Renewable Europe Project Book


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Gençlik Katılımı Derneği Başkanı Onur Oğuz Dellal tarafından, 27 Haziran - 02 Temmuz 2011 tarihleri arasında Antalya'da düzenlenen "Renewable Europe - Green Economy and Energy Efficiency Summit" projesi kapsamında hazırlanmıştır.

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Renewable Europe Project Book

  1. 1. Enerji Verimliliği Derneği ve Gençlik Katılımı ve Kültürlerarası Diyalog Derneği tarafından AB Gençlik Programları Eylem5.1 Projesi “Renewable Europe / Energy Efficiency & Green Economy Summit – Yenilenebilir Avrupa Zirvesi” Projesikapsamında hazırlanmıştır. Bu proje T.C. Başbakanlık DPT AB Eğitim ve Gençlik Programları Merkezi Başkanlığı( Gençlik Programı kapsamında ve Avrupa Komisyonundan sağlanan hibeyle gerçekleştirilmiştir.Ancak burada yer alan görüşlerden AB Eğitim ve Gençlik Programları Merkezi Başkanlığı veya Avrupa Komisyonusorumlu tutulamaz." 2
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  3. 3. INDEXPreface......................................................................................................................................................5Energy Efficiency Association ...................................................................................................................6Youth Participation and Intercultural Dialogue Association ....................................................................7Project Team ......................................................................................................................................... 10Youth in Action Programme and Action 5.1 ......................................................................................... 11Summit Schedule ................................................................................................................................... 20Renewable Europe Summit ................................................................................................................... 22Participatory Countries and Organizations ........................................................................................... 26Opening Speeches ................................................................................................................................. 34Presentations ........................................................................................................................................ 41Seminar Sessions .................................................................................................................................. 93Country Presentations ........................................................................................................................ 122Declaration .......................................................................................................................................... 236Activities Pictures ................................................................................................................................ 238 4
  4. 4. PREFACEThe young is the future, energy is the future, too. Thecommon ground of those two important facts is, as for,today. Today, the young should be provided theopportunity that they could express their ideas freely,they should perform the original ideas they express andwe should give them important roles in the plans aboutthe future.Energy is the source of life and the future of the people.The lack of such an important source, the poverty of which is experienced even today, and themanner of procurement that source should be determined today.It is very a significant gain in the name of human kindness that the people who will live tomorrow aredoing something about an important problem of future. I can say that it is pleasure for us to presentsuch a considerable issue with such a qualified team and to declare the expressions of the younginternationally by that report.Our thirty-five guests from nine European countries and twenty-five young from our country hadbeen talking about “energy” for one week. The president of KOSGEB Mustafa KAPLAN, The TurkeyDirector of BM UNIDO Süleyman YILMAZ and many more privileged guests shared their experiences,their works at national and international stages and the works which should be performed in futurewithin the frame of sessions and presentations.In June 2011, we hosted young people from European. Within the frame of “International GreenEconomy Symposium and Expo”, which will be held in September 2012, together with our Europeanguests, we will host young from all over the world, nearly from hundred countries. We will talk about“Green Economy” and the participation of young in that process. We will announce our commonmind, the contribution that we can give that process and our desires to the world.That report and the declaration which was eventually published are also important because of theirbeing a new beginning. At the end of that event, the view of young from European about the worldissues, the culture of collaboration, the common mind which they present for the solution, thepractice and presentation of the roles in the practice gave us hope and encouraged us about our nextevent, about its productivity, its getting more participants and about its having more idea and moresolution.We decided with the ones who will live the future: We are in Turkey on May 2012. A more crowdedyouth group from all over the world will be with us, too.If you care to join us, we will be waiting for you.Erkan GÜRKANThe President of Enver AssociationThe President of TEVEM Execution Committee 5
  5. 5. Energy Efficiency Association (ENVER)ENVER Association was formed as a non-governmentalorganization. It’s primary purpose is to create awareness to be ableto use the energy efficiently and productive, besides, to beresearched scientifically and technically and to increase theawareness by sharing the results with public enterprises andcitizens.Turkey Energy Efficiency Assembly was founded with the aims ofcontributing to constitute the policies about energy and energyefficiency, creating awareness about using the energy efficientlyand co-operating with this target to realize.A joint declaration was published, by TEVEM with the participants, which are charter membersENVERDER, TOBB ,TİM, MÜSİAD, TÜSİAD, TUSKON, ASKON, URAK, TSE, TÜGİK, YBTB, EGD andDEKTMK in 26.03.2009. The target was determined as ‘’ Billions of Dollars Savings Every Year’’ andthe slogan is ‘’ Turkey! Use Your Energy Efficiently and Save Your Billions of Dollar Per Year’’.For the present, many activities have been arranged with the participation of civil society, publicauthorities, academia, business world and youth and contributed to the studies of energy efficiencyas national.As ENVERDER and TEVEM, we would like to organize an activity which is about Green Economy at thedate of September 2012 in Istanbul within the frame of schema concept founded in the appendix. Bydoing this, we aim to enrich our national reservoir with international ones. 6
  6. 6. Youth Participation and Intercultural Dialogue AssociationYPIDA, was founded in Ankara, Turkey in 2008. The goals of ourassociation are: • To develop the creativity of young people, • To recognize problems releted with them, • To find solutions for their problems, • To provide support to them, • To support them to join the decision of self-development in accordance with their interests, • To conduct projects with other youth organizations and young people at national and international level related with world peace, global warming, environment, youth employment, community development and violence prevention, • To create new project ideas, in order to develop intercultural dialogue, tolerance and conduct international projects and Youth Exchanges Programmes.Furthermore, Youth Participation Association participates to the projects of Turkish National Agency andother public agencies.Our Mission • Coaching young people to reach their goals. • Training young people to produce new ideas and to share them. • Helping young people to learn about another cultures. • Helping to Increase their organizational awareness. • Focusing on the problems of young people and supporting their relationship with civil society • Performing studies directed to improve the youth employment in all areas.Our Vision • Supporting youth policies, preparing and supporting projects in related field. representing youth policies in several platforms. 7
  7. 7. Performed Projects • YOUTH & EMPLOYMENT; DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES Action 1.1 Youth Exchanges TR-11-210-2009-R2 02 – 09 August 2011 Ankara / TURKEY Austria, Estonia, Finland, Romania, Slovenia, Turkey 32 youngsters We had planned activities for those young people, whom were divided into five groups, each group comprised one person for each country. They recorded five different short films about “Youth and Employment”. • WHAT IS YOUR OBSTACLE in TAKING PHOTO? Action 1.1 Youth Exchanges TR-11-143-2010-R1 01 – 16 July 2010 / İstanbul, Eskişehir, Ankara / TURKEY Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey 32 youngsters According to activities, we visited three cities with the participants. They tooked photographs related with disabled people. We display our pictures and video in a exhibition which was held in Ankara. • RENEWABLE EUROPE / Energy Efficiency and Green Economy Summit Action 5.1 Meetings of young people and those responsible for youth policy TR – 51 – 14 -2011 – R1 27 June – 02 July 2011, Antalya / TURKEY Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal, Romania, Israel, England, Germany, Poland 50 youngsters The subjects of depleted resources, renewable energy sources and green economy were discussed in the seminar and workshops which were organized within the scope of project. With the project, e-learning system was put into service to inform youth and youth workers, our European partners made their presentations about good practice examples of energy efficiency and youth presented to European Commission by signing a decleration which is about energy efficiency. 8
