious Disease – Case Study BREAST CANCER
  7. 7. Cause and Transmission • Breast cancer is caused by abnormal cell growth in the breast in an uncontrolled way. Symptoms • A new lump or lumpiness on the breast or armpit • A change in shape or size on the breast • Crusting, ulcer, redness or inversion of the nipple • A nipple discharge • Change in the skin of the breast such as redness or dimpling • An unusual pain that doesn’t go away
  8. 8. TREATMENT • Surgery to remove part or all of the affected breasts, and removal of one or more lymph nodes from the armpit • Radiotherapy and chemotherapy PREVENTION • Early detection and ensuring to undergo regular breast check-ups • Aiming for a healthy diet, physical activity and control of alcohol intake, overweight and obesity, could reduce the risk of breast cancer in the long run.
  10. 10. Bibliography Chicken Pox Chicken Pox, 2013, The Nemours • Foundation, accessed 27 November 2013, < al/chicken_pox.html#>. Chicken Pox, 2013, Arboris Limited, accessed 27 November 2013, < html>. Bunch, B (ed.) 1997, Diseases: Bones-Dermatitis, Grolier Educational, Sherman Turnpike, Danbury, United States. • • Breast Cancer • • • Breast Cancer, 2013, Australian Government - Cancer Australia, accessed 27 November 2013, <>. Breast Cancer: Prevention and Control, 2013, World Health Organization, accessed 27 November 2013, < ex3.html>. Healey, J (ed.) 2006, Cancer Awareness, The Spinney Press, Thirroul NSW Australia.