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Female reproductive system


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Female Reproductive system

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Female reproductive system

  1. 1. By :Yozette Williams Female Reproductive System
  2. 2. The study of the reproductive system is the medical specialty of gynecology  Gynecology from Greek meaning woman, is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system ( uterus, vagina, and ovaries.) Almost all gynecologist are also obstetricians.
  3. 3. There are three stages of labor and delivery
  4. 4. Dilation Stage  The cervix is the neck of the womb (or uterus) which opens in the vagina. This is closed throughout and at the end of pregnancy, but needs to open to allow the baby to pass through into the vagina in order to be born.
  5. 5. Expulsion Stage  The cervix is fully dilated and is complete when the baby has been born. During this time the woman will add her effort of pushing and bearing down to the expulsive contractions to birth the baby
  6. 6. Placental Stage  The third stage begins directly after the birth of the baby and involves the separation and the delivery of the placenta and membranes (the after birth). This stage is complete when the mother has successfully passed the placenta and membranes.
  7. 7. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy – Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy  This refers to removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Utilized for benign and malignant disease where removal of the genitalia is indicated. The operation can be performed with the preservation or removal of the ovaries, on one or both sides. In benign diseases, the possibabilty of bilateral and unilateral oophorectomy should be thoroughly discussed with the patient. Frequently, in malignant disease, no choice exist but to remove the tubes and ovaries, since they are frequent sights of micro metastases.
  8. 8. Good Bye