  8. 8. Upcoming Project • ADVANCED JOURNALISM and MEDIA TRAINING / MACBET Action 3.1 Training and Networking TR-31-112-2011-R4 09 – 15 January 2012 Ankara / TURKEY Albania, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Egytp, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Kosovo, Macedonia, Palestine, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain 42 younsters MACBET targets to take the first steps to make a network between 42 young journalists, media workers and volunteers who come from 15 different NGOs and countries which are Middleat East, Africa, Caucasus, Balkans, Europe ve Turkey. Because, the media has a key role on the intercultural dialog and societies. We, who understand the importance of it, want to play host to coalesce the different cultures and to bring together the east and west synthesis by setting up a network with young journalists who have different geography, culture and life style.Activities • Speaking House Speaking House from YPIDA is an interactive learning community based on the idea that active language proficiency can be attained best by a familiar and authentic learning environment. We develop sessions for youngsters where they can easly learn English, Spanish and German. • Children Afternoon YPIDA volunteers develop every two weeks a children activities that help them to get involve with the responsabilities of active volunteerism, and gives the children participants an space to share and learn all together. • Social Activities YPIDA organization creates one social activity per month.We bring people with social desabilities and handycaps to our association center,where we develop games and trainings based in a non formal education. • We are organising conferences and meetings in universities such as Hacettepe, Atılım, Gazi, Eskişehir Osmangazi and Maltepe on Youth Proogramme, EVS, project implementation and Project Cycle Management (PCM). 9
  9. 9. PROJECT TEAMMustafa Yalçın – Project Legal Representative Onur Oğuz Dellal – Project Director Tuğba Çanşalı – Project Coordinator Kaan Güzelsu – Project Contact PersonBeren Erdemir – Communication Coordinator Laura Mar Rosello Paz – Media Coordinator Enver Umut Ülker – Project Assistant İslam Güre – Summit Programme Speaker İrem Ersoy – Country Mentor Şeyma Piştav – Country Mentor 10
  10. 10. YOUTH IN ACTION PROGRAMME Action 5.1meetings of young people and those responsible for youth policy 11
  11. 11. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOUTH IN ACTION PROGRAMMEBy Decision N° 1719/2006/EC of 15 November 2006, the European Parliament and the Counciladopted the Youth in Action Programme for the period 2007 to 2013 which put into place the legalframework to support nonformal learning activities for young people.The Youth in Action Programme aims to respond at European level to the needs of young peoplefrom adolescence to adulthood. It makes an important contribution to the acquisition ofcompetences through nonformal learning as well as to the promotion of young peoples activeparticipation in society.It supports the new youth policy framework for European Cooperation in the youth field adopted in2009, which outlines a cross-sectoral approach to youth issues with a view not only to creating moreand equal opportunities for all young people in education and in the labour market ("employabilitydimension") but also to promoting the active engagement, social inclusion and solidarity of all youngpeople ("participation dimension").It also contributes to supporting the Youth on the Move flagship initiative of the EU 2020Strategy4 which puts young people at the centre of the EUs agenda to create an economy based onknowledge, innovation, high levels of education and skills, adaptability and creativity, inclusivelabour markets and active involvement in society.Finally, Youth in Action also fits into the context of the new EU competences conferred by the LisbonTreaty (article 165 (2)), which calls the European Union to encourage the participation of youngpeople in democratic life in Europe.The Youth in Action Programme builds on the experience of the previous Youth for EuropeProgramme (l989-1999), the European Voluntary Service (1996-1999) and the YOUTH Programme(2000-2006). It has been adopted after wide consultation with the different stakeholders in theyouth field. An interim evaluation of the YOUTH Programme was carried out in 2003, receiving inputfrom a wide variety of specialists, stakeholders and individuals involved in the Programme. An exante evaluation was also used in putting together the Youth in Action Programme.The implementation of the present Programme Guide (and of the additional specific calls forproposals) of the Youth in Action Programme is subject to the following conditions: • adoption by the Commission of the annual work plan for the implementation of the Youth in Action Programme, after its referral to the Programme Committee • adoption by the European Parliament and the Council of the necessary appropriations for Youth in Action within the framework of the annual budget of the European Union. • The participation of Croatia and Switzerland as Youth in Action Programme Countries as of 1 January 2011 is subject to the completion of all necessary formal steps that are pre-requisite for their participation. 12
  12. 12. 1. What are the objectives, the priorities and the important features of the Youth in ActionProgramme?ObjectivesThe general objectives stated in the legal basis of the Youth in Action Programme are to: • promote young people’s active citizenship in general and their European citizenship in particular • develop solidarity and promote tolerance among young people, in particular in order to foster social cohesion in the European Union • foster mutual understanding between young people in different countries • contribute to developing the quality of support systems for youth activities and the capabilities of civil society organisations in the youth field • promote European cooperation in the youth field.PrioritiesThese general objectives shall be implemented at project level, taking into consideration permanentpriorities and annual priorities.Permanent prioritiesEuropean citizenshipMaking young people aware that they are European citizens is a priority of the Youth in ActionProgramme. The objective is to encourage young people to reflect on European topics and to involvethem in the discussion on the construction and the future of the European Union. On this basis,projects should have a strong European dimension and stimulate reflection on the emergingEuropean society and its values.European dimension is a broad conceptual term. To reflect this, a Youth in Action project shouldoffer young people the opportunity to identify common values with other young people fromdifferent countries in spite of their cultural differences.Projects should also stimulate young people to reflect on the essential characteristics of Europeansociety and, above all, encourage them to play an active role in their communities. To feel European,young people must become aware of the fact that they play a role in the construction of the currentand future Europe. Therefore, a project with a European dimension should not only discoverEurope, but also - and most importantly - aim to build it. 13
  13. 13. Participation of young peopleA main priority of the Youth in Action Programme is the active participation of young people in theirdaily life. The overall aim is to encourage young people to be active citizens. Participation takes thefollowing dimensions, as laid down in the Council Resolution on the common objectives forparticipation by and information for young people: • to increase the participation by young people in the civic life of their community • to increase participation by young people in the system of representative democracy • to provide greater support for various forms of learning to participate.Projects funded under the Youth in Action Programme should reflect these three dimensions byusing participatory approaches as a pedagogical principle for project implementation.The following points highlight key principles of participatory approaches in Youth in Action projects: • offering space for inter-action of participants, avoid passive listening • respect for individual knowledge and skills • ensuring influence over project decisions, not simply involvement • participation is a learning process as much as an outcome • an approach and attitude rather than a specific set of technical skills.Participatory approaches emphasise behavioural principles. These include: • reversing the traditional roles of outside ‘experts’ (a reversal of learning - from extracting to empowering) • facilitating young people to undertake their own analysis (handing over the stick) • self-critical awareness by facilitators • the sharing of ideas and information.Participatory techniques are not just tools. The participatory approach is also a state of mind, anattitude.In a broad sense, this priority should be seen as a key method which will enable young people to takean active part in any Youth in Action project at all stages of its development. In other words, youngpeople should be consulted and be part of the decision making process that may affect theirprojects.Moreover, the Youth in Action Programme encourages young people to get involved in projects thathave a positive impact for the community in general.Cultural diversityThe respect for cultural diversity together with the fight against racism and xenophobia are prioritiesof the Youth in Action Programme. By facilitating joint activities of young people from differentcultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds, the Programme aims to develop the intercultural learningof young people.As far as the development and implementation of projects are concerned, this means that youngpeople participating in a project should become aware of its intercultural dimension. The projectshould stimulate awareness and reflection on the differences in values. Young people should besupported to respectfully and sensitively challenge viewpoints that perpetuate inequality ordiscrimination. Furthermore, intercultural working methods should be used to enable projectparticipants to participate on an equal basis.Inclusion of young people with fewer opportunitiesAn important priority for the European Union is to give access to all young people, including youngpeople with fewer opportunities, to the Youth in Action Programme. 14
