Infectious and non infectious diseases


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Infectious and non infectious diseases

  1. 1. A Presentation by Yasmine Biady
  2. 2. Symptoms Symptoms can very from: Itchy, dry, red, scaly, or irritated skin, Yellow, thickened and brittle nails, to red ring-shaped rashes sometimes filled with puss with dry and scaly or moist, raised and crusty boarders, temporary bald patches, red swollen spots, red cracked peeling skin, skin lesions, and allergic reactions.
  3. 3. • Incidence Young children are particularly susceptible to Ringworm. However all ages are susceptible to infection. In countries such as Australia, UK and USA the incidence of ringworm has been estimated to be about 3% of the population, increasing up to 5% in the elderly, Some subgroups such as miners, servicemen and sportsmen etc. have an incidence of up to 20% due to the use of communal showers and changing rooms. • •
  4. 4. Diabetes (Type 1 & Type 2)
  5. 5. Cause and transmission Type 1 diabetes ( AKA Insulin dependant diabetes, juvenile diabetes ): Occurs when the pancreas gland no longer produces the insulin needed One of the most common chronic childhood diseases in developed nations (10-15% of all cases of diabetes) Is not caused by lifestyle factors • • • The cells inside the pancreas that make insulin have been destroyed, so the pancreas is unable to make insulin. It is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences, and is not communicable.
  6. 6. Cause and transmission Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependant, adult on-set diabetes): Occurs when the pancreas is not producing enough insulin and the insulin is not working effectively Is the most common type of all diabetes cases (85 - 90%) Risk factors include family history, ethnic background and being overweight Caused by Lifestyle factors such as unhealthy eating and lack of physical activity, older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and even race/ethnicity • • • •
  7. 7. Prevention Type 1 Diabetes: Generally Type 1 Diabetes Cannot be prevented- However through receiving low doses of insulin, you can delay its arrival if you know for a fact that you will catch the disease.
  8. 8. Prevention Type 2 Diabetes: Can be prevented through: Following a healthy lifestyle- this includes regular physical activity, making healthy food choices, and not putting on a lot of weight, especially if there is a chance of having a pre-diabetic condition. A more advanced option is genetically – If you know that genetically tour family has a history of diabetes there is a procedure that envolves replacing the faulty (diabetic) genes with normal ones
  9. 9. • • • • • Ringworm Resources Book: Human diseases and conditions Neil Izenburg, M.D Steven A. Dowshen, M.D. Book: Human diseases Elizabeth Sakker, Catherine Odium and robert Garner Website: s/Cutaneous/Dermatophytosis/ Website: orm-info.asp Website: articles.nsf/pages/Tinea
  10. 10. Diabetes Resources • • • Book: Diabetes by Justin Healey issues in society volume 250 Encyclopaedia: Diabetes by Judith peacock perspectives on Disease and illness Website: abetes-incidence.htm Website: Website: ome&ie=UTF8&q=type+1+diabetes+treatment&surl=1 • •