Participation

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Presentation prepared by the expert Pawel Pawlaczyk for YEE study session 'European Environmental Law and Youth Participation'.

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  • March 8, 2012
  • Participation

    1. 1. Environmental law: your participation in creation and usingPawel Pawlaczyk, Naturalists Club PolandStrasbourg, European Environmental Law Study Session YEE, 2012, March, 7 42 slide 1 from
    2. 2. Naturalists world vs clerk/lawyer’s world The Bible of committed naturalist’s is the Code of Administrative Procedure Action of authority can be normally requested only on a legal basisWikimedia commons Wikimedia commons slide 2 from 42
    3. 3. How to create law? http://http://bujachangement.mondoblog.org/tag/justice/How to use it? slide 3 from 42
    4. 4. How to participate in creation of environmental law ? www.sejm.gov.pl slide 4 from 42
    5. 5. • Probably the oldest tree in Europe – „nature monument”• Such features may be protected by local law slide 5 from 42
    6. 6. slide 6 from 42
    7. 7. Expand nature for a Houses & infra, better environment elders nature… Natura 20008 maart 2012 Does it all fit in there? slide 7 from 42
    8. 8. • http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/• Try now! slide 8 from 42
    9. 9. Kenny Turban, Wikimedia Commons slide 9 from 42
    10. 10. NGO’s voice:• LIFE + debate• CAP debate• N2000 financing debate slide 10 from 42
    11. 11. Can we influence the legislation process? www.sejm.gov.pl slide 11 from 42
    12. 12. Extensive social movements can change the law, or change the law changes Fot. Małgorzata Amro, niezalezna.pl But, are you really aware, what are you against/pro? slide 12 from 42
    13. 13. • From 2012, April, 1st• 1 million EU citizens from at least 7 Member States (1 year for collecting support)• any field where the Commission has the power to propose legislation, for example environment, agriculture, fishery• = Application to the EC• EC will answer (follow up or not) slide 13 from 42
    14. 14. Ex: in Poland: • Citizen’s proposal of legal act • 100 000 citizens must support • Proposal to Parliament • Parliament will decide • Used for „nature conservation act” for procedure of national parks establishing (2010 – proceeded till now) Legislation citizen’s iniciative • National rules apply slide 14 from 42
    15. 15. Informal legislation iniciativeMainly for decree-level legislationNormal NGO’s methods• Use the obligation to regulate something as decree...• Understanding the structure of law and legislation rules• Field examples ...• Repeated, permanent postion ....• Ready proposals ...• First create problem, then solve them ...• International obligations ... slide 15 from 42
    16. 16. Secret of informal influence .... www.sejm.gov.pl slide 16 from 42
    17. 17. Remember:There are mechanisms for legilsation inciativeYou can use itBut, crucial question is, what for? Legislation proposal - Preparing good, is a kind of art... Understanding the law structure! Think as a lawyer!Think how can be interpreted wrong! slide 17 from 42
    18. 18. How to use environmental law ? slide 18 from 42
    19. 19. Wikimedia Commons, Red Queeen"It takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place." Lewis Carroll Through the Looking-Glass. slide 19 from 42
    20. 20. … seems to be only possible solution, ifhttp://3riversepiscopal.blogspot.com we really believe to stop biodiversity loss till 2020 and restore it insofar feasible (new target, new deadline!) slide 20 from 42
    21. 21. We need to know ... • Our right – access to environmental information • Aarhus convention • EU: Directive 2003/4/WE • Crucial ! This is the base. Work for implementation • www.gazeta.pl • •Access right is not the same as access • Our work is necessary slide 21 from 42
    22. 22. Let them to know ... • Information may create legal facts !Fot. Pawel Pawlaczyk slide 22 from 42