  14. 14. Young people with fewer opportunities are young people that are at a disadvantage compared totheir pers because they face one or more of the situations and obstacles mentioned in the non-exhaustive list below. In certain contexts, these situations or obstacles prevent young people fromhaving effective access to formal and non-formal education, trans-national mobility andparticipation, active citizenship, empowerment and inclusion insociety at large. • Social obstacles: young people facing discrimination because of gender, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, etc.; young people with limited social skills or anti-social or risky sexual behaviours; young people in a precarious situation; (ex-)offenders, (ex-)drug or alcohol abusers; young and/or single parents; orphans; young people from broken families. • Economic obstacles: young people with a low standard of living, low income, dependence on social welfare system; in long-term unemployment or poverty; young people who are homeless, young people in debt or with financial problems. • Disability: young people with mental (intellectual, cognitive, learning), physical, sensory or other disabilities. • Educational difficulties: young people with learning difficulties; early school-leavers and school dropouts; lower qualified persons; young people with poor school performance. • Cultural differences: young immigrants or refugees or descendants from immigrant or refugee families; young people belonging to a national or ethnic minority; young people with linguistic adaptation and cultural inclusion problems. • Health problems: young people with chronic health problems, severe illnesses or psychiatric conditions; young people with mental health problems. • Geographical obstacles: young people from remote or rural areas; young people living on small islands or peripheral regions; young people from urban problem zones; young people from less serviced areas (limited public transport, poor facilities, abandoned villages).Youth groups and organisations should take appropriate measures to avoid exclusion of specifictarget groups. However, it is possible that young people confronted by one specific situation orobstacle face a disadvantage compared to their peers in one country or region, but not in anotherone.The Youth in Action Programme is a Programme for all, and efforts should be made to include youngpeople with special needs.Beyond accessibility to all, the Youth in Action Programme also aims at being a tool to enhance thesocial inclusion, active citizenship and employability of young people with fewer opportunities and tocontribute to social cohesion at large.An Inclusion Strategy has been designed for the Youth in Action Programme, as the commonframework to support the efforts and Actions which the Commission, Member States, National andExecutive Agencies and other organisations undertake to make inclusion a priority in their work.Annual prioritiesIn addition to the above-mentioned permanent priorities, annual priorities may be fixed for theYouth in Action Programme and communicated on the Commission, Executive Agency and NationalAgencies websites. 15
  15. 15. For 2011, the annual priorities are the following: • European Year of VolunteeringThis priority is intended to encourage projects aimed at raising awareness of the value andimportance of volunteering as a form of active engagement and as a tool to develop or improvecompetences for personal, social and professional development. • Youth unemploymentThis priority is intended to encourage projects promoting the access of unemployed young people tothe Youth in Action Programme. Priority will also be assigned to projects tackling the issues of youthunemployment and/or aimed at stimulating unemployed young peoples mobility and activeparticipation in society. • Inclusive growthThis priority is intended to encourage projects addressing the issue of poverty and marginalisationand encouraging young peoples awareness and commitment to tackling these issues for a moreinclusive society. In this context, special emphasis shall be placed in particular on the inclusion ofyoung migrants, disabled young people, and where relevant Roma youth. • Global environmental challenges and climate changeThis priority is intended to encourage projects aimed at raising young peoples awareness andmobilization around global environmental challenges and climate change as means to encourage thedevelopment of "green" skills and behaviors among young people and youth workers and theircommitment to a more sustainable growth. • Creativity and entrepreneurshipThis priority is intended to encourage projects - especially youth initiatives - aimed at stimulatingyoung peoples spirit of initiative, their ability to think imaginatively and originally, their readiness totake risk and their ingenuity in order to achieve economic, political, social or environmental goals. • EU-China Year of Youth (only for Action 2 and sub-Action 3.2)Additionally, within the Actions open to cooperation with other Partner Countries of the World,special attention will be devoted to projects aimed at encouraging dialogue, cooperation andexchanges in the field of youth between the European Union and China as a means to contribute tothe EU-China Year of Youth 2011.Important features of the Youth in Action ProgrammeThe following features of the Programme deserve special attention. Some of them are presented inmore detail on the Commission website.Non-formal learningThe Youth in Action Programme provides important opportunities for young people to acquirecompetences. Therefore it is a key instrument for non-formal and informal learning in a Europeandimension. 16
  16. 16. Non-formal learning refers to the learning which takes place outside formal educational curriculum.Non-formal learning activities involve people on a voluntary basis and are carefully planned, to fosterthe participants personal, social and professional development.Informal learning refers to the learning in daily life activities, in work, family, leisure, etc. It is mainlylearning by doing. In the youth sector, informal learning takes place in youth and leisure initiatives, inpeer group and voluntary activities etc.Non-formal and informal learning enables young people to acquire essential competences andcontributes to their personal development, social inclusion and active citizenship, thereby improvingtheir employment prospects. Learning activities within the youth field provide significant addedvalue for young people as well as for the economy and society at large such as capacity-building oforganisations, benefits for communities, systems and institutions.Non-formal and informal learning activities within the Youth in Action Programme arecomplementary to the formal education and training system. They have a participative and learner-centred approach, are carried out on a voluntary basis and are therefore closely linked to youngpeoples needs, aspirations and interests. By providing an additional source of learning and a routeinto formal education and training, such activities are particularly relevant to young people withfewer opportunities.A high-quality non-formal learning dimension is a key-aspect of all projects supported by the Youth inAction Programme. This is notably reflected in the award criteria of the different Actions and sub-Actions, the supportive approach of the Commission, Executive Agency and National Agenciestowards the target groups of the Programme, the definition of rights and responsibilities in EuropeanVoluntary Service, and, finally, the emphasis put on recognition of the non-formal learningexperience.Projects funded by the Youth in Action Programme have to adhere to the non-formal learningprinciples. These are: • learning in non-formal contexts is intended and voluntary • education takes place in a diverse range of environments and situations for which training and learning are not necessarily the sole or main activity • the activities may be staffed by professional learning facilitators (such as youth trainers/workers) or volunteers (such as youth leaders or youth trainers) • the activities are planned but are seldom structured by conventional rhythms or curriculum subjects • the activities usually address specific target groups and document learning in a specific, field oriented way. 17
  17. 17. ACTION 5.1 – MEETINGS OF YOUNG PEOPLE AND THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR YOUTH POLICYObjectivesThis sub-Action supports cooperation, seminars and Structured Dialogue between young people,those active in youth work and youth organisations and those responsible for youth policy. Thestructured dialogue can take form of seminars, conferences and other events organised at local,regional, national or international level in order to establish a platform for debates between all theinterested parties and enable them to formulate postulates and translate them into concrete actions.What is a Meeting of young people and those responsible for youth policy?A project has three phases: • planning and preparation • implementation of the Activity • evaluation (including reflection on a possible follow-up).Non-formal learning principles and practice are reflected throughout the project.A project under Action 5.1 is developed with a view to implementing one or more of the followingActivities: • National Youth Meeting: taking place at local, regional, and national level in the Programme Countries with a view to a) offering space for debate, consultation, active participation and information on issues which are relevant to Structured Dialogue or European Union policies and topics, or b) preparing the ground of the official youth conference to be organised by the Member State holding the turn of Presidency of the European Union, or c) organising activities linked to the European Youth Week, or d) enhancing crosssectoral dialogue and cooperation between formal and non-formal education areas. A National Youth Meeting may also consist of a series or combination of the above activities • Trans-national Youth Seminar: gatherings of young people and policy-makers aimed at discussing, exchanging ideas and best practice, and/or adopting recommendations around topics centred on the priorities and objectives of the Structured Dialogue and the renewed political framework in the youth field12. National Youth Meetings or Trans-national Youth Seminars can be preceded by activities of consultation of young people on the topics dealt with during the meeting (e.g. online consultations and questionnaires, group surveys, etc.).What a Meeting of young people and those responsible for youth policy is not?The following activities in particular are NOT eligible for grants under sub-Action 5.1: • academic study trips • exchange activities which aim to make financial profit • exchange activities which can be classed as tourism • festivals • holiday travel • language courses • performance tours • school class exchanges • sports competitions • statutory meetings of organisations • political gatherings • work camps 18
  18. 18. YouthpassEvery person who has taken part in a Youth in Action project under Action 1.1, Action 1.2, Action 3.1(Youth Exchanges and Training Courses), Action 2, and Action 4.3 (Training Courses) is entitled toreceive a Youthpass Certificate, which describes and validates the non-formal and informal learningexperience and outcomes acquired during the project.Issuing a Youthpass Certificate supports learning processes within the Youth in Action projects andenhances the quality of the projects. More support can be found in the Youthpass Guide and othereducational publications, available at Youthpass Certificates have a common structure, a coherent layout, and contain the followinginformation: • personal details about the participant • general description of the relevant Action of the Programme • key information concerning the project and the activities realised by the participant • description and assessment of the participants learning outcome during the project.Through Youthpass, the European Commission ensures that participation in the Programme isrecognised as an educational experience and a period of non-formal learning and informal learning.This document can be of great benefit for the personal, future educational or professional pathwayof the participant.Each beneficiary of a Youth in Action grant under the Actions concerned is responsible for: • informing all participants involved in the project that they are entitled to receive a Youthpass Certificate • issuing such Certificates to all participants who request one.These obligations are specified in the model of grant agreement between the beneficiary and therelevant National or Executive Agency.The technical solution for beneficiaries to issue Youthpass Certificates is available 19
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  22. 22. WHY RENEWABLE EUROPE SUMMIT?It is predicted that by the year 2030, 70% of world population will be living in cities. People want tourbanize and make use of favors in cities as much as they can. All over the world there is a migrationfrom small cities to big cities and mega cities. Some people think that it’s a stage of modernizing.Since men learned how to roll the arms of a machine by vapor’s power, many bended metals,merged plastics, cooked soil surrounded us. Coal, petrol and rivers have served for modernization.Then radioactive elements, gases extracted from thousands meter depth, winds, boiling water andtemperature of the sun have been mobilized for people to take advantage of modern life.Energy is everything. Energy is the soul of the matter.For modern people energy is the item which makes life more comfortable for them, the way to gothousands kilometers away, to understand news from all over the world, and in a sense is a way toexist.Unfortunately energy sources are not infinite. Parallel with the increasing world population, the needfor energy is also increasing. Besides rising energy usage, industrialization and urbanization createsbig environmental problems. All over the world, the countries are competing with each other to findnew ways to generate and use energy. Leading countries in this contest will dominate worldeconomics. It is proved that focusing on only fossil fuel is no longer enough and sustainable.The most expensive energy is the wasted energy. Energy Efficiency applications in Europe and Japanwhich has been carried out since 70s provided great superiority to these countries in terms of energyexpenses and creating sellable technologies. Calculations show that Turkey has the potential pfenergy saving 30% in buildings, 20% in industry and 10% in transportation. If we had saved 10% onaverage for the last ten years, we would have saved 25 billion USD in our case now. Efficiencyinvestments would have composed a 25 billion USD turnover. We would have released 50 milliontones lesser CO2 to the atmosphere. We must start working immediately, dynamize our economy byplanned and true approaches. This is a big evolution. It is also a cultural evolution. 23
  23. 23. Green EconomyToday many economists see the climate change as an awesome opportunity which is composed of aseries of problems. Expensive energy, security of supply, global warming was perceived as a threatmainly in USA and many other countries which made them find out new technologies and adoptefficiency driven insights. It was only USA which budgeted 5,4 billion USD in 2009 for a researchabout this paradigm which could be defined as low-carbon or green economy. USA CompetitionCouncil declared that by the year 2018 more than 2 millions employment could be available for thegreen-career. A researched performed by EU found out that Energy effectiveness could create 1million new job opportunities.Green Economy is apparently a new economical wave beyond providence. Our country has topotential to catch up with this wave thanks to its dynamic domestic market and young population.But if we don’t have the strategies and effort that the wave requires we will miss the climate age aswell. We can start from seeing green energy as a big chance for our economy not a threat.Energy EfficiencyAs dependence on petrol and natural gasses, and increasing prices threaten developed countries,they also threaten the macro economy balance in our country. The 10% increase in the petrol pricespull down global GNP by 0, 5%. According to many western experts, resources are transferred fromdemocratic countries to undemocratic countries in the means of energy. On the other hand,modernity tools such as electronic goods and automobiles increasing in developing countries are putforward as a problem by rich countries. However, the USA which makes up about 5% of the worldpopulation consumes 25% of the energy. Currently, developed countries lead in terms of countriesemitting greenhouse gasses. The EU Energy Strategy is based on sustainability, economical growthand energy security. “Energy efficiency also being one of the effective precautions of supply security”has been declared by the International Energy Agency, and in 2007, IEA has suggested the 12precautions to be applied on a global level. Moreover, energy efficiency is accepted worldwide as animportant tool in meeting the climate change aims. EU member (15) countries who had beenapplying energy efficiency projects since the 70’s have declared that they will make a net 9% energysaving between 2008 and 2016. Our country is a contestant who has entered the energy efficiencyrace rather late. There is not only savings in this contest but also new employment opportunities. 24
  24. 24. What have we done in this Project? We wanted our European partners to contribute to “ Turkey Energy Efficiency Report” and after the seminar we aimed to present it to EU Commission, We intended to raise the society’s energy awareness and efficiency consciousness, We ment to inform young people and public opinion about environment, wasted sources and non-planned industrialization, We planned to develop coordination between NGOs in Europe, We wanted to notify young people about EU environment programs, We aimed to share best examples of energy efficiency from Europe, We planned to lay the foundations of a long term network with the partners from participating countries, We wanted young people to be informed with energy efficiency, sustainable sources and green energy, We ment to develop coordination among governmental and non-governmental organizations which are supposed to take roles in the energy efficiency project, We wanted to produce solutions to sustainable energy and environment problems as European NGOs, We aimed to present studies regarding energy efficiency and other studies performed by private sector, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, We aimed to create multi-player projects to apply in partner countries in future. 25
  26. 26. ENGLAND – Look East Wild EarthLook East Wild Earth is a UK-based registered not-for-profitcharitable company. We forge links between environmentalinitiatives in the UK and in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.Our ActivitiesSupport for environmental organisations in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central AsiaInternational volunteering, youth exchanges, study visits and seminarsTalks, events, campaigns and information promoting issues of global sustainable developmentHow we are run?Look East Wild Earth is run by voluntary co-ordinators who facilitate projects & campaigns, and makedecisions in a cooperative manner. The decision-making body is our board of Trustees who meet 3-4times per year. Full members are entitled to vote at AGMs and are invited to contribute to Trusteesmeetings.Our formal aims and objectives:To educate the public in the preservation and conservation of the natural environment and itssustainable development.The promotion for the benefit of the public of conservation, protection and improvement of thenatural environment, in particular but not exclusively, by the provision of, or assisting in theprovision of sustainable development programmes involving young people and local communities inthe United Kingdom, Russia, Eastern Europe and Central
  27. 27. GERMANY – G 20Y SUMMITThe G-20Y VisionThe G-20Y Generation of young and successful business leaderscares about the prosperity of their immediate business environment as well as the development oftheir communities and countries. The G-20Y Vision is based on greater international cooperation,innovative ideas and mid- and long-term global economic prosperity.• Achieving greater international cooperationThe recent world financial and economic crisis has revealed the need for greater internationalcooperation. Global challenges call for global responses. The effectiveness of these responses doesnot depend solely on the decisions made by the G-20 Heads of State, but also on internationalcooperation between powerful regions, businesses and communities. The G-20Y Generation has akey role to play in this respect. International cooperation is a second-nature for the G-20YGeneration, which grew up in a globalized world. Business leaders of the G-20Y Generation areinstinctively convinced that the success of their businesses, and the solving of global challenges, canbe achieved only through deeper international cooperation.The G-20Y Generation is also the first generation for which the participation of 20 countries ininternational decision making is normal, rather than a novel post-Cold War achievement. In a fast-changing world where the interests of all countries are intricately interconnected and inter-dependent, young business leaders are convinced that they share a common fate and thereforebelieve that the G-20 forum is the appropriate platform for effective international decision making.• Sharing our innovative ideasMore than ever in a time of economic tension, innovative thinking is necessary. The contribution ofthe G-20Y Generation is crucial in this respect. The world faces many pressing challenges, such as:imperiled water and food supplies, environmental change and financial instability. At the same time,there are many opportunities for entrepreneurial growth and success. G-20Y Generation businessleaders have been successful so far thanks to their innovative thinking. Their future successes rely onfurther innovation, and innovation can help to solve the challenges that the world is facing. As thefirst new-technology generation, whose thinking is naturally innovative, the G-20Y Generation is avaluable source of new 28
  28. 28. ISRAEL – Bat-Yam Biennale of Landscape UrbanismThe Challenge - quality of urban lifeThe 20th century left a legacy of sprawling, densely populated cities inwhich most of the world’s population resides. The 21st century calls us tofurther expand and crowd our cities in the interests of protecting nature and the environment.However, how is the quality of life achieved for city residents? What can a city offer them? Can avibrant urban lifestyle co-exist with a sense of nature in the metropolis?“Bat-Yam - Urban Action”The international biennale of landscape urbanism will address these and other questions related tocity life in the 21st century.Urban Action – urban change as a holistic actThe biennale title: “Urban Action” expresses the concept that change in the urban experience isachieved via cooperation between a city’s communities and institutions and the outside factors thatinfluence it. Landscape urbanism represents and enables this mutual relationship.The international biennale of landscape urbanismThe primary objective of the international biennale of landscape urbanism is to initiate extensivepublic debate regarding urban activities that influence the quality of life in the city. The biennale willdeal with the urban experience and activities that have the power to transform the city into a higherquality, optimistic and vital place. The exhibition, to be held every two years throughout Bat-Yam,will offer exciting solutions to issues related to the urban landscape. Innovative urban approachesbased on sustainable urban culture and collaboration between planners, artists, residents andmunicipal representatives will be 29