    23. 23. Legal procedures ... • Our right – participate in most of them • Aarhus convention • EU: Directive 2003/4/WE • EU: EIA directive • EU: Liability dicetive • EU: NGO’s rights interpretation • National rules • Formal requirements ! • NGO’s status • Time ! • Arguments • Understand the procedure you participate with! slide 23 from 42
    24. 24. It’s not enough to be right, you must have the legal basis Wikimedia commons Wikimedia commons slide 24 from 42
    25. 25. Power of EU law • Obligation of community conforming interpretation • Binding directives • Binding interpretation – ECJ ruling • „High level” • „International deposit” • Precautionary principle •„Hard” complaint mechnism slide 25 from 42
    26. 26. How to use environmental law ? International mechanisms slide 26 from 42
    27. 27. EU – some specific possibilities• Work With EC, EP• Directives• ECJ RulingNON-EU:• Still Aarhus Conv.mechanisms• Still Bern Conv.mechanisms• EU tools if EU fundsinvolved slide 27 from 42
    28. 28. EC – Ranger of The TreatiesAlso for environmentalprinciples, as:• high level• precautionary principle• polluter paysAlso for binding acts, as:• Environmental assessment• Natura 2000 http://www.austinchronicle.com• Species protection• Water objectives• Environmental liability slide 28 from 42
    29. 29. EC complaint EC complaint Fot Xavier Häpe , Wkimedia Commons• Each can send,• Recommended form,• No formal requirementsBut:• Only violation of EU law,• EC is not appeal court !• Preferences: transposition,systematic violation, big EU-funded investments...More in Interne...t slide 29 from 42
    30. 30. EC complaintEC complaint Fot Xavier Häpe , Wkimedia Commons• Preliminary check• Explanation with the MS...If not solved, formalprocedure:• Letter of Formal Notice• Reasoned Opinion• EC applicate to theCJEU• CJEU judgementsbecame binding elementsof law ! slide 30 from 42
    31. 31. Last resort: Justice of the EuropeanCourt of Court of Justice of EU Union Not an additionary appelation level ! -in Luxembourg -competence: EU vs MS, MS vs MS, citzen vs EU -competence: prejudical questionsCreates „case-law” ! Crucial in practice slide 31 from 42
    32. 32. Last resort: Justice of the EuropeanCourt of Court of Justice of EU Union Creates „case-law” ! Crucial in practice ! www.curia.eu slide 32 from 42
    33. 33. Petition to theEuropean Parliament• Each can send• No form, but simple content reccomendation• Only violation of EU law• Petition Committee will consider• On site visit possible• Report• Non binding result, but urges MS to change and can urge EC to actMore in internet... slide 33 from 42
    34. 34. Bern Convention complaint• Each can send• Should be site-specific• To Bern Conv. Secretariat• Considered by BC Standing Committee• NGO’s can participate in S.C.• On-site expert visit possible• „Soft” reccomendation possible• Consensus needed (normally)„Soft”... but sometimes works !More in internet, as „the case-file system”... slide 34 from 42
    35. 35. Bern ConventioncomplaintMust be on violation of Bern Conv. obligation• Violation of species protection regime art. 5, 6, 7• Violation of habitats protection redime art. 4• Disturbance of crucial site (Emerald), art. 4• Violation of derogation rules, art. 9 slide 35 from 42
    36. 36. Aarhus Convention communication • Each can send • To AC Compliance Committee • Considered by the Committee • Action recommended to the CoP • CoP -> wide possibilities of actions„Soft” but sometimes works !Build the „case law” !More in internet... slide 36 from 42
    37. 37. Aarhus Convention communicationMust be on violation of Aarhus obligation:• Acces to environmental information• Participation in EIA required• Access to justice slide 37 from 42
    38. 38. Rospuda valley, PolandFot. Kamila Brzezińska slide 38 from 42
    39. 39. slide 39 from 42
    40. 40. slide 40 from 42
    41. 41. slide 41 from 42
    42. 42. SZAMOTUŁY slide 42 from 42

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