  29. 29. ITALY – Cooperative sociale Co-MeteCo-Mete is a social cooperative that deals with employmentof disadvantaged and young people, it is formed by threemembers and 10 consuntants / employees. It providesconsulting to public bodies and cooperatives, to voluntaryassociations, to companies dealing with personal services,health, employment. Co-Mete manages technical support services for companies working in the fieldof youth and to the generality of disadvantaged people. The most interesting activities in the area ofyoung peoples involvement are: • The development and the management of the project BULLS , financed by the National PON ( Action Provinces for Young people). The project has developed a series of actions that led young people (15-19 years) in the provinces of Cagliari and Middle Campidano to participate to the definition of policies and interventions for preventing and combating bullying (video, radio spots, campaign all designed by boys), fostering young people empowerment and active participation; • The technical assistance in the establishment of a youth council among the Town Hall of Villanovaforru (VS), and to the Town Hall of Sinnai, in developing and managing the Youth Exchange The world I would like to live in funded by the Italian NA; Ten years experience in the field of training for youth workers with non formal methodologies; • Currently Co-Mete supports several groups of young people in the city of Cagliari in improving their empowerment and self-employment. 30
  30. 30. ITALY – Legambiente PadovaAt local level Legambiente Padova manages a group of informationdesks on renewable energies and energy savings, promotes SolarPurchasing Groups among families, promotes agreement for easyloans to fanmilies in the field of solar energy and energy efficiency,organizes fairs and conferences on these issues, lobbies institutions.At regional level we lobby the regional government for stricter regulations on these issues andconferences efficient building codes.At national level we coordinate the network of Solar Purchasing Groups.At international level we represent legambiente at different meetings and institutional seminars, aswell in energy-related campaigns held by NGOs.www.legambientepadova.itPORTUGAL - ASSOCIACAO 5 ELEMENTOAssociação 5 Elemento is a non-profit environmental NGObased in Lisbon, Portugal. It was founded in December 2008 aspart of a spin-off and segmentation of another organization andwith the will of its founders in keeping an environmentpromotion project, free from corporate lobbies and interesting to people. The mission is set aspromoting environment and sustainable development through active participation of human being ina harmonious relationship. Their values are participative democracy, lifelong education,multidisciplinary, partnership and networking, solidarity, responsibility, transparency, and IT as afundamental 31
  31. 31. POLAND - Europejskie Forum Studentow AEGEE WroclawAEGEE is one of the biggest interdisciplinary student associations inEurope; it is represented by 13.000 students, active in 200 academiccities, in 40 countries all around Europe, which presents amazingculture variety. AEGEE is a secular, non-profit organization, not linkedto any political party. All projects and activities are based on voluntarily work of its members.Aims: • to promote a unified Europe without prejudices • to strive for creating an open and tolerant society of today and tomorrow • to foster democracy, human rights, tolerance, cross-boarder co-operation, mobility and European dimension in educationThe members of the association constantly shapings its face. AEGEE is about the students, aboutthe young people that are striving to be active and open minded citizens. With the help of AEGEEstudents can easily gain an incomparable intercultural experience.European Students Forum AEGEE Wroclaw is a non-governmental student association bassed inWroclaw, and actively organising projects in Wroclaw, lower Silesia, Poland and Europe. Theorganisation was established in 1991 as one of the first NGOs of this type in Central and EasternEurope. Currently AEGEE Wroclaw has around 50 members from different universities and differentfaculties in the region, such as University of Economics in Wroclaw, Wroclaw University ofTechnology or University of Wroclaw. As an interdisciplinary organisation we organise projectstouching various thematics and we are open for young people from different backgrounds and withdifferent interests. AEGEE Wroclaw is officially registered in the three above-mentioned universitiesand we have many years experience of cooperating with them. We have had experience in organisingYOUTH projects since the year 2004. We organised youth exchanges, seminar and job 32
  32. 32. ROMANIA - ASSOCIATION OF TOURISM and ECOLOGY‘’CALTUN’’ –UNESCO CLUBThe ATE, Caltun was found in 1998 and represents a nongovermental organization involved in cultural and ecological activities.The associations goals area; • developing projects about environmental protection, national, European and universal cultural patrimony protection, • the promotion of eco-tourism, ecological and artistic education and UNESCOs values, • the ecological rehabilitation of degraded geographical areas, yearly photo exhibitions - ART ECOSPAIN - The Technical University of MadridThe Technical University of Madrid (UPM) celebrated its 25th anniversary in1996, although the majority of its centres are over hundreds of years old andwere founded in the 18th and 19th centuries. Each of them maintained itsindependence until being grouped together to form the UPM. It is noexaggeration to state that over one and a half centuries great part of thehistory of Spanish technology has been written by the Schools of Architecture and Engineering.They have been during a lot of years nearly the only and in some cases actually the only schools.All of the important personalities in the area of teaching and research passed through therespective centres as students or lecturers. ( )SLOVENIA - KLUB GORISKIH STUDENTOV ‘’KGS’’Club is a voluntary, apolitical organization of Slovenian and foreignstudents, aimed at integration, further education and cultural, sportingand other engagement. Student organizations have the status of localcommunities in accordance with the community of students andconditions contained in the Student Constitution. Supports in particularthe following objectives: to bring together students of Nova Gorica region and those that arethere in school, providing assistance to further then interests in varios areas, working with otherstudent organizations and associations in Slovenia and abroad, organize meetings of students,participates in the development of life in local communities and other. ( 33
  34. 34. MUSTAFA KAPLANPresident of Small and Medium EnterprisesDevelopment OrganizationDISTINGUISHED GUESTS,I greet you all respectfully before I start my speech. I would like to express my great pleasure inbeing invited to participate in this meeting organized by the Energy Efficiency Association.According to the development classification in the world, the total energy consumed in acountry was one of the most important indicators in recent years. But now, to measure the unitof energy consumed for the maximum production level has become the most importantindicator.The value of energy intensity which means the amount of energy consumed to produce a unit ofgross domestic product, helps to determine a country’s energy efficiency potential. Our countryis the one having highest energy density among the OECD countries. According to theInternational Energy Agency’s (UEA) calculation; the average energy density is 0.25 $ in theworld, while the average energy density of Turkey is 0.35 $.To decrease our average energy density, it should be done some works such as to improveenergy efficiency in the energy chain, to reduce energy density of final consumption, to applyproductivity-enhancing investments in production technologies, to do rehabilitationinvestments.As well known, 70% of our countrys energy needs are imported. Our demand for energy, so thedependence on imports, is increasing continuously. In our country, most of the energy isconsumed in the industry. Primary energy consumption’s share of the Turkey’s industrial sectoris 24% and the share of electricity use is 47% in Turkish industry. On average, the industrialsector alone consumes 39% of all energy. The shares of housing and transportation sectors arethe second and third ranks. According to the studies, the sectoral distribution of the energyefficiency potential in Turkey are the following: building sector: 30%, industrial sector 20% andtransportation sector 15%, and the average potential in total is 25%) It is assumed that energyefficiency investments are able to finance itself in an average of 3 months to 5 years. 35
  35. 35. In terms of the countries’ economical development and sustainable development, theimportance of energy which is one of the basic input, have grown day by day. In this context, thevalue of the studies related to energy efficiency has also grown in the same level.We should think more on energy sources and energy efficiency because of the developingtechnology needs and increasing energy deficit like in the other countries. We should find newalternatives immediately.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,The projections, made by the UEA, if the current energy policies and energy supply preferencescontinue, the total world energy demand will increase by 49% between the years 2005-2030 andthe present value of 11.4 billion tons of oil equivalent (TOE) will reach to the level of 17.0 billionTOE.In our country, it is estimated that the total primary energy consumption will be 114.300thousand TOE and the total primary energy production will be 31.6 million TOE in 2011. With anannual increase of 4.3%, our primary energy consumption is expected to reach 220 million TOEin 2020. Given that the 2.6% average annual increase in the world, clearly seen that the energydemand of Turkey will be more than the world’s average.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,Improving energy efficiency affects positively on energy security, climate change and mitigateand also employment creation because of its contributions on the economy. In this context, thedevelopment of energy efficiency in all stages, the prevention of waste, the reduction of energyintensity at the sectoral and the macro level are the most important components of our nationalenergy policy priorities. In our country, there are many and important studies related to theefficient and effective use of energy resources, waste prevention, diminishing energy costs andprotecting the environment. In this context, we all have various responsibilities as individuals oras institutions. It is very important that we should arrange properly the related activities andinvestments. KOSGEB’s main targets, SMEs, have continued their activities in order to respond tonational and international needs. However, raising awareness and supports are provided forSMEs in order to achieve efficiency in all areas. In this sense, efficiency, especially “energyefficiency” is one of the very important areas for KOSGEB. 36
  36. 36. DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,In recent years, the regulatory arrangements related to the improving energy efficiency resolvedeficiencies and create expected supportive environment in Turkey. As known, Energy EfficiencyLaw No. 5627 promulgated in the Official Gazette No. 26510 on May 02, 2007. According to thislaw, KOSGEB is entitled to provide services to SMEs on energy topics. In the Law, theresponsibilities of the KOSGEB were clearly indicated towards the SMEs.In addition to this, a cooperation protocol signed between the Ministry of Industry andCommerce and Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources in 2008, and also an action plan wascreated as an attachment to this protocol. The studies for supporting SMEs on energy efficiencywere begun within the framework of this action plan. KOSGEB, in cooperation with GeneralDirectorate of Electrical Power Resources Survey and Development Administration (EİE),implemented her energy efficiency supports in October 2008.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,In the “KOSGEB Support Regulation”, promulgated in the Official Gazette No. 27612 on June 15,2006, one of the support programmes is “General Support Programme”. The supports named as“Energy Efficiency Study and Consultancy Support” and “Energy Efficiency Educational ServicesSupport” for SMEs are included in this programme.In addition to this, SMEs’ efficiency projects can also be supported under the “SME ProjectSupport Programme”. Unfortunately only 6 of the 187 projects are related to the efficiency In2011, because efficiency is not one of the SMEs’ priorities. To find new markets is moreimportant issue than efficiency for them.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,As KOSGEB, we take part in various national and international projects as an executive or as astakeholder. Our main aim is to improve the capacity building of KOSGEB on energy efficiencyand climate change mitigation.KOSGEB and French Development Agency (AFD) are implementing a 3-year project, named“Energy Efficiency Projects in the SMEs in Turkey”. The overall objective of this project is tocontribute to improve energy efficiency and environmental performance of Turkish SMEs(industry and services). As a first step, we signed a financial protocol last Saturday. 37
  37. 37. At the beginning of 2011, “Improving Energy Efficiency in Industry in Turkey Project” has beenlaunched by UNIDO, UNDP, KOSGEB, General Directorate of Electrical Power Resources Surveyand Development Administration (EIE), Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV)and Turkish Standards Institution (TSE) . The Global Environment Facility (GEF) allocated 5.9 m.USD budget for this project. The objective of this 5-year project is to improve energy efficiencyof the Turkish industry by enabling and encouraging companies in the industrial sector forefficient management of energy use by different energy conservation measures and energyefficient technologies.KOSGEB representatives will present you more detailed information about KOSGEB’s energyefficiency studies.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,Efficiency studies create new employment opportunities. Unemployment is one of the importantproblems of the current world economy. According to a study made by European Union, it isassumed that 2000 job opportunities can be created for energy saving of 1 million TOE. Thestudies related to the efficient use of energy, can create new chances for Turkish youth. With theenergy saving of ~ 25 million TOE, we can provide 50 thousand new “green-collar” employments.DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,Renewable energy, and with new concept “green economy”, are the strategies which help us tocreate cleaner world for future generations.We all have important responsibilities related to the providing energy efficiency withoutcompromising the production and the quality, using all the energy, raising awareness about“energy culture” and “energy efficiency” in the SMEs.In concluding, I wish a society which is aware of duties and responsibilities of energy efficiency.Once again I greet you with respect. 38
  38. 38. SÜLEYMAN YILMAZDirector of UNIDOTurkeyGREEN JOB 1. Global Warming: Climate change: Environmental challenges / Sustainable economy; Low carbon emission reduction targets under UN climate change convention. 2. Kyoto protocol, Protocol v.s. Convention Linked to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: Protocol v.s Convention: binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and European Community for reducing GHG emmisions. 2008 – 2012, 5 years 5% reduction.Kyoto Mechanism: primarily through national measures.Additional means of meeting their targets by way of three market based mechanism.  Emission trading  Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)  Joint Implementation (JI)The mechanism help stimulate Green Investment and help parties meet their emission targets ina cost-effective way.Copenhagen in 2009: UN Climate convention meeting in.Adaptation: adapting to the adverse effects of climate change; increasing the resilience to theimpact of climate change. Adaptation funds, CDM projects activities.Mitigation: reduction of GHGAt thr end of 2012: Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC): negotiation andratification of stringent emission reduction(Carbon trading: allows a company or country that reduces the amount of CO2 it produces tobelow a particular level to sell the extra reduction as a credit to a company or country that hasnot reduced the amount it produces enough.) 39
  39. 39. 3. Changing patterns of investment flowsFlows into areas from renewable energy generation up to energy efficiency projects at thehousehold and industrial levelNew jobs are beginning to emerge in favour of greener and eleaner and more sustainableoccupations.Areas: renewable energy, buildings and construction, transportation, basic industry,agriculture and forestryRenewable energy: solar, biomass, wind, hydropower, geothermalEngine of Development:A global transition to a low-carbon and sustainable economy can create large numbers of grenjobs across many sectors of the economy, and indeed can become an engine of development.Current gren job creation is taking place in both the rich countries and in some of the majordeveloping ecenomies.Definition of Green Job: We define gren jobs administrative, and service activities thatcontribute substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality.Specific Areas: Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protectecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption throughhighefficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoidgeneration of all forms of waste and pollution. 4. From a broad conceptual perspective, employment wşll be affected in at least four ways the economy is oriented toward greater sustainability:Climate change is also having negative impact on jobs in some areasIn generalFirst, in some cases, additional jobs will be created – as in the manufacturing of pollution –control devices added to existing production equipment.Second, some employment will be substituted – as in shifting from fosil fuels to renewables, orfrom truck manufacturing to rail car manufacturing, or from landfilling and waste incineration torecycling.Third, certain jobs may be eliminated without direct replacement – as when packagingmaterials are discouraged or banned and their production is discontinued. 40
  40. 40. Fourth, it would appear that many existing jobs (especially such as plumbers, electricians, metalworkers, and construction workers) will simply be transformed and redef,ned as day – to – dayskill sets, work methods, and profiles are greenedMostly in developing countries…food,agriculture and recycling sector..South – South Cooperation: Energy prices are high!!For example: in Bangladesh, a Project training of local youth and women as certified solartechniicians and as repair and maintenance specialists, aimed to create 100.000 jobs.In India: replacing biomass cooking stoves in 9 million households with more advance ones couldcreate 150.000 jobs.In addition: Convention on Managing forests for their carbon emission, biological diversity,etc.GEF: In general - Climate Change - Biologic diversity - Land degradation - POPs - ODS - International watersCreats job in: who plays key role - Policy making organs: Government - Private sector (engineers, workers,etc) - Trade unions - Employers’organization - International organizationTransition to gren production and consumption – winners and losers support for workers andenterprise adaptation will be the key.Sustainable Development…. Fostering Green Jobs and Decent work for ever more people.. a newand powerful force for achieving a more resource efficient and equitable global economy thatmirrors all our aspirations for true SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 41
  41. 41. UN Organizations: UNIDO, UNDP, ILO, WHO, FAO, WB a. Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Biomass, Wind b. Energy efficiency in industry (energy infensity) / building / household appliances c. Fuel efficiency, carbon limits (hybrid, hydrojen energy / electrical car)UNIDO  History: 1966 in Vienna, 1967 in Ankara  700 expert: in total 2500  32 Countries  ITPU, CPU  Branches: PSD, Trade Capacity, Agrobusiness,  Energy and Climate Change,  Environmental Protection (POPs),  Montreal ProtocolUNIDO Turkey a. Adaptation to Climate Change: CPU b. Sustainable Linkages: Textile: Environmental Conduct c. POPs d. ODSsInternational TrainingsFunctions as Regional Cooperation centres. 42
  42. 42. PRESENTATIONS 43
  43. 43. 2012 The International All Green Conference and ExhibitionAli BULUTGeneral Manager of CNR Holding Company 44
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  51. 51. Sustainable Landscaping and Urbanism in Green DesignAyelet KESTLERCommunity Relations Manager of Bat – Yam Biennale 52
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  93. 93. SESSION IPublic Authority, Sustainable Progressand OpportunitiesModeratorProf.Dr.Murat Kasımoğlu – University of 18 MartSpeakersÖmer Turhan – CEO of Vezir ConcultancySelma Tezyetiş – Heat of EU Department of the SMIDIErdal Çınar – Vice Chairman of ENVER Kayseri Branch Office 94
  94. 94. PUBLIC AUTHORITYEnergy has been the main parameter of this century and the last century. We need tounderstand global developments, social change and demands and the public sectorshould work in collaboration with the private sector in order to construct a new future.Establishments need to be fast within themselves and with the work flow amongestablishments and review the work processes. It should review its work plan on afuturistic basis and conduct the applications to the fullest. SummaryAccording to many experts, the global crisis in the recent years has revealed that governmentsneed to be more effective on economy and markets. This has been uttered even more incompetitive free markets. The Asian crisis as well as the crisis on a country level, mistakes on acompany and sector level or failures can now cause a chain fusion reaction. In order for theseeffects to settle down, governments and organizations are trying to develop new methods.Financial treatment and global climate change is in leading position among the currentproblems. With the public sector taking lead, global climate change is loading the private sectorand common citizen with a charge. Even if we don’t take place among the countries that heatthe world, it is necessary for our country to conduct a series of activities on the subject due to itsresults. We also need to accept the fact that these necessities provide us with the opportunitiesto make our country a competitive and powerful country. It is necessary for the public to beguiding, organizing, consistency and coordination providing, supervising and cooperative in allactivities to be conducted. However, it is necessary for the public to listen to the voices of allshareholders and actualize applicable and payable policies for everyone. Our world which istransforming from a petrol age to energy and climate age, is being restructured according tolow carbon levels. This transition is possible through determination and successfuladministration… 95
  95. 95. Global and Local: GlocalizationThe globalization process is causing radical changes on understandings. It is no longer forpossible for any country or region to live isolated from global tendencies and developments.Supranational standards and rules are continually going above national standards and rules. Onglobal climate change, states need to organize economic progress programs on the basis of cleanproduction, habitability and sustainability. While it is necessary to understand, distinguish andinternalize the global, it is also necessary to protect, strengthen and support the local, and toestablish a balance between the two. Balancing the global and local for developing countries isvital. In this new process called “glocalization” by many experts, the public has importantduties. For example, the deregulation of the energy and water markets is a global tendency.However, it is a public duty to ensure that this deregulation process doesn’t have any negativeeffects on the society and all the sectors. Likewise, it is a necessity to reduce carbon emissions,but perhaps ruling out the difficulties small and medium sized enterprises will encounter is notsomething that these enterprises can solve by themselves. It is necessary for the public to adaptan understanding to balance global and local in the upcoming term. Instead of trying to get ridof the affects of globalization, we need to gain advantages by deregulating and supportingthrough local dynamics. In other words, we need to think glocal…National Aim and PoliciesIn order to ensure energy security, developed and developing countries work in 3 dimensions. 1- Studies conducted to secure fossil energy resources. 2- 2- Studies conducted to develop non fossil fuel resources such as renewable, nuclear and hydrogen. 3- 3- Developing technologies that decrease energy density and adapting a efficiency understanding.Actually, energy security is not an aim on its own. Energy security is a means to obtain nationalwealth and power. Countries that can’t become energy exporters have sectors producing wealththat can use energy efficiently. Like all countries, Turkey’s aim needs to shape around nationalwealth. The main dynamo that will produce this wealth in the energy and climate age is havingknowledge related to this age and producing this knowledge with national dynamics. The 100thyear aims of the republic of 2023 are very important in terms of motivation and moral values.We must not forget that micro, mezzo and macro policies need to be placed under these aims.Placing macro policies is simpler. However, micro and mezzo policies require more detailedactions. National aims need to be decreased to regional aims, sector aims, corporate aims andindividual aims. Moreover, energy and energy efficiency policies need to interlock withindustrialization, transportation, tourism, environment, prosperity, urbanization, agriculture,education and science policies. Apart from making policy development difficult, this interlockmakes these applications difficult as well… 96
  96. 96. Private-Public PartnershipMany issues today is attempted to be solved through Private-Public sector partnership. We needto adapt an understanding where the public and private sectors are solving problems togetherand taking initiative instead of seeing each other on the opposite sides. Companies and directorsneed to answer more to the society. While public administration is trying to apply modernadministration techniques that are applied in companies, companies are trying to continue theirbusiness by acting suitable to their social responsibilities. In this context, there is a need for thepublic to get out of the role of distributing and the private sector to get out of the role ofdemanding and making common planning and action. With this aim, we need to rethink theorganizing forms and adapt participation.Workflow, Consistency and CoordinationModern states are complicated organizations. This complication is usually prolonging processes.There is a need for consistency and coordination in the transition to green economy. It isnecessary for workflows to work flawless and fast between all the corporations taking place inthis process such as public institutions, autonomous establishments and STK’s. States are likeliving organisms. Just like a headache or a broken foot decreases efficiency and total capacity ina human, the organization units of states not being synchronized causes non-productiveness.How business is progressing needs to be reviewed in a process focused understanding andfailing sides, reiterated work, overlapping authorization and duties need to be terminated. TheProcesses need to be measured with a “Something measured will become better” principle andcoordination between establishments needs to be ensured. 97
  97. 97. SUSTAINABLE PROGRESS and OPPORTUNITIESEnvironment and Progress are not concepts converse to each other. Causingenvironmental problems while trying to progress has greater costs for thesociety. It is possible to progress and get richer in an environmental friendly way.Moreover, progressing in an environmental friendly understanding providesgreat opportunities to companies and individuals. Turning low carbon economyinto an opportunity lies in the hands of Turkey. SummaryThe common understanding in Turkey is that increasing environment standards will bring extracosts on enterprises and that this will be even more difficult for a number of enterprises currentlyencountering difficulties. Although this is right for some enterprises, doing dirty production andbuilding dirty constructions in regions that have come to the end of their ecological capacity is nolonger sustainable. According to the studies conducted by the United Nations, 20% of the illnessesin developing countries are caused by environmental problems. While the main problem fordeveloped countries is to decrease carbon emissions, developing countries face greaterenvironmental risks. On the other hand, states can limit stock and human movements withcustoms walls but they can’t prevent particles flying around in the air and acid rains. Never hasthere been a need for such cooperation between states and nations in the history of mankind. Newand high environmental standards are perceived as an obstacle for becoming wealthy because itaffects the industrialization processes of developing countries. We need to accept that there is anindustrialization and urbanization in Turkey that sometimes ignore environmental and externalcosts in a similar way. But it is best that we understand that we can’t continue like this. It iscertainly possible to progress without fighting against nature and by aiming for humanehappiness. As a matter of fact, Turkey comes from a climate that will support this understandingwith its history and historical experiences. 98
  98. 98. Sustainable ProgressGlobalization and increasing world population continues to increase the pressure on naturalresources. With the development of transportation and communication opportunities, goodsand human movements are forcing nature’s capacity in a way never seen before in history.Misuse of natural resources such as water sources, forests, and land not only threatens themainstay of humanity but also threatens national and international economies. On the otherhand, while the GNP per person is increasing worldwide, income differences and inequalitybetween the rich and poor in the same country is growing. This unfair situation causes politicalagitation and continuous instability in some areas in the world.According to United Nations and World Bank reports, poor countries obtain 26% of theirincome through natural resources. Natural resources are primary means of mainstay for thepoor people in a lot of countries. Natural resources being seen as a means of becoming wealthyignite the damage on natural resources in poor countries. From diarrhea to respiratoryinsufficiency, this vicious cycle causes many illnesses in poor countries. UN reports that 20% ofillnesses care caused by environmental risks in developing countries. While a small portion ofthe world is in richness and prosperity, the larger part is continuing to struggle with poornessand sordidness. When we take a look at UN’s humane Development Index, we see that poorpeople live 20-25 years less when compared to rich people and that their carbon emission isclose to zero. If human beings consume more meat, more methane gas will be emitted and ifmore electrical household appliances are used more CO2 will be sent to the atmosphere buthumans will live longer. Today, the modern people are telling non developed people that theyhad emitted a great deal of greenhouse gas to the atmosphere and if you send as much usduring your modernization process, this will be a disaster for all of us. This inequality betweenthose who make use of the opportunities of modernism and who don’t is a strange conflict.The UN Millennium Proclamation says in short: “We will not spare any effort to save ourchildren from living in a world whose resources have been reduced to the degree that it is notsufficient to meet needs or in a world whose resources have been damaged to the point of noreturn by the hands of humans.” At this point, sustainable progress principles are an issue forall and not just for those who have created the problem. Turkey is a part of the civilized worldand it must not only adapt sustainable progress principles in order to be the voice of humanitybut also play leading roles and develop a vision which will guide global policies. Turkey needsto work on alternative progress paradigms and produce models by developing sampleapplications. A progress that is fair for all and in peace with the nature is a civilizationenvisage… 99
  99. 99. OpportunitiesClimate change provides us with a two way opportunity. The first one is to lighten globalwarming and environmental problems and the second is to put an end to economical crisis byestablishing new work areas and employment. For example, if we set an aim of reducinggreenhouse gasses by 30%, we would have to do a series of things in order to actualize this suchas accelerating public transportation, research and new production investments for hybrid andelectrical vehicles, jobs that will be created related with new fuel technologies, newemployment that will be created through insulation of buildings, renewable energy plants etc.When we look at developed countries, a large portion of the 825 billion USD economical packetannounced in the USA in 2009 has been spared for insulation in buildings, improvement inunproductive electricity network and renewable energy investments. The US envisages 5 millionnew green employments with this program. Similar programs have been established incountries like Korea, Japan, China, England and Germany. Progress and new employmentprojects are being put into practice in fields such as the development of agricultural land,forestation and protection of water resources. With the expression of John Gardner who is thefounder of Common Cause located in the US: “Climate change is a series of opportunities whichpresents itself as an unsolvable problem.” On the other hand, it is useful to think that thistransition process can be achieved through a new production-consumption culture and a newsocial solidarity. In order to save from energy, they will have to spend money on humans.Although these expenses will return in the process, there will be a need for public support andfinancing in the many investments and economies will liven up…As it is stated in the previousparts, Turkey’s energy efficiency report is not so bright. The concept of green economy has notbeen perceived sufficiently. In other words, there are still a lot of things to do in Turkey. Forexample, there is a need to issue report cards in the improvement process of current buildings,a large number of manpower in jobs such as projecting, construction, and renovation. Withforestation and agricultural land development studies, there is an opportunity to reduce carbonemission and create serious amounts of employment. Moreover, investments on adaption togreen economy in industry and service sectors, and the features ignited by global carbon tradewill cause for the creation of new sector and careers. The state has to accelerate investments onsubstructures such as special agriculture basins, industrial areas, logistics and networksaccording to this new paradigm. More important is to develop an economy that will providecompetitive superiority such as hydrogen fuels, fuel cells, renewable technologies, electricalvehicles, carbon holding systems, smart networks, new generation insulation material andsmart household appliances. 100
  100. 100. SESSION IIEnergy Efficieny on Production, Distributionand UsageModeratörDr. Mustafa UysalSpeakersTuncay Engin – West Mediterranean Development AgencyAssistant Prof.Dr.Şükrü ÖZEN - University of AkdenizAssistant Prof.Dr. Mustafa Helvacı - University of Akdeniz 101
  101. 101. Usage and Energy EfficiencyEnergy efficiency policies aim for a sustainable growth, demand security and alivable environment. Energy efficiency requires a great change in every sectorfrom transportation, lighting, buildings, tools, furniture, industry and energyequipment. Energy efficiency is not only saving. It also means new jobs,employment, opportunity and profit. Energy efficiency is a long run processconsisting correct technologies, social awareness and public arrangements. SummaryAmong OECD countries, Turkey is the most energy consuming country with 0,4 TEP per 1.000USD GSYİH. The first reason for the current deficit problem of Turkey is energy importing. Theefficiency provided on energy consumption will make positive contributions to the macroeconomical indicators of Turkey. EU member countries have revealed their energy savingspotential and have declared that they will save an average of 9% in the 2008-2016 term. Theenergy efficiency studies of these countries that are advanced in terms of energy efficiency, areguiding. The world has established a common idea on energy efficiency. Turkey needs toemploy these measures rapidly as an IEA country. When the current building stocks, EquipmentPark, transportation substructure is examined, it will be seen that Turkey’s saving potential isabove EU average. At least 10% savings for the next 10 years is a reasonable and achievablegoal for Turkey. Efficiency investments are the most profitable investments and the energyresource is within the project. It is our priority to detail every aim under every title and make aplan including the measures according to years, application principles, the duties of theapplying, organizing and observing institutions.What is Energy Efficiency?Energy efficiency is minimizing the energy amount consumed without decreasing the amount andquality of production and inhibits economical development and social prosperity. In a broadersense, energy efficiency is all of the measures to prevent losses in gas, steam, heat, air andelectricity, the recovery and evaluation of various wastes or reducing energy demand withadvanced technology without decreasing production and measures such as advanced industrialprocesses and energy recovery. 102
  102. 102. Turkey Energy UsageCountries like Japan and Germany,where energy consumption perperson is more than 4 times Turkey,consume ¼ of the energy consumedby Turkey per 1.000 USD GDP. Ourcountry, whose energy density is low,must aim for efficiency in all fields.When the current situation isexamined, heating and cooling lossescaused by lack of insulation, losses caused by electrical gadgets and equipment, and lossescaused by logistic planning are the leading efficiency problems in Turkey.The aim of efficiency in usage is to reduce Turkey’s energy expenses without decreasing livingstandards and increasing living standards and to demonstrate Turkey’s competitive power. 103
  103. 103. Electrical Household AppliancesThere are more than 17 million households and refridgerators are used in all of thesehouseholds. Washing machines have exceeded 85% and dish washing machines have excceded30% penetration. According to calculaitons, more than 15 million refridgerators and more than10 million washing machines are consuming electricity in Turkey. Electrical appliances have anenergy efficiency classificaiton from very productive A+ to low efficiency F. Class A productsconsume 20% less energy than class B products. A family with a class A refridgerator, washingand dishwashing machines save 250 kWh electricity compared to a family that has class Bproducts. On other words, the family pays an average of 5 TL more per month.According to a calculation made by WhiteAppliances Industrial Foundation WAIA,the return of the price the consumer willpay for a higher energy degree product is14-28 years. According to WAIA, it is noteasy for the consumer to incline to highclass energy products without promotion.However, it is estimated that if the currentrefridgerator park in Turkey transfers to Aand A+, it will clean amounts of CO2 equalto planting 120 million trees. In the WAIAand EIE studies, with the transition tohigher degree electrical and household appliances program, a saving of 8 billion kWh energyis estimated; and this saving is equal to 5% of the total electricity consumption. The mostimportant side of this transition program is finance. Low energy class machine usage iscommon among especially low income groups, and this transition seems very difficult if suitablefinancing and encouregement is not employed. While high consumption taxes are taken frominproducitve appliances in new equipment sales, lower taxes could be taken from productiveappliances. Subduing transition costs with tax incentive will be catchy for the consumer. Thegovernment can comepnsate the tax loss caused by incentives through the markets activated.The Turkish white appliances sector is a powerful and competitive sector. The transition willnot only provide energy saving but will also contribute to the building up of our sector. 104
  104. 104. LightingThe ratio of the light of a lamp and the electricity it consumes is called light efficiency (Lm/W).Not only visual performance, aesthetic and eyesight, but also efficiency is ensured inenvironments where light efficiency is used efficiently. We need different amounts of light atvarious environments. For example, 500 lux in offices, 300 lux in kitchens and 50 lux in thecorridors are accepted optimum. In the modern architecture of our age, making more use ofdaylight is taken as principle. On the other hand, lighting design has become a professionalcareer. Material quality and technology directlyaffect lighting efficiency.When incandescent lamps are changed withCFL Compact fluorescent, there is a saving of80%. There are 25,698,113 residence,3,953,738 businesses, 235,598 industrialfacilities, and 168,333 state offices and188,281 lighting subscribers in Turkey.In the scenario where 30 million unproductive lamps are changed with productive lamps, it isestimated that an annual energy saving of about (When 20W CFL and 1.000 hour/year areused instead of 100 W incandescent) 2,4 billion kWh and 1,2 billion tons CO2 emission will be prevented. Lighting should not only be considered as lamps. Lighting systems in large buildings are complicated systems. Automation and remote control systems, electrical ballasts, and quality reflectors are factors increasing efficiency. In a number of countries in the world,incandescent lamps are gradually decreasing and are being banned in some other countries orhave high taxes in other. Our country meets its new generation economical lamps need throughimporting. But, in terms of lighting gadgets, our country is among exporting countries.Transition to new generation lighting systems must first be encouraged in the work places andindustrial facilities and be widespread to the entire society. Public enterprises must lead on thissubject. Lighting efficiency must be shown to the entire society in public buildings, avenues andstreets. 105